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Questions tagged [night-flying]

For questions regarding flying in conditions without natural lighting.

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2
votes
3answers
487 views

Why do fighter pilots use night vision goggles rather than normal light inside the cockpit?

I've seen military personnel using night vision goggles (NVGs). With their flight altitude, I don't think the enemy can notice them. I thought it may be due to eye strain, but other units use red ...
6
votes
3answers
226 views

How useful is skyscrapers and high buildings lighting to get a visual reference for pilots by night? (not obstruction lights, just general lights)

I would like to know how useful is skyscrapers and high buildings lighting to get a visual reference for helicopter and small planes pilots by night in cities like New York. This is different from ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

What lights to use for a high-altitude weather balloon?

I am designing a high-altitude weather balloon for a college project. The balloon may fly at night, which means that, per FAA regulations, I need a light that is visible for 5 miles. Does anyone ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

What are the reasons for not wearing polarized glasses during flying, if glass cockpit and polarized windshield aren't an issue? [duplicate]

So far the only reasons I can find are the newer planes come with polarized windshields that goes dark when you wear polarized glasses and the fact that glass cockpits become dark. But is there a ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

What problems would the early F-16 have if they were to fight during night?

From Wikipedia: Designed as an air superiority day fighter, it evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft. There is no citation for this, so I suppose first asking if this is even ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

How to navigate at night after a complete navigation systems failure? [duplicate]

How do pilots deal with incorrect navigation readings at night? How do they know where to fly? At low altitude do they have to know the shapes of cities and villages? At high altitude and speeds over ...
1
vote
1answer
347 views

Does Part 135 allow single-engine night IFR operations in a turboprop?

Do the Part 135 rules allow single-engine turboprop night IFR Part-135 operations? If not, then all the night activities of current popular (and expensive) single-engine turboprops are by private or ...
0
votes
3answers
883 views

Why aren't runways lit from overhead, like highways?

Why don't runways have overhead high-mast lights like roads? YouTube videos substantiate that aircraft landing lights and runway edge lights are too faint to illuminate the whole runway, and the ...
14
votes
3answers
6k views

Are landings easier during the day or at night?

When is it easier for a pilot to perform a "good" touchdown: during daytime or nighttime? Considering typical flights for 737s to holiday destinations so mostly small airports with a single runway. ...
8
votes
2answers
242 views

Does any country issue daytime-only commercial licenses?

I got my PPL last year (EASA, UK) and I've always been interested in the commercial route. However, due to my red-green colour blindness I've failed the Ishihara, Farnsworth D15 and CAD vision tests ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Does EASA allow IFR, NVFR or SVFR in gliders?

Is it legally possible in Europe to get clearances for IFR, night VFR or special VFR while flying gliders? Specifically, I'm interested in sailplanes, powered sailplanes and ultralight sailplanes (...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

How good is the ground visibility by a moonless night In the Grand Canyon?

My night flying experience is limited to light-polluted coastal southern California. When flying over low-population countryside on a clear, moonless night, do the stars provide enough light to ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

How dangerous would it be to take off at night with no ATC, no runway lighting system and have a single engine working?

I was wondering how dangerous it would be to have an engine failure (with a twin-engine) during take off at night when you have no runway lights (and no city close-by) and no ATC? Would using the ...
33
votes
8answers
12k views

Why do some companies perform their freight flights only during the night?

I heard that for example FedEx among others performs the majority of their flights during the night, the same goes for TNT. Is the reason for that is that during the day all of the freight is being ...
4
votes
0answers
263 views

Are there FAA approved infrared night vision devices we could use in case of engine failure at night in IFR conditions?

Terrible situation. Your single engine on your general aviation aircraft fails. You are flying at night, no airports nearby enough to land at and patchy fog causing Instrument Meteorological ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

If I am pushing my aircraft into the hangar with a tow bar, at night, with the engine off, am I required to activate my rotating beacon?

I know there is a similar question here: When to use Beacon, Anti Collision, Strobe, Logo and Navigation lights?, but it doesn't answer my specific question. Do I need to have my rotating beacon on ...
14
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the night effect?

I read the night effect takes place in radio navigation, especially VOR and NDB. My questions are: What is its nature? Why does it occur? What are the consequences of it?
16
votes
2answers
2k views

How should night time be determined and logged in a fast westbound plane?

You take off from KFLL (Ft Lauderdale, FL) an hour before sunset in a B737. You're heading to KSEA (Seattle, WA). 4:35PM EST plus 6 hours 34 minutes is 11:09PM EST, or 8:09PM PST. Seattle sunset was ...
20
votes
2answers
18k views

How does the FAA define day and night?

For the purposes of regulations how do the FARS define daytime? Is it sunrise to sunset, civil twilight, astronomical twilight? This question was asked before with regards to EASA rules, but FAA was ...
18
votes
3answers
6k views

How did night fighter aircraft manage to shoot down their foes in World War II?

I know that those plane had radar to acquire an approximate location of the enemy, but how did they spot them after that? You need to be accurate when you try to shoot down an enemy plane, and ...
14
votes
1answer
940 views

Why don't light-up runway numbers similar to runway lights?

I know that some airports have lights on the runway that can be controlled with the mic transmit button. Additionally, during night flight, runway lights help the pilot determine where the runway is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Help identify an unknown airborne object [closed]

In the wee hours of the morning of last Saturday (July 30, 2016), while out stargazing, I saw something odd which I am unable to explain. The object was traveling with a bearing of about 5-20° east ...
15
votes
3answers
33k views

Is flying during the day safer than flying at night?

Is there any correlation between night or day flight time and rate of accidents? To me it seems that there should not be a difference. If an airplane needs to execute an emergency landing, it has to ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How does a small aircraft like a Cessna fly at night?

What happens when a small aircraft like Cessna is flying in daytime then night hits and its now pitch black with zero visibility? How does he not run into mountains and the like?
5
votes
2answers
439 views

What should I know before getting the KAMRA laser eye surgery procedure as a pilot?

I was recently looking into the KAMRA procedure to fix my reading problem. Then I came across some posts that discourage it as it causes one to see halos in night so particularly bad for pilots. I was ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Does the FAA require a rating for night VFR?

Does a PPL require a specific rating or endorsement for night VFR in the US? Night flying seems like a special challenge and I'd think the FAA would want you to show that you've had proper training ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How do pilots get enough sleep in preparation for a long night flight?

Are pilots authorised to use sleeping pills to rest before long haul flight that departs at night hours? This question comes in mind as I have flown Turkish Airlines flights that depart at 2.30 at ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is a civilian pilot allowed to fly under part 91 rules with Night Vision Goggles?

I asked a related question: How hard is it to fly with night vision goggles? It appears from the answers so far that there are differing opinions, and I guess it might depend on the quality/age/...
21
votes
1answer
2k views

Is an eclipse considered 'night' for regulatory purposes?

A partial or total eclipse is as dark as twilight, but only for a short period. Does it count as night flying for regulatory purposes? I'm looking for a UK answer, but information about the US is ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Can spatial disorientation in low visibility situations lead a pilot to fly upside down?

In this comment it's mentioned that pilots in instrument conditions may wind up in a situation where they're inverted due to spatial disorientation, and be completely unaware of it until they fly out ...
22
votes
2answers
4k views

During night flying, which color lens for a flashlight is most beneficial?

I went on a night flight tonight after not flying for a few months. I didn't have any monochrome lights, so I actually just covered a flashlight of mine with red athletic tape (which acted as a ...
24
votes
5answers
5k views

How hard is it to fly with night vision goggles?

I was talking to a Sheriff's Department helicopter pilot and he was saying they fly around at night with night vision goggles. I know the military does too. What are some of the considerations that ...
11
votes
4answers
22k views

What is the EASA definition of night time?

EASA requires pilots to log separately night time and night landings in the personal logbook. Now, I'm not sure in which period of time a landing is a night landing and flight time is night flight ...