Questions tagged [instrument-flight-rules]

Instrument flight rules (IFR) are a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. IFR permits flying and navigating by instruments alone in conditions where there is no visual reference outside the aircraft.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Does an IFR flight-plan include the approach?

I tried to create an IFR flight plan (at simbrief.com) and there is something I don't get: Are we supposed to know the runway/approach at the destination airport before taking-off, and add it to the ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Is it necessary to switch from VFR to IFR when using ILS approach?

I have flown at an airport and asked for vectors for an ILS approach in VMC for practice. But the controller refused to give me vectors and told me that I could only have a visual approach. I got the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How should this ODP be flown at KELP?

The KELP (El Paso) Obstacle Departure Procedure (ODP) says: Rwy 4, 8R: climbing right turn heading 120° and ELP R-150 to 9000, then proceed on course. Rwy 22, 26L: climbing left turn heading 120° and ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Why does this holding pattern have both minimum and maximum altitudes published?

Reference the VOR-A Approach to Stellar Airpark (P19), in Chandler, Arizona (shown below): When JAROD INT is used for missed approach holding the published procedure calls for the aircraft to climb to ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Too soon to pass the IATRA exam? (Canada) [closed]

I just finished the IFR group 1 rating this week. Currently at 220h Total flight time with CPL, no job in sight (of course), and wondering if I should start studying for the IATRA now or wait until I'...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Can I document a VOR check with a photo to comply with 91.171(d)?

I'm interested in understanding the limits of what it means to "sign" a record. While enroute for any meaningful length of time, I try to tune two VOR's and I take a photo of the G1000 NXi ...
0
votes
3answers
93 views

Does a hold-entry count as a hold for instrument currency?

So in looking at the instrument currency requirements for the FAA (6 approaches, holds, intercepting & tracking courses), I'm having difficulty nailing down what constitutes a hold. Based on AIM 5-...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

Is it required to report climbs and descents within a block altitude assignment?

The following is assuming US FAA and IFR. This question stems from a question on CRUISE clearance. Section 4-4-3.d.3 of the 2021 AIM says that in a CRUISE clearance Climbs/Descents within the block ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

When can I descend on a feeder route if instructed “maintain … until established”

AIM 5-4-6 discusses how Approach Clearance applies to feeder routes. It says that when ATC clears an aircraft for the approach, the aircraft is expected to use a feeder route if applicable. My ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

IFR training in the free route airspace

The free route airspace is spreading in Central Europe, consuming routes and decomissioning VORs. There are no routes left in the high airspace, and some of the FIRs keep a few low (up to FL95) RNAV ...
8
votes
1answer
501 views

Instrument Approaches which do not have a FAF

Most instrument approaches denote the Final Approach Fix (FAF) as the start of the final approach segment terminating in either the Missed Approach Point (MAP) for non-precision approaches or a ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

In what airspace may gliders fly in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility?

In what airspace may gliders (sailplanes) legally be flown in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility? Also, how high does this class (...
6
votes
0answers
86 views

Why do GPS Copter Approaches require a slower final approach speed than conventional Copter Approaches?

AIM 10-1-2 says helicopter instrument approaches are designed with a maximum speed of 90 KIAS. However, it specifically exempts the final segment on GPS helicopter approaches, saying the maximum speed ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Can instrument training be done in IMC with an instrument-rated safety pilot? [duplicate]

I'd like to fly some hours towards an instrument rating by flying with a safety pilot. I have a safety pilot who is instrument-rated and current (he's working on building time towards a commercial ...
10
votes
1answer
249 views

Why would an ILS have a glide path angle less than the preferred 3°?

According to EASA the preferred Glide Path Angle is 3°: EASA Easy Access Rules - Page 22 - 4.1.2.1. There are some airports (e.g. Larnaca 2.75°) which are using a lower Glide Path Angle than 3°. Using ...
-1
votes
1answer
152 views

Is the procedure turn mandatory at non towered airports? [duplicate]

Here is instrument VOR-A approach at Eagle Lake. If I am coming from the north, it looks to me a big waste to make a procedure turn. On the other hand there is nobody there to approve straight-in ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Are both RVR and visibility minimum required for CAT I ILS?

Is it required to have both RVR and visibility to be more than minimum for ILS CAT 1 or one of them is acceptable. If both required which one has priority.
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I fly a STAR (standard terminal arrival route) if I can't maintain the minimum speed for it?

I fly a single-engine airplane not capable of more than 120 KIAS. I'd love to fly a STAR (standard terminal arrival route) into my local airport (US), but want to make sure I fully understand the STAR ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Why is Transition Altitude fixed but Transition Level is not?

In Jeppesen approach plates we see that the Transition Altitude of the aerodrome is fixed but the Transition Level is not fixed and is given by ATC. What is the reason for this?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

When can I start an approach if I lose comms and my clearance limit is not an initial approach fix?

Here is the AIM's definition for a clearance limit: CLEARANCE LIMIT− The fix, point, or location to which an aircraft is cleared when issued an air traffic clearance Assume a clearance such as: &...
1
vote
2answers
826 views

What is the difference between Cloud Ceiling and Cloud Base?

By definition, Cloud ceiling is The height above the ground or water of the base of the lowest layer of cloud below 6000 meters (20,000 feet) covering more than half the sky. So does, Cloud Ceiling ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Can a US pilot residing in the EU fly N-reg under IFR on a US PPL?

I am a US citizen living in the Netherlands, and I have an FAA PPL(A) with current IR as well as an EASA PPL(A) without IR. I am currently trying to figure out my easiest path to IR conversion, as I ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Per the AIM, Helicopter pilots may fly non-copter approaches at half the published visibility. Where is that in the FAR?

In AIM 10-1-2 Helicopter Instrument Approaches, paragraph a1 says the visibility reduction rule comes from 14 CFR Section 97.3. From what I can see, that section is just definitions. What is the AIM ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

If ATC doesn't assign an obstacle departure procedure in an IFR clearance, what should you do?

If ATC doesn't assign an obstacle departure procedure (ODP) as part of an IFR clearance can you use one anyway? And if there is no ODP, do you then follow the 35ft at runway threshold / 400ft at first ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

How does the G1000 differ from an airliner’s avionics?

I'm going through my multi-engine rating, and my flight training has always been on the G1000. I've had a simple system course on the CRJ-200. In terms of IFR flying, I really don't see much ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

Is a forward slip considered a “normal maneuver” under 91.175(c)(1)?

After an instrument approach in IMC, 91.175(c)(1) requires, among other things, that operations below the DH or MDA must allow for a "normal rate of descent using normal maneuvers." Can ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Can Instrument Approaches be carried out when RVR is not given for the full runway length? (Approach Ban)

Bristol Airport (EGGD) has the following NOTAM in place: INSTRUMENTED RVR RWY 27 STOPEND OUT OF SERVICE Would aircraft be allowed to continue approaches into Bristol? If so, would the touchdown and ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

What do EU pilots use for IFR enroute charting (besides Jeppesen)?

Is there something equivalent to FAA IFR enroute charts for the EU, where you can see published routes, holds, minimum altitudes, etc? I can find terminal area procedures in the AIPs, but the ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

During VMC conditions in terminal airspace (class B), does the pilots have to strictly follow separation standards issued by ATC?

Is it common for pilots to breach separation standards in terminal airspace while the conditions are VMC? I'm interested primarily in commercial aircraft that have scheduled operations in major ...
1
vote
3answers
819 views

Is using a VOR considered IFR or VFR?

As the title mentioned. And also, is using it in zero visibility (or near) a real life scenario?
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Which sub-scale setting may a pilot use on an instrument approach in South Africa--QFE or QNH?

I saw this question in my Instrument Rating exam and I need to know which answer is correct, A or B. Question: As far as the vertical reference of an aircraft during the final approach segment of an ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

KSEE LOC-D conundrum

Consider the LOC-D at KSEE and note the Alternate Minimums criteria. 99.9% of the time, the winds strongly favor 27R; The tower closes at 1900 PT currently (usually at 2100 PT non COVID times); LOC-D ...
2
votes
1answer
506 views

Can a non-IFR rated pilot accept an IFR clearance, provided the operation occurs in VMC only?

According to this FAA ruling a pilot can operate an aircraft under an IFR flight plan even if the aircraft is not IFR certified, provided the operation occurs in VMC. What the ruling doesn't ...
8
votes
1answer
189 views

Can you change airways when they cross without a named fix?

There are a few victor airways that cross without a named fix, just two solid lines drawn over each other on the IFR low charts. Can these be used as intersections for changing airways in IFR route ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

Do I need to call Clearance Delivery for IFR Practices when taking off from a D airport?

I have the following question: If I am going to practice IFR approaches under VFR, do I need to contact clearance delivery for that or it's enough to contact ground and state my intentions? I would ...
1
vote
2answers
208 views

How far along was JFK Jr. in his instrument training?

I read up a little more about the infamous and tragic incident. JFK Jr. had over 300 hours logged, and about 36 in the Saratoga, half of which was solo. It's not like he was a newly minted VFR pilot ...
5
votes
2answers
801 views

Why RNAV SIDs and STARs are RNAV 1 instead of RNP 1?

I am studying for my CFII check-ride and I was wondering to know why SIDs and STARs are not RNP 1 but RNAV 1? Let's start with the following two definitions RNP - Required Navigation Performance: It's ...
1
vote
3answers
342 views

IFR requirement for altimeter question (i.e. +/- 75 feet) [closed]

What if the ATIS/AWOS/ASOS results in a very low or very high altimeter setting (i.e. barometric pressure)? Surely this setting will result in an altimeter setting way outside the envelope of the +/- ...
0
votes
2answers
288 views

How do I determine holding pattern entry and direction in this example?

I need help with this question for the IFR written test: "A pilot receives this ATC clearance: '...CLEARED TO THE XYZ VORTAC. HOLD NORTH ON THE THREE SIX ZERO RADIAL, LEFT TURNS...' What is the ...
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Why are the MSA direction needles not oriented to north?

Why is it when you look at an MSA the arrows are pointed opposite of where they should be?
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How to navigate onto VOR RWY 18 approach at KDEC?

Maybe a dumb question. I've seen a few places where a VOR approach doesn't have an obvious (to me) way to get lined up inbound without radar vectors. Say you don't have GPS and you're navigating with ...
1
vote
2answers
332 views

What altitude to use for IFR off-airways route

Say I want to fly off-airways (both Victor airways and T routes) for my IFR flight, direct to my destination in the US. How do I know what my off-route altitude should be so I can file for that? I ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Is some sort of clearance, such as a clearance to enter nearby controlled airspace, required to legally fly in IMC in Class G airspace?

In the US, is some sort of clearance, such as a clearance to enter nearby controlled airspace, required to legally fly in IMC in Class G airspace? Or to put the question another way, in the US, may an ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

In almost any airplane commercial operation, unless you’re doing something very short haul daytime ops, an Instrument Rating is all but required with airplanes(it’s even in the FARs). Generally the ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

How accurately do I need to maintain my altitude while VFR-on-top?

Is holding altitude as stringent a requirement when flying VFR-on-top? If the deviation exceeds say 200 feet off a given VFR altitude (i.e. 5500’ heading eastbound) is this as big of an issue for ATC?
0
votes
5answers
259 views

Could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time?

In the US, could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time? If not, where in the FARs is this spelled out? Consider the ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

Does a glider pilot need to file an IFR flight plan to legally fly in cloud in class E airspace in the US?

Does a glider pilot need to file an IFR flight plan to legally fly in cloud in class E (controlled) airspace in the US? Or could he or she contact ATC and receive a clearance to enter cloud without ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What organisation owns intersection names?

I understand that five letter intersection codes (such as WARPI, PAPPI, KUBBS, ROSLY, ZALPO, ...) are unique in the world. However, their names don't comprise a national prefix (as aircraft tail ...
3
votes
2answers
466 views

What does “airspace above 14,500 MSL is controlled with few exception” mean?

I was reading Cessna IFR Training program and came across this line that airspace above 14,500 MSL is controlled with few exceptions. What does it really mean? Class A doesn't start until 18,000 ft, ...
4
votes
3answers
308 views

How should one fly the entry procedure to an approach when the hold is not aligned with the outbound course?

Consider the following NDB DME approach into runway 08 at Jersey (EGJJ): Let's assume we are coming in from the North and are currently cleared direct to the JW NDB flying inbound on a 180° track. ...

1
2 3 4 5
9