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Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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144 votes
9 answers
105k views

Is this plane landing or departing?

I have a picture of Air Force One I took fairly up close several years ago. Unfortunately, I don't remember if that was on arrival or departure. Is there anything visible in the airplane's ...
abelenky's user avatar
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77 votes
14 answers
24k views

Is it considered good or bad practice to raise the flaps right after touchdown?

This question is about light, tricycle, single engine aircraft. I have made it a habit to raise the flaps right after touchdown (when the nosewheel is on the ground). My instructor used to do that ...
Philippe Leybaert's user avatar
76 votes
10 answers
39k views

Is a firm landing an indication of the pilot inexperience?

In a commercial airplane, when a landing has been a bit firm, a passenger may think it was not perfect, or maybe performed by an inexperienced pilot. (Source) A perfect landing is seen by passengers ...
mins's user avatar
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66 votes
7 answers
29k views

Why does it feel like a plane accelerates just before touching down?

On commercial flights it often feels like the plane gets faster just before touching down. What creates that sensation?
Eliot G York's user avatar
57 votes
13 answers
15k views

Have any large aeroplanes been landed — safely and without damage — in locations that they could not be flown away from?

And, what was done with them subsequently?
Daniele Procida's user avatar
57 votes
6 answers
21k views

Instrument landing: why do all electronic devices need to be shut off?

A few days ago, I took a flight home. Towards the end of the journey, the captain asked us to shut down any electronic device that we had on board, including iPods, CD players, phones and so on, ...
Nicola Miotto's user avatar
52 votes
3 answers
15k views

Has this Google Maps imagery of 4 planes on a runway been tampered with? [closed]

The image below is of Google Maps (30 May 2018) of Amsterdam Schiphol's Aalsmeerbaan (36R). It shows 4 planes on the runway and a fifth that's about to land. When you zoom in, all planes seem ...
mgr326639's user avatar
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48 votes
11 answers
48k views

Why do planes always land on rear wheels instead of the nose wheels?

Various times, I have seen and felt myself that the plane always lands on the rear wheels, but not the front wheels. Why do the pilots land it on the rear wheels instead of the front? Does it have ...
user285oo6's user avatar
46 votes
2 answers
10k views

Why are bird strikes on approach or landing not as common as on takeoff?

I've heard about lots of bird strike incidents that occured during a takeoff roll or the early phase of takeoff climb but hardly heard of bird strikes on approach or landing. Are bird strikes much ...
lemonincider's user avatar
  • 7,565
45 votes
6 answers
17k views

When are aircraft required to dump fuel for emergency landings?

I've heard that in a lot of instances a jet that is making an emergency landing is required to dump excess fuel. In a lot of instances this would make a lot of sense. For example, if the gear cannot ...
Jae Carr's user avatar
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43 votes
5 answers
19k views

How common are cancelled landing attempts?

I recently traveled from Stansted, UK to Skavsta, Sweden with Ryanair, and was informed that depending on the weather (it was very foggy), we might end up landing at Arlanda (~150 km from Skavsta) ...
Mårten's user avatar
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42 votes
2 answers
12k views

Why does ATC ask a crew who has declared an emergency if their aircraft will be overweight when landing?

I have heard ATC ask an emergency aircraft if they will be overweight when landing. Why do they ask? I am not asking about the consequences of an overweight landing or what procedures are required ...
byte wrangler's user avatar
40 votes
4 answers
9k views

Do commercial aeroplanes use ABS to brake?

I have read that the wheel brakes on an aeroplane are by for the most efficient means of stopping it. I was wondering whether in low grip situations, such as in rain or snow, an ABS (Anti-lock Braking ...
fishlein's user avatar
  • 515
40 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why might a too-wide runway be a problem?

In the September 2020 issue of EAA's Sport Aviation, Budd Davisson writes Runway width becomes a problem for some taildraggers when it gets to be less than 35-40 feet because of the lack of ...
Camille Goudeseune's user avatar
40 votes
4 answers
9k views

Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
BillDOe's user avatar
  • 1,624
39 votes
4 answers
18k views

Why don't modern aircraft have landing gear that can swivel to compensate for crosswinds?

When landing, crosswinds can be very expensive. They cause go-arounds, diversions to other airfields and even crashes. Currently pilots crab in the air to counteract crosswinds and, at the last ...
chasly - supports Monica's user avatar
39 votes
3 answers
7k views

What's the appropriate course of action if an airliner bounces 5-10 feet on touchdown?

I regularly fly in a PC flight simulator, and I'm currently trying to refine landings in medium-to-large airliners in various weather conditions. A problem I've faced in some conditions while flying ...
Jules's user avatar
  • 1,010
38 votes
3 answers
16k views

How, exactly, did US1549 land on the Hudson?

A comment by @AsheeshR says: The Hudson River Landing was due to a combination of piloting skill and an autopilot system that was engaged right till impact and kept the plane in a controlled ...
Danny Beckett's user avatar
37 votes
11 answers
15k views

Could you land a large airplane on short circular runways?

Considering that building runways is expensive and that they take up a lot of space, could you land a large commercial airliner on a circular runway, braking as you go around the curves?
yippy_yay's user avatar
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35 votes
4 answers
14k views

Does the sterile cockpit rule mean flight attendants could not inform the pilots if a passenger is in the lavatory while on final?

Context: I've seen this interesting question just the other day, asking what would pilots do after receiving this information while on final: either go around or continue with the landing. However ...
George Clooney In a Mooney's user avatar
35 votes
6 answers
34k views

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier?

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier? How is the checklist different from a regular landing?
Pranav's user avatar
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34 votes
7 answers
8k views

What does “Ground loops are costly. Fly them until they stop” mean?

In one of the earliest scenes of William A. Wellman's 1942 film Thunder Birds, a sign can be seen in a room of a USAAF base (some relax or briefing room, apparently), which says: Ground loops are ...
DaG's user avatar
  • 959
34 votes
7 answers
21k views

Can jet airplanes operate on 'rough' airfields?

A question I've always wondered is: can jet aircraft - not turboprop in this case - operate from 'rough' airstrips. My definition of 'rough' is grass or maybe a smooth mud airfield. I know that there'...
user1352057's user avatar
  • 1,445
34 votes
6 answers
25k views

How would an airplane land if the on-board radio breaks down?

Is there a special protocol for a situation where the on-board radio communication equipment suddenly breaks down? Would the pilot be able to land on a busy towered airfield or would they be forced to ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 1,778
34 votes
2 answers
10k views

Why is it not recommended to hold the nose up on the A320 after touchdown?

I was recently told by a trainer in my airline that on the A320 if we hold the nose up after main gear touchdown then the flight control laws logic will memorise that pitch attitude after 5 seconds ...
Jai's user avatar
  • 1,502
33 votes
5 answers
10k views

What happened during this foggy landing?

Several years ago, I was flying from the USA to Buenos Aires. That's a very long flight, and it was overnight for us. When I woke up it was early in the morning and we were over Argentina. I don't ...
Mason Wheeler's user avatar
33 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why evacuate upwind?

Evacuation procedures after a forced landing recommend directing passengers upwind of the aircraft. What is the reason why evacuating upwind is better than other directions?
assylias's user avatar
  • 1,445
33 votes
7 answers
7k views

Why pull up on the rollout after landing, after the nose wheel is down?

I'm a student pilot learning on a Piper Cherokee 180. When I land and the nose wheel touches down my instructor wants me to keep pulling back on the stick through the landing roll. For soft field ...
DLH's user avatar
  • 5,809
33 votes
4 answers
12k views

How dangerous was this approach of a Dash8 Q400 really?

There is a video going viral here of a Dash8 landing during a recent media hyped storm: According to the description and imagery it is a Dash8 Q400 (registration D-...
PlasmaHH's user avatar
  • 842
32 votes
7 answers
10k views

What is the proper procedure after a bird strike in a single engine plane during takeoff?

First, let me set this up and then ask a general question. I'm just trying to give some context as to why I'm asking. I'm working on my private pilot license and was practicing with my PC simulator (...
Jae Carr's user avatar
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32 votes
3 answers
9k views

Why can't runway 18 at Frankfurt Airport accept takeoffs or landings in the opposite direction?

Runway 18 at Frankfurt Airport is one example of a runway which is numbered on only one side. Aircraft can only takeoff in the 18 direction, and cannot takeoff in the 36 direction, nor land in any ...
Him's user avatar
  • 5,298
32 votes
1 answer
25k views

Why doesn't the A380 use its outboard thrust reversers?

One thing I noticed with the A380 is that it only seems to use the inboard thrust reversers while landing. I suspect it relates to FOD ingestion or perhaps damaging the runway. This is strange though, ...
Bryson S.'s user avatar
  • 1,120
31 votes
7 answers
14k views

Does runway 32/33R at Madrid actually have a kink in it?

In this satellite image of Madrid airport (MAD/LEMD)... Source:Google maps satellite view Alternate link from maps.google.nl still renders incorrectly for me, but appears fine for others... ...it ...
FreeMan's user avatar
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31 votes
2 answers
14k views

Can I land my aircraft on the grass next to the runway at a public airport?

The pavement is hard on my tires, so I prefer to land in the grass.
Justine's user avatar
  • 327
31 votes
2 answers
19k views

Why is a special certification needed to land at Paro Airport?

Why is Paro Airport (currently the only international airport of Bhutan) considered one of the most dangerous airports to land in the world? Is it because of the mountains? In my opinion, Princess ...
TesterMen Tester's user avatar
31 votes
5 answers
49k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...
Canuk's user avatar
  • 8,482
30 votes
8 answers
12k views

Why might an airliner fly a large U-turn before landing?

I was on a flight1 from San Antonio, TX to Toronto and, when arriving in Toronto, the plane went quite a way past the airport, made a big U-turn, and then landed. We were coming from the west. I ...
Juliana Moscoso's user avatar
30 votes
6 answers
13k views

Can a plane land on an aircraft carrier without support from its crew?

Imagine a scenario where a carrier was dead in the water. No-one inside. Could a plane land on the carrier? What would such a procedure look like potentially?
Rugnir's user avatar
  • 687
30 votes
3 answers
9k views

Why would one plane in this picture not have gear down yet?

This image (as posted in another question) is a YouTube video's thumbnail: I noticed that the lead twin (737?) has gear down, the 747 behind does not (appear to) have gear down, but the third plane ...
FreeMan's user avatar
  • 16.3k
30 votes
4 answers
7k views

What is preferred in an emergency landing: a road or a cornfield?

When faced with the situation of a power off emergency landing, how do you best select your location to land? At what point is a road too small or the crosswind too great to attempt a safe landing ...
pheidlauf's user avatar
  • 509
30 votes
6 answers
17k views

For large jets, what is the primary means of slowing down after landing?

I understand that a large(r) commercial jet slows down after landing using the following methods: Wheel brakes Reverse thrust Spoilers/flaps/airbrakes What is the effectiveness of each compared to ...
Philippe Leybaert's user avatar
30 votes
5 answers
9k views

What makes it so hard to land on an aircraft carrier?

I have heard it is very difficult for a pilot to land on a carrier deck. I have read this question but it didn't really give me a sense of the challenges that pilots face. This question lent me ...
New Alexandria's user avatar
30 votes
1 answer
7k views

Why would a pilot request that ATC dim the runway lights?

In this clip, the pilot requests dimmed runway lights. Tower, you able to reduce the runway lights, please? [Tower dims runway lights] Thank you much This seems like ...
cocomac's user avatar
  • 407
29 votes
5 answers
12k views

What would the reason be for this helicopter maneuver?

At 4:30 in this YouTube video, a Chinook traverses the runway on its rear wheels. The text on the video lists "Emergency landing and take-off". Is there any reason for the pilot to do this other than "...
FreeMan's user avatar
  • 16.3k
29 votes
5 answers
7k views

How much of the landing runway is mine?

If I am cleared to land a couple of miles on final, may I use the entire runway to the departure end, or do I have to comply with "taxi instructions" the tower controller might give me like "turn ...
Rodney's user avatar
  • 291
29 votes
6 answers
6k views

Can a fighter jet land on a modified airliner?

Imagine this scenario: A modified military 747 is flying at a constant speed and altitude. On the top of the fuselage there is a device like a helipad but with three holes to accommodate the fighter ...
user60684's user avatar
  • 847
28 votes
7 answers
6k views

What does an absolute novice need to learn to make a successful emergency landing?

Suppose I am a passenger in a small, non-commercial plane (e.g. at most 8 seats), and the pilot suddenly dies or is otherwise incapacitated mid-flight. Suppose further that nobody else on the plane ...
jvriesem's user avatar
  • 383
28 votes
3 answers
8k views

Will air traffic control ever ask a plane to not brake hard on a landing?

In another question, somebody asked why an airplane might not deploy thrust reversers on a landing. One of the answers suggested a few options, including: Depending where the gate was, they may ...
yshavit's user avatar
  • 1,163
28 votes
4 answers
59k views

What is the typical touchdown vertical speed of a large airliner?

What is the vertical speed (range) of a Boeing 787 (or any other large commercial aircraft) that should be achieved just before and during touchdown? I'm not interested in the vertical speed during ...
Stefan's user avatar
  • 4,692
28 votes
4 answers
8k views

Why are thrust reversers not used to slow down to taxi speeds?

In reading this question (Would more throttle when using reverse thrust reduce stopping distance?), it prompted me to remember that on many of my flights (typically on 737s or CRJ type aircraft), it ...
Milwrdfan's user avatar
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