Questions tagged [phraseology]

Questions about standard words and phrases used by pilots and ATC in radio communications

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1answer
151 views

“Turn right, report heading”?

I can't say anything about authenticity, but here is a quote Tower: “Delta Zulu Romeo, turn right now and report your heading.” Pilot: “Wilco. 341, 342, 343, 344, 345…” Is such an instruction even ...
15
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6answers
13k views

Are “Tally-ho” and “no joy” acceptable ATC terms for civil operations?

I keep meaning to ask this question. I heard "Tally-ho" used for the first time by a pilot on Liveatc.net. I know these are pretty standard phrases in military aviation but I wondered if civil pilots ...
2
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1answer
290 views

How to correctly interpret the taxi procedures in ICAO Doc 4444?

I have a question to ICAO Doc4444, Chapter 12.3.4.7, Taxi procedures for departure, c). My question is how to interpret the following, knowing that words in parentheses are mandatory, and words in ...
6
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2answers
7k views

Can pilots use PAN PAN Medical, even if they were not on MedEvac mission?

If there is a medical emergency on board, on a passenger or crew member, will the crew be cleared to use PAN PAN/MAYDAY MEDICAL on their R/T? Is there any DOC in which regulates these phraseology?
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3answers
149 views

Taxi to spot?? Hot spot? What is meant by this?

I heard ground controller at KPHL say taxi to spot so and so? What do they mean by this during taxi procedures.
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4answers
353 views

What is the phraseology when leaving a TRSA?

When leaving TRSA what is the correct phraseology to tell ATC that radar service is no longer desired?
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2answers
163 views

What does “Request Boxing Vectors” means?

I have heard on a request from a pilot: "- Request boxing vectors!" What's the meaning of this non standard phraseology?
6
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3answers
2k views

When to turn base at towered airport?

When at a towered airport and instructed to make "left pattern for runway 3," am I supposed to wait for the base leg turn until tower clears me for landing? This seems to be the norm, but I can't ...
16
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2answers
3k views

How do I know how to describe my position on the airport when I contact ATC?

When asking for taxi clearance, a pilot must include his location when contacting ATC. However, I'm not quite sure exactly how to state your position in the airport. For example, I've heard some ...
5
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1answer
747 views

What callsigns do UK Medical Emergency Response Teams use?

I'm making a simulation game and there's a large focus on the humanitarian effort military personnel put in, putting aside the shooting and more on the story. Part of this is a Medical Emergency ...
17
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2answers
2k views

What does 'intercept final' exactly mean?

I work as ATC in Korea. I have question about the exact meaning of the word 'intercept'. In FAA order 7110.65, 5-9-1 vector to final approach course, "vector to intercept the final approach course", ...
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3answers
63k views

“What's our vector, Victor?”: What does this mean?

In Airplane there is a famous sequence: ...
6
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2answers
195 views

What is the German / European equivalent of FAA Order 7110.65?

FAA Order 7110.65 prescribes air traffic control procedures and phraseology for use by personnel providing ATC services in the USA. Which documents regulate these aspects in Germany, or, more ...
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3answers
5k views

How is the ATC language structured?

Is the content of spoken communications used by air traffic control and pilots defined as part of a rigorous language definition? Such as a morphological or lexical foundational system, or is ...
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3answers
127 views

What is the proper phraseology for a clearance with a named obstacle departure procedure?

The Phoenix Mesa-Gateway Airport (KIWA) has a named obstacle departure procedure - the Phoenix Departure. What's the correct phraseology for when clearance assigns it to you? Is it "N123AB, cleared ...
31
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4answers
8k views

Why are there many pilots who don't say “mayday, mayday, mayday” to declare an emergency?

I've been listening to some ATC from some major commercial pilots and in every video where there's been some confusion about declaring an emergency they've used some terminology other than "mayday, ...
13
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1answer
2k views

Can an issued landing clearance be replaced with “continue approach”?

Since the US handles the landing clearance differently, this is limited to Europe (EASA-land). From Eurocontrol: Continue Approach If the runway is obstructed when the aircraft reports ‘final’, but ...
5
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1answer
476 views

What terminologies are used when ATC instructs a pilot to stop or proceed with his transmission?

If some pilot forgets to release his mic button, distracting everyone on the frequency, what terminology can be used by an ATC to stop it? And if another pilot stop transmitting his message until the ...
21
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4answers
4k views

When using the phonetic alphabet, for airways, should we say Uniform or Upper?

Listening some RTs, I heard ATCos reporting airways, for example: UL65, UPPER LIMA 65. But the phonetic alphabet says UNIFORM. Why do they say like this, please? Is there any manual in which we can ...
15
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2answers
6k views

What is the correct way for pilots to say the time?

While listening to Air Crash Investigations, the pilots used the 24-hour format in a different way than we do. Example: 07:57 hrs would be said as oh-seven-five-seven hours (which makes it a little ...
2
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1answer
235 views

Is there an order for the instructions of a go-around?

Scenario: Aircraft on final is approaching the threshold. A departing aircraft is slow to roll and ATC must issue a go-around instruction. ATC: PULL UP AND GO AROUND. TURN LEFT HEADING 360 MAINTAIN ...
2
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0answers
154 views

Is “margin final” an ATC instruction in USA?

I was south-east of the airport and the active runway was 24. The ATC said, "Make straight in and remain south." And then he said, "Margin final, cleared [to] land." What is margin final? I'm an ...
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2answers
216 views

How do I request a touch and go and then remain closed traffic?

When I first contact a tower to request touch-and-go, if I want to remain closed traffic after the touch-and-go, can I say '...tower, call sign, location, inbound for touch-and-go and remain closed ...
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2answers
384 views

Are there different sub-types of a mayday call and do pilots use them when declaring emergencies?

I was reading this pilot's quote from the Northwest Airlines Flight 85 incident: "This was a classic application of CRM. We were blessed and lucky that we had full flight crew augmentation. We ...
4
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1answer
832 views

Why is “LINING UP” used as the proper response to a “conditional” line-up instruction?

This is a list of the ICAO's standard phraseologies used for preparation for takeoff. I don't understand why "lining up" is (recommended to be) used as a response to a conditional line-up instruction. ...
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2answers
663 views

What is the proper ICAO phraseology to activate a flight plan?

OK, so you have a flight plan filed (over internet, phone, company or however), go to the aircraft and get in the cockpit. So you call the controller and request IFR or VFR as appropriate. What is ...
7
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2answers
1k views

How unusual were MH370's final ATC exchanges?

There are 2 noteworthy occurrences in the ATC radio transcript within just minutes of a 3rd noteworthy, quite unprecedented occurrence in aviation history: At 01:07:55 MH370 unnecessarily reported ...
12
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5answers
4k views

Is “Tally-Ho” used in ATC radio communication, specifically in the UK?

This question Are "Tally-ho" and "no joy" acceptable ATC terms for civil operations? concerns the use of the phrase "Tally Ho" to mean "target in sight" in civilian air-traffic-...
4
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2answers
2k views

What is the call for when an enemy air-to-air missile has been fired?

In a scenario where a large multi-crewed aircraft was being attacked by a fighter that launched an air-to-air missile what would the call be that would alert the pilot that a missile was in the air ...
2
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2answers
464 views

Is any readback required when ATC uses the phrase “RADAR CONTACT”? [duplicate]

As the title says, is a readback required? I've heard some people say that it's not required, while some others say we should readback our call sign only. Some even say just push the transmission knob ...
4
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3answers
310 views

What is the meaning of “Steer 1-2-0” in WWII texts?

I am reading some texts about WWII and English operators tell the pilots to "Steer 1-2-0". Can anyone help with the meaning of 'steer' here? Is it a synonym of 'direction', 'heading' or 'vector'?
7
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2answers
805 views

What does “<aircraft type> X miles in trail, runway 25R cleared to land” mean?

I was listening to the LiveATC Phoenix North Tower feed as he was clearing aircraft to land. He said something like "Southwest fifteen sixty five, Phoenix Tower, (aircraft type), X miles in trail, ...
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4answers
1k views

How should the crew callout 1,000 ft. prior to assigned altitude?

When climbing or descending in a multi-crew cockpit, most SOP's require a verbal callout at 1,000 ft. prior to the assigned altitude. I typically hear different callouts by different people: "One ...
10
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2answers
830 views

Why do pilots refer to the Flight Service Stations as “Radio” in the the United States?

When using an aircraft radio to call a Flight Service Station ("FSS"), why do pilots refer to them as "radio?" I understand calling control towers "tower", ground control "ground", Air Route Traffic ...
35
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7answers
34k views

Why is the total count of people on a plane given as the number of 'souls' on board?

Why don't they just say 'people' on board, why souls? What is the origin of this term? I'm thinking it comes from sailing as I think I've heard that term in reference to crews out at sea, but I'm not ...
7
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1answer
250 views

Why would ATC issue a takeoff clearance and also tell the same aircraft to maintain visual separation at the same time?

I heard this from the Phoenix Sky Harbor airport tower years ago on a sunny and hot day. Is it because the controller is able to take off aircraft more quickly by putting the responsibility on pilots ...
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2answers
2k views

When is 'heavy' used in callsign?

I have heared at ATC communication that some aircraft uses a heavy word in the call sign. What does heavy means? When it is used? Is it used when aircraft is heavier than 200-300 tons?
66
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3answers
68k views

Why do English-speaking pilots and ATC say “Niner” instead of “Nine”?

Besides the fact that it's now a standard, why do American-English-speaking pilots and ATC say "Niner" instead of "Nine"? None of the other numerals are pronounced in an atypical fashion. For what ...
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2answers
480 views

What is the correct phraseology to request a climb?

If you'd like to request a climb to a higher flight level while cruising, which do you think is a more proper way to request it: Request to climb FL350 Request climb FL350 I know they have zero ...
7
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3answers
3k views

Why do ATC instructions to change level include the words “climb” or “descend”?

ATC instructions to change level include the words "climb" or "descend" depending on the direction of the vertical maneuver. For example, "Descend to 2500 feet" or "Climb to FL70". For comparison, ...
15
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3answers
15k views

What does “radar contact” mean in ATC calls?

When ATC mention 'radar contact', what does that mean? In what conditions ATC might contact you and mention 'radar contact' in the call? and what would be the appropriate responses?
5
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2answers
711 views

What does 'given rate' mean?

I was watching this video: At around 1:28 I heard the controller clear a plane to descend to a level "given rate". I was searching online but couldn't seem to find ...
14
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4answers
22k views

What do I request when contacting tower of an airspace I'm transiting over?

I'm a student pilot who has just begun dual cross-country with my instructor. However, he has not been explicit when I've asked him about radio comm with tower/approach/radio during the flight. If I ...
4
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1answer
357 views

How far are shortened replies to ATC allowed to go?

Pilots often use non-standard-phraseology for readbacks. Some examples: ATC: DLM, switch to tower, 121.2 P: tower, for DLM or ATC: DLM, identified, climb via the RIDA9 departure P: ...
5
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3answers
418 views

Should I inform ATC about minor deviations to maintain VFR while on practice instrument approaches?

When talking to approach control for the purpose of performing practice instrument approaches in VMC with a safety pilot, the pilot (and safety pilot) is required to "maintain VFR." However, the pilot ...
5
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4answers
6k views

Are the ICAO phonetic numbers used anywhere?

I ran across a table of ICAO (NATO) approved phonetic number pronunciations. As early as I can remember (50+yrs) in the United States "nin-er" is the only one I ever remember hearing in aviation and I ...
26
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1answer
8k views

What does Top 1% mentioned by ATC refer to?

I have watched Live ATC tons of time. But I still don't know which airline is called "Top 1%". Ex: Delta 81 right Bravo right Kilo give way to company A380 and follow the Top 1%". Just wanna know ...
15
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1answer
3k views

What is the correct phraseology for "runway 03 R”?

What phraseology is normally used for "runway 03 R" by air-traffic control and pilots? A couple of possible options I came up with: runway zero three R runway three R runway zero three right runway ...
8
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1answer
302 views

How do I properly report sighting a drone or hobby UAV to ATC?

How would one go about reporting a drone (hobby UAV) sighted in the airspace of an airport on frequency, specifically to Tower? For example: I am doing patterns around the airport when to the ...
0
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1answer
119 views

How does ATC ask a pilot to resume flying a published SID / STAR? [duplicate]

Let's say that you are cleared for and are flying the ZZOOO2 departure out of KSAN and you get vectored off of the departure before you complete it. At some point, ATC wants to put you back onto the ...