Questions tagged [pilot-technique]

Questions about different techniques that pilots may use when flying.

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42
votes
9answers
39k views

How close is X-Plane experience to real flying?

I started using X-Plane and am surprised at the easiness of flying (using a flight controller). Does this simulation software reflect how it is to fly (in any way) in reality? From using the ...
36
votes
3answers
4k views

When might a pilot hand-fly a jet at cruise altitudes, and is it difficult?

How difficult is it to hand-fly a jet at cruise altitudes? Other than autopilot failure and just doing it for the fun of it, when might you want to hand-fly at those altitudes? I suspect the answer ...
39
votes
6answers
14k views

How do pilots foresee turbulence?

During a normal flight at cruise speed and altitude, amid the delicious airline meal and the enjoying a latest movie, all of a sudden the seat belt sign turns on. Then a few seconds later we enter ...
73
votes
10answers
33k views

Is a firm landing an indication of the pilot inexperience?

In a commercial airplane, when a landing has been a bit firm, a passenger may think it was not perfect, or maybe performed by an inexperienced pilot. (Source) A perfect landing is seen by passengers ...
19
votes
3answers
13k views

How does a commercial flight pilot handle turbulence?

In general, passengers dislike turbulence. Avoiding all turbulence sometimes is not viable, as it would make the flight too long, too expensive (fuel consumed), or simply not having alternatives. How ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

Is the main landing gear of a large airplane designed for sideways (crabbed) touchdowns?

Is it just my imagination, or is it a fact that many large airliners actually touch down "crabbed" on difficult crosswind landings? Here's what I mean in this video, or as shown in this picture: Is ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the optimal bank angle to accomplish a given turn in a glide?

For an aircraft in a glide, what—if any—is the optimal bank angle to make a given turn while maximizing glide distance and maintaining published best glide speed? In other words, at a constant ...
10
votes
1answer
917 views

How do pilots fly an MLS approach?

There is not much information on the cockpit aspect of the Microwave Landing System. Apart from Wikipedia, there's this excellent 15-minute FAA video from 1974 on TRSB (time reference scanning beam) ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is “heavy braking” recommended in an aircraft with carbon fiber brakes in order to prevent brake wear? That seems backwards!

I get that standard brakes and carbon fiber brakes are made out of two different materials, but some of the procedures are different between them. For instance, they recommend "heavy" braking on ...
34
votes
1answer
6k views

Why is it not recommended to hold the nose up on the A320 after touchdown?

I was recently told by a trainer in my airline that on the A320 if we hold the nose up after main gear touchdown then the flight control laws logic will memorise that pitch attitude after 5 seconds ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Does it really take 9000 feet to recover from a spin in a P-51 Mustang?

I was a bit surprised to hear from this P-51 pilot (9:33 into the video) that the Mustang requires 9000 feet to recover from a spin. This seems high to me. The Mustang POH does not confirm this, but ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

Was the miracle on the Hudson saved exclusively by the APU?

In the film Sully, (staring Tom Hanks) the APU is switched on straight after both engines rollback, why was this step necessary; Airbus said this was the "15th thing" to do on the checklist. How or ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How are aircraft controlled that have no forward view out of the cockpit?

Modern aircraft tend to have quite reasonable cockpit visibility. But throughout history there were some that had literally no visibility directly forward. The best known example is probably Ryan ...
9
votes
5answers
522 views

Are there any manoeuvres that would be considered unrecoverable in a General Aviation / Training Aircraft?

I'll try to make this question a little more manageable by applying the following constraints, though of course all answers would be welcome: By "General Aviation / Training" aircraft, I'm talking ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How do radio altimeter systems compensate for objects on the ground?

My understanding of a radio altimeter is that it can provide more accurate altitude readings below the transition level. It occurred to me a number of days ago whilst sitting beneath the glide path ...
24
votes
5answers
6k views

How hard is it to fly with night vision goggles?

I was talking to a Sheriff's Department helicopter pilot and he was saying they fly around at night with night vision goggles. I know the military does too. What are some of the considerations that ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to handle vacuum and turn coordinator failure in IMC?

I just earned my FAA instrument rating and a considerable amount of time was spent training partial panel. This meant flying with no vacuum gyro instruments - attitude indicator and directional gyro. ...
7
votes
3answers
840 views

Best procedure to Turn around in Canyon, Turn radius as a function of velocity

I just heard a briefing on mountain flying, and it was stated that the first thing, or the most important thing to do in the event you are unfortunate enough to find yourself in a blind canyon with no ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

How to land the aircraft when the flight deck is full of smoke?

If a fire occurs in flight, the crew will likely try to land on a diversion airport. However landing presupposes seeing the primary instruments, switches and controls. Source In case the fire is not ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

Do large airliners have a short-field landing technique?

Other than extra braking and reverse thrust, is there a specific short-field landing technique for large jet airliners? In discussions about the famous landings at St Maarten, it is sometimes said ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout?

During rollout upon touching down, I'd often find myself veering off the runway centreline to the left. Every time I input rudder, I have this feeling that I am getting pulled out of the turn (while ...
8
votes
4answers
8k views

Can the ILS glideslope be intercepted from above?

Is it recommended to intercept the ILS glideslope from above? Are there any special considerations like unstable approaches or GPWS warnings?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did the pilot flying pull back in the moments after the auto-pilot disconnected on AF447?

In the AF447 disaster, one of the elements that contributed to the crash was an "excessive" nose-up input shortly after the disconnection of the auto-pilot. This caused the aeroplane to climb and ...
14
votes
1answer
22k views

How do pilots respond to wind shear?

I am aware that wind shear is the geostrophic wind between two pressure levels and am also aware of the catastrophic effect microbursts can have. If informed, can the crew avoid wind shear? And if ...
10
votes
2answers
959 views

Is aerodynamic braking really effective?

(YouTube) In the frame above the pilot is pulling back, as evident by the stabilator's position, and this technique is usually cited as a means of slowing down. But wouldn't the brakes have better ...
9
votes
1answer
863 views

How do pilots of big jets determine if they are clear of the runway after landing?

The pilots of small aircraft can easily determine if they're clear of the runway by visually looking back through the side windows. How do the pilots of big commercial jets determine that all parts ...
7
votes
1answer
452 views

What does “stuff it in the back right corner” mean?

I'm still catching up with Flightchops, and came across this episode about his first tail wheel solo. As he touches down for his first landing (around 5:03 in the video) he says "Get ready to stuff ...
5
votes
1answer
340 views

How are rotary engines controlled?

Listen closely to the engine sound here. It seems to me all rotaries continuously sound on/off. Is that a pilot application to manage the engine's torque (with the whole block rotating), or as ...
4
votes
2answers
522 views

What are the symptoms of vortex ring state?

What are the signs and symptoms a pilot can recognize, that the helicopter is approaching vortex ring state (VRS) and measures should be taken? A related question discusses how to prevent or recover ...
2
votes
3answers
724 views

Can one fly up side down while a glass of water keeps full due to g-forces?

If one makes a looping for example with a plane and the g-forces that the planes makes will keep the water in the glass, but if one is at the top of the loop is there still enough g-force to keep ...
2
votes
5answers
607 views

Which way (if at all) do the ailerons need to be deflected in a full-rudder sideslip in a Cessna 152 or 172?

Do you typically have to maintain an aileron deflection in a constant-heading full-rudder sideslip in a Cessna 152 or 172? If so, in which direction? And why -- what is the source of the roll torque ...
1
vote
5answers
397 views

How to land using horizon?

source I recently heard pilots discussing a landing technique that some instructors are now teaching. To assist new pilots in flaring, they instruct the pilot to adjust their attention toward the ...