Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

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44
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6answers
7k views

Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
20
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4answers
4k views

Is there a height limit to national airspace?

Given the following facts: satellites can operate at an altitude of 200km without triggering frontier violation incident aircraft can trigger diplomatic protestations if they cross a frontier at an ...
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0answers
29 views

Is there any agency or meeting, at global level, that rules flight zone interdictions? [duplicate]

Considering the number of conflicts in the world, and the tragic event of the airliner crash over Ukrainia caused by military action, there are a lot of flight interdiction zones on the world. From ...
3
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2answers
167 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
0
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2answers
60 views

Is there a standard international Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude (MOCA)?

In Turkey, the Minimum Obstacle Clearance (MOC) in primary areas is 300m; what about other countries and region?
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3answers
138 views

How long is a climb leg in a step-climb cruise flight segment allowed to take, according to regulations (FAA/EASA)?

I am working on a trajectory optimisation program for commercial, large aircraft, in which I want to incorporate realistic air traffic control regulations. One of the constraints I want to incorporate ...
1
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1answer
123 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Do Federal Regulations really require compliance with all crewmember instructions?

On commercial flights, we're frequently told that all passengers are "required to comply with lighted signs and placards, and all crew member instructions". But when it comes to the CFRs, the ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Is there a standard for the frequency/interval between flashes of anti collision strobe light?

As far as I've spotted on lots of aircraft, I've noticed that the anti collision flashes are in a similar interval, no matter if it's a Boeing 737, Airbus or an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Is there any ...
-4
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1answer
169 views

How moral are military aviation patents [closed]

I was reading about F-35's version that can take of vertically and it's mentioned that they are using a patented technology by Rolls-Royce called Fanlift and Liftsystem which brings me the questions: ...
5
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3answers
193 views

How do humanitarian flights arrange special permissions to fly when ATC isn't available?

In natural disasters, transportation infrastructure is often among the first and most critical of public services to be disrupted. Not coincidentally, it's also a time that tends to see small airports ...
5
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1answer
184 views

When were commercial pilots first allowed to use glasses?

Currently, pilots with defective (but correctable) vision are allowed to pilot airliners if they have at least two pairs of their corrective lenses (typically glasses) with them on board. Was there a ...
0
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0answers
88 views

Does the EU set requirements for WiFi on airliners?

Question 1-What are the European Union requirements for US registered aircraft with satellite connectivity for streaming data from gate to gate? Question 2- Does all passenger streaming activity ...
6
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1answer
261 views

Is In-Seat Rest used regularly where it is legal, and is it restricted by airline SOPs?

This answer says that a pilot who is not flying (PNF) can make use of a procedure called In-Seat Rest to take a nap during flight. A comment on the same answer says that this is illegal in the US, ...
31
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3answers
8k views

Why was a flight delayed because of a bird in the cockpit?

This Washington Post article is about a Delta Airlines flight that took off after an initial delay, before turning back again shortly after, because of a bird that managed to stowaway in the cockpit. ...
2
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2answers
785 views

Do any countries besides the USA accept Basic Med?

Are other countries accepting Basic Med for flights through their airspace, for example the European Union?
15
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3answers
1k views

What regulations exist for ATC real time RADAR simulator software?

Does professional ATC RADAR simulator software need to comply to some regulations or requirements in order to be used for real life controller training? Have ICAO, Eurocontrol, EASA or FAA published ...
3
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3answers
351 views

Are there any regulations preventing one from converting an originally cargo aircraft to ferry passengers?

Are there any regulations preventing one from converting the cargo version of the Airbus A380 for passenger use?
3
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2answers
545 views

Why does a dual-axis autopilot not allow operation in single-axis?

Image source: KFC 225 Pilot's Guide (PDF) In a dual-axis AP, when no lateral mode is selected, a wing leveler (ROL) mode is activated and can't be disengaged unless another lateral mode is selected. ...
16
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6answers
3k views

What is the maximal acceptable delay between pilot's input and flight control surface actuation?

While I was watching a cockpit video of an A330 landing in which the pilot was frenetically moving its sidestick, I wander what was the reaction time of this flight by wire system. Indeed, the time ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Are the Australian NASF guidelines based on ICAO standards?

Here in Australia we have a set of regulations called the "National Airports Safeguarding Framework" (NASF); these consist of 9 federally imposed guidelines for: Measures for Managing Impacts of ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Can US pilots fly VFR OTT and/or VFR at night in Canada without additional ratings?

In the US, private pilots flying under VFR are implicitly allowed to fly without visual reference to the ground, eg. over an overcast cloud layer, as long as they maintain appropriate VFR weather ...
19
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3answers
4k views

Are there regulations for the field of view from cockpits?

Are there any design or ergonomic regulations with regard to the pilot's vertical and horizontal vision angles from the cockpit? For example, pilot should see space 30 deg. above and 20 deg. below ...
5
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0answers
70 views

Do UL aircraft complying with LTF-UL need to copy an existing design pattern?

With my current pipe dream being to get physically involved in aviation instead of only theoretically, I looked into the regulations for ultralight planes in Germany. On multiple occasions in the ...
4
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1answer
166 views

Are there experimental aircraft regulations in Germany?

The title is the question. Are there any special regulations regarding experimental aircraft in Germany (or the EU)? Those "special regulations" would (hopefully) be looser set of regulations in ...
9
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3answers
658 views

Do “water bomber” aircraft pilots have more relaxed rules?

I have no exposure to aviation regulations, but I'm curious if some rules are different for emergency aircraft pilots. Similar to ambulance drivers and police officers being allowed to speed or run ...
25
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1answer
3k views

Why are electric shavers specifically permitted under FAR §91.21

This struck me as a bit strange, 91.21 which covers electronic devices that can be used during IFR flight has some exceptions, one through three make logical sense (not really sure why portable voice ...
3
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2answers
212 views

Are paper charts required for flights outside the USA?

Can international flights by a US operator be performed paperless or do you need complete paper charts?
3
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2answers
480 views

How long can I use an FAA license in Colombia without having to validate it?

What is the maximum range of time that an FAA certificated pilot can stay and fly in Colombia, without the need to validate his license there?
0
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0answers
76 views

Policies about family flying? [duplicate]

I have many reasons why I would like to be a commercial pilot. One reason is I can take my whole family with me practically anywhere in the world so I've heard. Where are the policies about a pilot ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Does TSR (Time Since Repair) Need A Reset After A Clean/Inspect/Test Workscope?

So I am a little unclear on what the regulations recommend. Say you have a component that has a Restoration (Ignore the nomenclature) workscope but it is strictly an Inspection/Cleaning/Testing ...
6
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2answers
313 views

Reclined seats for take off and landing

Normally on commercial flights, passengers are expected to bring their seats to an upright position for take off and landing. There are a few valid reasons for this. A little while ago, on a couple ...
0
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2answers
138 views

What happens to a plane that goes to / from an enclave when the surrounding country closes its airspace?

When Pakistan closed its airspace, planes that had routes flying over Pakistan had to deviate around that country. What would happen to planes en route to or from Lesotho, if South Africa closed its ...
8
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6answers
2k views

What prevents a passenger from hijacking a private jet?

I was reading another question on this site when I saw this answer. As you can see in the photo I copied below, this private jet has no cockpit door. On commercial aircraft the bullet-proof cockpit ...
1
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1answer
73 views

How Military to Civil Aircraft Transition is made by National Authorities?

As we know military aircrafts are not regulated by civil aviation authority organisations,namely FAA, CAA and etc. Is there any possible way to transform a military aircraft( like helicopters) to ...
7
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4answers
414 views

Are ham radio contacts allowed from inside an airplane?

This question probably lies in the middle ground between Amateur Radio.SE and Aviation.SE. I have seen a couple of videos where ham radio contacts are made with people on board a commercial aircraft ...
0
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1answer
118 views

Where does it say that type certificates are required?

I am doing research and looking for a regulation (from FAA, Transport Canada, ICAO or anywhere else) that explicitly states that a type certificate is required for aeronautical products (aircraft, ...
8
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2answers
443 views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
7
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1answer
174 views

What is the maximum allowed intensity for light beams pointing at the sky for non-aviation purposes?

In Hong Kong, I'm designing a show with light beams and i'm thinking using Robe Megapointe lights (https://www.robe.cz/megapointe/). I've been ask by the client to follow the aviation regulation. ...
2
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0answers
47 views

What regulation says that a manufacturer must support a fleet above a specific size?

Beechcraft bought back Starship to reduce the size of the flying fleet so they could stop supporting them. What regulation defines the fleet size a manufacturer has to support?
4
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1answer
116 views

Are aviation regulators generally slower to issue orders affecting their “own” aircraft manufacturers?

It did not fail to escape the attention of commentators that the US Federal Aviation Authority was amongst the last aviation regulators to issue an order grounding the 737 MAX. Is there evidence to ...
7
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1answer
250 views

Is failure to comply with evacuation procedures illegal?

In every flight, we are instructed that we must leave our personal belongings in case of evacuation. I remember also notified that it is illegal not to follow the rules (I don't remember if this goes ...
6
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1answer
324 views

What does “still air” mean when planning alternative airports?

When planning for a takeoff alternate, according to 14 CFR 121.617 (1) Aircraft having 2 engines. Not more than one hour from the departure airport at normal cruising speed in still air with one ...
2
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0answers
57 views

What is different between HIR (Hold Items Record) and DIR (Deferred Items Record)?

I wonder what is exactly different between HIR and DIR? What is different between HIR (Hold Items Record) and DIR (Deferred Items Record)?
1
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1answer
197 views

Do I need a license to flight test a homebuilt seaplane at very low altitude?

I am asking this because me and my friends are building a homemade seaplane or boat whatever you want to call it. It's not designed for long-range or high-altitude flights. We're not going to fly at a ...
1
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1answer
292 views

What is the meaning of Spirit ###?

This Popular Mechanics article writes (about the B-2 Spirit). Only 543 people have ever flown in the cockpit of a B-2. Upon landing I'll become number 544, with the new Air Force handle "Spirit 544....
27
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4answers
5k views

Is there any way to relieve the Pilot in Command?

Is there any way to relieve the Pilot in Command besides hijacking and incapacitation? This question comes from a comment by rackandboneman, who says: And whose authority is sufficient to make an ...
6
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3answers
571 views

Are commercial aircraft required to have the model number painted on them?

On a lot of aircraft, the model number / aircraft name is clearly marked somewhere on the fuselage, e.g. "Airbus A320". Is there any rule or mandate, that all aircraft must bear the model number at ...
22
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3answers
23k views

When does a flight require a copilot?

I was wondering if there are regulations for when a flight requires both a pilot and copilot. I always assumed a copilot is required once civilian passengers are aboard, but when I recently was a ...
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2answers
96 views

Is it possible to take PPL lessons in different locations and countries?

I have been wondering if it is possible to do flight lessons in different locations? For example, I am currently taking my PPL lessons (VRF) in Manchester, UK. I usually travel between countries in ...