Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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37
votes
11answers
15k views

Could you land a large airplane on short circular runways?

Considering that building runways is expensive and that they take up a lot of space, could you land a large commercial airliner on a circular runway, braking as you go around the curves?
17
votes
6answers
6k views

Do aircraft have accelerometers?

Do modern aircraft employ accelerometers or other similar equipment to measure g-forces on the aircraft? I could imagine this being used as an inspection/service indicator, particularly after hard ...
2
votes
3answers
201 views

How likely is it that there is someone knowledgeable about piloting in a flight control room?

I saw a reasonably looking video about a non-pilot trying to land a plane with the help of a flight control tower (in a simulator): (it is in French). I believe that ...
3
votes
1answer
453 views

What is the average deviation from the PAPI glide slope at the threshold?

If one approaches with three red and one white light what will be the average deviation from the standard threshold height of 50 feet?
3
votes
1answer
515 views

What happens if an aircraft tries to land at MTOW (if greater than MLW)? [duplicate]

Here's a scenario: Just after Take-Off, there's an emergency on-board and pilot wants to land immediately. But, the weight of the plane wouldn't have decreased by large margins (usually 0.02*MTOW). ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Are bigger and / or heavier aircraft more resistant to crosswind compared to smaller / lighter aircraft?

When watching heavy crosswind video compilations, I noticed heavy aircraft like the A380 an B747 have a more stable approach compared to the B737 or A320 where the plane banks left and right on ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

How low was the Hong Kong Kai Tak landing approach over the city?

Hong Kong's Kai Tak approach was famous for its unique approach, including the "checkerboard" and its low altitude when passing over Kownloon. The latter has been memorialized in innumerable photos ...
3
votes
2answers
181 views

Why does this plane have vapor trails coming out of wings? [duplicate]

See this video of Birmingham strong crosswinds landings: At 2.57, there is a 737-800 landing (screen shot below). One can clearly see some vapor (?) coming out of ...
5
votes
1answer
361 views

What do those writings mean that are on the landing gear doors?

I've been watching carrier videos a lot these days and I notice these writings. What do these writings means? I didn't upload all of them, most of the time there are location names and sometimes ...
0
votes
3answers
263 views

What's the meaning of “the break is a level” in a recovery operation of an aircraft carrier?

The break is a level, 180° turn made at 800 feet (240 m), descending to 600 feet (180 m) when established downwind. Landing gear/flaps are lowered, and landing checks are completed. (source: wikimili....
3
votes
3answers
2k views

If pilots in a A320 or 737 had a dual engine failure, would they add flaps for the landing?

Would this not be smart to do because you may come in a little fast, therefore the flaps would send you back up? Or would you absolutely want flaps in this situation
9
votes
7answers
6k views

Will the landing gear work mechanically in case of total power loss?

In case of a total power failure in all the aircraft systems like engine failure and APU failure, would it be possible to use mechanical means (manually) to open the landing gear bay door and deploy ...
121
votes
11answers
73k views

Is this plane landing or departing?

I have a picture of Air Force One I took fairly up close several years ago. Unfortunately, I don't remember if that was on arrival or departure. Is there anything visible in the airplane's ...
5
votes
1answer
335 views

What switch was Skiles talking about shortly before the Hudson landing?

I'm always amazed by the "miracle of the Hudson River landing" and just now stumbled across this video by the NTSB. At 3:52, Jeffrey Skiles appears to say "* * switch" shortly before they ditch in ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How often do GA pilots use the Autopilot approach feature while landing?

While flying in simulations, I found that using the Approach feature is very beneficial for riding the glide slope (clear weather or not), however, while watching videos of GA pilots, I do not see it ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Should an emergency field landing be performed with landing gear down or up?

Suppose you are flying an aircraft with retractable gear and have to make an emergency landing on that big "flat" stretch of grass up ahead and have only one shot at it, what's better, do it with ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Problem with right crosswind landing but not left

The prevailing winds where I'm training are almost always straight down the runway or from the left. I have no problem landing on (and staying on) centerline in either case. However, when the ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

What should a pilot flying IFR in IMC and on final, do if the vacuum system fails?

Talking about small aircraft here, assuming the pilot is stable and ready to land, they’re flying IFR and the visibility is nonexistent, but that’s alright because he’s currently IFR! But then the ...
2
votes
5answers
4k views

In the old days, why didn't aircraft use simpler systems to land on a Carrier?

In the old days (during and before WW2), Carriers used arresting wires to help aircraft land. In fact this is still used today for jet-based carriers, but I want to ask about the old days with piston-...
31
votes
6answers
6k views

What is the proper procedure after a bird strike in a single engine plane during takeoff?

First, let me set this up and then ask a general question. I'm just trying to give some context as to why I'm asking. I'm working on my private pilot license and was practicing with my PC simulator (...
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Does high density altitude affect your landing speed?

So I had this question asked in my recent commercial-pilot checkride: The DPE asked me about high-density-altitude airports; he specifically asked me if I should add airspeed when I'm on landing ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are there non-standard altitude callouts?

I just saw a YouTube video with an A340 landing. There were the regular altitude callouts (1000, 500, etc.) until the callout "110". I was quite puzzled by this. What are the conditions that the ...
0
votes
2answers
304 views

How can aircraft land on choppy water?

What plane can land the slowest on the water? What plane can land on the choppiest water? Is there a way to land between the waves?
4
votes
1answer
220 views

How do airports in hot climates handle extremely high temperatures?

In June 2017 dozens of flights were cancelled in Phoenix, Arizona because of temperatures exceeding 120 degrees Fahrenheit/48.9 degrees Celsius.1,2 Hot air at a given air pressure is less dense, ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Difference between ETA and On-Block time?

I see that the definition of the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) according to Eurocontrol is: (SESAR) the time computed by the FMS for the flight arriving at a point related to the destination ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What does it mean when autoland is fail passive / fail operational?

The below explanation is what I've got from the internet about fail passive and fail operational: Fail operational - Where you have 3 autopilots engaged, such that any single failure will result in ...
19
votes
7answers
7k views

What is wrong with a high-speed landing for an ultralight or GA aircraft?

Is it okay to land an ultralight or a general aviation plane at a speed higher than the recommended landing speed for such plane? Will there be any damage if the descent rate is very low?
4
votes
0answers
383 views

Delta plane looked like it was landing on Atlanta freeway

Yesterday a few minutes after 4:00pm ET (2020-01-04 21:00 UTC) I drove my car out of Park-Ride Lot C of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta and took 85 South to 285 West/North. ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is there a maximum landing weight limit?

I was told that if the aircraft's weight exceeds the maximum landing weight, it could cause a structural damage during landing, but why? My understanding is that with a heavier aircraft, I need fly ...
-1
votes
2answers
272 views

Why do light aircraft stall their wings to land? [closed]

What's the advantage compared to large commercial aircraft that don't stall their wings on landing?
2
votes
1answer
119 views

How does a departure off a runway used for LAHSO operations work?

Let's say that LAHSO operations are in effect at Long Beach (KLGB). Runway 12/30 has a hold short line short of runway 8L / 26R. If an aircraft is cleared to land runway 30, and LAHSO operations are ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Why does this aircraft land nose first? [duplicate]

I've seen almost every aircraft land back gear first to evenly distribute the landing load between more struts. However, I recently saw this video of a NASA Super Guppy Nose-Wheel land gear first at ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How close is a pilot allowed to get to a runway without landing clearance?

I heard it was 100 feet above minimums, I'd just like verification.
0
votes
2answers
203 views

Why does the A320 have an anti skid system and how does it work? [duplicate]

Can somebody explain why do A320 aircraft have an anti skid system? What is its purpose? And a brief explanation on how it works.
-5
votes
1answer
131 views

What is the procedure for a fast landing that is too slow for go-around? [closed]

Say an aircraft (A320 or similar) on landing, hits the tarmac way too fast and on a short runway, less than V2 but around V1 or slightly over. This could happen if a pilot had recently moved from ...
2
votes
5answers
444 views

Can thrust vectoring be used to enable the use of flaps on canardless tailless delta-winged aircraft?

I'm considering flying wings as well as airplanes with only vertical stabilizer for their compact size, efficiency and high speed. As I can't find a working example of such scheme, theoretical ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

How to reduce the landing roll distance

If I want reduce the landing roll distance, for example to clear the runway at the nearest exit, I was told by some instructors that to increase the drag using following methods: Pull up and hold the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the correct name for this ILS Indicator?

What is the correct terminology for the name of the aircraft instrument that looks like this?
35
votes
4answers
14k views

Does the sterile cockpit rule mean flight attendants could not inform the pilots if a passenger is in the lavatory while on final?

Context: I've seen this interesting question just the other day, asking what would pilots do after receiving this information while on final: either go around or continue with the landing. However ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Can an F-16 land on an aircraft carrier, at all?

Looking at the F-16 again, I noticed the tailhook which it seems to have. I know the F-16 is not designed to land on any aircraft carrier, however, if it was between ditching in the ocean and ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

What are the flow properties for the engines of a Fokker 70 with reversers deployed?

I want to know what the approximate flow properties would be at the exit of the nozzle for a Fokker 70 with reversers deployed. What is the exit velocity of gas at the nozzle? How do they calculate ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Qualification Requirement of Aircraft taxi and landing lights?

Can anyone provide any standard through which taxi and landing lights are certified for use on aircraft? And which certification is required for military aircraft lighting systems?
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does the co-pilot sometimes keep a hand on the throttle as well as the pilot?

In this YouTube video of a takeoff and landing in a Dash-8, you can see the pilot, while landing, keeps his right hand on the throttle levers. The co-pilot keeps his left hand at the base of the ...
38
votes
3answers
7k views

What's the appropriate course of action if an airliner bounces 5-10 feet on touchdown?

I regularly fly in a PC flight simulator, and I'm currently trying to refine landings in medium-to-large airliners in various weather conditions. A problem I've faced in some conditions while flying ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

How does aircraft weight affect landing distance?

I am a private pilot. I posed a question to instructors in the flight school and got differing answers. For a given aircraft, landing at the same speed, with everything the same except for landing ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What does shimmy in nose landing gear mean?

While I was reading a small article on "Reasons for RTO", I came across a situation where the pilots aborted takeoff because of "landing gear shimmy". What does that mean?
32
votes
2answers
12k views

Can I land my aircraft on the grass next to the runway at a public airport?

The pavement is hard on my tires, so I prefer to land in the grass.
0
votes
1answer
174 views

What is the exhaust from the end of jet wing prior to landing? [duplicate]

What is the exhaust from the end of jet wing prior to landing ? My guess,excess fuel from powering down engines.
20
votes
2answers
5k views

Why do aircraft sometimes bounce while landing?

I've seen a few youtube videos where an aircraft bounces once/twice while landing on the runway. Why does this happen?
0
votes
4answers
241 views

What makes airplanes pitch up during landing?

So what exactly pitches the plane upward with the rear end down? Do flaps help lower the nose when deployed 80%-100% down with such low speeds?

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