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Questions tagged [instrument-flight-rules]

Instrument flight rules (IFR) are a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. IFR permits flying and navigating by instruments alone in conditions where there is no visual reference outside the aircraft.

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Holding *west* on the 090 radial?

This question was on a practice instrument test: You receive this ATC clearance: "HOLD WEST OF THE ONE FIVE DME FIX ON THE ZERO NINE ZERO RADIAL OF ABC VORTAC, FIVE MILE LEGS, LEFT TURNS…" ...
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2 votes
1 answer
90 views

Zero Flight Experience to Light Jet Type Rating - Requirements, Feasibility, and Timeline?

Hi everyone I have read this form for a couple months I am someone who is extremely interested in getting my private pilots license. But I am curious about something if I was to at some point secure a ...
FootballFan1846's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
41 views

Can we do this approach using suitable RNAV instead of ADF/ DME,

KCEW has VOR-A approach. And this has NOTME FIX MINIMA, which requires ADF or DME. However, these ADF or DME are used to find NOTME FIX, (to detect direction of LOM or Distance). In other words ADF ...
Shin O's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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How can I identify VDP on VOR 1 runway 36 at KOCF

at Ocala international airport (KOCF), they have VOR runway 36 approach. The VDP is 2.7 NM away from the OCF vortac. But my aircraft is not equipped with DME. How can I identify the VDP without using ...
Shin O's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
182 views

Engine failure after takeoff during IMC. What to do?

Flying a Cessna 172 with IFR you have engine failure after takeoff at 500ft AGL during IMC, visibility 0/0. What's the procedure?
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2 answers
72 views

Can you do a IFR flight in a uncontrolled space in a helicopter?

Can you do a IFR flight from point A to point B (both within an uncontrolled airspace) in IMC in a helicopter? Would there be a minimum altitude?
Gabe's user avatar
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what is "short range clearance procedure" like?

in my oral exam guid book it says "a traffic clearance issued prior to departure will normally authorize flight to the airport of intended landing. Under certain conditions, at some locations, a ...
Shin O's user avatar
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0 answers
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Adding IFR to an Experimental [duplicate]

I am considering buying an Experimental-Amateur Built plane. It was originally equipped and approved for VFR only. The second owner completely redid the avionics, and it’s now a solid IFR platform and ...
StephenS's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
165 views

What's the precision difference between ILS and GPS(LNAV/VNAV)?

What is the precision/accuracy difference between both GPS (LNAV/VNAV) and ILS?
Gabe's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
207 views

When ATC tells you to climb or descent now, do the speed restrictions on SIDs and STARs still apply? (EASA)

I am flying the ELSUP 1H departure. After taking off, I get told to climb to FL100. Do I have to comply with the speed restrictions? Is it the same for a STAR?
standel's user avatar
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Questions regarding Non-precision Localiser approach (KSEE LOC-D Approach)

Scenario Say we are doing some practice approaches into KSEE on the LOC-D approach. We are just southwest of the field and ATC/CFII says to climb to 5500 direct to BARET, cross BARET 5500 cleared for ...
Trevor Miller's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
234 views

FAF: Lightning Bolt vs Maltese Cross on approach plates?

Here is my understanding (please correct me if I am wrong): A maltese cross is a FAF indicated with a distance and lightning bolt is FAF indicated by interception of glide slope. Non precision ...
Steve's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
5k views

Can a pilot tell a controller they don't need IFR clearance?

A pilot requests a zone transit. The controller asks if they can accept IFR clearance, they cannot, due to lack of a rating or equipment. But the weather doesn't require IFR, i.e. visibility is 10km+ ...
Cloud's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
144 views

Timing not authorized for defining the MAPt

Does anyone know why some charts have written "Timing not authorized for defining the MAPt"? Could this happen when the DME required is written on the chart? Thank you,
Sarah Foxes's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
117 views

Logging Instrument approach if if entering IMC past the FAF, but in VMC before and passing the FAF

Can an Instrument rated pilot log an instrument approach if entered IMC past the FAF to minimums but was VMC prior and just past the FAF? What is your source?
Phantom Pilot's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
759 views

What are the oxygen requirements for an IFR flight eastbound on V520 from DBS VORTAC in an unpressurized aircraft at the MEA?

IFR written test question by the FAA. Available answers: The required minimum crew must be provided and use supplemental oxygen for that part of the flight of more than 30 minutes, and the passengers ...
user2605553's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
441 views

Approach miniumum when I lost WAAS during approach

I have a GPS receiver with WAAS. During an LPV approach, I received an LOI message That means I only lost WAAS, not RAIM. Did I just need to change minimum to LNAV and continue the approach?
sophie's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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You are flying an IFR trip in a Cessna 172 and you receive a pilot report (PIREP). It is useful if:

Practicing for my IFR written test. Question is in the title. Three options: A) It is current and reported by a similar airplane to your own. B) The report is given by a professional pilot—for ...
user2605553's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
184 views

IFR plan only with GPS

I'm right before CFII checkride I understand that if it is without WAAS, I need navigational equipment other than GPS because I can flight plan based on GPS either destination or alternate. However, ...
agentpilot's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
696 views

Confusion about the 6 month timeline for instrument currency

14 CFR 61.57 (c)(1) says that "within the 6 months PRECEDING the month of flight, that person has performed the following tasks..." (6 instrument approaches and the rest). To keep things ...
Terry's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is there a way to tell if a navaid in the plan view of an approach plate is collocated with DME equipment?

If there are DME distances depicted in the plan or profile view of an approach plate, it is usually pretty obvious which navaid they are referenced to. I'm wondering if there is a way to tell ...
Terry's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
168 views

Best study strategy for instrument checkride?

My instrument check ride is fast approaching, and I want to come up with a comprehensive study strategy to prepare. I feel a bit overwhelmed with the amount of information I feel I should memorize and ...
Terry's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
319 views

What is the difference between VFR and IFR in class G airspace?

What is the difference, and how would an outsider discern, whether a flight was conducted under Visual Flight Rules or Instrument Flight Rules in class G airspace? (United States, FAA jurisdiction, ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
589 views

What are the rules for an IFR departure from a private airfield with nearby obstructions?

I'm flying out of a small private coastal airfield in California that has a variety of obstructions including nearby trees and hills to the North and East of it, and am trying to understand the legal ...
anonanon's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Are Holding Speeds Regulatory?

Throughout instrument I was taught the three different holding speeds (e.g. 0-6,000' MSL is 200 KIAS) and now that I'm starting CFII I am curious about what regulation someone would be breaking if ...
Michael Dauphinee's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
108 views

MAP in profile view of approach plate

I understand that the start of the dotted arrow on the profile view of an approach plate shows the MAP for the precision approach on a plate if the plate combines more than 1 (for example, a plate ...
Terry's user avatar
  • 355
0 votes
2 answers
113 views

Pilot briefing strip

Hello can you guys break this down for me? The briefing strip says Rwy 10 R helicopter visibility reduction below RVR 4000 NA. Is NA not authorized or Not available? Simultaneous approach authorized . ...
youngpilot's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
134 views

Human error analysis in general aviation [closed]

can anybody help me with understanding more about the human factors analysis in general aviation Controlled flight into terrain. I am researching on the topic and I would really appreciate any help in ...
Soumyajit Maiti's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

EASA FCL Clarification (FCL.810 Night Rating)

I'm having an argument whether I can file a Z Flight plan from a non-instrument aerodrome to an instrument one at night to collect hours for the night rating. FCL.810 requires ..a training course .. ...
ExternalUse's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
311 views

What is the regulation(s) that states GPS can be used in lieu of DME? Pertaining to the US [duplicate]

I always hear that GPS can be used in lieu of DME, but I would like to know the specific regulation that states this.
Guy's user avatar
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1 answer
748 views

Is Pitot Heat required for IFR?

CFR 125.205 states that § 125.205 Equipment requirements: Airplanes under IFR. No person may operate an airplane under IFR unless it has— (a) A vertical speed indicator; (b) A free-air temperature ...
Charles Bretana's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
1k views

What's the best way to get through clouds when not instrument rated?

The obvious answer to this is... don't go into clouds. But if you are flying among scattered or broken clouds and you go up above them, then when you reach your destination it's overcast and there is ...
Cloud's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
226 views

Cleared straight in approach

I was flying IFR (in a simulator with Vatsim ATC) cleared direct to ROXXE on the RNAV 04 at KAVP at 4000 on a course of 275. The controller said "Cross ROXXE at or above 4000, cleared straight in ...
Tom's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
342 views

Navaid information on SID

I noticed this information under the navaid boxes on the Logan Four departure from KBOS. What do they mean? Additionally could you point me to what publication they would be explained in?
Tom's user avatar
  • 387
2 votes
2 answers
395 views

Holding with no radial specified

During my instrument check ride a couple years ago I was given an unpublished hold by ATC at a fix in the approach. For the hold ATC said something to the effect of "... hold west of [fix name] .....
Tom's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
146 views

Can I fly a SID/STAR if a navaid is NOTAMed inoperative, using RNAV?

Take a SID like this, BARPI2K at LJPZ. The textual Route description says BARPI TWO KILO Climb on track 315 to 1700 ft; LT to PZ L; overhead PZ L; LT on HDG 295; intercept PZ QDR 325 PZ L to BARPI. ...
Marcell Toth's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Airline pilots and unplanned but not necessary manouevres

This story details how an EasyJet captain flew a presumably unplanned circle to give everyone on board a look at the Northern Lights. Are captains allowed to do this sort of thing on a whim, or would ...
Alan B's user avatar
  • 253
3 votes
1 answer
445 views

how to determine the optimum FL for A320 to make a flight plan?

I want to make an ifr flight plan for A320 based on fcom, but I don't understand how to make one
Uchiha Madara's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
1k views

When should the missed approach procedure be executed?

When flying a straight-in precision or non-precision instrument approach, when should the missed approach procedure be executed? Note that this is being asked in the context of FAA regulations, but ...
ryan1618's user avatar
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27 votes
3 answers
5k views

What did Chuck do wrong in this Chicken Wings comic?

What did Chuck do wrong, other than being in an airplane?
Someone's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
766 views

What is a Tromboning arrival procedure?

I only know that Tromboning is a RNAV arrival procedure which has the trombone shape, and it's an application of CDO (Continuous Descent Operation) along with Point Merge Procedure. Can you give me ...
Harry Huynh's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
183 views

Canadian Approach Plates: Why does the minima show that DME is required but the procedure name does not?

I see so many plates that contain lines of minima requiring the use of DME, but the title does not indicate DME is required. For example, the "LOC RWY 27" approach into CYYJ. The title ...
foxtrottrotfox's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

RAIM Checks when using GNSS in lieu of DME for distance information

I understand that a RAIM has to be checked on the ground as part of preflight, as well as before the commencement of an RNAV/RNP approach. What I am unable to find information on online, is whether a ...
Zhi Hao Tan's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
188 views

1. Why does the glide slope guide you down to 0.7NM away from the runway? 2. Best way to circle from 28 to active runway 36?

Why does the glide slope guide you down to 0.7NM away from the runway? 2. Best way to circle from 28 to active runway 36? Note parachute jump site takes place on SE corner
Mizz's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
267 views

Amending Operating Limitations for IFR operations

I own an experimental aircraft and have installed all the equipment necessary to fly under IFR. I found that there's a line on the Operating Limitations document that says "Day/Night VFR ...
Charles Bretana's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
301 views

How is the VOR-A approach at KVCB meant to be flown?

This is the VOR-A approach into KVCB: The plate indicates that "Circling NA west of Rwy 2-20." But runway 2 is left traffic and runway 20 is right traffic. How is one meant to avoid the ...
Chris's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
470 views

Changing SID without changing the flight plan

Pilots are demanding conventional SID rather than RNAV SID planned on flight plan due gps problem. In that case is it enough for a tower controller to coordinate the conventional SID with the approach ...
ilayda's user avatar
  • 59
2 votes
1 answer
481 views

When a VOR is an IAF, must it be treated as a fly-over waypoint, or is fly-by acceptable?

I have a VOR approach at KMDQ that has you fly outbound from the VOR as the IAF, do a procedure turn and come back to the VOR as the Final approach fix. My question is, when you are using it as the ...
Matthew Rasmussen's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Best way to mentally calculate wind correction angle (WCA) when in a holding pattern?

I have been out of flying for a while and need to brush up on my holding patterns. I need a quick method or rule of thumb to calculate the wind correction angle (WCA) for example when flying outbound ...
Talktomegoose's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
188 views

Why some airspaces don't have high-altitude IFR airways?

I noticed on enroute charts that some airspaces (mainly over Balnkans - e.g. LWSS, LYBA, LDZO, LOVV etc) do not have high-altitude IFR airways. Unfortunately searching online didn't reveal much. What ...
Orestis Samaras's user avatar

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