Questions tagged [regulations]

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Conflicting A320 Climb Profiles

In the Airbus brochure (more like a book) Getting to Grips with Aircraft Performance, the standard climb profile for the A320 family is mentioned as 250 kt / 300 kt / M0.78 With this accompanying ...
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2answers
131 views

Can an ultralight be flown at night or IFR?

In Canada, can an ultralight be flown at night or IFR by a PPL pilot with a night flying or IFR endorsement if the ultralight is equipped for night flying or IFR ( eg. heated pitot tube, nav lights, ...
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189 views

In Spain, can I land and take off from my own property?

I have a property in Spain with a big field; is it legal to take off from and land on your own property in a light aircraft?
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123 views

Why does a phone's flight mode also disable FM radio? [closed]

I had two phones being capable of listening to VHF FM radio (in Germany about 90 to 104 MHz). However when turning on flight mode, the radio receiver is also disabled, and I wonder why: Listening to ...
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2answers
97 views

Which organisation deals with Aviation Law - IATA or ICAO?

Both Organisations are involved in Aviation Regulation. But which of them deals with Law? Are directives given by both equally applicable to all aircraft & airline operators?
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31 views

For commercial flights, is there regulations imposing a minimum fuel reserve upon landing? [duplicate]

In aviation, weight is tightly linked to efficiency. The more fuel you take, the more weight you add and the less money you earn. On the other hand, you want to pack more to deal with unexpected ...
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1answer
123 views

Are aircraft certified for inflight thrust reversal required to demonstrate controllability in an asymmetric-reverse-thrust scenario?

For most jetliners, the inflight use of reverse thrust is prohibited (and often physically impossible), due to the potential for loss of control in the event of an inflight reverser deployment (a ...
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1answer
105 views

Where do these limitations on wingspan come from?

There may be a limitation on the maximum value of wing span in some cases, for example naval aircraft. Airlines have to be able to operate into airport gates of limited width and typical values of ...
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1answer
136 views

Is there an official English version of LTF-UL?

I have found the German version of the ultralight regulations under Germany airworthiness authority, but I have not found a link for English version of that. is there any?
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1answer
112 views

What advantages are there to operate a corporate flight department under Part 135 as a separate entity instead of in-house as a Part 91?

This question specifically involves FAA regulations in the U.S. Some U.S. corporate flight departments will set up a separate business entity for their flight operations to limit the liability of the ...
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1answer
398 views

Is it legal to fly over Vatican City?

In February 1922 one or more aircraft flew over the Vatican low enough to disturb the papal conclave then underway. In response, authorities forbade flights over all of Rome until the conclave was ...
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2answers
228 views

What are the laws on photographing aircraft in Australia?

Are there any types of aircraft that I am forbidden from photographing aircraft. (Australian aircraft, primarily) in Australia? Are there regulations on what I do with the photographs I take? I assume ...
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1answer
338 views

Is a CFII required in order for a flight Instructor to provide training for added class ratings?

Must a flight instructor have a CFII to provide multi-engine add-on training to a customer meeting the following criteria: Holds a commercial pilot certificate with a single engine land class rating. ...
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1answer
202 views

What procedures do I have to follow to fly a seaplane from the US to Canada?

I work in the States and I'm thinking to go visit my friend in Canada. I have access to an Icon A5 and was thinking to fly from my closest lake in Vermont to his house which is also on a lake. What ...
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2answers
198 views

Can private pilots run other non-passenger flight businesses?

As I understand it, private pilots can not take paying passengers. (Friends on a flight can give the pilot strictly only the friend's share of fuel etc. costs.) But in fact can private pilots do ...
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118 views

Are manned balloons allowed to land anywhere?

From time to time, quite spectacular videos turn up from hot air balloons landing in unusual or even quite tight spots, such as a soccer field in Vlijmen, a road in Nijkerk, or even a small playground ...
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2answers
188 views

How close would another aircraft have to fly to warrant a sudden big altitude drop to avoid collision

This morning I read that mulitple people got (light) physical injuries after a passenger flight had to forcefully drop its altitude quickly in order to avoid collision with a fighter jet. The news ...
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2k views

How are flight hours counted?

I was watching a presentation from a software developers' conference in which the presenter went through the steps leading to the crash of United Airlines Flight 232 to make a point about Crew ...
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5answers
5k views

Are planes allowed to fly in circles, and is there a minimum legal altitude for takeoff and landing?

I live near a small, possibly private, airport. Every day there are small planes flying low over the neighborhood in circles for over half an hour. They appear to just be flying for recreational ...
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1answer
425 views

What are the missing elements to mandate airliners to have an AoA indicator? [closed]

ONGOING EDIT NOTE (By OP) This question is right now being comprehensively reworked to make it less broad over the course of the next number of days. (That's being done mainly offline, so as to ...
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2answers
647 views

Why aren't quadjets required to remain controllable after a sudden, simultaneous failure of two engines on one side?

For all multiengine jets, it must be possible to maintain directional control of the aircraft in the event of a sudden failure of one engine in flight, with the other(s) firewalled, down to not far ...
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2answers
232 views

Is this aircraft legal in Canada?

is an aircraft like this legal in Alberta, Canada? It's basically a human sized quadrocopter. If so do you need any license?
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5answers
375 views

Can a company be both an airplane manufacturer and an airline?

It may be advantageous for a company that manufactures its own aircraft to also be an airline. For example, the airline business would likely have reduced maintenance and parts costs relative to other ...
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1answer
113 views

With a Pandememic grounding many to their residence… How to maintain flight hours?

No matter your Country, is grounding affecting license requirements(Passenger, Cargo or even Private) and how are the hours being rectified. CNN actually posed a great question in this article and I ...
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125 views

Are there regulations about carrying cargo on passenger seats?

We see that passenger aircraft have recently made cargo flights so that the supply chain does not decrease due to the Covid-19 crisis. It is seen that the cargo boxes are loaded on the passenger ...
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1answer
207 views

Is it permitted to land amphibian plane in the ocean on Californian coast?

Given the length of the Californian coast, I was surprised to find so few seaplane services. I would expect air taxis between Long Beach and the coast, for example. Is it permitted to land seaplanes ...
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6answers
11k views

Can a private jet take off without notifying anybody and land on private land in another country? [duplicate]

If you have a friend in the USA who owns a lot of land that is suitable for landing a plane, and you own a private jet with 2 pilots in Norway, can you take off in private property without notifying ...
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2answers
166 views

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments?

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments? or they are restricted to the NCAA/Safety department only?
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1answer
468 views

What is the FAA's official stance on logging illegal flight time?

To preface my question, I want to discuss the reality that with the number of people and flight operations, there are surely cases where pilots have mistakenly flown under conditions in which it is ...
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3answers
311 views

How was the endurance test in the Cessna 172 legal?

The flight in the Cessna 172 lasted around 64 days with two pilots switching to fly the plane. To my knowledge both FAA and EASA have rest periods which pilots have to follow. Also the refueling was ...
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6answers
597 views

Is night VMC still VMC if the underlying terrain is completely unlighted?

The whole point of visual meteorological conditions (VMC) is that there is sufficient visibility for a pilot to be able to safely fly by visual reference alone, without reference to instruments. This,...
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3answers
144 views

Is a non-US airline responsible for failing to cancel a flight over airspace the FAA determined was unsafe? [closed]

If the FAA determines that an airspace is unsafe, and a non-US airline thinks it knows better and fails to cancel flights departing into that airspace, and passenger lives are lost as a result, is the ...
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31 views

Is there any agency or meeting, at global level, that rules flight zone interdictions? [duplicate]

Considering the number of conflicts in the world, and the tragic event of the airliner crash over Ukrainia caused by military action, there are a lot of flight interdiction zones on the world. From ...
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2answers
278 views

Is it legal/possible to request a flight-path change from Domestic to International minutes after take-off, for a privately owned jet?

This is related to the recent escape of Carlos Ghosn from Japan. While we don't know the details yet, M. Ghosn allegedly boarded a private plane from a small airport near Osaka [and probably in a kind ...
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2answers
302 views

Is there a standard international Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude (MOCA)?

In Turkey, the Minimum Obstacle Clearance (MOC) in primary areas is 300m; what about other countries and region?
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2answers
238 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
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3answers
436 views

How long is a climb leg in a step-climb cruise flight segment allowed to take, according to regulations (FAA/EASA)?

I am working on a trajectory optimisation program for commercial, large aircraft, in which I want to incorporate realistic air traffic control regulations. One of the constraints I want to incorporate ...
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1answer
193 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
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1answer
930 views

Is it illegal to fly a Cessna 172S under day VFR with an inoperative vacuum gauge?

Let's say my vacuum gauge is not working on my C172S and I want to go day VFR flying. There is no MEL. 14 CFR 91.213 details procedures for inoperative instruments, and I think the following ...
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1answer
715 views

Is there a standard for the frequency/interval between flashes of anti collision strobe light?

As far as I've spotted on lots of aircraft, I've noticed that the anti collision flashes are in a similar interval, no matter if it's a Boeing 737, Airbus or an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Is there any ...
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1answer
194 views

How moral are military aviation patents [closed]

I was reading about F-35's version that can take of vertically and it's mentioned that they are using a patented technology by Rolls-Royce called Fanlift and Liftsystem which brings me the questions: ...
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1answer
275 views

When were commercial pilots first allowed to use glasses?

Currently, pilots with defective (but correctable) vision are allowed to pilot airliners if they have at least two pairs of their corrective lenses (typically glasses) with them on board. Was there a ...
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3answers
236 views

How do humanitarian flights arrange special permissions to fly when ATC isn't available?

In natural disasters, transportation infrastructure is often among the first and most critical of public services to be disrupted. Not coincidentally, it's also a time that tends to see small airports ...
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2answers
225 views

Do all airports have the authority to impound aircraft for overdue fees?

In the 'Collapse' section of the Thomas Cook Wiki, it states that At around midnight on 23 September, airports in the UK began to impound Thomas Cook aircraft upon arrival, citing "default in ...
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1answer
200 views

Can US pilots fly VFR OTT and/or VFR at night in Canada without additional ratings?

In the US, private pilots flying under VFR are implicitly allowed to fly without visual reference to the ground, eg. over an overcast cloud layer, as long as they maintain appropriate VFR weather ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the maximal acceptable delay between pilot's input and flight control surface actuation?

While I was watching a cockpit video of an A330 landing in which the pilot was frenetically moving its sidestick, I wander what was the reaction time of this flight by wire system. Indeed, the time ...
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1answer
430 views

Are there experimental aircraft regulations in Germany?

The title is the question. Are there any special regulations regarding experimental aircraft in Germany (or the EU)? Those "special regulations" would (hopefully) be looser set of regulations in ...
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0answers
116 views

Do UL aircraft complying with LTF-UL need to copy an existing design pattern?

With my current pipe dream being to get physically involved in aviation instead of only theoretically, I looked into the regulations for ultralight planes in Germany. On multiple occasions in the ...
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1answer
3k views

Why are electric shavers specifically permitted under FAR §91.21

This struck me as a bit strange, 91.21 which covers electronic devices that can be used during IFR flight has some exceptions, one through three make logical sense (not really sure why portable voice ...
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1answer
165 views

Does TSR (Time Since Repair) Need A Reset After A Clean/Inspect/Test Workscope?

So I am a little unclear on what the regulations recommend. Say you have a component that has a Restoration (Ignore the nomenclature) workscope but it is strictly an Inspection/Cleaning/Testing ...

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