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Questions tagged [pitch]

Pitch is rotation about the lateral axis, which makes the nose point up or down.

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17 votes
2 answers
885 views

Why did Concorde have a max pitch down attitude in supersonic flight?

In ITVV Concorde (documentary) as the flight's captain introduced the ADI (attitude director indicator) he explained the dotted line (circled above) as follows: [...] and the little orange dotted ...
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16 votes
4 answers
5k views

Why there so many pitch control surfaces on the Piaggio P180 Avanti?

Picture source. I have seen that there is kind of sonic aircraft like B-1B Lancer that used elevator and canard or fins at the same time for pitch control. That quite understandable because it is ...
AirCraft Lover's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why does the Eurofighter Typhoon pitch up on brake release?

In the video here of an airshow take-off, it's noticeable that when the brakes are released there's a brief but pronounced fluctuation in pitch as the aircraft accelerates. This is something you see ...
Party Ark's user avatar
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14 votes
6 answers
19k views

What are the exact meanings of roll, pitch and yaw?

I lack some 3 dimensional understanding. What are these angles referenced to? For example, R, P, Y all start from 0, plane is flying horizontal, then it inclines its nose by 90 degrees, moving ...
muyustan's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
3k views

Can computer imposed inputs be overridden on the Boeing 737-MAX?

During Lion Air Flight 610, a Boeing 737-MAX, it seems that the angle of attack sensors caused the software to believe the aircraft was stalling, thus initiating a nose-down pitch to recover from the (...
Cloud's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
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Why does spoiler extension cause straight-wing Learjets to pitch down, rather than up, and why did it take so long to discover this?

Straight-wing Learjets (the 23, 24, 25, 35, and 36), the first generation of the popular business-jet series, are (especially when not equipped with any of the many first- and third-party wing ...
Vikki's user avatar
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13 votes
6 answers
10k views

Why does an aircraft pitch up when the speed increases?

Can anyone please explain why aircraft pitches up when the speed increased? (please consider an aircraft, Wing AC, CG and Tail AC lies on a line.) The ideal explanation I'm looking for should have ...
Guest's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why does the Sukhoi-30 MKI have both canards and conventional horizontal stabilizers?

I believe the Sukhoi-30 actually has 3 means of altering pitch and roll - canards, horizontal stabilizers, and thrust vectoring. Image courtesy www.mars.slupsk.pl What is the point of this? Does it ...
Madhav Sudarshan's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
2k views

If the pitch of a bypass fan blade in a turbofan is fixed how does it manage to provide thrust over such a large speed range?

A fixed pitch propeller is only good for aircraft that do around 100kts because the angle of attack on the propeller decreases as the forward airspeed of the aircraft increases, limiting the thrust ...
Ian's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why couldn't Air Moorea Flight 1121 use pitch trim to land safely?

On August 9th, 2007 an Air Moorea Twin Otter crashed into the ocean. The cause of the crash was determined to be loss of pitch control after an elevator cable snapped. In my world (Cessna 152), if an ...
OneChillDude's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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What is the aerodynamic centre and how does it relate to the pitching moment?

Okay so I have been trying to get my head around the Aerodynamic centre and the Pitching moment. Wikipedia really isn't helping much but from what I can gather the Pitching moment is a force caused by ...
Alex Purvis's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What pitch attitudes are common during an emergency descent for an airliner?

What pitch attitudes are common during an emergency descent? I assume it would be a fairly nose-down attitude, but I can't imagine how steep would feel to the passengers. Suppose a gradual ...
orique's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why does RPM for a fixed-pitch propeller change with an aircraft's pitch?

Talking bout a C-152 - If I pitch the aircraft down, and without adjusting the throttle, the RPM would show an increase. Pitch up, and without adjusting the throttle, the RPM shows a decrease. I've ...
Liandro Miguel de Paula's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the name for yaw, pitch and roll together?

What is the name for yaw pitch and roll all together ? I've heard CMD used to refer to all of that information but don't know what it stands for. Is CMD correct? if so what does it stand for? is ...
third_meow's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

How does having a bigger engine placed slightly more forward and higher impact the plane in pitch?

I'm asking about general aerodynamics for under-wing twin-jets – I'm not after information/speculation on the Max 8 crashes/systems, but I mention the crash below because of what I see as an unclear (...
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6 votes
1 answer
16k views

What is the relation between roll angle and pitch angle?

I was wondering about roll angle and pitch angle values. Will I get same pitch angle at different roll angles and vice-versa? For example. At its initial position, the aircraft is standing on the ...
Pratik's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
522 views

How does a delta wing deal with supersonic boundary separation?

The question Why most of the supersonic or fighter aircraft use all-moving control surfaces? emphasis the importance of all moving stabilator for supersonic aircraft. Many supersonic aircrafts ...
Manu H's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
761 views

Why does the use of reverse thrust on the DC-8 generate a pitch-up moment rather than a pitch-down moment?

Unlike most aircraft, the DC-8 is certified to use reverse thrust in flight (albeit only on its inboard engines). This serves as a very effective airbrake, although it also produces considerable ...
Vikki's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why is pitch measured with respect to the horizon and not the ground?

Why is the pitch measured with respect to the horizon and not the ground? How different are the angles between the ground and the horizon? Would it be possible to fly with an attitude indicator that ...
Dargscisyhp's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
8k views

How are pitch angle and pitch rate measured in an airplane?

What equipment or method is used to obtain measurements of the pitch angle (θ) and pitch rate (q) during flight? Edit: I am asking about how the aircraft systems sense these quantities
Mateus de Freitas's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
4k views

Are we changing the angle of attack by changing the pitch of an aircraft?

For example: if I pitch the airplane up, but also increase power and am able to maintain the same speed, then no, the AoA hasn’t changed, although it may have varied in the transition between one ...
Sachin Chaudhary's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of level flight with a nose-down attitude? [duplicate]

This is a questions about fixed-wing aircraft in general -- commercial planes and smaller. I have seen on a video that planes are capable of flying in a holding pattern with an nose-down attitude "for ...
Krishnaraj Rao's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
447 views

Why does not the lift produced by main wings create pitch moment?

Pitch moment is created by lift created by the horizontal stabilizers via the elevators. But then main wings also create lift, why does not this lift enough to create pitch moment?
user2409011's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
9k views

What is the maximum pitch for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner?

I recently watched a video of the Boeing 787 training before Farnborough. This aircraft climbed very fast; does someone know the maximum pitch of this aircraft?
Kromen's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

How does yaw relate to pitch?

I have been confused about the relation of yaw and pitch in propeller powered aircraft. When such an aircraft is pitching up, will it yaw to the left or right? Conversely, when it's pitching down, ...
atlantis's user avatar
  • 255
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

When pitching, how do planes establish a pitch rate which corresponds to the centripetal acceleration?

Coordinated flight requires that the yaw rate and the centripetal acceleration correspond. In other words, for a given $a_{centripetal} = v^2/r = \omega ^2 r$ this means that the yaw rate must equal $\...
Kenn Sebesta's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
1k views

What's the optimal zoom climb angle for a fighter jet to reach its highest possible altitude in a parabola?

If a supersonic fighter jet wanted to reach the highest possible apogee it could in a parabola, what's the optimal pitch angle to do so? A too high pitch may result in insufficient thrust and a sooner ...
Giovanni's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
987 views

Do the speed brakes on an F-16 change its pitch?

In level flight at 400 knots, what happens when the speed brakes are extended?
George Geo's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
165 views

Adverse pitch on unstable aircraft's roll

In airplanes like the F-22, both the main wings and the tailerons provide (at least at subsonic speed) positive lift. My question is this: when performing a roll using all control surfaces ...
Gabriel's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
370 views

Calculate pitch balance of RC glider?

Today, I played with styrofoam gliders with my kids; I made an asymmetric wing, asymmetric horizontal tail, symmetric vertical tail, and attached these to one stick for the fuselage. I've had big ...
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3 votes
3 answers
239 views

Do aircraft pitch down even at very low angles of attack (below 0°) in a strong sideslip?

I was doing an analysis of an aircraft (specifically the PZL Koliber 160 with the NACA 63A416) strong sideslip conditions (beta=30° for example) in OpenVSP at various angles of attack, and observed ...
TheEagle's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
517 views

How does pitch relate to glide angle?

When flying a glider, you have a polar curve. As your speed increases beyond best glide, your glide angle gets steeper. Say you are flying at best glide, you are looking through a specific point in ...
Oliver P's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
496 views

What is the average pitch of a plane?

I'm looking for the average pitch of big planes like an Airbus A300. For horizontal travel, is the plane horizontal or does it have a pitch like 1 or 2° (or more)? If the plane does not accelerate ...
Mailou75's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
1k views

In helicopter's forward motion, how is the forward pitching moment taken care off?

When the rotor disk is in the position shown by the dashed lines, the net Lift is at an angle. It should produce a forward pitching moment about CG (Center of gravity). That can cause the helicopter ...
Raj Arjit's user avatar
  • 268
3 votes
3 answers
514 views

Why don’t airliners use stabilizer movement to assist with large pitch control inputs?

Most large airliners not only have elevators for pitch control, but also moveable horizontal stabilizers. The elevators are used for primary pitch control, with the stabilizers being used to trim the ...
Vikki's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
4k views

How can I calculate the relationship between propeller pitch and thrust?

I am trying to design a WWI propeller so I started calculating. The propeller comes with a specified pitch of 1.75m. The engine is supposed to run at around 1900 rpm and 147kW. These are most likely ...
Veltro's user avatar
  • 75
3 votes
1 answer
468 views

What is the rate of acceleration based on downward pitch?

In other words, I want to understand how gravity converts into thrust in respect to pitch. What is the general mathematical relationship? (For visuals, imagine a bird diving to gain speed.)
HTDE's user avatar
  • 133
2 votes
5 answers
435 views

What do you call a fall that is due to too little engine power, not due to cessation of aerodynamic lift?

If you raise your plane's pitch but the engines can no longer counter the gravity and you begin to fall (because the engines are too weak, not because of too little lift), what do you call that? This ...
Giovanni's user avatar
  • 533
2 votes
2 answers
325 views

Pitch of a glider with altitude

I'm designing a high-altitude glider. Just to clarify a few points before my question: The glider will weigh close to 200 grams. It will be using the A18 airfoil. The glider is dropped from 80,000 ...
Charles Nicholson's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
4k views

Why does pitching moment coefficient decrease with an increase in the angle of attack?

Slope of Cm vs alpha graph is negative, why it is so? The attached graph is from https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitching_moment , this graph is for cambered airfoil, as pitching moment is zero for ...
Rajakr's user avatar
  • 217
2 votes
2 answers
986 views

What is the relation between velocity and rate of pitch?

I saw the answer to airspeed and rate of turn but this I think isn't what I want. I've seen it many times that aircraft will pitch up much slower when at higher speeds particularly fighter aircraft. ...
Kiyo's user avatar
  • 55
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

How much torque can a Boeing 747 apply when pitching?

I know this is a weird way of thinking about / quantifying this, but I'm trying to figure out how much torque a 747 can apply to itself when it pitches upwards (turning about an axis from wing to wing,...
Jake Kurlander's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
475 views

What happens if full collective pitch is suddenly commanded on most modern helicopters?

Related, but not the same: What happens when you apply full cyclic + collective? If the pilot suddenly applies full collective pitch on a turbine powered helicopter, will the engine stall? It seems ...
AlphaCentauri's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
6k views

How to calculate the Pitching moment coefficient of wing?

I want to check the trim condition for aircraft. For this I need the pitching moment coefficient of wing. How to calculate?
Vishal Jadhav's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
204 views

A transfer function relating jet engine thrust to pitch angle during a phugoid motion

Crossposted on Mathematics SE I am doing a school project that requires me to find a transfer function that relates the thrust of a jet engine (which could change with time in one way or another) and ...
Faito Dayo's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
90 views

How much could you increase lift using ailerons alone?

If a plane had ailerons that could be moved in the same direction, could the lift be increased by a non-negligible amount?
Ryan's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
3 answers
345 views

What is the maximum pitch achievable in a medium-powered airplane?

One of the answers to this question proposes a maneuver in which the plane is pointed almost vertically. Obviously, an aircraft with a high thrust-to-weight ratio can achieve this simply by climbing, ...
Lawnmower Man's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

What 's the difference between Angle of Attack and Pitch? [duplicate]

I am interested in knowing the theoretical and practical differences between the Angle of Attack (AoA) and Pitch: Graphical definitions How are they related? In what circumstances these angles are ...
ppinto's user avatar
  • 707
1 vote
3 answers
3k views

How does change in airspeed affect pitching moment?

In aircraft with conventional elevator control, if I increase the speed, the horizontal tail sees higher velocity and hence higher lift. Does it mean that increasing airspeed creates nose down ...
Swati's user avatar
  • 51
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Helicopter Flight: What is the reason for decrease in Induced drag with increase in speed?

As per the figure the induced drag will decrease only if the AoA of the blade is decreased — But in the forward flight, cyclic input increases and decreases the AoA throughout the blade rotation cycle....
Raj Arjit's user avatar
  • 268