Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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62 views

Where do I find charts like this for Europe or Global [closed]

I am playing Xplane11 and I am trying to find charts like this But for Europe or USA and shows every ILS approach, detalied maps etc. For europe I have found one site such as http://www.uvairlines....
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How do I know when to use flaps in glide approach or force landing?

During glide approach or practice force landing, I can see the aim point moving down. It means the aircraft will overshoot the field. But I am not sure when should flaps be used or which stage of ...
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In an emergency, how much runway does an A320 need to stop safely?

From time to time I land at Wellington Airport in an A-320. The runway has sea at either end and is 2,081m (6,827ft) long. There's never been a problem but I find landing there a bit nerve wracking ...
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Do concurrent operations on a single runway occur anywhere else besides AirVenture?

At the EAA's AirVenture fly-in in Oshkosh (KOSH), landing and sometimes takeoff operations are very often done by dots which are painted on the runway, making it so that multiple operations (a landing ...
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1answer
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How do pilots use stopway, EMAS, clearway and displaced threshold?

I noticed in Why is “clearway minus stopway” used in V1 adjustments? that a stopway and an EMAS are both indicated by yellow chevrons: Same Opa-Locka stopway on the left, and San Diego EMAS on the ...
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To what requirements / assumptions RSAs & EMAS designed?

I've several questions regarding runway safety area (RSA) and engineered materials arresting system (EMAS): Is RSA/EMAS designed for impact loading at the point of touchdown and to absorb energy of ...
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2answers
555 views

What would happen if an aircraft were to touch down on EMAS?

What would happen if a jet (say, a A330) were to touch down on the Engineered Materials Arrestor System (EMAS) just before the runway, instead of on it? According to the FAA the EMAS is designed to "...
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How does EMAS reduce damage in case of an aircraft overrun?

I saw a report about Mike Pence's plane overrun today on Twitter link: Mike Pence plane overrun photo on Twitter. As can be seen there is huge cracks and breaking of the runway but the plane was ...
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What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
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How can I land a PA-44 (Seminole)?

I’m trying to get my ME endorsement now, and I find I can’t land very well. My instructor told me to forget everything I know about the Cessna, and that this aircraft should be landed with power. He ...
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With helicopters, is normal landing or auto-rotation landing any different when landing on water?

I noticed something from investigating my other answer to a not-really-related question. A wiki article here says: The "water bird" emergency landing is a technique developed by the Canadian ...
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When a large commercial jet touches down, is it committed to stopping?

I was reading about flight RWAF9268 earlier today when a questions popped into mind. When a large commercial jet touches down, is it required to try and come to a complete stop? Or is it allowed to ...
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Has an F-16 ever done a landing without the speedbrakes extended?

Has there ever been a landing made by an F-16 without the speedbrakes extended?
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Why can't you operate packs on HIGH during take-off, approach and landing on a 737-800?

It's in the FCOM Limitations Chapter and I think that these phases are critical phases of flight and I don't want to reduce my engine performance by purposely creating a high demand for bleed air from ...
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Is optimal landing flare related to ground effect?

Based on other questions it appears that a "flare" is always part of a healthy airplane landing. This question asked when a flare should be started, and I found it interesting that the accepted ...
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How do Airbus planes flare in normal operation?

In reading the reports and Sully's comments regarding the flight that was ditched in the famous events of US Airways Flight 1549, I am wondering how the Airbus control system works to flare an ...
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90 views

How close to the envelope and the ideal was US1549 on ditching in the Hudson?

I assume that for "water landing" an airplane should be configured for the lowest possible stall speed, and then flown to that speed before impact to minimize the energy to dissipate on impact. What ...
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Why does An-225 (Mriya) perform a low-pass on its landings?

Today was a big event for aviation fans where I live (Warsaw, Poland, EPWA). We have had a visit of Antonov 225 (Mriya). Today, but also as I saw in other videos, it often (always?) performs a low-...
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160 views

Why does the DC-9's antiskid system have to be manually disarmed during landing rollout following a ground-shift-mechanism malfunction on takeoff?

An aircraft's ground-shift mechanism (usually a sensor wired to the nosegear strut that looks to see whether the strut is compressed or not) tells the aircraft whether it's on the ground or in the air....
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What are the unique sounds emitted by Embraer E190-E2 on final?

I live close to an airport where these aircraft frequently land. When the E2 is between 2-3 thousand feet, something which I can only describe as whale moans, is heard. I say they are unique because ...
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What is a stabilized approach?

Most (all?) airlines require the use of a stabilized approach, and it is constantly referred to as a safer way to land an airplane. What are the criteria for an approach to be considered stabilized?...
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1answer
254 views

Qualification Requirement of Aircraft taxi and landing lights?

Can anyone provide any standard through which taxi and landing lights are certified for use on aircraft? And which certification is required for military aircraft lighting systems?
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What is the requirement of a higher glidepath/approach angle and is this a flight safety issue?

To reduce noise in the London urban area, Heathrow airport has announced plans to trial a steeper approach for aircraft landing - changing from 3 to 3.2 degrees. If this is successful, they will ...
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How do I use the takeoff and landing distance charts in the C172 POH?

Can anyone explain how to calculate takeoff and landing distances using the chart for C172s, and please give me an example?
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Why some airliners landing gear levers have “up” and “off” positions? [duplicate]

As I understand the difference between both is that "off" cuts the hydraulic pressure that retracts the gear, but why can't this be handled by the system itself and needs pilot intervention? Are they ...
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167 views

Does an airplane has to take off from beginning of the runway or it can take off from displaced threshold?

I mean, if the airports declared that there is a displaced threshold of runway ; and airplanes use this length for landing but how about for takeoff?
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What does “Ground loops are costly. Fly them until they stop” mean?

In one of the earliest scenes of William A. Wellman's 1942 film Thunder Birds, a sign can be seen in a room of a USAAF base (some relax or briefing room, apparently), which says: Ground loops are ...
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7answers
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How to land a sports plane with tailwind?

Let's say we have a Cessna 150 or some other lightweight two seater and no chance to land with head wind for whatever reason. We're trying to land with a constant tailwind of 7 knots. I would try to ...
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Is it considered good or bad practice to raise the flaps right after touchdown?

This question is about light, tricycle, single engine aircraft. I have made it a habit to raise the flaps right after touchdown (when the nosewheel is on the ground). My instructor used to do that ...
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4answers
2k views

What does the flashing green-light signal (return for landing) actually mean to NORDO aircraft?

Studying for the PSTAR I see that a flashing green signal while in the circuit means "return for landing" but this is not actually defined anywhere. What does that mean? NORDO = "is an aircraft ...
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3answers
1k views

Why isn't landing in the water a good option in an emergency? [duplicate]

Some people say that landing on water should be considered as a last resort because it is dangerous. But why exactly is it dangerous to land an airplane in the water? Wouldn't it be safer since ...
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4answers
520 views

Do any aircraft have a “self-contained ILS”?

The ILS is an invaluable aid to pilots, especially those operating to/from the many airports where poor weather is common (low-visibility operations would be completely impossible without an ILS); ...
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1answer
394 views

How does a remote pilot land a fixed-wing UAV?

How does a remote pilot land a big fixed wing UAV, whose takeoff weight could be several tons and have to land at a airport with runways? I saw in the TV, these big UAV normally has on-board cameras ...
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3answers
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A321 Two unsuccessful strong crosswind landing attempts. What was actually going on?

As a passenger on A321 I have recently experienced the following: The plane took off in strong winds (25-30 knots) and then proceeded to the destination, which it reached in 45 minutes. At first ...
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11answers
15k views

Could you land a large airplane on short circular runways?

Considering that building runways is expensive and that they take up a lot of space, could you land a large commercial airliner on a circular runway, braking as you go around the curves?
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Do aircraft have accelerometers?

Do modern aircraft employ accelerometers or other similar equipment to measure g-forces on the aircraft? I could imagine this being used as an inspection/service indicator, particularly after hard ...
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3answers
225 views

How likely is it that there is someone knowledgeable about piloting in a flight control room?

I saw a reasonably looking video about a non-pilot trying to land a plane with the help of a flight control tower (in a simulator): (it is in French). I believe that ...
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1answer
501 views

What is the average deviation from the PAPI glide slope at the threshold?

If one approaches with three red and one white light what will be the average deviation from the standard threshold height of 50 feet?
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1answer
541 views

What happens if an aircraft tries to land at MTOW (if greater than MLW)? [duplicate]

Here's a scenario: Just after Take-Off, there's an emergency on-board and pilot wants to land immediately. But, the weight of the plane wouldn't have decreased by large margins (usually 0.02*MTOW). ...
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168 views

Are bigger and / or heavier aircraft more resistant to crosswind compared to smaller / lighter aircraft?

When watching heavy crosswind video compilations, I noticed heavy aircraft like the A380 an B747 have a more stable approach compared to the B737 or A320 where the plane banks left and right on ...
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164 views

How low was the Hong Kong Kai Tak landing approach over the city?

Hong Kong's Kai Tak approach was famous for its unique approach, including the "checkerboard" and its low altitude when passing over Kownloon. The latter has been memorialized in innumerable photos ...
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2answers
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Why does this plane have vapor trails coming out of wings? [duplicate]

See this video of Birmingham strong crosswinds landings: At 2.57, there is a 737-800 landing (screen shot below). One can clearly see some vapor (?) coming out of ...
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515 views

What do those writings mean that are on the landing gear doors?

I've been watching carrier videos a lot these days and I notice these writings. What do these writings means? I didn't upload all of them, most of the time there are location names and sometimes ...
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3answers
281 views

What's the meaning of “the break is a level” in a recovery operation of an aircraft carrier?

The break is a level, 180° turn made at 800 feet (240 m), descending to 600 feet (180 m) when established downwind. Landing gear/flaps are lowered, and landing checks are completed. (source: wikimili....
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If pilots in a A320 or 737 had a dual engine failure, would they add flaps for the landing?

Would this not be smart to do because you may come in a little fast, therefore the flaps would send you back up? Or would you absolutely want flaps in this situation
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Will the landing gear work mechanically in case of total power loss?

In case of a total power failure in all the aircraft systems like engine failure and APU failure, would it be possible to use mechanical means (manually) to open the landing gear bay door and deploy ...
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11answers
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Is this plane landing or departing?

I have a picture of Air Force One I took fairly up close several years ago. Unfortunately, I don't remember if that was on arrival or departure. Is there anything visible in the airplane's ...
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350 views

What switch was Skiles talking about shortly before the Hudson landing?

I'm always amazed by the "miracle of the Hudson River landing" and just now stumbled across this video by the NTSB. At 3:52, Jeffrey Skiles appears to say "* * switch" shortly before they ditch in ...
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How often do GA pilots use the Autopilot approach feature while landing?

While flying in simulations, I found that using the Approach feature is very beneficial for riding the glide slope (clear weather or not), however, while watching videos of GA pilots, I do not see it ...
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2k views

Should an emergency field landing be performed with landing gear down or up?

Suppose you are flying an aircraft with retractable gear and have to make an emergency landing on that big "flat" stretch of grass up ahead and have only one shot at it, what's better, do it with ...

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