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Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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0
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1answer
159 views

What is the exhaust from the end of jet wing prior to landing? [duplicate]

What is the exhaust from the end of jet wing prior to landing ? My guess,excess fuel from powering down engines.
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2answers
5k views

Why do aircraft sometimes bounce while landing?

I've seen a few youtube videos where an aircraft bounces once/twice while landing on the runway. Why does this happen?
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4answers
179 views

What makes airplanes pitch up during landing?

So what exactly pitches the plane upward with the rear end down? Do flaps help lower the nose when deployed 80%-100% down with such low speeds?
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1answer
157 views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
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2answers
221 views

Can an F-16 land on an aircraft carrier, at all?

Looking at the F-16 again, I noticed the tailhook which it seems to have. I know the F-16 is not designed to land on any aircraft carrier, however, if it was between ditching in the ocean and ...
19
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5answers
3k views

Is it better to shut down the engine(s) or leave it (them) running when a gear up landing is imminent?

Is it better to shut down the engine(s) or leave it (them) running when a gear up landing is imminent? I noticed that the pilot in this video chose to shut down his engine before touching down during ...
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2answers
9k views

Why barotitis, but only during descents and sometimes?

I experience barotitis only during SOME (not all) descents. During takeoffs, my ears feel different, but I feel no pain. Is the cause pilot's skills, rate of descent, or aviational?
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2answers
255 views

Do thrust reversers only have idle and full modes or are there intermediate settings?

Are there any intermediate thrust reverser settings? If so, how often do pilots use these intermediate settings?
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1answer
1k views

At what distance beyond the aiming point is a landing considered a “Deep Landing”?

In Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) programmes, the Deep Landing calculation is based on difference between the aim point (or glide slope touchdown point) and the actual touchdown point. How are the ...
2
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1answer
162 views

If propeller-driven planes with electric engine became the norm, would descent for landing with the engines turned off become a routine procedure?

To elaborate on the question: I know that in modern fossil fuel-driven aircraft turning the engines off during descent and/or landing approach isn't feasible for safety reasons (which makes total ...
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1answer
3k views

Why can a Pilatus PC-24 land on unpaved and short runways like no other business jet?

In 2013 Pilatus Aircraft unveiled their latest aircraft, the PC-24 light medium jet. On the website of Pilatus Aircraft they give several reasons why the PC-24 is better than any other business jet, ...
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2answers
1k views

How does landing performance differ on water vs. ice vs. paved/grass runways?

It's a follow up from How do aircraft brake when using skis? Can someone give me data about difference between landing distance for each environment ? Paved Grass Water Snow/Ice Any aircraft is ...
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13answers
13k views
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2answers
263 views

Is it okay to purposely stall a small single-engine aircraft just before touch down to get a good flare?

I'm still learning ground theory and have only flown in simulators (P3D v3 Academic). For a long time, I've been trying to properly flare single engine aircraft but have mostly failed. I even watched ...
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1answer
147 views

How did the term 'Buttered the bread' originate?

I've heard this term used a few times to describe an exceptionally smooth landing
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2answers
232 views

Can a 737 be on final at 160 knots, and also touchdown at 160 knots?

Would the 737, going 160 knots, float a bit more before touching down?
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10answers
8k views

Why don't airports use arresting gears to recover energy from landing passenger planes?

An average plane has 50t of mass and a landing speed of approx. 250 (lets be conservative) 200 km/h. Thus its kinetic energy at landing is about 75 MJ or 21 kWh. The plane catches the wire attached to ...
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1answer
159 views

Which avoidance maneuver is best when seeing crossing traffic on approach to a runway?

Let us say I am in final landing and I saw another aircraft is crossing the runway while I am still in air, should go around be my best choice? If I touched down and then I saw the traffic, how ...
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0answers
125 views

How Does the FAA Define the Dimensions of the Touchdown Zone?

Does the FAA give a regulatory definition of the term "Touchdown Zone" for use within the context of landing operations? In 14 CFR 91.175 the FAA requires—in certain cases—that pilots must be in a ...
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1answer
295 views

Can a deployable ILS operate in CAT II or CAT III?

Can a deployable ILS operate in CAT II or CAT III? As far as I know a deployable ILS can operate only in CAT I.
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8answers
10k views

Why might an airliner fly a large U-turn before landing?

I was on a flight1 from San Antonio, TX to Toronto and, when arriving in Toronto, the plane went quite a way past the airport, made a big U-turn, and then landed. We were coming from the west. I ...
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7answers
5k views

Why pull up on the rollout after landing, after the nose wheel is down?

I'm a student pilot learning on a Piper Cherokee 180. When I land and the nose wheel touches down my instructor wants me to keep pulling back on the stick through the landing roll. For soft field ...
4
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1answer
269 views

Do landing gear doors need repairs after a gear gravity deploy landing?

I know that landing gears can be deployed even without hydraulic power by letting them go down by gravity, as seen on this video: I was wondering: do the landing ...
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1answer
155 views

Can a delta wing fighter engage an arrestor net without its main landing gear?

A delta wing fighter aircraft with underwing drop tanks while landing loses its main landing gear, but the nose wheel is extended. Is it an option for the pilot to engage the barrier net of type EP-15 ...
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7answers
17k views

Why does it feel like a plane accelerates just before touching down?

On commercial flights it often feels like the plane gets faster just before touching down. What creates that sensation?
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1answer
337 views

Has an earthquake ever complicated or prevented a safe landing/takeoff?

This question on being able to see ground effects of earthquakes from the air got me wondering: No doubt a severe earthquake at the wrong time could hinder even experienced pilots, but I expect a ...
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6answers
3k views

What will be the immediate action by the pilot and ATC if any plane blocks the runway while landing?

Suppose, if the Airport has only one runway and one plane is trying to take off at the end of the runway and other plane trying to land from the other end of the runway. Due to any reason if the ...
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1answer
291 views

Can aircraft stall at low speed during final landing?

Is it possible for an aircraft to stall when it turns multiple times before landing and its airspeed is below 200mph? And if it does, is there any way to recover at such low height and speed? I always ...
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1answer
2k views

Is there a procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier when the tailhook fails to deploy?

When landing on aircraft carriers, a tailhook is used to snag one of the cables on the carrier deck, which slows the aircraft. When the landing gear fails to deploy I have seen it is possible to make ...
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2answers
976 views

What would be the challenges to taking off and landing a typical passenger jet at FL300?

Suppose it was somehow possible build a runway at FL300. Yes, doing so would be incredibly expensive, and it would be a mammoth civil engineering task, and the downsides would probably by far outweigh ...
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3answers
4k views

Why do aircraft leave the cruising altitude long before landing just to circle?

Often flights will leave the cruising altitude long before the actual landing. They will go down to a couple of thousand feet and stay at that altitude and circle for quite a while in waiting loops ...
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1answer
224 views

What do those writings mean that are on the landing gear doors?

I've been watching carrier videos a lot these days and I notice these writings. What do these writings means? I didn't upload all of them, most of the time there are location names and sometimes ...
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10answers
33k views

Is a firm landing an indication of the pilot inexperience?

In a commercial airplane, when a landing has been a bit firm, a passenger may think it was not perfect, or maybe performed by an inexperienced pilot. (Source) A perfect landing is seen by passengers ...
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1answer
220 views

Qualification Requirement of Aircraft taxi and landing lights?

Can anyone provide any standard through which taxi and landing lights are certified for use on aircraft? And which certification is required for military aircraft lighting systems?
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4answers
3k views

Do large airliners have a short-field landing technique?

Other than extra braking and reverse thrust, is there a specific short-field landing technique for large jet airliners? In discussions about the famous landings at St Maarten, it is sometimes said ...
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5answers
1k views

Can jet engines be used for VTOL civilian aircraft?

Why do almost all civilian VTOL aircraft existing today use propellers (or rotors) for take off and landing and not jet engines (as the Harrier does)? Is there a technical reason for this?
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2answers
773 views

What is the minimum altitude over Egmond aan Zee when landing at Schiphol?

I live in Egmond aan Zee which is about 36 km flight distance from Schiphol. It seems that aircraft fly over Egmond when there is a southerly wind so they can make a landing approach to Polderbaan ...
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4answers
836 views

Is it right to call out out “50…40..30..RETARD” in a C172 simulator?

Playing flight simulator in a C172 (since we don't have any in my local schools) and the 'co-pilot' I fly with (only know him online) insists on calling out "50...40..30..RETARD, RETARD". I know ...
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3answers
140 views

Under which condition is a forward CG most critical?

This question is from CFI written exam. (6824) “Under which condition is a forward CG most critical?” The answer is “Forward CG is most critical during landing. If it is too far forward, the ...
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2answers
15k views

Why does the A350-900 call out to retard at 20 feet above the runway?

I watched this video of a delivery of an A350. at 14:50 there is the sequence I'm interested in: the ground radar normally counts down the distance to the ground, ...
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1answer
102 views

When Airplane is reducing altitude from flight level (cruise), which one is more efficient

When an airplane is reducing altitude, say due to preparation for landing, the nose is tilted down. That I got from a video on Youtube which explains the way an airplane is going down until it reaches ...
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2answers
1k views

How do Airbus planes flare in normal operation?

In reading the reports and Sully's comments regarding the flight that was ditched in the famous events of US Airways Flight 1549, I am wondering how the Airbus control system works to flare an ...
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3answers
6k views

When do pilots deploy landing gear?

The landing gear should be down in order to qualify as a stabilized approach. Other than that, what are the guidelines on when to deploy landing gear on approach?
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4answers
2k views

Why did this aircraft do a ‘spiral’ before landing?

There was this WizzAir flight two days ago, from BUD to PMI, and right before landing it did a ‘spiral’ like maneuver. I’ve attached a screenshot. Why did it do that? It looks strange.
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2answers
98 views

Landing currency day and night on same ride?

Assume you know when sunset was on a particular day you decided to fly (e.g. 8:30 local time). If you took off at 8pm, repeated 3+ landings in the pattern, then left the pattern for about half an hour,...
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3answers
331 views

What was the lowest ground speed landing?

Planes fly if their speed relative to the air is high enough to produce lift. If there is no wind, the plane's air speed will be the same as its ground speed. If flying against wind, its ground speed ...
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1answer
59 views

Where can you join a STAR & STAR Altitudes?

Do you have to join a STAR at a transition or can you join it at any point? For example, coming from the south, can I join the DODJE5 arrival at FZT rather than AEX? DODJE5: https://aeronav.faa.gov/...
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2answers
4k views

How possible is a successful landing just with 1 wing?

Having in mind this famous F-15 incident : Would this be possible with any other fighter-jet? Or was there something really specific to F-15's design that allowed this ? Would this be possible at all ...
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1answer
315 views

Is it possible to land a 737 on an aircraft carrier? [duplicate]

I have seen a flight simulator (X-Plane 11) video of landing a 737 on an aircraft carrier (and stopped). Is it possible to land a 737 in real life? What is the biggest aircraft that it is possible to ...
6
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2answers
7k views

On average, how many landings does a student pilot need before their first solo?

On average, how many landings does a student pilot need before their first solo? I know it depends on individual students, but roughly what is the number? Or you can just tell me your experience.