Questions tagged [pitch]

Pitch is rotation about the lateral axis, which makes the nose point up or down.

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15
votes
4answers
5k views

Why does the Eurofighter Typhoon pitch up on brake release?

In the video here of an airshow take-off, it's noticeable that when the brakes are released there's a brief but pronounced fluctuation in pitch as the aircraft accelerates. This is something you see ...
14
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6answers
7k views

What are the exact meanings of roll, pitch and yaw?

I lack some 3 dimensional understanding. What are these angles referenced to? For example, R, P, Y all start from 0, plane is flying horizontal, then it inclines its nose by 90 degrees, moving ...
14
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4answers
3k views

Why there so many pitch control surfaces on the Piaggio P180 Avanti?

Picture source. I have seen that there is kind of sonic aircraft like B-1B Lancer that used elevator and canard or fins at the same time for pitch control. That quite understandable because it is ...
14
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4answers
2k views

Can computer imposed inputs be overridden on the Boeing 737-MAX?

During Lion Air Flight 610, a Boeing 737-MAX, it seems that the angle of attack sensors caused the software to believe the aircraft was stalling, thus initiating a nose-down pitch to recover from the (...
14
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1answer
257 views

Why does spoiler extension cause straight-wing Learjets to pitch down, rather than up, and why did it take so long to discover this?

Straight-wing Learjets (the 23, 24, 25, 35, and 36), the first generation of the popular business-jet series, are (especially when not equipped with any of the many first- and third-party wing ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Why does the Sukhoi-30 MKI have both canards and conventional horizontal stabilizers?

I believe the Sukhoi-30 actually has 3 means of altering pitch and roll - canards, horizontal stabilizers, and thrust vectoring. Image courtesy www.mars.slupsk.pl What is the point of this? Does it ...
11
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6answers
6k views

Why does an aircraft pitch up when the speed increases?

Can anyone please explain why aircraft pitches up when the speed increased? (please consider an aircraft, Wing AC, CG and Tail AC lies on a line.) The ideal explanation I'm looking for should have ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Why couldn't Air Moorea Flight 1121 use pitch trim to land safely?

On August 9th, 2007 an Air Moorea Twin Otter crashed into the ocean. The cause of the crash was determined to be loss of pitch control after an elevator cable snapped. In my world (Cessna 152), if an ...
8
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1answer
3k views

What is the aerodynamic centre and how does it relate to the pitching moment?

Okay so I have been trying to get my head around the Aerodynamic centre and the Pitching moment. Wikipedia really isn't helping much but from what I can gather the Pitching moment is a force caused by ...
7
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3answers
1k views

How does having a bigger engine placed slightly more forward and higher impact the plane in pitch?

I'm asking about general aerodynamics for under-wing twin-jets – I'm not after information/speculation on the Max 8 crashes/systems, but I mention the crash below because of what I see as an unclear (...
6
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3answers
1k views

Why does RPM for a fixed-pitch propeller change with an aircraft's pitch?

Talking bout a C-152 - If I pitch the aircraft down, and without adjusting the throttle, the RPM would show an increase. Pitch up, and without adjusting the throttle, the RPM shows a decrease. I've ...
6
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1answer
10k views

What is the relation between roll angle and pitch angle?

I was wondering about roll angle and pitch angle values. Will I get same pitch angle at different roll angles and vice-versa? For example. At its initial position, the aircraft is standing on the ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Why does the use of reverse thrust on the DC-8 generate a pitch-up moment rather than a pitch-down moment?

Unlike most aircraft, the DC-8 is certified to use reverse thrust in flight (albeit only on its inboard engines). This serves as a very effective airbrake, although it also produces considerable ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is pitch measured with respect to the horizon and not the ground?

Why is the pitch measured with respect to the horizon and not the ground? How different are the angles between the ground and the horizon? Would it be possible to fly with an attitude indicator that ...
5
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4answers
4k views

How are pitch angle and pitch rate measured in an airplane?

What equipment or method is used to obtain measurements of the pitch angle (θ) and pitch rate (q) during flight? Edit: I am asking about how the aircraft systems sense these quantities
5
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3answers
1k views

What is the name for yaw, pitch and roll together?

What is the name for yaw pitch and roll all together ? I've heard CMD used to refer to all of that information but don't know what it stands for. Is CMD correct? if so what does it stand for? is ...
5
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1answer
180 views

How does a delta wing deal with supersonic boundary separation?

The question Why most of the supersonic or fighter aircraft use all-moving control surfaces? emphasis the importance of all moving stabilator for supersonic aircraft. Many supersonic aircrafts ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How does yaw relate to pitch?

I have been confused about the relation of yaw and pitch in propeller powered aircraft. When such an aircraft is pitching up, will it yaw to the left or right? Conversely, when it's pitching down, ...
4
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1answer
3k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of level flight with a nose-down attitude? [duplicate]

This is a questions about fixed-wing aircraft in general -- commercial planes and smaller. I have seen on a video that planes are capable of flying in a holding pattern with an nose-down attitude "for ...
4
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2answers
356 views

Why does not the lift produced by main wings create pitch moment?

Pitch moment is created by lift created by the horizontal stabilizers via the elevators. But then main wings also create lift, why does not this lift enough to create pitch moment?
4
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1answer
6k views

What is the maximum pitch for the Boeng 787 Dreamliner?

I recently watched a video of the Boeing 787 training before Farnborough. This aircraft climbed very fast; does someone know the maximum pitch of this aircraft?
3
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1answer
346 views

Do the speed brakes on an F-16 change its pitch?

In level flight at 400 knots, what happens when the speed brakes are extended?
3
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3answers
285 views

Why don’t airliners use stabilizer movement to assist with large pitch control inputs?

Most large airliners not only have elevators for pitch control, but also moveable horizontal stabilizers. The elevators are used for primary pitch control, with the stabilizers being used to trim the ...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

What is the rate of acceleration based on downward pitch?

In other words, I want to understand how gravity converts into thrust in respect to pitch. What is the general mathematical relationship? (For visuals, imagine a bird diving to gain speed.)
2
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2answers
171 views

What is the average pitch of a plane?

I'm looking for the average pitch of big planes like an Airbus A300. For horizontal travel, is the plane horizontal or does it have a pitch like 1 or 2° (or more)? If the plane does not accelerate ...
2
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2answers
109 views

What is the relation between velocity and rate of pitch?

I saw the answer to airspeed and rate of turn but this I think isn't what I want. I've seen it many times that aircraft will pitch up much slower when at higher speeds particularly fighter aircraft. ...
2
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4answers
139 views

How much torque can a Boeing 747 apply when pitching?

I know this is a weird way of thinking about / quantifying this, but I'm trying to figure out how much torque a 747 can apply to itself when it pitches upwards (turning about an axis from wing to wing,...
2
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1answer
148 views

What happens if full collective pitch is suddenly commanded on most modern helicopters?

Related, but not the same: What happens when you apply full cyclic + collective? If the pilot suddenly applies full collective pitch on a turbine powered helicopter, will the engine stall? It seems ...
2
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2answers
5k views

How to calculate the Pitching moment coefficient of wing?

I want to check the trim condition for aircraft. For this I need the pitching moment coefficient of wing. How to calculate?
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2answers
140 views

What 's the difference between Angle of Attack and Pitch? [duplicate]

I am interested in knowing the theoretical and practical differences between the Angle of Attack (AoA) and Pitch: Graphical definitions How are they related? In what circumstances these angles are ...
1
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3answers
3k views

How does change in airspeed affect pitching moment?

In aircraft with conventional elevator control, if I increase the speed, the horizontal tail sees higher velocity and hence higher lift. Does it mean that increasing airspeed creates nose down ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

How does the load factor vary when the aircraft pitches up/down?

I know that when an aircraft starts rolling, it's load factor increases. But can anybody explain how does load factor vary when the aircraft pitches up/down? Does it increase/decrease?
1
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1answer
62 views

Partial panel power on stall under the hood

What do you use for control and performance instruments while demonstrating power on stall under the hood with attitude and heading indicator covered (No vacuum instruments in 6 packs ) ?
1
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2answers
282 views

Why is airspeed different in climbs and descents although the AoA doesn't change?

Here are the background facts: This excercise has the objective to familiarise the student with the slow flight characteristics. The steps are: 1)Establish straight and level, 90% RPM, 15 units ...
1
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3answers
591 views

Why does an aircraft's nose tend to pitch downward at higher bank angles?

In the usual aircraft configuration, the center of lift is located behind the CG producing negative pitch moment (the horizontal stabilizer counteracts it by producing downforce - positive pitching ...
1
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0answers
765 views

why are airplane propellers always undersized?

While calculating propeller static thrust by using a famous Prop-power-calculator.xls (by Pé Reivers), I've noticed that no matter what "stock" configuration I put into the calculator, I do always get ...
0
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1answer
357 views

Why does the DHC-6 pitch down when the flaps are retracted, rather than up?

Air Moorea Flight 1121 crashed because one of its elevator cables broke immediately after the pilot retracted the flaps, but before he could trim out the resulting pitch-down moment - to quote the ...
0
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2answers
172 views

Why is the rotor system of an aircraft and the rotor system of a helicopter different? [closed]

Both aircraft with propeller(variable pitch) and helicopter rotor system can change pitch. Of course, for helicopter, there is not only collective pitch control but also cyclic control. The aircraft ...
0
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0answers
27 views

How to calculate the mass moment of inertia of a symmetric wing like NACA-0012?

I am working on the pitching mechanism of a NACA-0012 wing. I have the mass and found out the centre of mass of the wing but the software (OpenFOAM) needs more parameters such as the mass moment of ...
0
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0answers
44 views

What is the relationship between pitch rate, airspeed, and normal G's?

What equation defines the relationship between pitch rate, airspeed, and normal G's? I suppose flight path angle could be used here too. For example, given I'm currently at 5 degrees of pitch and ...
0
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0answers
51 views

How does a standby ADI remain accurate when flying over the curved earth? [duplicate]

How does a standby attitude directional indicator remain accurate when flying for many hours over the curve of the earth? While maintaining level flight, wouldn’t the pilot see an apparent movement of ...
0
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0answers
76 views

Can passenger weight shift cause a pitch shift in a commercial airliner? [duplicate]

If all of the passengers of an airliner, such as an A320, all moved to the front of the plane, like this, would it have the potential to cause the same result, (i.e. a change in aircraft pitch, ...
-6
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1answer
80 views

What is difference between pitch & lift? [closed]

What is the difference between pitch and lift of an aircraft?Please kindly try to include graphics with your answers