Questions tagged [performance-calculation]

Questions about calculating the various measures of performance of an aircraft.

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62 views

What units should use for velocity prediction equations?

I'm not an expert aviation but I'm designing my own RC Plane and I wanted to estimate the maximum velocity using equations (15-20) from this paper. Honestly, I am not quite sure on the units to use ...
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2answers
96 views

Does Green Dot Speed Calculation include banking Angle?

I'm wondering, whether the Green Dot- speed calculation in the Airbus PFD does account for the actual bank angle of the aircraft. ...
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3answers
136 views

What is the correct term for the type of performance chart where curved lines are followed?

What is the correct term for the type of performance chart where, from a starting location, curved lines are followed to various reference points to eventually find a solution? For a specific example, ...
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1answer
100 views

Have I made a calculation mistake in this ATPL question that uses the CAP 698 Chart?

I have been calculating this question but I just don't seem to get the correct answer. For this question use Performance Manual CAP 698 SEP1 Figure 2.3. Using the climb performance chart, for the ...
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1answer
103 views

What is takeoff power? [duplicate]

I Am asking about the takeoff power here not how the aircraft takes off. What do I need if I want to calculate the power required by an aircraft to take off? What parameters should I consider?
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1answer
153 views

How can I calculate the C.G height for an Aircraft?

before I continue I would like to thank you guys beforehand for the help. I am new to this forum and in aviation in general. I am helping my professor to obtain the C.G coordinates in x, y , z for a ...
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1answer
160 views

What methods are used for calculating maximum takeoff windspeed of a helicopter?

I would like to calculate the maximum windspeed in which a helicopter may safely take off and safely land, assuming a theoretical wind environment with constant wind direction and no gusts. I ...
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3answers
559 views

Why do propellers have less theoretical range (i.e. range ignoring impatient passengers wanting to go fast) than jets, despite greater efficiency?

I was playing around with the breguet range equation recently, and came across a suprising result, that propellers have less range than jets, despite having greater efficiency. The range equation for ...
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2answers
67 views

Shall We Consider Reversers in performance Calculations?

Thrust reversers are featured to help slow down the plane after touchdown. Moving the thrust levers aft activates the translating cowl to open, closing the blocker doors. This action stops the fan ...
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2answers
396 views

How is the Max Zero Fuel Weight used in calculating weight and balance?

In some weight and balance apps there is an option to "Use Max Zero Fuel Weight". Having never seen this in any of the aircraft I have experience flying, I am curious how this value is typically used ...
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764 views

How do I use the takeoff and landing distance charts in the C172 POH?

Can anyone explain how to calculate takeoff and landing distances using the chart for C172s, and please give me an example?
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1answer
204 views

How do you calculate Profile Drag?

second year aeronautical engineering student here. I'm doing some aerodynamics coursework but have run into a problem. I've read through the answers to the question "what is profile drag?" but ...
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100 views

For Airbus pilots, what is your TOD calculation methodology?

During A330 training, various instructors will have many different types of equations and gateways used to confirm the descent profile and whether or not they are above or below glidepath. The ...
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2k views

Why does the takeoff N1 limit start to decrease below 30°C OAT?

It's easy to understand why the takeoff N1 limit decreases with an increase in the OAT in the chart above; the engines get less dense air at higher temperatures, and less dense air means less engine ...
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1answer
5k views

What fomula use for calculating pressure altitude?

I'm having some trouble making my calculations of pressure altitude match those in apps and text books. I'm using the formula from Wikipedia: (29.92 - altimeter setting) * 1000 + airport elevation ...
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2answers
842 views

Why aren't large, low-speed propellers widely used?

I am trying to calculate different propellers for the simple case like helicopter moving slow up like 1 m/s or staying/hanging in one place. From generic physics point of view it is more efficient to ...
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102 views

What is a good and simple software for calculating propeller thrust and required power?

My main requirements: Calculate propeller thrust with big range of the altitudes (0 - 200 km) or to have air pressure input parameter, which I can type. For example pressure for 152 km is $4.98\...
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1answer
168 views

What is a Second Segment Weight Limit?

I am very interested in the principles of take-off performance optimization. During my research I found an interesting picture, showing the software used by a European carrier. However, the output ...
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1answer
474 views

What is the average climb gradient of an aircraft during the takeoff and early phase of a departure procedure?

On chart plates it is written the minimum climb gradient with which an aircraft should climb for obstacle clearance or after ATC request (for traffic flow management etc.). However, since this is the ...
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2answers
133 views

Are compressor maps for multistage compressors drawn for one blade row or the whole compressor?

Apologies if this is a stupid question. I am a little confused about compressor maps. Are compressor maps such as this one, drawn for one blade row only or the whole compressor? (source: Wikimedia) ...
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1answer
318 views

Does one-engine cruise consume less fuel than two-engine cruise?

Scenario 1. A two-engine airliner experiences rapid depressurization and makes an emergency descent to 10,000 ft, and diverts to the nearest airport. Scenario 2. The same two-engine airliner ...
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1answer
173 views

Do takeoff (or other) performance calculations for jet aircraft take into account the type of fuel being used?

Jet aircraft can use any of a number of different fuels:1 Jet A-1 is a straight kerosene, not that much different from what you used to buy for committing arson fuelling portable space heaters. JP-8 ...
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2answers
512 views

How do I estimate piston aircraft fuel efficiency?

Is there any way to figure out or calculate fuel consumption of piston engines for aircraft? I'm looking at different engines in a book, and while jet engines have useful values like thrust, bypass ...
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1answer
100 views

Do aircraft performance figures include corrections for areas with especially strong or weak gravity?

The strength of gravity at the Earth's surface is not constant, but varies from place to place by as much as a few percent: (Image by NASA.) As a result, an identically-loaded aircraft weighs less ...
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1answer
514 views

How would you use the mental clock code to solve this dead reckoning problem?

Can someone explain the question below in details? You plan to fly a cross country flight at 2 000 feet at a true airspeed of 120 knots. Your track is 270° (True) and the wind is from 225° (True) at ...
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414 views

How would I calculate CG in this practice problem?

As I'm studying PPL theories, I've encountered with this kind of a question below and it would be great to understand the principle behind the calculation of the 'CG' Calculated take-off mass = 2300 ...
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1answer
278 views

How is altitude correlated with true airspeed?

I am trying to understand the BADA 3.0 dataset (specifically I am looking at Performance Summary Tables): E.g. What is not obvious to me is why those tables mention only single TAS for specific FL. ...
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3answers
6k views

How to calculate service ceiling and absolute ceiling in PA-44 Seminole?

I am hard to understand to calculate service ceiling and absolute ceiling in PA-44 Seminole. Is there anyone know how to calculate it in the condition(T/O weight: 3599.24 L/D weight: 3354.44 PA:2329 ...
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2answers
424 views

What margin of error should one reasonably allow regarding aircraft performance?

This question generated a lot of discussion around amateur pilots often making the mistake of calculating aircraft performance based on perfect conditions and not allowing for a 'safety factor' (i.e. ...
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354 views

How can I correct an expected climb rate for density altitude?

If a flight manual (for a naturally aspirated piston engine plane) gives a figure for a best climb rate at standard temperature and pressure, is there a way to adjust that figure for a different ...
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2answers
86 views

Is the route which takes the least time always the one with least fuel-burn?

Geographically longer paths may require less fuel than the shortest (great circle) path. But what about time ? Is the most fuel efficient route always the one that has the aircraft in the air for ...
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4answers
316 views

Can longer paths consume less fuel than the (shorter) great circle path?

Is the most fuel-efficient route between points A and B always along a great circle ? Although somewhat counter-intuitive, this comment on an aviation blog seems to suggest that longer paths (in ...
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0answers
166 views

How are the takeoff V speeds calculated? [duplicate]

What is the actual formula for calculating the takeoff V speeds of an aircraft with any configuration? Specifically, I mean V1, Vr and V2 I know there are many factors, but what are they specifically ...
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1answer
421 views

What are the takeoff and landing distances of motor gliders?

I'm doing some estimations of weight and thrust loading for a college project, and in the formula below the landing distance is not a variable, but should be estimated using similar aircraft and usual ...
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7answers
5k views

How does maximum speed vary with altitude?

Question: How does a commercial jetliner's highest possible groundspeed vary with altitude (assuming wind=0) ? My understanding is that drag decreases with altitude, therefore maxspeed increases with ...
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2answers
3k views

How can I calculate takeoff distance in a generic way?

I want to build a generic performance app. For many of the aircraft the only available method is using the takeoff charts manually (I'm not referring to the more simple-to-calc short field charts but ...
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2answers
517 views

How can I calculate a pitch/power table?

I want to make a pitch and power table for C172s based on calculation, just like I attached above. I picked up this table on internet, but I'm not sure where it comes from. Do you have any ideas how ...
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678 views

How to calculate the induced drag coefficient?

In an exercice of Flight mechanic, I have to compute the drag coefficient at zero lift: $C_{D0}$.We saw in class two ways to find it : $$ C_{D0} = \frac{\pi AR e}{4E_{max}^2} $$ With $AR$ the aspect ...
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1answer
281 views

Where can I find climb and cruise performance charts for a specific aircraft?

I'm looking for climb and cruise charts for a cirrus sr20 G3, but I can't find them in the POH? where are these charts typically located?
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413 views

How to compare turboprop engines and with which values?

I have found this website that lists a lot of turboprop engines. I would like to compare them with as few values as possible. As an example, there are tons of different values that describe a jet ...
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2answers
4k views

How do I calculate FPNM for standard take-off minimums?

I have trouble understanding and calculating FPNM for standard take-off minimums. As I understand, the formula is: (Ground speed)/60 * FPNM = FPM Let's say the ODP says: 565' per NM to 2800, or ...
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1answer
1k views

How do I determine the engine thrust required to give a specific climb rate?

New pilot here and I am playing around with a flight simulator game for the B737-800. I need some help understanding where/how one can find out if one has enough engine thrust (%N1) to meet a required ...
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2answers
991 views

Propeller Characteristics at Different Altitudes

Assuming I have a propeller with a given diameter (D), pitch, blade twist, and number of blades, I can theoretically analyze discrete airfoil sections in XFOIL and come up with lift and drag polars ...
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901 views

What are the Boeing 777 thrust calculations? [closed]

Can someone show typical calculations for a Boeing 777 jet engine for the following criteria: Take off thrust of the engine at 170 mph take off speed and 45 degrees F Cruising thrust required at 500 ...
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2answers
377 views

How can I determine specific heats of gases for turbojet engine calculations?

I'm in a combustion lab and we are performing experiments on a turbojet engine. However, I am having some trouble calculating the exit velocity and compressor/turbine powers of the engine. Consider ...
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1answer
586 views

Why are the positive points in a V-n diagram associated with pitch maneuvers?

For an aircraft with such flight envelope, the flight conditions in point A, C and D are ...
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate the Gust Envelope?

I am trying to draw the V-n Diagram for a small aircraft I built, but I am stuck in the gust envelope part. I know how it is supposed to look. However, I am having a hard time calculating it. I would ...
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2answers
607 views

Why do some multi-engine aircraft have accelerate-go distance in their performance charts and some don’t?

I'm curious about why some airplanes have accelerate-stop distance (ASD) and accelerate-go distance (AGD) in their performance charts and some don’t include that. Does anyone know why?
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3k views

Calculating Ground Speed - E6B vs Pythagorean Theorem

I have been trying to create an excel formula for calculating the ground speed of an airplane using the TAS, Course, Wind Dir, and Wind Velocity. The issue that I am finding is that I can't properly ...
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190 views

How can I calculate different airspeeds given atmospheric data?

I want to calculate various airspeeds (TAS,CAS,IAS,..) given a certain altitude. With the given altitude I can figure out the pressure, density, speed of sound, temperature, and viscosity. However, I'...