Questions tagged [phraseology]

Questions about standard words and phrases used by pilots and ATC in radio communications

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21
votes
4answers
4k views

When using the phonetic alphabet, for airways, should we say Uniform or Upper?

Listening some RTs, I heard ATCos reporting airways, for example: UL65, UPPER LIMA 65. But the phonetic alphabet says UNIFORM. Why do they say like this, please? Is there any manual in which we can ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What does “With One Minute Weather” Mean?

Yesterday I was listening to LiveATC at McClellan Field (KMCC) since many CAL Fire Tankers are stationed there and there's a lot of activity recently. As the tankers returned from their bombing runs, ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

How do I say these situations, according to the runway's status?

There is an accident on the runway, for example, the aircraft is disabled on it, so, the runway is_________. The runway is flooded, or there is oil spill on it, so, the runway is______. Closed? ...
7
votes
1answer
664 views

How to communicate a circling approach over CTAF?

The FAA ATC job order says: Circling approach instructions may only be given for aircraft landing at airports with operational control towers. But I could not find a phraseology example that ...
9
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1answer
2k views

How to request to fly on a flight level, different from the direction, according to the charts?

According to the direction, there are correct FL to fly, but due to weather, or traffic, the pilot would request a different FL, from the chart (according to the direction). Is there any correct ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What's the difference between 'Go Around' and 'Pull Up'?

We use on the standard RT (radio telephony) Go Around. But what's the difference between Go Around and Pull Up?
4
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2answers
2k views

What is the call for when an enemy air-to-air missile has been fired?

In a scenario where a large multi-crewed aircraft was being attacked by a fighter that launched an air-to-air missile what would the call be that would alert the pilot that a missile was in the air ...
6
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3answers
2k views

What's the precise meaning of “landing south (north, east, west)” in STARs?

"JetBlue six zero two leaving flight level two one zero descending via the Ivane Two arrival landing south." Does "landing south" here mean the aircraft will be landing on the runways north to south?
13
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1answer
2k views

Can an issued landing clearance be replaced with “continue approach”?

Since the US handles the landing clearance differently, this is limited to Europe (EASA-land). From Eurocontrol: Continue Approach If the runway is obstructed when the aircraft reports ‘final’, but ...
21
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1answer
5k views

What does it mean when ATC says climb maintain 7000, block 8000?

I understand the climb and maintain, but what does block mean?
8
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1answer
588 views

Is the phraseology in the early portion of the movie The Net realistic?

Bear with me for a moment; I know that this is based on a movie scene, but there's a real question at the end. Early in the 1995 movie The Net, there's a scene where a programmer is flying their ...
10
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2answers
826 views

Why do pilots refer to the Flight Service Stations as “Radio” in the the United States?

When using an aircraft radio to call a Flight Service Station ("FSS"), why do pilots refer to them as "radio?" I understand calling control towers "tower", ground control "ground", Air Route Traffic ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Why was “taxi into position and hold” changed to “line up and wait” in the USA?

How come taxi into position and hold changed into "Line up and wait?" Did the old phraseology cause misunderstandings, or did it seem dated?
2
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4answers
966 views

What are the most common uses of radio communication when flying? [closed]

What are the most common uses of radio communication in aviation? I know that many aviators communicate with the people in towers with radio, but what do pilots say to the people in the towers and ...
1
vote
1answer
871 views

How is the phraseology of IFR clearances different between the US and Europe?

In this question, a comment says that the phraseology of IFR clearances is very different between Europe and the US: especially the VFR phraseology (but not only) is really different in europe ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Is there anything better than LiveATC to get accustomed with RT phraseology?

I would like to "train my ear" for RT communications and I tried to listen to approach of Dublin's Airport. I simply can't understand more than 50% words because of loud background whistle and poor (...
12
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5answers
4k views

Is “Tally-Ho” used in ATC radio communication, specifically in the UK?

This question Are "Tally-ho" and "no joy" acceptable ATC terms for civil operations? concerns the use of the phrase "Tally Ho" to mean "target in sight" in civilian air-traffic-...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do ATC instructions to change level include the words “climb” or “descend”?

ATC instructions to change level include the words "climb" or "descend" depending on the direction of the vertical maneuver. For example, "Descend to 2500 feet" or "Climb to FL70". For comparison, ...
13
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2answers
4k views

What is the correct phraseology for changing the runway of a landing clearance?

In the liveATC clip on this YouTube video, an American Airlines 767 arriving at SFO (San Francisco International) had been cleared to land on 28R, but, apparently while already on final, was told to ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between fuel exhaustion and starvation?

Is there any technical difference between fuel exhaustion and starvation? And what does it mean if a pilot says he has a "fuel shortage"?
18
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2answers
6k views

When do pilots actually use ‘wilco’?

I know it means “I have understood the instruction and will comply.” However, any instruction that is a clearance, concerns runway use or contains altitude/level, heading, speed or squawk code ...
12
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2answers
4k views

What does “square the base” mean?

I was flying the other day and heard tower say to another aircraft, "square the base". What does it mean, and when might a controller say this?
19
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3answers
5k views

How is the ATC language structured?

Is the content of spoken communications used by air traffic control and pilots defined as part of a rigorous language definition? Such as a morphological or lexical foundational system, or is ...
6
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2answers
2k views

What is the correct use of the verb “to leave,” for exiting the runway?

What's the correct way to say, according to the phraseology; I will leave the runway; I will vacate the runway; or I will exit the runway?
11
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2answers
3k views

What is the origin for “squawk” having two different meanings in aviation?

In Aviation, a "Squawk code" is a common term for a "Transponder Code". "Squawk 2345 and Ident" But it is also commonly a way to report problems with an airplane. "After I landed, I Squawk'd the ...
6
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between “amended” and “revised” clearances?

Reading the ICAO Phraseology Reference Guide I saw the term amendment applied to clearances, and I got a bit confused about how to differentiate it from a revised clearance. What does each one mean? ...
5
votes
1answer
816 views

What does the phrase “turnouts approved” mean?

What does the (apparently nonstandard judging by its absence in the Pilot/Controller Glossary) phrase “turnouts approved” mean when given in the context of a takeoff clearance?
21
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3answers
2k views

What to do if expediting your ascent or descent is impossible/unsafe?

As a pilot of a small single engine plane, what do we do if ATC instructs us to expedite our climb/descent and doing so would be impossible or unsafe (i.e. we're already at the maximum safe rate of ...
15
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6answers
12k views

Are “Tally-ho” and “no joy” acceptable ATC terms for civil operations?

I keep meaning to ask this question. I heard "Tally-ho" used for the first time by a pilot on Liveatc.net. I know these are pretty standard phrases in military aviation but I wondered if civil pilots ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Why does a pilot want to hold a Squawk Code when leaving Class B airspace?

I was listening to liveATC today... Controller clears this guy into the class B for a transition and throws him a code. Some time passes and the pilot has now transitioned the bravo and is leaving the ...
1
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2answers
316 views

What does the phrase from the FAA, “clear to maneuver” mean?

What, if anything, does the phrase, "clear to maneuver" mean if given by an FAA airspace controller?
23
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2answers
6k views

Can we use MAYDAY or PAN PAN on ground?

Usually we read, on reports, aircraft reporting urgency or emergency during the flight, while airborne. But, is it correct to use these "words" on ground?
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are aircraft callsigns pronounced over the radio in a non-phonetic alphabet way?

Why is it numbers are not always pronounced in a phonetic way? For example a flight number of 2390 is pronounced "twenty-three ninety" instead of "two three niner zero"
26
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5answers
10k views

When should a pilot use the word “takeoff?”

I've been taught before that the word "takeoff" should only be used when reading back a clearance, and that when requesting a clearance pilots should advise "ready" or "ready for departure." Here's ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Can we use the term CONTAMINATED RUNWAY for other meanings, such as: oil spill or debris on the runway?

Contaminated Runway is used to say that the runway surface area (25%) is covered by 3.0 mm or more of: water, slush, snow and ice. But is it also possible to use this term to say about: heavy rubber, ...
7
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2answers
939 views

What does STERILE RUNWAY mean?

When a pilot receives the message : THE RUNWAY IS STERILE, what is the meaning?
6
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2answers
406 views

Why do some towers reference departures by compass direction, others by leg of pattern?

Got my Private about 6 months ago, and I've always wondered - let's say I request a VFR departure to the South, with the active runway being, say, 2. Some towers will give my departure clearance in ...
5
votes
2answers
754 views

What's the correct ATC phraseology to enter a nonpublished hold?

Before entering on a hold (stack), the ATC should instruct the turns and headings to be accomplished by the crew. If it is not printed on the charts, as on STARs, what is the correct phraseology to ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

What does 'intercept final' exactly mean?

I work as ATC in Korea. I have question about the exact meaning of the word 'intercept'. In FAA order 7110.65, 5-9-1 vector to final approach course, "vector to intercept the final approach course", ...
6
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2answers
7k views

Can pilots use PAN PAN Medical, even if they were not on MedEvac mission?

If there is a medical emergency on board, on a passenger or crew member, will the crew be cleared to use PAN PAN/MAYDAY MEDICAL on their R/T? Is there any DOC in which regulates these phraseology?
4
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2answers
3k views

Where can I get an list of ATC phraseology terms in Spanish?

I'm considering flying in a Spanish-speaking country and would like to have a passing familiarity with how to communicate with ATC in Spanish. Is there an ATC English-to-Spanish dictionary?
23
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3answers
70k views

What do the callouts “approaching minimums” and “minimums ” mean?

When landing, what exactly do the phrases "approaching minimums" and "minimums" mean in a commercial jet aircraft, when heard from the onboard cockpit voice.
2
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4answers
8k views

What is the meaning of “American 755, turn right, heading 320"?

I am studying a text entitled Unmanned Aircraft Systems. How can we simplify the instruction in quotes so that it is more understandable and can be understood by a nontechnical. Please note I am not ...
26
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1answer
8k views

What does Top 1% mentioned by ATC refer to?

I have watched Live ATC tons of time. But I still don't know which airline is called "Top 1%". Ex: Delta 81 right Bravo right Kilo give way to company A380 and follow the Top 1%". Just wanna know ...
15
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4answers
22k views

What do I request when contacting tower of an airspace I'm transiting over?

I'm a student pilot who has just begun dual cross-country with my instructor. However, he has not been explicit when I've asked him about radio comm with tower/approach/radio during the flight. If I ...
1
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2answers
577 views

What are good resources for learning more about communications? [closed]

As title says, which book/web site/etc.. are available for learning proper communication (for Private Pilot License)?
14
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1answer
2k views

Why do pilots say “clear of the active” at non-towered airports?

At the non-towered airport I fly at, pilots when clear of the runway always say "X Traffic, Skyhawk N123 clear of the active." Why not say the runway number? At a one-runway airport, I understand that ...
5
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2answers
3k views

What is the meaning of these slang terms used in ATC?

I have heard some slang terms used mainly by ATCs: follow the black holes taxi not too deep how is your ride What do they actually mean and are there others?
14
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3answers
3k views

“<Callsign>, remain VFR” — may I enter Class C airspace?

During a flight yesterday, the approach frequency for a local Class C was unusually busy. I was heading back to an underlying Class D and the frequency finally quieted down enough for me to poke in a ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

When to turn base at towered airport?

When at a towered airport and instructed to make "left pattern for runway 3," am I supposed to wait for the base leg turn until tower clears me for landing? This seems to be the norm, but I can't ...