Questions tagged [regulations]

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48
votes
7answers
10k views

Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
17
votes
5answers
5k views

Are planes allowed to fly in circles, and is there a minimum legal altitude for takeoff and landing?

I live near a small, possibly private, airport. Every day there are small planes flying low over the neighborhood in circles for over half an hour. They appear to just be flying for recreational ...
1
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2answers
188 views

In Spain, can I land and take off from my own property?

I have a property in Spain with a big field; is it legal to take off from and land on your own property in a light aircraft?
3
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2answers
599 views

Why aren't quadjets required to remain controllable after a sudden, simultaneous failure of two engines on one side?

For all multiengine jets, it must be possible to maintain directional control of the aircraft in the event of a sudden failure of one engine in flight, with the other(s) firewalled, down to not far ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Which organisation deals with Aviation Law - IATA or ICAO?

Both Organisations are involved in Aviation Regulation. But which of them deals with Law? Are directives given by both equally applicable to all aircraft & airline operators?
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Which manuals should I study before flying to France, Portugal and Switzerland?

I am from Brazil. My crew and I will fly to France, Portugal and Switzerland. I am accustomed to flying to the USA, but it will be my first time to Europe, and I am studying the differences. Which ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Why does a phone's flight mode also disable FM radio? [closed]

I had two phones being capable of listening to VHF FM radio (in Germany about 90 to 104 MHz). However when turning on flight mode, the radio receiver is also disabled, and I wonder why: Listening to ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Are aircraft certified for inflight thrust reversal required to demonstrate controllability in an asymmetric-reverse-thrust scenario?

For most jetliners, the inflight use of reverse thrust is prohibited (and often physically impossible), due to the potential for loss of control in the event of an inflight reverser deployment (a ...
1
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0answers
31 views

For commercial flights, is there regulations imposing a minimum fuel reserve upon landing? [duplicate]

In aviation, weight is tightly linked to efficiency. The more fuel you take, the more weight you add and the less money you earn. On the other hand, you want to pack more to deal with unexpected ...
5
votes
5answers
772 views

How much “power” do ATCs really have?

After reading this question about being cleared to go faster than 250kts in airspace that otherwise has a speed limit, I began to wonder how far can Air Traffic Controllers (ATCs) can bend the rules ...
7
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3answers
925 views

Can Private Pilot training, funded by employer, count as company hours?

My employer would like me to get my Private Pilot License, and is funding the remainder of my training. The intention is to have me do my training on company time. I am an engineer, and sit in the ...
-1
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1answer
105 views

Where do these limitations on wingspan come from?

There may be a limitation on the maximum value of wing span in some cases, for example naval aircraft. Airlines have to be able to operate into airport gates of limited width and typical values of ...
-1
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1answer
139 views

How does the regulatory body CAA link to aviation? [closed]

How does the regulatory body CAA link to aviation?
12
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1answer
386 views

Is it legal to fly over Vatican City?

In February 1922 one or more aircraft flew over the Vatican low enough to disturb the papal conclave then underway. In response, authorities forbade flights over all of Rome until the conclave was ...
1
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2answers
231 views

Is this aircraft legal in Canada?

is an aircraft like this legal in Alberta, Canada? It's basically a human sized quadrocopter. If so do you need any license?
25
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4answers
77k views

Can civilians buy military aircraft?

Say one wanted to buy a retired F-14, or F-5, or a BAE Hawk. Could I do it? Obviously this would mean stripping out radars, weapons, rwr, and any other sensitive equipment, but after this, would it ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Is there an official English version of LTF-UL?

I have found the German version of the ultralight regulations under Germany airworthiness authority, but I have not found a link for English version of that. is there any?
1
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1answer
112 views

What advantages are there to operate a corporate flight department under Part 135 as a separate entity instead of in-house as a Part 91?

This question specifically involves FAA regulations in the U.S. Some U.S. corporate flight departments will set up a separate business entity for their flight operations to limit the liability of the ...
1
vote
2answers
212 views

What are the laws on photographing aircraft in Australia?

Are there any types of aircraft that I am forbidden from photographing aircraft. (Australian aircraft, primarily) in Australia? Are there regulations on what I do with the photographs I take? I assume ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
2
votes
1answer
276 views

Is a CFII required in order for a flight Instructor to provide training for added class ratings?

Must a flight instructor have a CFII to provide multi-engine add-on training to a customer meeting the following criteria: Holds a commercial pilot certificate with a single engine land class rating. ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

What procedures do I have to follow to fly a seaplane from the US to Canada?

I work in the States and I'm thinking to go visit my friend in Canada. I have access to an Icon A5 and was thinking to fly from my closest lake in Vermont to his house which is also on a lake. What ...
2
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2answers
192 views

Can private pilots run other non-passenger flight businesses?

As I understand it, private pilots can not take paying passengers. (Friends on a flight can give the pilot strictly only the friend's share of fuel etc. costs.) But in fact can private pilots do ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Are manned balloons allowed to land anywhere?

From time to time, quite spectacular videos turn up from hot air balloons landing in unusual or even quite tight spots, such as a soccer field in Vlijmen, a road in Nijkerk, or even a small playground ...
1
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2answers
188 views

How close would another aircraft have to fly to warrant a sudden big altitude drop to avoid collision

This morning I read that mulitple people got (light) physical injuries after a passenger flight had to forcefully drop its altitude quickly in order to avoid collision with a fighter jet. The news ...
10
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2answers
2k views

How are flight hours counted?

I was watching a presentation from a software developers' conference in which the presenter went through the steps leading to the crash of United Airlines Flight 232 to make a point about Crew ...
1
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3answers
414 views

How long is a climb leg in a step-climb cruise flight segment allowed to take, according to regulations (FAA/EASA)?

I am working on a trajectory optimisation program for commercial, large aircraft, in which I want to incorporate realistic air traffic control regulations. One of the constraints I want to incorporate ...
8
votes
1answer
344 views

Is In-Seat Rest used regularly where it is legal, and is it restricted by airline SOPs?

This answer says that a pilot who is not flying (PNF) can make use of a procedure called In-Seat Rest to take a nap during flight. A comment on the same answer says that this is illegal in the US, ...
-1
votes
1answer
424 views

What are the missing elements to mandate airliners to have an AoA indicator? [closed]

ONGOING EDIT NOTE (By OP) This question is right now being comprehensively reworked to make it less broad over the course of the next number of days. (That's being done mainly offline, so as to ...
5
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4answers
2k views

Why are combi airliners no longer being built?

Why are combi airliners no longer being built? Is the reason structural, economic or regulatory?
5
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5answers
356 views

Can a company be both an airplane manufacturer and an airline?

It may be advantageous for a company that manufactures its own aircraft to also be an airline. For example, the airline business would likely have reduced maintenance and parts costs relative to other ...
10
votes
1answer
7k views

How do pilots use stopway, EMAS, clearway and displaced threshold?

I noticed in Why is “clearway minus stopway” used in V1 adjustments? that a stopway and an EMAS are both indicated by yellow chevrons: Same Opa-Locka stopway on the left, and San Diego EMAS on the ...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

Why do people say aviation regulations are written in blood?

I have heard it said that all aviation regulations are "written in blood". I think this means that every rule in the book exists because someone died - and there was a lesson learned. Is this accurate?...
1
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0answers
125 views

Are there regulations about carrying cargo on passenger seats?

We see that passenger aircraft have recently made cargo flights so that the supply chain does not decrease due to the Covid-19 crisis. It is seen that the cargo boxes are loaded on the passenger ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

With a Pandememic grounding many to their residence… How to maintain flight hours?

No matter your Country, is grounding affecting license requirements(Passenger, Cargo or even Private) and how are the hours being rectified. CNN actually posed a great question in this article and I ...
41
votes
7answers
35k views

Do lights on aircraft flash in a specific pattern?

On a clear night, everyone can spot planes quite easily: they have flashing lights. I have noticed that the pattern seems different for different planes, and tried to find a meaning. What I saw so ...
3
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3answers
16k views

Under what conditions would a helicopter be allowed to fly at low altitude over populated areas?

Yesterday, the Department of Energy was flying a military helicopter at low altitudes over Boston and the surrounding area as part of an experiment of some type to measure radiation. I saw one of ...
8
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1answer
1k views

How do the FAR's define a cloud?

If you're talking about a big puffy cumulus cloud it's pretty obvious. But from where I am right now, looking up I see grey sky from horizon to horizon. But visibility at the surface is good. All ...
26
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6answers
11k views

Can a private jet take off without notifying anybody and land on private land in another country? [duplicate]

If you have a friend in the USA who owns a lot of land that is suitable for landing a plane, and you own a private jet with 2 pilots in Norway, can you take off in private property without notifying ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Is it permitted to land amphibian plane in the ocean on Californian coast?

Given the length of the Californian coast, I was surprised to find so few seaplane services. I would expect air taxis between Long Beach and the coast, for example. Is it permitted to land seaplanes ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

Where to download NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) information?

I am reading about NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) and I found out they are created and regulated by the following entities: westbound flow: Shanwick Oceanic Control eastbound flow: Gander Oceanic ...
4
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2answers
501 views

How low can a helicopter fly above a residence if the helicopter is an air ambulance landing?

Two medical helicopters just located directly across the street from my home. Their landing pad is less than 500 feet from my property. When they land, the helicopter is only 100 to 200 feet above ...
2
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2answers
166 views

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments?

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments? or they are restricted to the NCAA/Safety department only?
7
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1answer
443 views

What is the FAA's official stance on logging illegal flight time?

To preface my question, I want to discuss the reality that with the number of people and flight operations, there are surely cases where pilots have mistakenly flown under conditions in which it is ...
4
votes
6answers
578 views

Is night VMC still VMC if the underlying terrain is completely unlighted?

The whole point of visual meteorological conditions (VMC) is that there is sufficient visibility for a pilot to be able to safely fly by visual reference alone, without reference to instruments. This,...
10
votes
8answers
3k views

What prevents a passenger from hijacking a private jet?

I was reading another question on this site when I saw this answer. As you can see in the photo I copied below, this private jet has no cockpit door. On commercial aircraft the bullet-proof cockpit ...
1
vote
3answers
303 views

How was the endurance test in the Cessna 172 legal?

The flight in the Cessna 172 lasted around 64 days with two pilots switching to fly the plane. To my knowledge both FAA and EASA have rest periods which pilots have to follow. Also the refueling was ...
-1
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3answers
144 views

Is a non-US airline responsible for failing to cancel a flight over airspace the FAA determined was unsafe? [closed]

If the FAA determines that an airspace is unsafe, and a non-US airline thinks it knows better and fails to cancel flights departing into that airspace, and passenger lives are lost as a result, is the ...
20
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4answers
6k views

Is there a height limit to national airspace?

Given the following facts: satellites can operate at an altitude of 200km without triggering frontier violation incident aircraft can trigger diplomatic protestations if they cross a frontier at an ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Is there any agency or meeting, at global level, that rules flight zone interdictions? [duplicate]

Considering the number of conflicts in the world, and the tragic event of the airliner crash over Ukrainia caused by military action, there are a lot of flight interdiction zones on the world. From ...

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