Questions tagged [landing-gear]

The wheels of an airplane. Sometimes replaced by floats or skis.

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0answers
133 views

Why do landing gear bays in commercial aircraft not have a fire extinguishing system?

Landing gear bays in modern commercial aircraft have fire detectors installed, but there is no fire extinguishing/suppression system in this area. What is the logic behind having fire detection in ...
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796 views

Diamond DA42 - Do you need the electric master on to extend landing gear?

For the Diamond DA42 (TDI) Learning my electric fire emergencies. Would it be wise to extend the landing gear before electric master is turned off? Does the (hydraulic) gear power pack require the ...
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1answer
156 views

Why is there no alternative mechanism to extend and lock the landing gear in case of failure? [closed]

As we know, most passenger planes have redundant systems in case of failure of a mechanism. For example, in case of failure, that specific thing can be operated by another alternative method, ...
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1answer
178 views

Why is the landing gear lever not set to OFF on the ground?

Several older airliners (e.g. Airbus A300, Boeing 737 until the NG series, Boeing 747 until the -400 series) have landing gear levers with three positions: UP, OFF and DOWN. OFF (or NEUTRAL for Airbus)...
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Why is the assumed Lift-to-Weight-Ratio for the limit drop test for heavy aircraft (FAR-25) higher than for small aircraft (FAR-23)?

The FAR-25.725 assumes a Lift-to-Weight-Ratio L/W = 1 for the landing gear drop test while the FAR-23.725 assumes only L/W=0.667. This factor affects the load inertia factor n which is also needed for ...
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2answers
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Is it feasible to add an aftermarket hydrofoil to a light aircraft?

Could long, aftermarket hydrofoils be added to the water-skids of a plane (like this Cessna with pontoons or smaller) Cessna 208 Caravan not designed to have a hydro foil, to increase its ability to ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Are there all terrain landing gears for planes?

Is there a landing gear set up that will allow a single engine plane (also, allowing for tundra tires than what is not available for current water skids) to land on rough grass and water? The wheels ...
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1answer
178 views

What is dual mode adaptive landing gear system?

Referring to the NASA document Design and Development of the Blackbird: Challenges and Lessons Learned. On page 31, there's a mention of dual-mode adaptive landing gear, which is quoted below. ...
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1answer
99 views

How does the B777 Side brace locking mechanism work?

The B767 has jury strut actuators and their working is pretty straight forward. They oppose the collapsible geometry of jury strut and lock them in the over centre locking position. But for B777 this ...
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1answer
3k views

Can the Landing gear be lowered when system A hydraulic pressure is lost in Boeing 737?

In the FCOM OF BOEING 737 HYDRAULIC SECTION I went through the part Landing gear transfer unit that it is used to raise the landing gear at a normal rate when system A EDP volume is lost. My query is ...
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1answer
101 views

How do rotor tangs lock into wheel keyways?

How do the rotor tangs lock into wheel keyways? Are there special keys on the outboard wheel half that allow locking the tangs in place? Also would be great if anyone could provide me with a image of ...
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4answers
453 views

Why landing gears still need bungee springs?

While studying landing gear, I came across this term 'bungee spring' to which there was no definitive explanation in text with regards to its usage. So in the image, you can see for the jury strut/ ...
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2answers
198 views

Are General Aviation tires filled with Nitrogen?

Long story short, I'm working on a concept for a book. We all know why commercial aircraft have nitrogen tires, but my question is if GA aircraft have nitrogen tires, or are they just filled with ...
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0answers
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What is the linkage connecting the body landing gear on the C-130?

I can't seem to find a diagram that includes this tube linking the front and rear body gear on each side. Is it structural, or hydraulic, or maybe something else entirely? Image source: https://www....
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Would deploying the Space Shuttle's landing gear early have improved safety? [duplicate]

Due to the space shuttle orbiter’s high weight (potentially up to 110 tonnes [121 short tons] in certain abort scenarios, although nominally around 85 tonnes [94 short tons]) and abysmal subsonic ...
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1answer
292 views

Do the A-320 landing gear extend if the mechanism is activated above a limiting speed?

I've been told that on the A-320, if the landing gear lever is lowered with the airspeed above a limiting speed, the system will not extend the landing gear. Further, once the aircraft is slowed to an ...
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1answer
136 views

Why do some fighter jets have double wheels in the front gear whereas some other aircraft have a single wheel?

The Typhoon has a single wheel in the front gear, but the Rafale or Gripen have double wheels in the front gear. What is the reason for this difference?
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3answers
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Are there any aircraft with a 4-wheel nose landing gear and a 16-wheel main landing gear?

Are there any aircraft with a 4-wheel nose landing gear and a 16-wheel main landing gear? I need this to answer my review of an aircraft design project.
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1answer
160 views

Is the KC-135 landing gear life limited?

I'm looking for information about the KC-135 landing gear. Specifically I want to know if its life limited and if so where is it documented? If its NOT life limited where is that documented? I'm ...
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1answer
179 views

Why is the nosewheel of the MiG-29 placed in front of the engine intakes?

Why do MiG-29 have a front-wheel of landing gear placed in front of an intake? would not it throw water or stones into the intake as mentioned in Raymer? I am designing an aircraft based on the ...
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3answers
4k views

What is the piece that covers the top part of tires?

I would like to know the name and the usefulness of this piece that covers the top of the tire of some planes, such as some Cessnas.
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1answer
126 views

Who decides when landing gear requires an overhaul?

"If the landing gear on your aircraft is required to be overhauled periodically..." So is there a case where its been decided that landing gear does not require to be overhauled?
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1answer
726 views

How did the Boeing 777X's main landing gear lift before the nose on its first takeoff?

Source: Boeing 777X Takeoff for its First Flight Is this from a low payload and the configuration of flaps? Or perhaps a pilot pushing the yoke forward while the plane wants to lift?
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1answer
5k views

Why did the space shuttle use bias-ply tyres instead of radials?

Aircraft and automobile tyres can be divided into two main types, based on the orientation of the tyres’ body plies (the layers of tough fabric that form the main structural body of the tyre); radial ...
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2answers
137 views

What is the difference between a 'live' NLG axle and a 'fixed' NLG axle?

What are the advantages / disadvantages of a live and fixed nose landing gear axle and how do they work? Maybe certain aircraft need a particular type fitted? I can't see the need of a moving axle (...
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What are the specifications of this Zenith bush airplane's gear and tires?

I would like to know the name (if any) and the specifications of Zenith's bush airplane? I would like to know the size, the diameter, the maximum load, bearing number/type, and so on. Seems that the ...
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2answers
570 views

Why does the A320 have an anti skid system and how does it work? [duplicate]

Can somebody explain why do A320 aircraft have an anti skid system? What is its purpose? And a brief explanation on how it works.
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2answers
4k views

What is the purpose of the Dash 8’s “TOUCHED RUNWAY” warning light?

The DHC-8-400 (and possibly other DHC-8 variants) has (or, at least, had in late 2007, according to Appendix G of this AAR) a warning light labelled “TOUCHED RUNWAY”. The extract of the DHC-8-400’s ...
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1answer
2k views

What does shimmy in nose landing gear mean?

While I was reading a small article on "Reasons for RTO", I came across a situation where the pilots aborted takeoff because of "landing gear shimmy". What does that mean?
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1answer
820 views

Why does the A330 sit nose-down on the ground?

The passenger versions of the A330 have a small but noticeable nose-down angle when sitting on the ground: (Image by contri at Flickr, via russavia at Wikimedia Commons.) In contrast, A330s built as ...
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7answers
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Why wasn't the 737 MAX's landing gear lengthened enough to mount the engines under the wings, rather than in front of them?

The reason Boeing originally added the MCAS to the 737 MAX was to compensate for a slight pitch-up moment generated by the engine nacelles at very high angles of attack. This pitch-up moment occurred ...
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2answers
5k views

Why do aircraft sometimes bounce while landing?

I've seen a few youtube videos where an aircraft bounces once/twice while landing on the runway. Why does this happen?
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1answer
95 views

How is the impact force on the landing gear distributed in fighters?

Upon landing, what percentage of weight is distributed on the main and the nose landing gears of fighters? Upon landing of a fighter aircraft, what would be the approximate time of transfer of the ...
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1answer
210 views

Exceeding VLO and by how much is too much?

Piper Seminole (PA-44-180) VLO (max gear retraction speed) is 109 KIAS. I've heard that manufacturer published limitations are significantly lower than actual structural and system limitations. What ...
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4answers
2k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tail wheels that cause modern airplanes to not use them?

Photos' source: Cessna 140 and Cessna 150. According to Wikipedia here, the Cessna 150 is successor of Cessna 140. Both have two-seat capacity and a single engine. Why was the Cessna 150 changed to ...
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1answer
328 views

Do landing gear doors need repairs after a gear gravity deploy landing?

I know that landing gears can be deployed even without hydraulic power by letting them go down by gravity, as seen on this video: I was wondering: do the landing ...
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1answer
574 views

What is the material of snubber brakes?

What is the material of snubber brakes that is used for stopping the spin of the nose landing gear? KC-135, Boeing 747, 727 are the aircraft that I saw with these snubbers.
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2answers
1k views

What main landing gear actuator does the Boeing 777-300ER have?

I can't remember the name of this system was, but all I do know is that is a big actuator that only exists on the Boeing 777-300ER variant. It will pressurize the actuator according to the thrust ...
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2answers
582 views

How are the 747-400 rudder pedals and tillers connected to the nose wheel?

The Boeing 747-400 Before Taxi Procedure says (emphasis mine): [...] Flight controls .............................................. Check C [...] Hold the nose wheel tiller during rudder check to ...
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1answer
929 views

Why would a Blue Angels pilot leave their gear down?

In a recent Blue Angels airshow, one of the pilots had their landing gear down during the first 5 minutes of the show. What possible reasons would justify leaving the aircraft in this state? No ...
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2answers
174 views

For large commercial aircraft, how are the tires changed?

Something at least the size of a 737, all the way up to the A380. How are aircraft tires changed for large commercial aircraft? Are they actually jacked up like with a car?
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1answer
2k views

Why do some helicopters have wheels instead of skids?

I have noticed that Black Hawk helicopters have tires, but I have not seen one take off like a plane. When would a helicopter need to use a running take off or landing? When is it determined ...
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1answer
422 views

What indication will appear in case of one of A320 LGCIU is inoperative?

What indication and where it will appear in case of one of LGCIU (landing gear control and interface unit) is inoperative?
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1answer
2k views

Why does the A-4 Skyhawk sit nose-up when on ground?

The rear of the plane is nearer to the ground, while the front part of the plane is away from the ground (see image below). Other planes are more flat. I think it was for high AoA but these planes ...
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1answer
132 views

How does landing gear affect thrust on a light twin-engine airplane?

I'm working on my commercial multiengine rating. And I got this question from my examiner, and I answered: landing gear produces penalty drag, so it decreases thrust. But the examiner says this isn'...
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2answers
306 views

Why does only one hydraulic intake line from the reservoir have a filter on the Arrow II?

This is a portion of an Arrow II landing gear hydraulic system diagram. I noticed that there are two intake check valves, one located on each side of the pump, that would allow flow from the ...
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0answers
394 views

What is the difference between a pressure switch, high-pressure control, and low-pressure control in a landing gear hydraulic system?

This is an Arrow II landing gear diagram. In the diagram, the high and low pressure controls look like check valves. The pressure switch is unclear. What are these three items, and what purpose ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the purpose of the shuttle valve in a Piper Arrow's landing gear system?

This is the PA-28R-201 landing gear hydraulic system diagram. I am wondering how this shuttle valve functions. Research I have done indicates that a shuttle valve blocks one attachment to the valve ...
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3answers
3k views

Does Nitrogen inside commercial airliner wheels prevent blowouts on touchdown?

I just watched the first episode of Inside Mighty Machine where civil engineer-turned-host, Chad Zdenek, discussed innovations of the 747. One innovation he discussed was the increased number of ...
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1answer
744 views

How can the landing gear of an A320 be lowered in the event of a simultaneous hydraulic and electrical failure?

What is the process for lowering the landing gear of an A320 when the hydraulic and electrical systems are not operational? What happens to the aircraft when you lower the landing gear with ...

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