Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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3k views

Is it right to call out out “50…40..30..RETARD” in a C172 simulator?

Playing flight simulator in a C172 (since we don't have any in my local schools) and the 'co-pilot' I fly with (only know him online) insists on calling out "50...40..30..RETARD, RETARD". I know ...
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Has an earthquake ever complicated or prevented a safe landing/takeoff?

This question on being able to see ground effects of earthquakes from the air got me wondering: No doubt a severe earthquake at the wrong time could hinder even experienced pilots, but I expect a ...
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4answers
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Why did this aircraft do a ‘spiral’ before landing?

There was this WizzAir flight two days ago, from BUD to PMI, and right before landing it did a ‘spiral’ like maneuver. I’ve attached a screenshot. Why did it do that? It looks strange.
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What is the minimum altitude over Egmond aan Zee when landing at Schiphol?

I live in Egmond aan Zee which is about 36 km flight distance from Schiphol. It seems that aircraft fly over Egmond when there is a southerly wind so they can make a landing approach to Polderbaan ...
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2answers
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Landing currency day and night on same ride?

Assume you know when sunset was on a particular day you decided to fly (e.g. 8:30 local time). If you took off at 8pm, repeated 3+ landings in the pattern, then left the pattern for about half an hour,...
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1answer
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Where can you join a STAR & STAR Altitudes?

Do you have to join a STAR at a transition or can you join it at any point? For example, coming from the south, can I join the DODJE5 arrival at FZT rather than AEX? DODJE5: https://aeronav.faa.gov/...
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1answer
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Is it possible to land a 737 on an aircraft carrier? [duplicate]

I have seen a flight simulator (X-Plane 11) video of landing a 737 on an aircraft carrier (and stopped). Is it possible to land a 737 in real life? What is the biggest aircraft that it is possible to ...
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What was the lowest ground speed landing?

Planes fly if their speed relative to the air is high enough to produce lift. If there is no wind, the plane's air speed will be the same as its ground speed. If flying against wind, its ground speed ...
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How possible is a successful landing just with 1 wing?

Having in mind this famous F-15 incident : Would this be possible with any other fighter-jet? Or was there something really specific to F-15's design that allowed this ? Would this be possible at all ...
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Landing due to low fuel

If an aircraft has to make emergency landing due to critically low fuel. Who is responsible pilot or maintenance crew?
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Did Biplane pilots turn off their engines before landing?

I read or heard one time that radial engine biplane engines were turned off just before touchdown because if the throttle was used, the torque could cause the wing of the plane to contact the ground ...
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Upon landing (uncontrolled field), can I exit the runway via a crossing runway?

I understand at a controlled airfield it's a no no unless directed by atc to do so.
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How to estimate the altitude of an aircraft at a given distance from a runway?

What altitude should a heavy class commercial freighter be at on a descent path 17 nautical miles from a runway? (Say SDF airport)
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Why do this airline experience more hard landings than others? [closed]

Ryan air has a reputation for hard landings, watching this video at the 2:22 mark and reading the subsequent comments (along with personal experience) suggests many people find the landing with Ryan ...
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Have any large aeroplanes been landed — safely and without damage — in locations that they could not be flown away from?

And, what was done with them subsequently?
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Would this modified tire work to prespin an aircraft tire? [duplicate]

In order to decrease that initial hit of the tire spinning up to ground speed on the runway, could adding a blades or shape into the tire rim of a commercial plane save on tires by prespinning the ...
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1answer
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Why do some helicopters have wheels instead of skids?

I have noticed that Black Hawk helicopters have tires, but I have not seen one take off like a plane. When would a helicopter need to use a running take off or landing? When is it determined ...
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2answers
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Distance to the runway/ touchdown point

Trying to learn about aviation, and looking through all the displays in the cockpit, and also the Garmin G1000, I am not sure where I see the distance to the runway touchdown point, or the start of ...
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1answer
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Why would an aircraft drastically reduce in speed and then accelerate during landing? [closed]

I was on a flight today and I noticed that as we were approaching to land, the plane drastically reduced its speed for few seconds and then regained its speed. Can somebody tell me why?
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How far would a landing Airbus A380 go until it stops with no brakes?

If an Airbus A380 lands with all brakes disbled, including reverse thrust, wheel brakes and any other measures it has to stop or slow down. Then how long would it take it to reach a complete stop.
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During VTOL landings, do Harrier pilots cut power before touching the ground?

When vertically landing, do Harrier pilots cut power before they touch the ground?
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Which direction of a forward slip is safer during a turn to final?

Suppose I'm making a turn from a left base to final and, realizing I need to kill quite a bit of excess altitude, decide to use a forward slip with full rudder deflection (along with full flaps). ...
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1answer
257 views

Why is it appropriate to announce ‘stable’ on final approach?

I have recently discovered that a budget airlines flight deck in the UK (Airbus 320) announce ‘Stable’ on the final approach. Both the Captain and F.O, just after 500 ft is called out by the computer. ...
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What is the recommended procedure to land a taildragger in a crosswind?

Almost 20 years ago I helped a friend (who recently passed away from an unfortunate home accident) ferry a 1948 Stinson from Córdoba, Argentina, to Buenos Aires. We had to make several stops to refuel ...
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Are runways booked by airlines to land their planes?

Suppose Indigo lands at Indira Gandhi international airport and the arrival is schedule at 5:30 a.m. Is the runway to land on fixed by the airline. If not please explain reason behind not to schedule ...
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Why is the A380’s with-reversers stopping distance the same as its no-reversers stopping distance?

Thrust reversers, found on almost all jetliners1 and on the larger propliners, redirect engine thrust forwards, helping to slow the aircraft in the event of a landing or rejected takeoff.2 This takes ...
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4answers
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Why are thrust reversers not used to slow down to taxi speeds?

In reading this question (Would more throttle when using reverse thrust reduce stopping distance?), it prompted me to remember that on many of my flights (typically on 737s or CRJ type aircraft), it ...
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Would more throttle when using reverse thrust reduce stopping distance?

If more throttle is applied after engaging the reverse thrust, would it shorten the braking distance?
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Shouldn't there be ATIS/sign information on sloped up runways?

I landed on Catalina island runway 22 last Saturday after the installation of a new concrete runway. To make it easier for heavyweight planes to land and after a short roll stop, they have made the ...
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1answer
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Is there any plan to create GPS approaches to water areas for seaplanes?

Is anyone working on differential GPS approaches for seaplanes? They are a largely ignored resource with great capabilities for certain remote places
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Why complex landing gears are used instead of simple, reliable and light weight muscle wire or shape memory alloys?

Muscle wires actuators are really simple, have a high power density and are reliable. Landing gears on other hand are used only twice per flight while taking off and landing (if everything goes well ...
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3answers
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Nose gear failure in single prop aircraft: belly landing or nose landing?

Let's say we are flying a single prop airplane with tricycle format retractable gear, such as a Mooney Bravo or a Piper Comache. The nose gear fails mid-flight and is unable to be lowered. Is it safer ...
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0answers
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Do aircraft use some kind of stability control to keep the aircraft on the runway during landing? [duplicate]

Modern automobiles use an electronic system called ESP to keep the car on track in slippery situations. Do modern jet liners have a similar system to aid the pilot in keeping the aircraft on the ...
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2answers
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Landing in very high winds

A few weeks ago, a storm passed through my area with winds reported at 55kt and gusting to 68kt. Many light planes managed to break their tie-down ropes and were flung around the ramp area, which isn'...
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2answers
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Do carrier-borne aircraft pilots count the seconds on the downwind leg of the carrier?

On carrier landing, someone tells me that the pilots need to count several seconds on abeam leg of the landing pattern, in order to land precisely on the flight deck. Is that true? What do we call for ...
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1answer
343 views

How do I know when to use flaps in glide approach or force landing?

During glide approach or practice force landing, I can see the aim point moving down. It means the aircraft will overshoot the field. But I am not sure when should flaps be used or which stage of ...
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1answer
589 views

What are the pros and cons of practising figure-eight landings on perpendicular runways?

This is just a gee-whiz question, I have no intention of doing this nor am I trying to get anyone's blessing on this. Part of remaining current to legally take passengers up in a plane is having 3 ...
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1answer
333 views

What flying boat has the highest maximum takeoff/landing sea state?

I assume that flying boats have limits on the sea states they’re certificated to take off and/or land in (for instance, hitting a ten-meter wave head-on in a five-meter wooden plane is probably ...
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Why would one plane in this picture not have gear down yet?

This image (as posted in another question) is a YouTube video's thumbnail: I noticed that the lead twin (737?) has gear down, the 747 behind does not (appear to) have gear down, but the third plane ...
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1answer
755 views

How long can the stop in a stop-and-go be?

When a pilot is cleared for a stop and go, how long does this allow them to be stopped on the runway? I'd like to know if there is a limit in regulations or at least guidance for this.
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How does pulling back provide better steering during rollout for light GA planes?

I had requested clarification on an answer to the question, How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout? I did not comprehend how pulling back after touch down provides ...
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What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
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Can a plane land on an aircraft carrier without support from its crew?

Imagine a scenario where a carrier was dead in the water. No-one inside. Could a plane land on the carrier? What would such a procedure look like potentially?
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Is there an audible warning on commercial aircraft if you try to land gear up?

In one of the comments on this question (under the accepted answer), someone remarks that Aircraft can legally fly without a system to alert the crew when they are landing with gear up, etc. Are ...
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Why, and how, are barometric altimeters accurate enough for approach and landing?

The barometric altimeter is used as the primary altitude indicator during approach and landing right up until the aircraft crosses the threshold (after which the radar altimeter takes over and makes ...
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2answers
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Why is LGA's Instrument Approach Procedure VOR-H misaligned with the runway?

I was looking at LGA's Instrument Approach Procedures, and I noticed that on this IAP plate the final segment (CHUGG to MAFAS) is misaligned with the runway. How should I interpret this? Shouldn't be ...
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What are the consequences of touching down at too low of a speed?

The consequences of a high speed touchdown / high vertical speed are very much obvious. However, what will the consequences be of a low speed touchdown? How severe are they (if any)?
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How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout?

During rollout upon touching down, I'd often find myself veering off the runway centreline to the left. Every time I input rudder, I have this feeling that I am getting pulled out of the turn (while ...
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On the 737NG, after deployment of spoilers automatically after landing, do the spoilers automatically go back down?

So, I was just wondering whether the spoilers on a 737-800, after automatic deployment when landing, will go back down automatically, or need manual input by pilots for the spoilers to go down.
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Is 'bouncing' an airliner on landing in high winds a deliberate technique, or something always unexpected?

Last week, 767 landing at Newark, high winds, a good deal of rocking in the last few minutes, some passengers quite distressed. The landing was harder and noisier than usual, and we immediately ...

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