Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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10
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3answers
1k views

What are the consequences of falsely and/or unnecessarily declaring an emergency?

I'm curious as to what would happen to a pilot should they falsely declare an emergency to expedite their landing. By 'falsely' or 'unnecessarily' I mean that the hypothetical pilot is not ...
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2answers
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How do Airbus planes flare in normal operation?

In reading the reports and Sully's comments regarding the flight that was ditched in the famous events of US Airways Flight 1549, I am wondering how the Airbus control system works to flare an ...
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1answer
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How are procedures for curved-runway operations different from those for straight runways?

Runways having a significant curve between the two ends aren't exactly common, but they do exist, one good example being Elk City Airport's runway 14/35. When operating to or from an airport with a ...
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3answers
308 views

How do aerobatic aircraft land?

The aerobatic aircraft I've seen don't have any flaps or air-brakes, besides they're taildraggers so I guess they usually have to do stall landing or three point landing but I don't understand how the ...
52
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3answers
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Has this Google Maps imagery of 4 planes on a runway been tampered with? [closed]

The image below is of Google Maps (30 May 2018) of Amsterdam Schiphol's Aalsmeerbaan (36R). It shows 4 planes on the runway and a fifth that's about to land. When you zoom in, all planes seem ...
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2answers
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What qualifies as a “takeoff” and “landing” in currency requirements?

I just met my night-time currency requirements at KONT. Landing and taking off from a 12000 foot runway in a Cessna 152 got me to thinking (always dangerous, I know). There's more than enough room ...
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3answers
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Are landings easier during the day or at night?

When is it easier for a pilot to perform a "good" touchdown: during daytime or nighttime? Considering typical flights for 737s to holiday destinations so mostly small airports with a single runway. ...
7
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2answers
346 views

While flying having trouble estimating how far I am from Airport

When approaching an uncontrolled airport especially, standard procedure demands to make the first call 10 miles out announcing my location, entry procedure, etc. and then more calls at 5 miles, 2 ...
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1answer
174 views

Is right rudder always needed during go-around/touch and go with a Diamond DA-40?

Is application of right pedal always necessary in parallel with advancing power lever in diamond aircraft (DA-40) during go-around/touch and go?
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2answers
290 views

Was it ever possible to land big commercial jets from the missed approach point during non-precision approach?

When you shoot a non-precision approach, you are expected to maintain the MDA until the missed approach point, and if you have the runway in sight before you get there, you may proceed to land on the ...
-1
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1answer
410 views

What is the speed and inclination angle of a commercial plane during descent?

I have a question based on flight track logs on https://flightaware.com. In one of the logs I'm looking at, it says that at time 08:16:15 PM the altitude was 36,000 ft and plane speed was at 473 mph. ...
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2answers
513 views

Why is landing not usually a continuous descent?

I have noticed on commercial flights (Ryanair, Boeing 737 specifically), that during the last 20 - 30 minutes of the flight, the aircraft alternates between descending and ascending pitch. Why is ...
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3answers
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Could a plane land on specialized vehicles if its landing gear failed?

This (fake) video has stirred up a lot of questions online about whether such a scenario would be possible in reality - and the answer to those questions appears to be a resounding "No, that's very ...
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4answers
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When does an airliner switch from using the tiller to the rudder?

When does an airliner switch from using the tiller to steer to the rudder on takeoff? Same for landing- when does the pilot switch from using the rudder to the tiller? What is this process? Once a ...
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1answer
316 views

Qualification Requirement of Aircraft taxi and landing lights?

Can anyone provide any standard through which taxi and landing lights are certified for use on aircraft? And which certification is required for military aircraft lighting systems?
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2answers
389 views

What are the particular challenges faced when landing at Bristol airport (UK)?

Earlier this year I returned to Bristol on flight TOM-6633, and like most landings at Bristol the passengers found the experience physically immersive, attention grabbing, and at least a little ...
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2answers
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Is there a minimum start altitude for autorotation landings?

If a helicopter is flying relatively low, say for sightseeing, can it still land using autorotation if required? What about if there was an issue during a routine landing? Is there any cutoff point ...
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3answers
458 views

Do aircraft automatically send a message to the ground if there is a catastrophic failure?

For example, if there is a engine failure, it will be displayed on EICAS as a CAS message. As per my knowledge, the pilot will initiate the contact with any ground station nearby for guidance to land ...
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2answers
808 views

Can a pilot still land if the tower gives confusing Information? [closed]

Recently an airplane crashed at Kathmandu airport in Nepal. The people that owned that plane claim that confusing information was given to the pilot by the control tower, and as a result the plane ...
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1answer
347 views

Is a pilot responsible for CTAF announcements in this scenario? [closed]

A Cessna 525 Citation Jet is coming in to land and a single-engine Cessna 150 is taking off at a small airport with no ATC. The Cessna 150 stays in continued radio contact and the Cessna 525 Citation ...
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1answer
840 views

What is the average deviation from the PAPI glide slope at the threshold?

If one approaches with three red and one white light what will be the average deviation from the standard threshold height of 50 feet?
7
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2answers
1k views

Why is Reverse thrust more effective at higher airspeeds?

It might seem logical at first but why is reverse thrust actually more effective at higher airspeeds? If we assume that engine performance will not change during a 100 knot deceleration on landing ...
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2answers
685 views

What are ways to reduce drag and noise generated by the landing gear?

Apart from using fairings, what ways are there, or have been studied, but not necessarily implemented in reducing drag and noise produced by the landing gear, mainly for commercial aircraft with ...
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1answer
596 views

Was a point system implemented to train pilots to land on aircraft carriers?

A long while ago a friend of mine told me that early in the history of aircraft carriers, a lot of planes and pilots were lost due to the increased difficulties of landing planes on a moving runway. ...
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5answers
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Why do landing gear tires smoke upon touchdown?

I have been observing several aircraft landings and have noticed that when the aircraft's landing gear touches down, it precipitates the rising of a cloud of smoke. Why is this? (Source: airliners....
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2answers
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What is the purpose of the 787 engines extending on landing? [duplicate]

As seen about 53 seconds into this video of the Qantas Dreamliner landing, the engine housings seem to extend upon landing. What specifically is the purpose of this? To balance? To help with air flow?
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1answer
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Why is the landing distance increased on grass runways?

Checking the Cessna 152 POH it says to increase takeoff distance by 15% of ground roll (makes sense due to increased friction). Also says to increase landing distance by 45% (doesn't seem to make ...
5
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1answer
607 views

Can an aircraft be stalled at low altitude and safely land on water?

P.S Its just a random question...please consider the fact I have zero knowledge of aerodynamics of a plane.
6
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1answer
725 views

Are there standard visual cues or other methods for flaring in a B737-800?

Just a newbie in the 737. I've flown 100 hours - in real life - in this lovely beast and found the landing to be very confusing: my main problem is every time just from 50 feet, the sink feels too ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do planes overfly Moffett Field before landing?

I live near Moffett Field, and I noticed that some airplanes go over the field once before landing, along the runway (not across), even when the tower is open. I thought that was a procedure for non-...
3
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1answer
198 views

What are the off-airfield rules for private helicopters in New Zealand?

I'm a Switzerland-based private helicopter pilot planning to spend some time in NZ. I'm wondering what are the rules there regarding off-airfield landing. Is it possible at all? Is the land owner ...
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2answers
247 views

How do partial- and full flaps compare for gusty approaches?

From an aerodynamic aspect, how do partial flaps and full flaps compare for gusty approaches?
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2answers
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If a plane lands vertically in a strong headwind, what will the pilot do to exit the runway?

If a plane lands vertically in a strong headwind, what will the pilot do to exit the runway? If he increases the speed, wouldn't that be dangerous (I mean he will fly again)?
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3answers
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What design features or systems help to prevent a hard nose landing?

Pilots perform perfect manual landings almost all the time with the nose wheel touching down softly and elegantly. When landing an aircraft of any size really more so for the jumbos and super jumbos, ...
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0answers
118 views

If the speed of wind at ground is 200 kn, could an Airliner land vertically if it's course is opposite to the wind's direction? [duplicate]

I'm not a pilote and my field is programming, but I was thinking about that question: If the speed of wind at ground is 200 kn (just an example), could an Airliner land vertically (per reference to ...
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2answers
2k views

When and how do I align with the runway during an offset ILS approach?

In X-Plane 11, when landing an A330 on 04R at Nice (LFMN) on an ILS approach, the aircraft is brought perfectly to the end of the runway but because this is an offset ILS the aircraft is at about 2° ...
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5answers
4k views

In the old days, why didn't aircraft use simpler systems to land on a Carrier?

In the old days (during and before WW2), Carriers used arresting wires to help aircraft land. In fact this is still used today for jet-based carriers, but I want to ask about the old days with piston-...
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2answers
4k views

What are the effects of headwind strength on landing?

Assuming a direct headwind with zero crosswind component, what are the effects of landing into say a 10kt vs 30kt vs 50kt headwind? Are there any specific advantages or drawbacks to a stronger ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the physics of crosswind landings for large airplanes?

This always confuses me from a physics perspective. Upon touchdown, what is the effect of the wind on a large airplane/airliner (Boeing 737 and above)? Below are three cases I put together to make it ...
4
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1answer
511 views

How are arriving aircraft assigned to runways?

A similar question to this one was asked before, however my question is not about who assigns runways to arriving aircraft, but what the reasons behind those decisions are. As an example, let's look ...
6
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2answers
727 views

How does thrust reverser selection have a destabilising effect on the rudder and increase the lateral skidding tendency of the aircraft?

I was reading in the FCTM landing section normal procedures the below paragraph. The reversers have a destabilizing effect on the airflow around the rudder and thus decrease the efficiency of the ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do pilots cut the reverse thrust below 40 km/h?

In a Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004 Boeing 747 landing tutorial, it was said to cut the reverse thrust after decelerating to 40 km/h. What happens if that was ignored all the way to a complete stop? ...
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2answers
706 views

Is pumping the control column an acceptable technique during flare?

Source: YouTube, higher quality file here. Example 2: YouTube Is it normal? Just a different technique? Or do certain situations or aircraft types call for it? The training manuals I've seen advise ...
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3answers
7k views

What's the appropriate course of action if an airliner bounces 5-10 feet on touchdown?

I regularly fly in a PC flight simulator, and I'm currently trying to refine landings in medium-to-large airliners in various weather conditions. A problem I've faced in some conditions while flying ...
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4answers
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How dangerous was this approach of a Dash8 Q400 really?

There is a video going viral here of a Dash8 landing during a recent media hyped storm: According to the description and imagery it is a Dash8 Q400 (registration D-...
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2answers
1k views

How do I calculate the landing distance in a landing chart with tailwind?

With the following chart I can calculate the landing distance with the headwind, gross weight and altitude. The charts uses headwind component, but how can I calculate the landing distance required if ...
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1answer
236 views

Are these two aircraft too close to each other? [duplicate]

One aircraft is taking off and another is quick to land after it. Are they within safe limits?
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6answers
2k views

Is repeatedly pitching an aircraft up and down to help it lose its energy quicker a viable landing technique?

Say a pilot "bobs" his aircraft's nose up and down. The rapidly changing AOA should generate more drag than if the aircraft were to fly straight at a constant pitch where the AOA shouldn't be ...
5
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1answer
4k views

What is the typical touchdown angle of a large airliner?

Following up on my previous question about the typical vertical speed during the touchdown, I am now curious about the typical touchdown angle. Airliners touch down with the main landing gear first, ...
2
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1answer
774 views

Are evacuation slides meant to be used as safety boats?

What are design considerations and usage procedures for these slides in case of some successful water landing? For instance, are they meant to be detached from the fuselage at some point? Or ...

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