Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

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What are the laws on photographing aircraft in Australia?

Are there any types of aircraft that I am forbidden from photographing aircraft. (Australian aircraft, primarily) in Australia? Are there regulations on what I do with the photographs I take? I assume ...
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1answer
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Is a CFII required in order for a flight Instructor to provide training for added class ratings?

Must a flight instructor have a CFII to provide multi-engine add-on training to a customer meeting the following criteria: Holds a commercial pilot certificate with a single engine land class rating. ...
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What procedures do I have to follow to fly a seaplane from the US to Canada?

I work in the States and I'm thinking to go visit my friend in Canada. I have access to an Icon A5 and was thinking to fly from my closest lake in Vermont to his house which is also on a lake. What ...
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2answers
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Can private pilots run other non-passenger flight businesses?

As I understand it, private pilots can not take paying passengers. (Friends on a flight can give the pilot strictly only the friend's share of fuel etc. costs.) But in fact can private pilots do ...
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Are manned balloons allowed to land anywhere?

From time to time, quite spectacular videos turn up from hot air balloons landing in unusual or even quite tight spots, such as a soccer field in Vlijmen, a road in Nijkerk, or even a small playground ...
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How close would another aircraft have to fly to warrant a sudden big altitude drop to avoid collision

This morning I read that mulitple people got (light) physical injuries after a passenger flight had to forcefully drop its altitude quickly in order to avoid collision with a fighter jet. The news ...
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5answers
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Are planes allowed to fly in circles, and is there a minimum legal altitude for takeoff and landing?

I live near a small, possibly private, airport. Every day there are small planes flying low over the neighborhood in circles for over half an hour. They appear to just be flying for recreational ...
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2answers
1k views

How are flight hours counted?

I was watching a presentation from a software developers' conference in which the presenter went through the steps leading to the crash of United Airlines Flight 232 to make a point about Crew ...
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3answers
296 views

How long is a climb leg in a step-climb cruise flight segment allowed to take, according to regulations (FAA/EASA)?

I am working on a trajectory optimisation program for commercial, large aircraft, in which I want to incorporate realistic air traffic control regulations. One of the constraints I want to incorporate ...
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1answer
339 views

Is In-Seat Rest used regularly where it is legal, and is it restricted by airline SOPs?

This answer says that a pilot who is not flying (PNF) can make use of a procedure called In-Seat Rest to take a nap during flight. A comment on the same answer says that this is illegal in the US, ...
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1answer
364 views

What are the missing elements to mandate airliners to have an AoA indicator? [closed]

ONGOING EDIT NOTE (By OP) This question is right now being comprehensively reworked to make it less broad over the course of the next number of days. (That's being done mainly offline, so as to ...
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4answers
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Why are combi airliners no longer being built?

Why are combi airliners no longer being built? Is the reason structural, economic or regulatory?
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3answers
161 views

Why are the rudders of quadjets sized to accommodate for a sudden failure of a single engine, rather than two on one side?

For all multiengine jets, the rudder is required to be large enough to allow directional control of the aircraft to be maintained in the event of a sudden failure of one engine, with the other(s) ...
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5answers
263 views

Can a company be both an airplane manufacturer and an airline?

It may be advantageous for a company that manufactures its own aircraft to also be an airline. For example, the airline business would likely have reduced maintenance and parts costs relative to other ...
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1answer
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How do pilots use stopway, EMAS, clearway and displaced threshold?

I noticed in Why is “clearway minus stopway” used in V1 adjustments? that a stopway and an EMAS are both indicated by yellow chevrons: Same Opa-Locka stopway on the left, and San Diego EMAS on the ...
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1answer
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Why do people say aviation regulations are written in blood?

I have heard it said that all aviation regulations are "written in blood". I think this means that every rule in the book exists because someone died - and there was a lesson learned. Is this accurate?...
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115 views

Is this aircraft legal in Canada?

is an aircraft like this legal in Alberta, Canada? It's basically a human sized quadrocopter. If so do you need any license?
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Are there regulations about carrying cargo on passenger seats?

We see that passenger aircraft have recently made cargo flights so that the supply chain does not decrease due to the Covid-19 crisis. It is seen that the cargo boxes are loaded on the passenger ...
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1answer
108 views

With a Pandememic grounding many to their residence… How to maintain flight hours?

No matter your Country, is grounding affecting license requirements(Passenger, Cargo or even Private) and how are the hours being rectified. CNN actually posed a great question in this article and I ...
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Do lights on aircraft flash in a specific pattern?

On a clear night, everyone can spot planes quite easily: they have flashing lights. I have noticed that the pattern seems different for different planes, and tried to find a meaning. What I saw so ...
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1answer
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How do the FAR's define a cloud?

If you're talking about a big puffy cumulus cloud it's pretty obvious. But from where I am right now, looking up I see grey sky from horizon to horizon. But visibility at the surface is good. All ...
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1answer
198 views

Is it permitted to land amphibian plane in the ocean on Californian coast?

Given the length of the Californian coast, I was surprised to find so few seaplane services. I would expect air taxis between Long Beach and the coast, for example. Is it permitted to land seaplanes ...
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6answers
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Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
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1answer
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Where to download NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) information?

I am reading about NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) and I found out they are created and regulated by the following entities: westbound flow: Shanwick Oceanic Control eastbound flow: Gander Oceanic ...
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4answers
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Can civilians buy military aircraft?

Say one wanted to buy a retired F-14, or F-5, or a BAE Hawk. Could I do it? Obviously this would mean stripping out radars, weapons, rwr, and any other sensitive equipment, but after this, would it ...
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158 views

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments?

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments? or they are restricted to the NCAA/Safety department only?
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6answers
295 views

Is night VMC still VMC if the underlying terrain is completely unlighted?

The whole point of visual meteorological conditions (VMC) is that there is sufficient visibility for a pilot to be able to safely fly by visual reference alone, without reference to instruments. This,...
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8answers
3k views

What prevents a passenger from hijacking a private jet?

I was reading another question on this site when I saw this answer. As you can see in the photo I copied below, this private jet has no cockpit door. On commercial aircraft the bullet-proof cockpit ...
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4answers
5k views

Is there a height limit to national airspace?

Given the following facts: satellites can operate at an altitude of 200km without triggering frontier violation incident aircraft can trigger diplomatic protestations if they cross a frontier at an ...
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0answers
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Is there any agency or meeting, at global level, that rules flight zone interdictions? [duplicate]

Considering the number of conflicts in the world, and the tragic event of the airliner crash over Ukrainia caused by military action, there are a lot of flight interdiction zones on the world. From ...
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2answers
194 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
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2answers
173 views

Is there a standard international Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude (MOCA)?

In Turkey, the Minimum Obstacle Clearance (MOC) in primary areas is 300m; what about other countries and region?
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1answer
150 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
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3answers
2k views

Do Federal Regulations really require compliance with all crewmember instructions?

On commercial flights, we're frequently told that all passengers are "required to comply with lighted signs and placards, and all crew member instructions". But when it comes to the CFRs, the ...
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1answer
230 views

Is there a standard for the frequency/interval between flashes of anti collision strobe light?

As far as I've spotted on lots of aircraft, I've noticed that the anti collision flashes are in a similar interval, no matter if it's a Boeing 737, Airbus or an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Is there any ...
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1answer
183 views

How moral are military aviation patents [closed]

I was reading about F-35's version that can take of vertically and it's mentioned that they are using a patented technology by Rolls-Royce called Fanlift and Liftsystem which brings me the questions: ...
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3answers
222 views

How do humanitarian flights arrange special permissions to fly when ATC isn't available?

In natural disasters, transportation infrastructure is often among the first and most critical of public services to be disrupted. Not coincidentally, it's also a time that tends to see small airports ...
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1answer
215 views

When were commercial pilots first allowed to use glasses?

Currently, pilots with defective (but correctable) vision are allowed to pilot airliners if they have at least two pairs of their corrective lenses (typically glasses) with them on board. Was there a ...
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0answers
91 views

Does the EU set requirements for WiFi on airliners?

Question 1-What are the European Union requirements for US registered aircraft with satellite connectivity for streaming data from gate to gate? Question 2- Does all passenger streaming activity ...
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3answers
8k views

Why was a flight delayed because of a bird in the cockpit?

This Washington Post article is about a Delta Airlines flight that took off after an initial delay, before turning back again shortly after, because of a bird that managed to stowaway in the cockpit. ...
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2answers
914 views

Do any countries besides the USA accept Basic Med?

Are other countries accepting Basic Med for flights through their airspace, for example the European Union?
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1k views

What regulations exist for ATC real time RADAR simulator software?

Does professional ATC RADAR simulator software need to comply to some regulations or requirements in order to be used for real life controller training? Have ICAO, Eurocontrol, EASA or FAA published ...
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3answers
371 views

Are there any regulations preventing one from converting an originally cargo aircraft to ferry passengers?

Are there any regulations preventing one from converting the cargo version of the Airbus A380 for passenger use?
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2answers
585 views

Why does a dual-axis autopilot not allow operation in single-axis?

Image source: KFC 225 Pilot's Guide (PDF) In a dual-axis AP, when no lateral mode is selected, a wing leveler (ROL) mode is activated and can't be disengaged unless another lateral mode is selected. ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the maximal acceptable delay between pilot's input and flight control surface actuation?

While I was watching a cockpit video of an A330 landing in which the pilot was frenetically moving its sidestick, I wander what was the reaction time of this flight by wire system. Indeed, the time ...
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Are the Australian NASF guidelines based on ICAO standards?

Here in Australia we have a set of regulations called the "National Airports Safeguarding Framework" (NASF); these consist of 9 federally imposed guidelines for: Measures for Managing Impacts of ...
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1answer
114 views

Can US pilots fly VFR OTT and/or VFR at night in Canada without additional ratings?

In the US, private pilots flying under VFR are implicitly allowed to fly without visual reference to the ground, eg. over an overcast cloud layer, as long as they maintain appropriate VFR weather ...
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3answers
4k views

Are there regulations for the field of view from cockpits?

Are there any design or ergonomic regulations with regard to the pilot's vertical and horizontal vision angles from the cockpit? For example, pilot should see space 30 deg. above and 20 deg. below ...
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Do UL aircraft complying with LTF-UL need to copy an existing design pattern?

With my current pipe dream being to get physically involved in aviation instead of only theoretically, I looked into the regulations for ultralight planes in Germany. On multiple occasions in the ...
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1answer
281 views

Are there experimental aircraft regulations in Germany?

The title is the question. Are there any special regulations regarding experimental aircraft in Germany (or the EU)? Those "special regulations" would (hopefully) be looser set of regulations in ...

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