Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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26
votes
3answers
60k views

How does thrust reversal work on a jet engine, and when should it be used?

A two part question this time, though they are closely related enough that I figured I'd knock them out all at once. I figure the first question probably informs the second question anyway. Firstly, ...
11
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2answers
2k views

In parallel runway ops, is it better to dedicate a single runway to landings, or is it best to have a mix?

Assuming taxiing is not a consideration, in an airport with two parallel runways does the airport gain capacity by: having a single runway dedicated for landings and the other for take-offs, or is it ...
9
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4answers
2k views

What is the effect of changing the autobrake setting after touchdown?

If an autobrake setting is chosen prior to touchdown, but after touchdown and nosewheel compression (i.e. after the autobrake has engaged) a different setting is required, is it safe to change the ...
22
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3answers
8k views

When do pilots deploy landing gear?

The landing gear should be down in order to qualify as a stabilized approach. Other than that, what are the guidelines on when to deploy landing gear on approach?
25
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3answers
5k views

What to do when you accidentally land on a runway thats borderline long enough to land on?

I was reading another question earlier when I noticed a story about a 737-700 that landed at M. Graham Clark Downtown Airport in downtown Branson Missouri. The runway is only 3738 ft, long, which is ...
15
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7answers
5k views

Why isn't the arresting hook always used on land?

Watching Jet Stream, about training to fly the CF-18 Hornet, they comment that the jet was originally certified as a Navy plane, landing on aircraft carriers with an arresting cable. Usually, when ...
5
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2answers
913 views

What are the pros & cons of Autobrake?

What are the advantages/disadvantages of an autobrake system? In particular I am interested in the Fokker 100 system. Have any studies been done for the F100 autobrakes and the affects that this ...
21
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4answers
3k views

Did DB Cooper's aircraft land safely with the aft stairs open?

I've never seen a 727's aft stairs open, but presumably, based on an Wikipedia image and common sense, they do reach the ground when the aircraft is on the ground. Furthermore, (as I understand it), ...
12
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1answer
4k views

What is a land and hold short clearance (LAHSO)?

I was reading this question and I want to know what this term means. land and hold short clearance
7
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1answer
3k views

What should a pilot do to perform a successful emergency water landing?

What should a pilot do to perform a successful emergency water landing, also known as ditching of a big commercial jet? Is there any checklist, or best practices, like "elevate the nose" or "retract ...
43
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6answers
16k views

When are aircraft required to dump fuel for emergency landings?

I've heard that in a lot of instances a jet that is making an emergency landing is required to dump excess fuel. In a lot of instances this would make a lot of sense. For example, if the gear cannot ...
37
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3answers
15k views

How, exactly, did US1549 land on the Hudson?

A comment by @AsheeshR says: The Hudson River Landing was due to a combination of piloting skill and an autopilot system that was engaged right till impact and kept the plane in a controlled ...
10
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2answers
908 views

Is a failed ditching of an aircraft also Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT)?

Does CFIT apply in case of a plane (not an seaplane) failing a "landing" emergency in the open sea?
19
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9answers
10k views

In case of emergency, is it possible (doable) to land a small propeller-driven aircraft on an aircraft carrier?

I was watching the Disney movie Planes with my younger brother, and one of the characters/planes perform a emergency landing on an aircraft carrier. And that got me thinking... In case of emergency, ...
8
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1answer
4k views

How does autobrake work?

An autobrake is a type of automatic wheel-based hydraulic brake system for advanced airplanes. The autobrake is normally enabled during takeoff and landing procedures, when the aircraft's longitudinal ...
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0answers
49 views

Is there a good iPhone app for tracking commercial aircraft? [duplicate]

I can see many airplanes circling around to land at KORD. I am wondering if there is a good real-time website or application to track these planes with 30-second accuracy or better. Any ideas?
13
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2answers
6k views

Can pilots hear their passengers clapping on touchdown?

Something that just popped into my head: I've been on a few easyJet and Ryanair flights where a lot of passengers clap and cheer on touchdown. Would the pilots be able to hear this? Here's an example ...
16
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8answers
26k views

Why is tailwind during final approach and landing so dangerous?

I understand that tailwind is typically a good thing during your flight as it increases your ground speed and gets you to your destination faster. Despite that I get a feeling that pilots typically ...
15
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1answer
2k views

Do landing strips suffer from potholes or rutting?

In companion to the other question asking about wheel tire tracks. Planes come down and stop with a significant amount of force which I would expect to cause either rutting or potholes. Are runways ...
20
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3answers
3k views

Do landing strips suffer from landing wheel tire tracks?

I've now seen several landing strips up close and there are lots of tire tracks from planes' landing wheels. I wonder if it somehow modifies the properties of landing strips to make for poorer landing ...
9
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7answers
6k views

Will the landing gear work mechanically in case of total power loss?

In case of a total power failure in all the aircraft systems like engine failure and APU failure, would it be possible to use mechanical means (manually) to open the landing gear bay door and deploy ...
11
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2answers
7k views

What is the minimal landing area required for an EC135 air medical services helicopter?

The Netherlands has a few Eurocopter EC135s for air medical services. (See Wikipedia.) How much clear landing space is required (either theoretically, practically or regulatory) for these?
17
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4answers
2k views

Which are the largest planes to have operated on an aircraft carrier?

In 1963, the C-130 was tested by the US Navy for air carrier operations. Have there been any other comparable or larger aircraft that have landed and taken off from the deck of an aircraft carrier? ...
24
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10answers
56k views

What's the difference between a balked landing and a go-around?

Is there a difference between a balked landing and a go-around? If there is, what exactly is a balked landing?
27
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4answers
3k views

Why are you required to commit to a full stop landing if reverse thrust is selected?

According to Airbus: ‐ After the flight crew selects reverse thrust, they must perform a full stop landing. Does it really make sense to have this limitation, and why? What happens if you realise ...
10
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2answers
3k views

Can you go around with LAHSO in effect?

Some larger airports in the US use land-and-hold-short (LAHSO) operations, meaning you're cleared to land, but only if you're able to do so without going beyond specific point (usually an intersecting ...
20
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2answers
15k views

When can spoilers be used on airliners?

On airliners, are spoilers used in any part of flight other than landing?
11
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5answers
3k views

Is landing without engine power routinely feasible?

Considering that airplanes are very noisy, could one routinely land them with the engines turned off, gliding onto the runway? Could the engines be started fast enough for an emergency situation?
37
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11answers
15k views

Could you land a large airplane on short circular runways?

Considering that building runways is expensive and that they take up a lot of space, could you land a large commercial airliner on a circular runway, braking as you go around the curves?
10
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3answers
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How can I know if a landing exceeds the hard landing threshold for a Cessna 172S?

How does a pilot determine the difference between a firm landing, and one that needs to be written up for a hard landing inspection in a Cessna 172S?
2
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0answers
109 views

Raising flaps on touchdown in gusty conditions [duplicate]

In As the Pro Flies, John R. Hoyt writes (pages 41-42): Suppose we have to land in high, gusty winds. That's what happened to Pilot Z, who once landed his plane during such conditions with his ...
19
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3answers
21k views

How long do airliner tires last? Can this be improved?

I imagine that the tires on commercial jets wear out pretty fast with all those squealing landings as the tire suddenly has to spin up from zero to the speed of landing. 2 questions: How many ...
11
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3answers
14k views

What vertical speed at touchdown makes a 'perfect' landing?

Is there a general vertical speed that pilots shoot for, or is it entirely by feel/trial-and-error?
16
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3answers
2k views

What is the best strategy for landing when a flock of birds is on the runway?

At a controlled airport, the tower advises large flocks of small birds at the approach end of the runway. I'm in a small trainer aircraft like a Cherokee or Cessna 172. Should I request to land the ...
19
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1answer
4k views

Is the main landing gear of a large airplane designed for sideways (crabbed) touchdowns?

Is it just my imagination, or is it a fact that many large airliners actually touch down "crabbed" on difficult crosswind landings? Here's what I mean in this video, or as shown in this picture: Is ...
15
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2answers
15k views

What is a stabilized approach?

Most (all?) airlines require the use of a stabilized approach, and it is constantly referred to as a safer way to land an airplane. What are the criteria for an approach to be considered stabilized?...
11
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4answers
13k views

What is the difference between a crabbed and de-crab landing?

Both landings are done when an airplane's nose is not in inline with the runway. How are these two different? when should one technique be preferred over other?
30
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6answers
15k views

For large jets, what is the primary means of slowing down after landing?

I understand that a large(r) commercial jet slows down after landing using the following methods: Wheel brakes Reverse thrust Spoilers/flaps/airbrakes What is the effectiveness of each compared to ...
75
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14answers
21k views

Is it considered good or bad practice to raise the flaps right after touchdown?

This question is about light, tricycle, single engine aircraft. I have made it a habit to raise the flaps right after touchdown (when the nosewheel is on the ground). My instructor used to do that ...
15
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1answer
2k views

Can a "crash landing" be used for FAR 61.57 currency?

FAR 61.57 (a) requires that one must make 3 takeoffs and landings within the preceding 90 days in order to carry passengers. Does a "crash landing" count for the 61.57 currency? By "crash landing" I ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Is it safer to do a regular approach than a short approach?

All things equal, from a standard traffic pattern at a towered airport, is it safer to do a short approach when approved by tower, or a normal one? Assume a Cherokee, Cessna 172, or similar small ...
30
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5answers
8k views

What makes it so hard to land on an aircraft carrier?

I have heard it is very difficult for a pilot to land on a carrier deck. I have read this question but it didn't really give me a sense of the challenges that pilots face. This question lent me ...
10
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7answers
2k views

How to land a sports plane with tailwind?

Let's say we have a Cessna 150 or some other lightweight two seater and no chance to land with head wind for whatever reason. We're trying to land with a constant tailwind of 7 knots. I would try to ...
35
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6answers
29k views

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier?

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier? How is the checklist different from a regular landing?
26
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2answers
21k views

Can I land a helicopter anywhere?

If I own a helicopter and am appropriately rated, can I land the helicopter anywhere that isn't private property, and is a safe place to land (clear of obstructions, appropriate surface, etc.)? My ...
22
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1answer
2k views

Is it legal and safe to take off or land in zero visibility?

Is it legal for planes to takeoff and land in zero visibility? Is it safe?
12
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2answers
919 views

If skydivers cannot jump on a flight, what should I take care of when landing?

Piloting an aircraft, if skydivers cannot jump on a flight, what should I take care of when landing? Are there any special recommendations which should be taken into account?
22
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10answers
10k views

Do pilots ever intentionally takeoff or land downwind?

Is there a reason a pilot would takeoff downwind or land downwind? Is it legal to do this?
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3answers
4k views

After an emergency landing, what procedures should the pilot follow?

In case of an emergency landing (non-fatal) on a road/highway or in a large field, what happens next? Should police be contacted? Should aircraft owner and/or insurance be contacted? In case landing ...
29
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5answers
40k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...

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