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Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

8
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2answers
517 views

Do “water bomber” aircraft pilots have more relaxed rules?

I have no exposure to aviation regulations, but I'm curious if some rules are different for emergency aircraft pilots. Similar to ambulance drivers and police officers being allowed to speed or run ...
0
votes
1answer
748 views

What happens if a private pilot's license isn't used for some time? [duplicate]

I have a question about the currency of a Private Pilot's License: if someone obtains a PPL but doesn't fly for a period of time, is there a time after which some conditions or restrictions are ...
20
votes
2answers
8k views

Can a pilot take off at his own discretion?

[I'm referring to an ATC conversation during the military coup in Turkey with an MD83 EP-TAS (ATA TBZ5402). Can a pilot take off at his own discretion? To summarize the link: a pilot is begging the ...
-1
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the applicable regulation for flying in a residential area? [closed]

What are the laws for flight in a residential area. Can I just fly around the neighborhood or do I have to have a flight plan? I have my own strip. I have had some noise complaints about just flying ...
9
votes
1answer
376 views

Are some countries' civil aviation authorities safer than others?

Okay, put down the pitchforks, I'm not pointing fingers at anyone! I'm just aware that every country has its own civil aviation authority, and I wonder if there's any reason to believe that some ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What, exactly is “on the MEL”?

The MEL, minimum equipment list, defines whether fault of some equipment on the aircraft prevents it from being dispatched for flight or not. However, sometimes (e.g. in comments to this question) ...
5
votes
2answers
877 views

What is the regulation related to weather radar use?

I think most commercial aircraft have a weather radar located in the nose cone, like this: (Source: PhotoBucket, by intelmani5) It's well known that radar emissions can be harmful, e.g. one could ...
5
votes
2answers
664 views

What is the technical role of a flight attendant?

Everyone knows flight attendants represent the airline for the passengers, and have a commercial role by distributing meals, selling goods, managing the entertainment system, and receiving complaints. ...
1
vote
0answers
415 views

Can a colour blind person pursue a career in Commercial Flying? [duplicate]

I have been an ardent aviation geek since childhood and always wanted to be flying commercially. But sometime later during a medical examination through Ishihara plates test I learned that I am color ...
3
votes
1answer
898 views

Is there any country that requires window blinds to be open for takeoff and landing?

Does any country legally require the window blinds to be open for takeoff and landing? I'm asking about legal regulations that specifically mention window blinds, not airline procedures or general '...
5
votes
1answer
454 views

Are ATC radar tracking records and audio recordings considered legally public?

In practice, they are simply available online and mostly free. Alternatively, anyone may purchase an ADS-B receiver to monitor the surrounding air traffic and air-band radio to listen to ATC. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Are there any low time lucky CPL holders who operate as PIC on medium or heavy jets?

CPL holder can be PIC on any plane if it's not a commercial air transport. So if the flight is positioning, acceptance, testing, delivery or any other without cargo and passengers any CPL holder ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

Is a releasable locator beacon (ELT) required for aircraft carrying passengers over a water area?

Is an Emergency locator transmitter - ELT required on any type of aircraft carrying passengers over water? Does it need to be fitted with an hydrostatic release unit so that it doesn't sink with the ...
12
votes
1answer
868 views

What is the relation between number of crew members (pilots and attendants) and fleet size in airlines?

Taking into account relevant elements like the fleet size or the type of flights (short or long haul, passengers or cargo, ...), do airlines use typical ratios between the number of aircraft and the ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the maximum slope for taxiing aircraft?

Every airport I have encountered has flat runways and taxiways. Of course this is not exactly true, as some other questions picked up, and it is also possible that I just happened to visit mostly ...
5
votes
1answer
839 views

Can TODA ever be shorter than TORA, under any circumstance?

I've always been told that TODA* = TORA† + Clearway. I can't really imagine what a negative clearway would be, so that leads me to think that it is required that TODA >= TORA. Interestingly, a ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Are life jackets mandatory on planes that will never fly over water bodies?

Supposing I'm a regional carrier and my routes never pass over water bodies (sea or lakes which are over a certain size). Am I obliged to carry life jackets on my plane?
3
votes
1answer
217 views

How many minutes between jetway (air bridge) detachment and take-off?

Is there a standard policy / guideline that dictates how many minutes a jetway or air bridge must be detached from a commercial aircraft before take-off?
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Which manuals should I study, before flying to France, Portugal and Switzerland?

My crew and I will fly to these countries, and I am accustomed to fly to The USA, but it will be my first time to Europe, and I am studying for the differences. Which documents and manuals do you ...
0
votes
1answer
468 views

If a pilot license is revoked by a country's aviation authority, can the pilot still obtain another license?

There was a recent new story of a Kuwait Airways pilot that got his license revoked after an investigation into an incident on an international flight where unauthorized persons were allowed on to the ...
1
vote
1answer
400 views

Are jets deliberately excluded from the “Complex airplane” definition?

A jet aircraft seems for sure very complex as such. But, referring Wikipedia, a "complex aircraft" (as legally defined) has: A retractable landing gear Flaps and A controllable pitch propeller And ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Is stall recovery training mandatory for Airbus pilots?

The recent reports about the Air Asia Flight 8501 crash mention that the plane was stalled and that the pilots could not recover from the stall. Indonesia's National Transport Safety Committee ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is the typical cruising altitude for a civil airplane? [duplicate]

I'd like to know the interval of altitudes airliners usually cruise at (and its reasons)? And if there are international restrictions about this? Also I read somewhere that recently about a ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Are there winglet modification regulations?

If an already existing fleet (737-800 and 900 without winglets) is thinking of a winglet modification, is that possible without regulations? Or what are the regulations?
2
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2answers
343 views

Is breaking a FAR an issue when flying outside of FAA jurisdiction?

When flying outside the US it is advisable to follow the FAA rules when they are stricter than ICAO, and when it does not violate the local flight governing body's rules. Can you still be fined or ...
12
votes
1answer
30k views

What is the main difference between an ETOPS certified and non-ETOPS certified plane?

ETOPS stands for Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards, a rule which permits twin engine aircraft to fly routes which, at some point, are more than 60 minutes flying time away ...
6
votes
2answers
382 views

Are commercial aircraft required to have the model number painted on them?

On a lot of aircraft, the model number / aircraft name is clearly marked somewhere on the fuselage, e.g. "Airbus A320". Is there any rule or mandate, that all aircraft must bear the model number at ...
0
votes
2answers
192 views

Can countries introduce new aviation policies unilaterally?

Let's say some country intends to introduce a new aviation policy that conflicts with ICAO regulations, like only aircraft certified and approved by our government can fly in our airspace. Can they do ...
19
votes
3answers
17k views

When does a flight require a copilot?

I was wondering if there are regulations for when a flight requires both a pilot and copilot. I always assumed a copilot is required once civilian passengers are aboard, but when I recently was a ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are speed restrictions imposed for flights flying below 10,000 ft?

I know that restrictions do not always apply and ATC can cancel them or pilots can request for speed restriction being canceled. But why is there such a speed restriction in first place? Are there any ...
6
votes
2answers
245 views

How common are regulations limiting when the FO can be PF?

I was reading that in India regulators have specified certain airports at which the FO is not allowed to take off or land. The Pilot-in-Command shall not authorise a Co-pilot to effect ...
7
votes
2answers
401 views

Do crosswinds affect which pilot lands the plane?

I know the crew usually decides ahead of time which pilot is to be PF for each phase of the flight. If, when they arrive at their destination they discover a considerable crosswind component, does ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are combi airliners no longer being built?

Why are combi airliners no longer being built? Is the reason structural, economic or regulatory?
11
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3answers
2k views

What is the effect of non-LASER light sources on pilots?

After all the media coverage about people pointing lasers at commercial aircraft, I started to wonder what was so special about lasers. It seems to me that the amount of distraction that could be ...
18
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2answers
3k views

Why do Turkey and UAE limit the age of aircraft flying over their territory?

Why do the civil aviation authorities of Turkey (15 years civil, 25 years cargo) and United Arab Emirates (20 years) limit the age of aircraft flying over their territory? I think if an old plane ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

How are aviation regulations treated on a global stage?

I know that the two large aviation regulatory authorities are the FAA and EASA, but every country also has its own civil aviation authority. Focusing on airliners that need to operate all over the ...
6
votes
1answer
683 views

Can a captain fly in the right seat as SIC under part 129?

Re a Part 129 air carrier that is short of co-pilots: Can a pilot who usually flies in the left seat (B737 aircraft: non-US registry) as the Pilot-in-Command fly in the right seat as the SIC (co-...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

What prevents a passenger from hijacking a private jet?

I was reading another question on this site when I saw this answer. As you can see in the photo I copied below, this private jet has no cockpit door. On commercial aircraft the bullet-proof cockpit ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is the sound quality of onboard public address so bad?

While not a frequent flyer, I did fly common airliners quite a lot, and each time the (very) low sound quality of onboard public adress system has always struck me. We all know technology makes it ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

What regulations exist for ATC real time RADAR simulator software?

Does professional ATC RADAR simulator software need to comply to some regulations or requirements in order to be used for real life controller training? Have ICAO, Eurocontrol, EASA or FAA published ...
2
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0answers
921 views

Difference between EASA and FAA regulations for airliners? [closed]

The design of large transport aircraft is governed by EASA's CS-25 regulation and the FAA's FAR Part 25 regulation. It seems however that these regulations are nearly identical. It is obvious that a ...
20
votes
1answer
17k views

What is the difference between aviation “accident” and “incident”?

When I hear speaking about aviation crashes, sometimes I hear about "accidents" and other times about "incidents". What distinguishes them? Is there an international standard that determines how ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Which airports have ILS Cat IIIC?

Are there any airports with ILS working CATIIIC? What do the charts for this procedure look like? Is there a missed approach procedure?
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Where can I find the transition altitude in different countries/regions?

Where can I find the transition altitude in different countries or regions? Hoping to cover as many places as possible. Links to the applicable regulations would be nice. See also: What is the ...
20
votes
7answers
3k views

Does Daylight Saving Time affect local airspace?

Only some countries use Daylight Saving Time. In Canada, some provinces use and don't use DST (such as Saskatchewan). However, in remote and local regions where this is not observed, what would happen?...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there a legal requirement to tell your doctor you are a pilot?

Specifically if I visit a doctor in Canada who is not a CAME for my regular aviation medical, do I have to tell him/her that I have a pilot's licence? You can imagine why I'm asking. I just ...
11
votes
1answer
310 views

What is the history of the aircraft logbook?

I need to know when the mandate to maintain a logbook started. Was it a US requirement, or was it from another regulator in the world? Did the aircraft logbook start at the same time as the pilot ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Why do people say aviation regulations are written in blood?

I have heard it said that all aviation regulations are "written in blood". I think this means that every rule in the book exists because someone died - and there was a lesson learned. Is this accurate?...
18
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3answers
19k views

What is the minimum distance allowed between two parallel runways?

Is there an international regulation for this matter or does it differ from one country to another?
23
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6answers
19k views

Can a passenger request to visit the cockpit during a flight?

As a kid, I remember going to the cockpit of a plane with my mom (I believe the airline was AOM French Airlines). Is this still possible now? I understand the answer might differ with different ...