Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

1
vote
1answer
298 views

Are passengers allowed to travel seatless(on the floor)?

I was told that a flight in Europe carried two passengers on the floor, because their purchased seats didn't exist. BBC. Is that allowed? For example, in Greece, a bus is not allowed to travel with ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

What is “Defense Area” on a VFR Sectional Chart?

What is "Defense Area" on a VFR Sectional Chart? The words "DEFENSE AREA" (in all caps) appear all along the US/Mexico border in blue. It's the biggest text on the chart. Interestingly enough, the ...
4
votes
3answers
183 views

What’s the setting range altimeters can handle?

What’s the setting range altimeters can handle? Is there a standard requiring a certain range for aircraft to be certified? Are there many occasions where a QNH is so high or low that airplanes have ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

regulations - Is there a public ICAO roadmap when amendments taking effect

Is there anywhere a roadmap of ICAO when amendments taking effect? Or by any other European regulatory power?
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Where does it say that type certificates are required?

I am doing research and looking for a regulation (from FAA, Transport Canada, ICAO or anywhere else) that explicitly states that a type certificate is required for aeronautical products (aircraft, ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

What is an “unsafe airline”? [closed]

Question: Is there any internationally accepted definition for what an "unsafe airline" is based on objective criteria (e.g. fatalities per million passengers) ? Or is there an international standard ...
7
votes
1answer
251 views

Are there countries where not all plane crashes are investigated (even if deadly)?

background information I was struck by the news of this deadly plane crash on 20 Dec 2018 which claimed 8 lives and apparently is not investigated as the plane and its potential survivors were not ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What is the general process for flying a private aircraft to another country?

Let's say I want to fly a private airplane to another country. How does one arrange such a flight? Of course this might vary between states, but in general do you need a special permit to fly in with ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
3
votes
4answers
581 views

What would happen if I exceeded mach 1 over a regulated area?

What would happen if I exceeded mach 1 over a regulated area? Are there any penalties in place for this violation? Would ATC actually know I’m flying supersonic or would they have to go out of ...
-2
votes
1answer
91 views

Examples of Suzerainty [closed]

Under Article 2 of the ICAO (chicago) convention, the Territory of a State is considered to be those areas under which the state has suzerainty (control over the foreign policy and international ...
69
votes
15answers
17k views

Why don't commercial airplanes carry Earth-observing instruments?

Governments and private companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars to send Earth-observing satellites to capture imagery or scan the terrain with lasers or radars. Meanwhile, commercial planes ...
43
votes
4answers
6k views

Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
20
votes
7answers
3k views

Does Daylight Saving Time affect local airspace?

Only some countries use Daylight Saving Time. In Canada, some provinces use and don't use DST (such as Saskatchewan). However, in remote and local regions where this is not observed, what would happen?...
10
votes
0answers
206 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
0
votes
2answers
241 views

How long before a Medivac should the pilots be ready?

If you are on home reserve how long is it required that the operator notify you of a flight before required Take off time? Is there a regulation or documentation to support this or is it operators ...
9
votes
1answer
535 views

Which countries (if any) allow beyond-line-of-sight drone use?

I was recently thinking about starting up a non-profit that would use large drones (full scale aircraft, not those dinky quadcopters) to deliver humanitarian aid to difficult locations. It was shot ...
4
votes
0answers
139 views

How can I convert a frozen ATPL from South Africa to an Iranian one?

I have got a frozen ATPL license from South Africa and I'm from Iran. I came back home last year and I have converted my CPL/IR license to the Iranian piloting license by doing Air Law and Human ...
5
votes
2answers
109 views

Is vertical separation based on geometric difference or altimeter difference?

In the comments below one of the answers to this question about the influence of temperature on vertical separation, the question was raised whether ATC ensure 1000ft vertical separation based on ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Flying from right seat of Socata TB9 - confused about Pilot manual limitation (US regulations)

I was comfortable flying from the right seat in my Grumman American AA5A and would let non-pilots sit in the left seat to introduce them to flying. I was expecting to do the same in a friend's TB9, ...
4
votes
4answers
675 views

Are the ICAO phonetic numbers used anywhere?

I ran across a table of ICAO (NATO) approved phonetic number pronunciations. As early as I can remember (50+yrs) in the United States "nin-er" is the only one I ever remember hearing in aviation and I ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the effect of non-LASER light sources on pilots?

After all the media coverage about people pointing lasers at commercial aircraft, I started to wonder what was so special about lasers. It seems to me that the amount of distraction that could be ...
12
votes
1answer
30k views

What is the main difference between an ETOPS certified and non-ETOPS certified plane?

ETOPS stands for Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards, a rule which permits twin engine aircraft to fly routes which, at some point, are more than 60 minutes flying time away ...
5
votes
2answers
232 views

Can Private Pilot training, funded by employer, count as company hours?

My employer would like me to get my Private Pilot License, and is funding the remainder of my training. The intention is to have me do my training on company time. I am an engineer, and sit in the ...
8
votes
2answers
446 views

Do Federal Regulations really require compliance with all crewmember instructions?

On commercial flights, we're frequently told that all passengers are "required to comply with lighted signs and placards, and all crew member instructions". But when it comes to the CFRs, the ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What are ICAO English language requirements?

As a supplement to this SE question; "What are the requirements to become a language proficiency examiner?" (something I never heard of...) What are ICAO English language requirements?
0
votes
0answers
55 views

How do aviation regulatory bodies relate to each other? [duplicate]

I am trying to make a overview how regulatory bodies in aviation safety interrelate. Maybe something like a hierarchy. I would start with ICAO and IATA, but where comes then for example FAA, CAA, LBA?...
-6
votes
1answer
152 views

How was this flight authorized?

In this clip, we see a fighter performing risky manoeuvres at very low altitude around a densely populated civilian area. What authorization would have been required for this and why would it be ...
0
votes
3answers
143 views

What do the regulatory bodies say about landing in CAT IIIB?

I typically read that CAT IIIB approaches must be flown by an autopilot to touchdown. Looking for a reference (regulatory bodies* in particular) to track the statement only leads to company SOPs. In ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

What is the history behind CAR 105.01(2)?

Canadian Aviation Regulation 105.01(2) states: "No person shall conduct an aerial sightseeing flight, or any portion of an aerial sightseeing flight, in the control zone of the Québec/Jean Lesage ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

What is the process for converting a US certificate to a Japanese license?

I have a Japanese exchange student (here for at least 4 years) who is looking to pursue a pilot's certificate (up through commercial, potentially to an ATP rating) in the US and, upon returning to ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Is a first class medical to be an airline pilot eventually possible?

I have a history of ocd and a little depression when I was younger . Up until now I’ve taken a number of SSRIs and finally recently risperidone which I’m almost tapered off of for ocd.I have been ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Can state or local laws regulate where aircraft can take off and land?

Say you have as private strip, but your neighbors get tired of hearing your plane. Can the local authorities pass, and enforce a law saying you can't take off and land there? Or do FAA rules override ...
11
votes
1answer
785 views

What permissions or approval are needed to land in Antarctica?

Can I land at Jack F. Paulus Skiway (NZSP) with just an ATC clearance? Or do I need to ask some other authority before I fly there? Are there any regulations regarding 'landing rights' in Antarctica? ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

Safety regulations for take off spectators around airports?

In a Greek island, an A320 blasted a child ten meters away, during take off. It was with his family outside the airport (Greek src). I wonder what are the regulations, if any, for how much people are ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

What prevents a passenger from hijacking a private jet?

I was reading another question on this site when I saw this answer. As you can see in the photo I copied below, this private jet has no cockpit door. On commercial aircraft the bullet-proof cockpit ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

In the Philippines' Civil Aviation Regulation Part 7, what does this part mean?

In the Philippines' Civil Aviation Regulation Part 7 it says individual certificate of airworthiness of the first production aircraft under the type certificate I want to know what does "first ...
4
votes
0answers
96 views

What is the maximum allowed intensity for light beams pointing at the sky for non-aviation purposes?

In Hong Kong, I'm designing a show with light beams and i'm thinking using Robe Megapointe lights (https://www.robe.cz/megapointe/). I've been ask by the client to follow the aviation regulation. ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

What are regulations for pyrotechnics on planes?

Being in love with both fireworks and flying this is a question that I wondered about for quite some time. Especially when watching videos like this (which is from 2009 showing a stunt plane flying ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there a height limit to national airspace?

Given the following facts: satellites can operate at an altitude of 200km without triggering frontier violation incident aircraft can trigger diplomatic protestations if they cross a frontier at an ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

Are there any mandatory announcements that a captain has to make?

Are there any announcements that a captain of an aircraft must make that is reinforced by law or a rule? (This is concerning all countries)
2
votes
2answers
160 views

How should an aviation novice evaluate 'flight experience' or 'flight training' services?

Some companies offer a service wherein a complete novice may take a flight in a small aircraft, sometimes as a passenger, sometimes 'taking the controls' under the close supervision of an instructor. ...
7
votes
1answer
179 views

Are Uber Elevate and other air taxis subject to domestic ownership and control rules?

When Virgin Airlines USA was being established, the company was forced to restructure due to a determination that effective ownership and control was held by Richard Branson's Virgin Group, a non-US ...
1
vote
0answers
309 views

Does a class E airspace still exist when the associated airport is closed?

An airport tower closes at 1600 hours: Does the extension (class E from surface up) airspace becomes non existing? Can I fly through since the tower is closed?
18
votes
3answers
19k views

What is the minimum distance allowed between two parallel runways?

Is there an international regulation for this matter or does it differ from one country to another?
1
vote
2answers
232 views

Do any countries besides the USA accept Basic Med?

Are other countries accepting Basic Med for flights through their airspace, for example the European Union?
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Climb/Descent or vectoring in other controller's airspace without point out

I'm an ATC trainee in an ACC. Few days ago, I handed off an aircraft to the adjacent approach control, and the app. controller made it descend and vectored while it was still in our airspace; ACC's ...
0
votes
1answer
320 views

Does in-flight Wi-Fi require regulatory approval?

Does any country have regulations that require a certificate or approval of the aircraft that use portable Wi-Fi in flight? Is there an FAA or EASA regulation or advisory, or an ICAO document or ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Does the ICAO definition of an “aircraft” include a minimum altitude capability?

The German air law includes in their legal definition of a "Luftfahrzeug", which is the equivalent of an aircraft, other devices intended to operate in the airspace if they are capable of being ...