Questions tagged [instrument-flight-rules]

Instrument flight rules (IFR) are a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. IFR permits flying and navigating by instruments alone in conditions where there is no visual reference outside the aircraft.

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What requirements are needed to fly an approach that requires you to fly over the US/Mexico border?

I was flying North of El Paso Texas listening to El Paso Approach when I heard Approach ask a Falcon Jet if they could fly into Mexico to fly a Runway 4 GPS approach. At El Paso, the runway 4 ...
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Does an autopilot that controls roll, pitch and a yaw damper meet the requirements of 135.105(c)(1)?

For single-pilot VFR operations, 14 CFR 135.105(c)(1) requires that: The autopilot is capable of operating the aircraft controls to maintain flight and maneuver it about the three axes Does this ...
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How should this ODP be flown if heading east?

The KFDK departure procedure for RWY 23 states: DEPARTURE PROCEDURE: Rwy 23, climb heading 229° to 1200 before turning right. Does this only apply if making any sort of right turn after ...
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Is the Common Route, either of a SID or a STAR, related to the Runway Transition (climb phase) or the Enroute Transition (enroute phase)?

Based on this question ("What are the 'parts' of a SID procedure?"), I would like to ask for clarification concerning the role of the Common Route in a SID. As far as I have understood, the most ...
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268 views

Are there FAA approved infrared night vision devices we could use in case of engine failure at night in IFR conditions?

Terrible situation. Your single engine on your general aviation aircraft fails. You are flying at night, no airports nearby enough to land at and patchy fog causing Instrument Meteorological ...
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341 views

How Does the FAA Define the Dimensions of the Touchdown Zone?

Does the FAA give a regulatory definition of the term "Touchdown Zone" for use within the context of landing operations? In 14 CFR 91.175 the FAA requires—in certain cases—that pilots must be in a ...
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60 views

Is it legal to fly this approach in Bahrain if the VORTAC is out of service?

Can I fly the VOR/DME/ILS RWY 33R approach at Bahrain/Isa Airbase (OBBS) if the OBBS VORTAC is out of service?
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Are ASR and PAR approaches commonly used in Europe?

How common are ASR and PAR approaches these days? Are they still practiced anywhere in Europe?
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71 views

Can you recommend IFR material for Europe?

Is there a European equivalent to the FAA's "Instrument Flying Handbook" and "Instrument Procedures Handbook" that will illustrate how to fly different procedures in accordance with ICAO PANS-OPS Doc ...
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63 views

What is the difference between high altitude vs low altitude approach?

Is there any factor that influences the decision of whether to take a high or low instrument approach (e.g. Hi Tacan or Low Tacan)? What are the differences between these two approaches?
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296 views

Are the terms “Coupled approach” and “Hand flown approach” strictly defined?

I was looking on SE and also Google for the answer, but couldn't find anything. My question is when to log an approach as coupled or handflown? All of the approaches I fly are CAT I but the aircraft's ...
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64 views

What indicated altitude should I hold at after missed approach at KTVL airport

Assume I'm planning on conducting the GPS RWY 18 approach at KTVL (Lake Tahoe airport) and the current temperature is -40C. If I execute a missed approach and proceed to the holding fix (HETRY), at ...
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366 views

How do I use the “Inoperative Components or Visual Aids Table” when more than one component is inop?

I can't fully seem to understand this sentence: If more than one component is inoperative, each minimum is raised to the highest minimum required by any single component that is inoperative Can ...
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At what altitude should I join overhead a fix when my legal MSA is lower than the holding altitude?

For example, if my MSA is 4600ft and the holding altitude is 6500ft, am I legally allowed to join overhead the fix at 4600ft, or do I need to join overhead the station at 6500ft?
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What is considered to be a approved deviation in an ILS beam during a CAT3 approach?

For category 3 approaches, the airport has to transition to LVP mode. In this mode- the holding points are taken back a little bit and the runway surroundings are clear. My question is- Is there a ...
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75 views

What does this line in Minimum Sector Altitude mean?

This is from the AIP Australia ENR 1.5-7 and I need some help interpreting it for my IREX please. In instances where the 25NM MSA has been divided into sectors, and the appropriate 25NM Sector ...
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Why do NY ARTCC Standard Operation Procedures have different altitude limits than the NY Class B airspace?

The NY Class B airspace is defined, officially, as seen in this document, which can be found in the VFR Class B Graphics in the FAA website. In this graphic (and in the corresponding shapefile, Class ...
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214 views

How does turning Errors in the Air Driven Artificial Horizon work?

Turning through 90°, 180°, 270° & 360°, the error is different. I can understand what is turning error and pitch error individually. But why turning through different degree, the resulting error ...