Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

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2
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2answers
514 views

Why does a dual-axis autopilot not allow operation in single-axis?

Image source: KFC 225 Pilot's Guide (PDF) In a dual-axis AP, when no lateral mode is selected, a wing leveler (ROL) mode is activated and can't be disengaged unless another lateral mode is selected. ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the maximal acceptable delay between pilot's input and flight control surface actuation?

While I was watching a cockpit video of an A330 landing in which the pilot was frenetically moving its sidestick, I wander what was the reaction time of this flight by wire system. Indeed, the time ...
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0answers
32 views

Are the Australian NASF guidelines based on ICAO standards?

Here in Australia we have a set of regulations called the "National Airports Safeguarding Framework" (NASF); these consist of 9 federally imposed guidelines for: Measures for Managing Impacts of ...
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1answer
51 views

Can US pilots fly VFR OTT and/or VFR at night in Canada without additional ratings?

In the US, private pilots flying under VFR are implicitly allowed to fly without visual reference to the ground, eg. over an overcast cloud layer, as long as they maintain appropriate VFR weather ...
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3answers
4k views

Are there regulations for the field of view from cockpits?

Are there any design or ergonomic regulations with regard to the pilot's vertical and horizontal vision angles from the cockpit? For example, pilot should see space 30 deg. above and 20 deg. below ...
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1answer
135 views

Is In-Seat Rest used regularly where it is legal, and is it restricted by airline SOPs?

This answer says that a pilot who is not flying (PNF) can make use of a procedure called In-Seat Rest to take a nap during flight. A comment on the same answer says that this is illegal in the US, ...
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0answers
58 views

Do UL aircraft complying with LTF-UL need to copy an existing design pattern?

With my current pipe dream being to get physically involved in aviation instead of only theoretically, I looked into the regulations for ultralight planes in Germany. On multiple occasions in the ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Are there experimental aircraft regulations in Germany?

The title is the question. Are there any special regulations regarding experimental aircraft in Germany (or the EU)? Those "special regulations" would (hopefully) be looser set of regulations in ...
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3answers
639 views

Do “water bomber” aircraft pilots have more relaxed rules?

I have no exposure to aviation regulations, but I'm curious if some rules are different for emergency aircraft pilots. Similar to ambulance drivers and police officers being allowed to speed or run ...
25
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1answer
3k views

Why are electric shavers specifically permitted under FAR §91.21

This struck me as a bit strange, 91.21 which covers electronic devices that can be used during IFR flight has some exceptions, one through three make logical sense (not really sure why portable voice ...
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2answers
196 views

Are paper charts required for flights outside the USA?

Can international flights by a US operator be performed paperless or do you need complete paper charts?
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2answers
395 views

How long can I use an FAA license in Colombia without having to validate it?

What is the maximum range of time that an FAA certificated pilot can stay and fly in Colombia, without the need to validate his license there?
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4answers
7k views

Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
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0answers
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Policies about family flying? [duplicate]

I have many reasons why I would like to be a commercial pilot. One reason is I can take my whole family with me practically anywhere in the world so I've heard. Where are the policies about a pilot ...
2
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1answer
51 views

Does TSR (Time Since Repair) Need A Reset After A Clean/Inspect/Test Workscope?

So I am a little unclear on what the regulations recommend. Say you have a component that has a Restoration (Ignore the nomenclature) workscope but it is strictly an Inspection/Cleaning/Testing ...
6
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2answers
296 views

Reclined seats for take off and landing

Normally on commercial flights, passengers are expected to bring their seats to an upright position for take off and landing. There are a few valid reasons for this. A little while ago, on a couple ...
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2answers
126 views

What happens to a plane that goes to / from an enclave when the surrounding country closes its airspace?

When Pakistan closed its airspace, planes that had routes flying over Pakistan had to deviate around that country. What would happen to planes en route to or from Lesotho, if South Africa closed its ...
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6answers
2k views

What prevents a passenger from hijacking a private jet?

I was reading another question on this site when I saw this answer. As you can see in the photo I copied below, this private jet has no cockpit door. On commercial aircraft the bullet-proof cockpit ...
1
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1answer
67 views

How Military to Civil Aircraft Transition is made by National Authorities?

As we know military aircrafts are not regulated by civil aviation authority organisations,namely FAA, CAA and etc. Is there any possible way to transform a military aircraft( like helicopters) to ...
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4answers
264 views

Are ham radio contacts allowed from inside an airplane?

This question probably lies in the middle ground between Amateur Radio.SE and Aviation.SE. I have seen a couple of videos where ham radio contacts are made with people on board a commercial aircraft ...
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1answer
117 views

Where does it say that type certificates are required?

I am doing research and looking for a regulation (from FAA, Transport Canada, ICAO or anywhere else) that explicitly states that a type certificate is required for aeronautical products (aircraft, ...
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2answers
320 views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
7
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1answer
173 views

What is the maximum allowed intensity for light beams pointing at the sky for non-aviation purposes?

In Hong Kong, I'm designing a show with light beams and i'm thinking using Robe Megapointe lights (https://www.robe.cz/megapointe/). I've been ask by the client to follow the aviation regulation. ...
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0answers
47 views

What regulation says that a manufacturer must support a fleet above a specific size?

Beechcraft bought back Starship to reduce the size of the flying fleet so they could stop supporting them. What regulation defines the fleet size a manufacturer has to support?
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1answer
114 views

Are aviation regulators generally slower to issue orders affecting their “own” aircraft manufacturers?

It did not fail to escape the attention of commentators that the US Federal Aviation Authority was amongst the last aviation regulators to issue an order grounding the 737 MAX. Is there evidence to ...
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1answer
239 views

Is failure to comply with evacuation procedures illegal?

In every flight, we are instructed that we must leave our personal belongings in case of evacuation. I remember also notified that it is illegal not to follow the rules (I don't remember if this goes ...
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1answer
215 views

What does “still air” mean when planning alternative airports?

When planning for a takeoff alternate, according to 14 CFR 121.617 (1) Aircraft having 2 engines. Not more than one hour from the departure airport at normal cruising speed in still air with one ...
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0answers
51 views

What is different between HIR (Hold Items Record) and DIR (Deferred Items Record)?

I wonder what is exactly different between HIR and DIR? What is different between HIR (Hold Items Record) and DIR (Deferred Items Record)?
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1answer
192 views

Do I need a license to flight test a homebuilt seaplane at very low altitude?

I am asking this because me and my friends are building a homemade seaplane or boat whatever you want to call it. It's not designed for long-range or high-altitude flights. We're not going to fly at a ...
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1answer
270 views

What is the meaning of Spirit ###?

This Popular Mechanics article writes (about the B-2 Spirit). Only 543 people have ever flown in the cockpit of a B-2. Upon landing I'll become number 544, with the new Air Force handle "Spirit 544....
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4answers
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Is there any way to relieve the Pilot in Command?

Is there any way to relieve the Pilot in Command besides hijacking and incapacitation? This question comes from a comment by rackandboneman, who says: And whose authority is sufficient to make an ...
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3answers
529 views

Are commercial aircraft required to have the model number painted on them?

On a lot of aircraft, the model number / aircraft name is clearly marked somewhere on the fuselage, e.g. "Airbus A320". Is there any rule or mandate, that all aircraft must bear the model number at ...
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3answers
22k views

When does a flight require a copilot?

I was wondering if there are regulations for when a flight requires both a pilot and copilot. I always assumed a copilot is required once civilian passengers are aboard, but when I recently was a ...
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2answers
88 views

Is it possible to take PPL lessons in different locations and countries?

I have been wondering if it is possible to do flight lessons in different locations? For example, I am currently taking my PPL lessons (VRF) in Manchester, UK. I usually travel between countries in ...
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4answers
484 views

Are pilot YouTubers breaking any rules?

Recently, I've been watching a few YouTubers (mostly FOs) who make great videos like this: Then I realized... They must spend a lot of time setting up cameras, ...
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1answer
153 views

What happens when an aircraft type is grounded while in flight? [duplicate]

Over the past few days, many countries have decided to ground the 737 MAX. Among these, several have also decided to deny passage to the affected models through that country's airspace. How does this ...
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2answers
181 views

Is it possible to 'derate' a plane as a safety measure?

Assuming a type of plane has a technical issue that must be fixed related to its flight behavior, could the plane be derated to add safety margin (instead of banning it). What I have in mind is ...
3
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1answer
290 views

What happens to an airborne plane when its type is grounded by an authority?

Many countries have (temporarily I think) banned 737 Max 8s from taking off or landing. What happened to the ones in the air? Do they get special permissions or are they forced to divert to a ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Are there any non-bureaucratic hurdles preventing more widespread adoption of synthetic vision?

Occasionally, a flight will encounter bad enough weather that the crew will become disoriented. While tools like a terrain radar, ILS, and GPWS/TAWS do help the pilots regain orientation, they're not ...
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3answers
2k views

Which situations would cause a company to ground or recall a aircraft series?

Which agencies or companies might decide to ground an aircraft series, and in which situations can this occurr?
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2answers
326 views

What is the maximum number of infants allowed on a flight?

Is there any authority regulation which limits the maximum number of infants allowed on a flight? Some airlines set a limit at 10% of total seats, some airlines have a different limit. Normally, the ...
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2answers
176 views

Could the information of flight crew or maintenance personnel be provided to passengers? [closed]

Many passengers experience insecure or anxious feelings during flight. If they were provided aircraft performance info, flight crew or maintenance personnel's info(say personnels have many years of ...
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1answer
88 views

How does the regulatory body CAA link to aviation? [closed]

How does the regulatory body CAA link to aviation?
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2answers
561 views

What are regulations for pyrotechnics on planes?

Being in love with both fireworks and flying this is a question that I wondered about for quite some time. Especially when watching videos like this (which is from 2009 showing a stunt plane flying ...
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1answer
77 views

Can a surrendered type certificate be reacquired by the manufacturer or by another entity, or is it considered to be permanently lost?

On occasion, the holder of an aircraft type certificate or supplemental type certificate chooses to surrender it to its local civil aviation authority (for instance, the FAA or EASA), which has the ...
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2answers
3k views

What are the regulations regarding plane spotting in the US?

I was told that certain plane spotting activities like taking photos of aircraft taking off and landing could be illegal in the US since 9/11? What are the regulations on this, and what should I be ...
5
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2answers
453 views

What is “Defense Area” on a VFR Sectional Chart?

What is "Defense Area" on a VFR Sectional Chart? The words "DEFENSE AREA" (in all caps) appear all along the US/Mexico border in blue. It's the biggest text on the chart. Interestingly enough, the ...
11
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1answer
373 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
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2answers
394 views

How close to the White House did the Space Shuttle Discovery “fly”?

The CNN article For 747, transporting a shuttle is no heavy burden shows the shuttle Discovery on top of a "shuttle shuttle", a special 747 used to shuttle the space shuttles around. How close to the ...
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0answers
239 views

How far can one be from an helipad when marshalling an helicopter?

I considered 25 meters (as per UN SOP's) but after working years with MI-8's the downwash can flatten a big man. I'm interested in procedures from the FAA etc. ...