Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

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1answer
51 views

Is there an official English version of LTF-UL?

I have found the German version of the ultralight regulations under Germany airworthiness authority, but I have not found a link for English version of that. is there any?
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1answer
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What advantages are there to operate a corporate flight department under Part 135 as a separate entity instead of in-house as a Part 91?

This question specifically involves FAA regulations in the U.S. Some U.S. corporate flight departments will set up a separate business entity for their flight operations to limit the liability of the ...
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1answer
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Is it legal to fly over Vatican City?

In February 1922 one or more aircraft flew over the Vatican low enough to disturb the papal conclave then underway. In response, authorities forbade flights over all of Rome until the conclave was ...
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2answers
166 views

What are the laws on photographing aircraft in Australia?

Are there any types of aircraft that I am forbidden from photographing aircraft. (Australian aircraft, primarily) in Australia? Are there regulations on what I do with the photographs I take? I assume ...
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1answer
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Is a CFII required in order for a flight Instructor to provide training for added class ratings?

Must a flight instructor have a CFII to provide multi-engine add-on training to a customer meeting the following criteria: Holds a commercial pilot certificate with a single engine land class rating. ...
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1answer
176 views

What procedures do I have to follow to fly a seaplane from the US to Canada?

I work in the States and I'm thinking to go visit my friend in Canada. I have access to an Icon A5 and was thinking to fly from my closest lake in Vermont to his house which is also on a lake. What ...
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2answers
186 views

Can private pilots run other non-passenger flight businesses?

As I understand it, private pilots can not take paying passengers. (Friends on a flight can give the pilot strictly only the friend's share of fuel etc. costs.) But in fact can private pilots do ...
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0answers
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Are manned balloons allowed to land anywhere?

From time to time, quite spectacular videos turn up from hot air balloons landing in unusual or even quite tight spots, such as a soccer field in Vlijmen, a road in Nijkerk, or even a small playground ...
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How close would another aircraft have to fly to warrant a sudden big altitude drop to avoid collision

This morning I read that mulitple people got (light) physical injuries after a passenger flight had to forcefully drop its altitude quickly in order to avoid collision with a fighter jet. The news ...
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How are flight hours counted?

I was watching a presentation from a software developers' conference in which the presenter went through the steps leading to the crash of United Airlines Flight 232 to make a point about Crew ...
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5answers
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Are planes allowed to fly in circles, and is there a minimum legal altitude for takeoff and landing?

I live near a small, possibly private, airport. Every day there are small planes flying low over the neighborhood in circles for over half an hour. They appear to just be flying for recreational ...
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1answer
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What are the missing elements to mandate airliners to have an AoA indicator? [closed]

ONGOING EDIT NOTE (By OP) This question is right now being comprehensively reworked to make it less broad over the course of the next number of days. (That's being done mainly offline, so as to ...
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3answers
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Why are the rudders of quadjets sized to accommodate for a sudden failure of a single engine, rather than two on one side?

For all multiengine jets, the rudder is required to be large enough to allow directional control of the aircraft to be maintained in the event of a sudden failure of one engine, with the other(s) ...
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227 views

Is this aircraft legal in Canada?

is an aircraft like this legal in Alberta, Canada? It's basically a human sized quadrocopter. If so do you need any license?
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5answers
270 views

Can a company be both an airplane manufacturer and an airline?

It may be advantageous for a company that manufactures its own aircraft to also be an airline. For example, the airline business would likely have reduced maintenance and parts costs relative to other ...
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1answer
110 views

With a Pandememic grounding many to their residence… How to maintain flight hours?

No matter your Country, is grounding affecting license requirements(Passenger, Cargo or even Private) and how are the hours being rectified. CNN actually posed a great question in this article and I ...
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118 views

Are there regulations about carrying cargo on passenger seats?

We see that passenger aircraft have recently made cargo flights so that the supply chain does not decrease due to the Covid-19 crisis. It is seen that the cargo boxes are loaded on the passenger ...
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1answer
201 views

Is it permitted to land amphibian plane in the ocean on Californian coast?

Given the length of the Californian coast, I was surprised to find so few seaplane services. I would expect air taxis between Long Beach and the coast, for example. Is it permitted to land seaplanes ...
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2answers
159 views

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments?

Do airports have their own incident/accident investigation departments? or they are restricted to the NCAA/Safety department only?
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6answers
394 views

Is night VMC still VMC if the underlying terrain is completely unlighted?

The whole point of visual meteorological conditions (VMC) is that there is sufficient visibility for a pilot to be able to safely fly by visual reference alone, without reference to instruments. This,...
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31 views

Is there any agency or meeting, at global level, that rules flight zone interdictions? [duplicate]

Considering the number of conflicts in the world, and the tragic event of the airliner crash over Ukrainia caused by military action, there are a lot of flight interdiction zones on the world. From ...
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2answers
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Is there a standard international Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude (MOCA)?

In Turkey, the Minimum Obstacle Clearance (MOC) in primary areas is 300m; what about other countries and region?
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2answers
198 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
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3answers
325 views

How long is a climb leg in a step-climb cruise flight segment allowed to take, according to regulations (FAA/EASA)?

I am working on a trajectory optimisation program for commercial, large aircraft, in which I want to incorporate realistic air traffic control regulations. One of the constraints I want to incorporate ...
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1answer
159 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
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1answer
316 views

Is there a standard for the frequency/interval between flashes of anti collision strobe light?

As far as I've spotted on lots of aircraft, I've noticed that the anti collision flashes are in a similar interval, no matter if it's a Boeing 737, Airbus or an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Is there any ...
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How moral are military aviation patents [closed]

I was reading about F-35's version that can take of vertically and it's mentioned that they are using a patented technology by Rolls-Royce called Fanlift and Liftsystem which brings me the questions: ...
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1answer
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When were commercial pilots first allowed to use glasses?

Currently, pilots with defective (but correctable) vision are allowed to pilot airliners if they have at least two pairs of their corrective lenses (typically glasses) with them on board. Was there a ...
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Does the EU set requirements for WiFi on airliners?

Question 1-What are the European Union requirements for US registered aircraft with satellite connectivity for streaming data from gate to gate? Question 2- Does all passenger streaming activity ...
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3answers
229 views

How do humanitarian flights arrange special permissions to fly when ATC isn't available?

In natural disasters, transportation infrastructure is often among the first and most critical of public services to be disrupted. Not coincidentally, it's also a time that tends to see small airports ...
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1answer
136 views

Can US pilots fly VFR OTT and/or VFR at night in Canada without additional ratings?

In the US, private pilots flying under VFR are implicitly allowed to fly without visual reference to the ground, eg. over an overcast cloud layer, as long as they maintain appropriate VFR weather ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the maximal acceptable delay between pilot's input and flight control surface actuation?

While I was watching a cockpit video of an A330 landing in which the pilot was frenetically moving its sidestick, I wander what was the reaction time of this flight by wire system. Indeed, the time ...
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1answer
335 views

Are there experimental aircraft regulations in Germany?

The title is the question. Are there any special regulations regarding experimental aircraft in Germany (or the EU)? Those "special regulations" would (hopefully) be looser set of regulations in ...
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0answers
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Do UL aircraft complying with LTF-UL need to copy an existing design pattern?

With my current pipe dream being to get physically involved in aviation instead of only theoretically, I looked into the regulations for ultralight planes in Germany. On multiple occasions in the ...
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1answer
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Why are electric shavers specifically permitted under FAR §91.21

This struck me as a bit strange, 91.21 which covers electronic devices that can be used during IFR flight has some exceptions, one through three make logical sense (not really sure why portable voice ...
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1answer
117 views

Does TSR (Time Since Repair) Need A Reset After A Clean/Inspect/Test Workscope?

So I am a little unclear on what the regulations recommend. Say you have a component that has a Restoration (Ignore the nomenclature) workscope but it is strictly an Inspection/Cleaning/Testing ...
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2answers
240 views

Are paper charts required for flights outside the USA?

Can international flights by a US operator be performed paperless or do you need complete paper charts?
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2answers
361 views

Reclined seats for take off and landing

Normally on commercial flights, passengers are expected to bring their seats to an upright position for take off and landing. There are a few valid reasons for this. A little while ago, on a couple ...
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2answers
168 views

What happens to a plane that goes to / from an enclave when the surrounding country closes its airspace?

When Pakistan closed its airspace, planes that had routes flying over Pakistan had to deviate around that country. What would happen to planes en route to or from Lesotho, if South Africa closed its ...
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1answer
98 views

How Military to Civil Aircraft Transition is made by National Authorities?

As we know military aircrafts are not regulated by civil aviation authority organisations,namely FAA, CAA and etc. Is there any possible way to transform a military aircraft( like helicopters) to ...
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4answers
941 views

Are ham radio contacts allowed from inside an airplane?

This question probably lies in the middle ground between Amateur Radio.SE and Aviation.SE. I have seen a couple of videos where ham radio contacts are made with people on board a commercial aircraft ...
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What regulation says that a manufacturer must support a fleet above a specific size?

Beechcraft bought back Starship to reduce the size of the flying fleet so they could stop supporting them. What regulation defines the fleet size a manufacturer has to support?
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1answer
125 views

Are aviation regulators generally slower to issue orders affecting their “own” aircraft manufacturers?

It did not fail to escape the attention of commentators that the US Federal Aviation Authority was amongst the last aviation regulators to issue an order grounding the 737 MAX. Is there evidence to ...
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1answer
266 views

Is failure to comply with evacuation procedures illegal?

In every flight, we are instructed that we must leave our personal belongings in case of evacuation. I remember also notified that it is illegal not to follow the rules (I don't remember if this goes ...
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1answer
952 views

What does “still air” mean when planning alternative airports?

When planning for a takeoff alternate, according to 14 CFR 121.617 (1) Aircraft having 2 engines. Not more than one hour from the departure airport at normal cruising speed in still air with one ...
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0answers
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What is different between HIR (Hold Items Record) and DIR (Deferred Items Record)?

I wonder what is exactly different between HIR and DIR? What is different between HIR (Hold Items Record) and DIR (Deferred Items Record)?
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1answer
215 views

Do I need a license to flight test a homebuilt seaplane at very low altitude?

I am asking this because me and my friends are building a homemade seaplane or boat whatever you want to call it. It's not designed for long-range or high-altitude flights. We're not going to fly at a ...
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1answer
308 views

What is the meaning of Spirit ###?

This Popular Mechanics article writes (about the B-2 Spirit). Only 543 people have ever flown in the cockpit of a B-2. Upon landing I'll become number 544, with the new Air Force handle "Spirit 544....
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Is In-Seat Rest used regularly where it is legal, and is it restricted by airline SOPs?

This answer says that a pilot who is not flying (PNF) can make use of a procedure called In-Seat Rest to take a nap during flight. A comment on the same answer says that this is illegal in the US, ...
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113 views

Is it possible to take PPL lessons in different locations and countries?

I have been wondering if it is possible to do flight lessons in different locations? For example, I am currently taking my PPL lessons (VRF) in Manchester, UK. I usually travel between countries in ...

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