Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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122
votes
10answers
72k views

Is this plane landing or departing?

I have a picture of Air Force One I took fairly up close several years ago. Unfortunately, I don't remember if that was on arrival or departure. Is there anything visible in the airplane's ...
74
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10answers
33k views

Is a firm landing an indication of the pilot inexperience?

In a commercial airplane, when a landing has been a bit firm, a passenger may think it was not perfect, or maybe performed by an inexperienced pilot. (Source) A perfect landing is seen by passengers ...
71
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13answers
18k views

Is it considered good or bad practice to raise the flaps right after touchdown?

This question is about light, tricycle, single engine aircraft. I have made it a habit to raise the flaps right after touchdown (when the nosewheel is on the ground). My instructor used to do that ...
64
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7answers
17k views

Why does it feel like a plane accelerates just before touching down?

On commercial flights it often feels like the plane gets faster just before touching down. What creates that sensation?
56
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13answers
13k views

Have any large aeroplanes been landed — safely and without damage — in locations that they could not be flown away from?

And, what was done with them subsequently?
56
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6answers
13k views

Instrument landing: why do all electronic devices need to be shut off?

A few days ago, I took a flight home. Towards the end of the journey, the captain asked us to shut down any electronic device that we had on board, including iPods, CD players, phones and so on, ...
52
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3answers
14k views

Has this Google Maps imagery of 4 planes on a runway been tampered with? [closed]

The image below is of Google Maps (30 May 2018) of Amsterdam Schiphol's Aalsmeerbaan (36R). It shows 4 planes on the runway and a fifth that's about to land. When you zoom in, all planes seem ...
47
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11answers
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Why do planes always land on rear wheels instead of the nose wheels?

Various times, I have seen and felt myself that the plane always lands on the rear wheels, but not the front wheels. Why do the pilots land it on the rear wheels instead of the front? Does it have ...
46
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2answers
9k views

Why are bird strikes on approach or landing not as common as on takeoff?

I've heard about lots of bird strike incidents that occured during a takeoff roll or the early phase of takeoff climb but hardly heard of bird strikes on approach or landing. Are bird strikes much ...
43
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6answers
15k views

When are aircraft required to dump fuel for emergency landings?

I've heard that in a lot of instances a jet that is making an emergency landing is required to dump excess fuel. In a lot of instances this would make a lot of sense. For example, if the gear cannot ...
39
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5answers
17k views

How common are cancelled landing attempts?

I recently traveled from Stansted, UK to Skavsta, Sweden with Ryanair, and was informed that depending on the weather (it was very foggy), we might end up landing at Arlanda (~150 km from Skavsta) ...
39
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2answers
10k views

Why does ATC ask a crew who has declared an emergency if their aircraft will be overweight when landing?

I have heard ATC ask an emergency aircraft if they will be overweight when landing. Why do they ask? I am not asking about the consequences of an overweight landing or what procedures are required ...
39
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4answers
9k views

Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
38
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4answers
7k views

Do commercial aeroplanes use ABS to brake?

I have read that the wheel brakes on an aeroplane are by for the most efficient means of stopping it. I was wondering whether in low grip situations, such as in rain or snow, an ABS (Anti-lock Braking ...
37
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3answers
7k views

What's the appropriate course of action if an airliner bounces 5-10 feet on touchdown?

I regularly fly in a PC flight simulator, and I'm currently trying to refine landings in medium-to-large airliners in various weather conditions. A problem I've faced in some conditions while flying ...
37
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4answers
12k views

Why don't modern aircraft have landing gear that can swivel to compensate for crosswinds?

When landing, crosswinds can be very expensive. They cause go-arounds, diversions to other airfields and even crashes. Currently pilots crab in the air to counteract crosswinds and, at the last ...
36
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3answers
14k views

How, exactly, did US1549 land on the Hudson?

A comment by @AsheeshR says: The Hudson River Landing was due to a combination of piloting skill and an autopilot system that was engaged right till impact and kept the plane in a controlled ...
34
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10answers
14k views

Could you land a large airplane on short circular runways?

Considering that building runways is expensive and that they take up a lot of space, could you land a large commercial airliner on a circular runway, braking as you go around the curves?
34
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6answers
24k views

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier?

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier? How is the checklist different from a regular landing?
34
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1answer
6k views

Why is it not recommended to hold the nose up on the A320 after touchdown?

I was recently told by a trainer in my airline that on the A320 if we hold the nose up after main gear touchdown then the flight control laws logic will memorise that pitch attitude after 5 seconds ...
33
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4answers
9k views

How dangerous was this approach of a Dash8 Q400 really?

There is a video going viral here of a Dash8 landing during a recent media hyped storm: According to the description and imagery it is a Dash8 Q400 (registration D-...
32
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5answers
9k views

What happened during this foggy landing?

Several years ago, I was flying from the USA to Buenos Aires. That's a very long flight, and it was overnight for us. When I woke up it was early in the morning and we were over Argentina. I don't ...
32
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2answers
12k views

Can I land my aircraft on the grass next to the runway at a public airport?

The pavement is hard on my tires, so I prefer to land in the grass.
32
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3answers
5k views

Why evacuate upwind?

Evacuation procedures after a forced landing recommend directing passengers upwind of the aircraft. What is the reason why evacuating upwind is better than other directions?
32
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6answers
16k views

Can jet airplanes operate on 'rough' airfields?

A question I've always wondered is: can jet aircraft - not turboprop in this case - operate from 'rough' airstrips. My definition of 'rough' is grass or maybe a smooth mud airfield. I know that there'...
32
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6answers
20k views

How would an airplane land if the on-board radio breaks down?

Is there a special protocol for a situation where the on-board radio communication equipment suddenly breaks down? Would the pilot be able to land on a busy towered airfield or would they be forced to ...
32
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7answers
5k views

Why pull up on the rollout after landing, after the nose wheel is down?

I'm a student pilot learning on a Piper Cherokee 180. When I land and the nose wheel touches down my instructor wants me to keep pulling back on the stick through the landing roll. For soft field ...
31
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7answers
12k views

Does runway 32/33R at Madrid actually have a kink in it?

In this satellite image of Madrid airport (MAD/LEMD)... Source:Google maps satellite view Alternate link from maps.google.nl still renders incorrectly for me, but appears fine for others... ...it ...
31
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2answers
17k views

Why is a special certification needed to land at Paro Airport?

Why is Paro Airport (currently the only international airport of Bhutan) considered one of the most dangerous airports to land in the world? Is it because of the mountains? In my opinion, Princess ...
31
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4answers
6k views

What is preferred in an emergency landing: a road or a cornfield?

When faced with the situation of a power off emergency landing, how do you best select your location to land? At what point is a road too small or the crosswind too great to attempt a safe landing ...
31
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3answers
9k views

Why would one plane in this picture not have gear down yet?

This image (as posted in another question) is a YouTube video's thumbnail: I noticed that the lead twin (737?) has gear down, the 747 behind does not (appear to) have gear down, but the third plane ...
31
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3answers
7k views

Why can't runway 18 at Frankfurt Airport accept takeoffs or landings in the opposite direction?

Runway 18 at Frankfurt Airport is one example of a runway which is numbered on only one side. Aircraft can only takeoff in the 18 direction, and cannot takeoff in the 36 direction, nor land in any ...
30
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8answers
10k views

Why might an airliner fly a large U-turn before landing?

I was on a flight1 from San Antonio, TX to Toronto and, when arriving in Toronto, the plane went quite a way past the airport, made a big U-turn, and then landed. We were coming from the west. I ...
30
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5answers
5k views

Can a fighter jet land on a modified airliner?

Imagine this scenario: A modified military 747 is flying at a constant speed and altitude. On the top of the fuselage there is a device like a helipad but with three holes to accommodate the fighter ...
29
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6answers
12k views

Can a plane land on an aircraft carrier without support from its crew?

Imagine a scenario where a carrier was dead in the water. No-one inside. Could a plane land on the carrier? What would such a procedure look like potentially?
29
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5answers
7k views

How much of the landing runway is mine?

If I am cleared to land a couple of miles on final, may I use the entire runway to the departure end, or do I have to comply with "taxi instructions" the tower controller might give me like "turn ...
29
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5answers
6k views

What makes it so hard to land on an aircraft carrier?

I have heard it is very difficult for a pilot to land on a carrier deck. I have read this question but it didn't really give me a sense of the challenges that pilots face. This question lent me ...
29
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5answers
6k views

What is the proper procedure after a bird strike in a single engine plane during takeoff?

First, let me set this up and then ask a general question. I'm just trying to give some context as to why I'm asking. I'm working on my private pilot license and was practicing with my PC simulator (...
29
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5answers
33k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...
29
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1answer
20k views

Why doesn't the A380 use its outboard thrust reversers?

One thing I noticed with the A380 is that it only seems to use the inboard thrust reversers while landing. I suspect it relates to FOD ingestion or perhaps damaging the runway. This is strange though, ...
28
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5answers
11k views

What would the reason be for this helicopter maneuver?

At 4:30 in this YouTube video, a Chinook traverses the runway on its rear wheels. The text on the video lists "Emergency landing and take-off". Is there any reason for the pilot to do this other than "...
28
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6answers
15k views

For large jets, what is the primary means of slowing down after landing?

I understand that a large(r) commercial jet slows down after landing using the following methods: Wheel brakes Reverse thrust Spoilers/flaps/airbrakes What is the effectiveness of each compared to ...
28
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3answers
5k views

Was the “Air Berlin” lap of honor over Düsseldorf problematic?

A few days ago, flight AB 7001 (Air Berlin, New York - Düsseldorf) went for a "lap of honor" around the airport. One video can be found here. No emergency or technical issue, it just was that airlines ...
27
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4answers
6k views

When does an airliner switch from using the tiller to the rudder?

When does an airliner switch from using the tiller to steer to the rudder on takeoff? Same for landing- when does the pilot switch from using the rudder to the tiller? What is this process? Once a ...
27
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3answers
8k views

Will air traffic control ever ask a plane to not brake hard on a landing?

In another question, somebody asked why an airplane might not deploy thrust reversers on a landing. One of the answers suggested a few options, including: Depending where the gate was, they may ...
27
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7answers
6k views

At what speeds can an airplane land?

I have read people's stories that they landed their small planes (e.g. C172) on bigger airports. They strongly recommended landing at a higher speed and without flaps as the runways are quite long, ...
26
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8answers
9k views

Why is landing on a carrier not handled by a computer?

Landing on a carrier seems like a difficult and risky task for military pilots, especially at night when the carrier should keep low profile and is practically unlit. It seems exactly like a problem ...
26
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4answers
3k views

Why are you required to commit to a full stop landing if reverse thrust is selected?

According to Airbus: ‐ After the flight crew selects reverse thrust, they must perform a full stop landing. Does it really make sense to have this limitation, and why? What happens if you realise ...
26
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4answers
7k views

Why are thrust reversers not used to slow down to taxi speeds?

In reading this question (Would more throttle when using reverse thrust reduce stopping distance?), it prompted me to remember that on many of my flights (typically on 737s or CRJ type aircraft), it ...
26
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3answers
57k views

How does thrust reversal work on a jet engine, and when should it be used?

A two part question this time, though they are closely related enough that I figured I'd knock them out all at once. I figure the first question probably informs the second question anyway. Firstly, ...