Questions tagged [instrument-flight-rules]

Instrument flight rules (IFR) are a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. IFR permits flying and navigating by instruments alone in conditions where there is no visual reference outside the aircraft.

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3
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1answer
172 views

How many degrees deviation from the defined final course can I have to start the descent?

To do a VOR, ILS or RNP approach, I am turning to establish the final approach course. The approach chart shows I should descend to a lower altitude for intercepting the final descent path. So, my ...
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2answers
397 views

What should I do if I intercept the glideslope before reaching the final approach fix?

On several of the ILS and RNAV LPV approaches in my area (and notably the ones I expect for my checkride), I consistently intercept the GS at 0.1-0.2nm before the FAF. An example: I am flying at ...
6
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1answer
122 views

Does compliance with ATC instructions apply to VFR aircraft in Class G?

(U.S.) 14 CFR 91.123 (b) states: Except in an emergency, no person may operate an aircraft contrary to an ATC instruction in an area in which air traffic control is exercised. FAR 91.123(b) was ...
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1answer
701 views

VFR aircraft on a practice instrument approach—is the aircraft IFR? Do they receive separation?

A VFR aircraft contacts ATC and requests to execute a practice instrument approach (whether full-procedure or vectors-to-final). ATC issues the approach clearance, including the specific words "...
6
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3answers
592 views

If cleared for an ILS approach at the Initial Approach Fix, where should I intercept the glideslope?

I am a brand new Instrument Pilot and the answer that I am looking for is related to good technique and not necessarily not what is legal or not. My instructor taught me that when flying an approach ...
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0answers
33 views

All approaches at airport NA for Alternate planning. Does that mean the same as Airport NA for Alternate if VFR landing is planned?

Jeppesen will use the term "NA" in the "For Filing as Alternate" table if all the available approaches at the given airport are not available. For FAA charts, a pilot will know ...
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1answer
86 views

What is the reason the MDA for VOR approaches differs from the DA for ILS approaches?

What is the reason for the numerical difference between the MDA altitude in VOR approaches and the DA altitude in ILS approaches?
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1answer
121 views

How do I read this flight plan route?

When I create a flight plan using SimBrief, for example for London Gatwick (EGKK) to Dublin Airport (EIDW), it generates the following route: ...
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3answers
227 views

Does accepting a VFR Descent cancel IFR?

After flying on an IFR clearance through a line of Thunderstorms, ATC provided me the option of a "VFR descent at own discretion". After descending and with the field in sight I requested to ...
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2answers
94 views

Where a Contact Approach is conducted there must be a published Instrument Approach to that airport. Why is this?

The following is required in order for a pilot to conduct a "Contact Approach:" Pilot must request it from ATC; Reported ground visibility must be at least one mile; The pilot must remain ...
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3answers
264 views

Can I request a visual approach before I have the field in sight?

I was on an IFR flight plan in VMC. The ATC asked me what approach I wanted, and I said visual approach. He said expect RNAV approach instead without saying why. I wonder if it's okay to ask for ...
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What conditions must be met for Straight in Approach minimums to be published? [duplicate]

Looking at KSEE LOC-D approach, the final course is pretty much lined up with the runway. The MDA leaves you about 1200 AGL. I'm thinking only circling minimums are published because it would be a ...
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1answer
76 views

What does "when used as an alternate" mean in the context of 135.225(e)?

Here's the text of 135.225(e) [No pilot may begin an instrument approach procedure to an airport unless] The MDA or DA/DH and visibility landing minimums prescribed in part 97 of this chapter or in ...
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Does an IFR flight-plan include the approach?

I tried to create an IFR flight plan (at simbrief.com) and there is something I don't get: Are we supposed to know the runway/approach at the destination airport before taking-off, and add it to the ...
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98 views

Is it necessary to switch from VFR to IFR when using ILS approach?

I have flown at an airport and asked for vectors for an ILS approach in VMC for practice. But the controller refused to give me vectors and told me that I could only have a visual approach. I got the ...
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1answer
66 views

How should this ODP be flown at KELP?

The KELP (El Paso) Obstacle Departure Procedure (ODP) says: Rwy 4, 8R: climbing right turn heading 120° and ELP R-150 to 9000, then proceed on course. Rwy 22, 26L: climbing left turn heading 120° and ...
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2answers
118 views

Why does this holding pattern have both minimum and maximum altitudes published?

Reference the VOR-A Approach to Stellar Airpark (P19), in Chandler, Arizona (shown below): When JAROD INT is used for missed approach holding the published procedure calls for the aircraft to climb to ...
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1answer
93 views

Too soon to pass the IATRA exam? (Canada) [closed]

I just finished the IFR group 1 rating this week. Currently at 220h Total flight time with CPL, no job in sight (of course), and wondering if I should start studying for the IATRA now or wait until I'...
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61 views

Can I document a VOR check with a photo to comply with 91.171(d)?

I'm interested in understanding the limits of what it means to "sign" a record. While enroute for any meaningful length of time, I try to tune two VOR's and I take a photo of the G1000 NXi ...
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3answers
202 views

Does a hold-entry count as a hold for instrument currency?

So in looking at the instrument currency requirements for the FAA (6 approaches, holds, intercepting & tracking courses), I'm having difficulty nailing down what constitutes a hold. Based on AIM 5-...
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2answers
134 views

Is it required to report climbs and descents within a block altitude assignment?

The following is assuming US FAA and IFR. This question stems from a question on CRUISE clearance. Section 4-4-3.d.3 of the 2021 AIM says that in a CRUISE clearance Climbs/Descents within the block ...
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1answer
244 views

When can I descend on a feeder route if instructed “maintain ... until established”

AIM 5-4-6 discusses how Approach Clearance applies to feeder routes. It says that when ATC clears an aircraft for the approach, the aircraft is expected to use a feeder route if applicable. My ...
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65 views

IFR training in the free route airspace

The free route airspace is spreading in Central Europe, consuming routes and decomissioning VORs. There are no routes left in the high airspace, and some of the FIRs keep a few low (up to FL95) RNAV ...
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1answer
743 views

Instrument Approaches which do not have a FAF

Most instrument approaches denote the Final Approach Fix (FAF) as the start of the final approach segment terminating in either the Missed Approach Point (MAP) for non-precision approaches or a ...
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1answer
118 views

In what airspace may gliders fly in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility?

In what airspace may gliders (sailplanes) legally be flown in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility? Also, how high does this class (...
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100 views

Why do GPS Copter Approaches require a slower final approach speed than conventional Copter Approaches?

AIM 10-1-2 says helicopter instrument approaches are designed with a maximum speed of 90 KIAS. However, it specifically exempts the final segment on GPS helicopter approaches, saying the maximum speed ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Can instrument training be done in IMC with an instrument-rated safety pilot? [duplicate]

I'd like to fly some hours towards an instrument rating by flying with a safety pilot. I have a safety pilot who is instrument-rated and current (he's working on building time towards a commercial ...
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1answer
262 views

Why would an ILS have a glide path angle less than the preferred 3°?

According to EASA the preferred Glide Path Angle is 3°: EASA Easy Access Rules - Page 22 - 4.1.2.1. There are some airports (e.g. Larnaca 2.75°) which are using a lower Glide Path Angle than 3°. Using ...
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1answer
155 views

Is the procedure turn mandatory at non towered airports? [duplicate]

Here is instrument VOR-A approach at Eagle Lake. If I am coming from the north, it looks to me a big waste to make a procedure turn. On the other hand there is nobody there to approve straight-in ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Are both RVR and visibility minimum required for CAT I ILS?

Is it required to have both RVR and visibility to be more than minimum for ILS CAT 1 or one of them is acceptable. If both required which one has priority.
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2answers
2k views

Can I fly a STAR (standard terminal arrival route) if I can't maintain the minimum speed for it?

I fly a single-engine airplane not capable of more than 120 KIAS. I'd love to fly a STAR (standard terminal arrival route) into my local airport (US), but want to make sure I fully understand the STAR ...
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1answer
70 views

Why is Transition Altitude fixed but Transition Level is not?

In Jeppesen approach plates we see that the Transition Altitude of the aerodrome is fixed but the Transition Level is not fixed and is given by ATC. What is the reason for this?
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1answer
1k views

When can I start an approach if I lose comms and my clearance limit is not an initial approach fix?

Here is the AIM's definition for a clearance limit: CLEARANCE LIMIT− The fix, point, or location to which an aircraft is cleared when issued an air traffic clearance Assume a clearance such as: &...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between Cloud Ceiling and Cloud Base?

By definition, Cloud ceiling is The height above the ground or water of the base of the lowest layer of cloud below 6000 meters (20,000 feet) covering more than half the sky. So does, Cloud Ceiling ...
3
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1answer
188 views

Can a US pilot residing in the EU fly N-reg under IFR on a US PPL?

I am a US citizen living in the Netherlands, and I have an FAA PPL(A) with current IR as well as an EASA PPL(A) without IR. I am currently trying to figure out my easiest path to IR conversion, as I ...
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1answer
115 views

Per the AIM, Helicopter pilots may fly non-copter approaches at half the published visibility. Where is that in the FAR?

In AIM 10-1-2 Helicopter Instrument Approaches, paragraph a1 says the visibility reduction rule comes from 14 CFR Section 97.3. From what I can see, that section is just definitions. What is the AIM ...
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1answer
242 views

If ATC doesn't assign an obstacle departure procedure in an IFR clearance, what should you do?

If ATC doesn't assign an obstacle departure procedure (ODP) as part of an IFR clearance can you use one anyway? And if there is no ODP, do you then follow the 35ft at runway threshold / 400ft at first ...
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1answer
169 views

How does the G1000 differ from an airliner’s avionics?

I'm going through my multi-engine rating, and my flight training has always been on the G1000. I've had a simple system course on the CRJ-200. In terms of IFR flying, I really don't see much ...
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1answer
254 views

Is a forward slip considered a "normal maneuver" under 91.175(c)(1)?

After an instrument approach in IMC, 91.175(c)(1) requires, among other things, that operations below the DH or MDA must allow for a "normal rate of descent using normal maneuvers." Can ...
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1answer
194 views

Can Instrument Approaches be carried out when RVR is not given for the full runway length? (Approach Ban)

Bristol Airport (EGGD) has the following NOTAM in place: INSTRUMENTED RVR RWY 27 STOPEND OUT OF SERVICE Would aircraft be allowed to continue approaches into Bristol? If so, would the touchdown and ...
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1answer
115 views

What do EU pilots use for IFR enroute charting (besides Jeppesen)?

Is there something equivalent to FAA IFR enroute charts for the EU, where you can see published routes, holds, minimum altitudes, etc? I can find terminal area procedures in the AIPs, but the ...
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2answers
144 views

During VMC conditions in terminal airspace (class B), does the pilots have to strictly follow separation standards issued by ATC?

Is it common for pilots to breach separation standards in terminal airspace while the conditions are VMC? I'm interested primarily in commercial aircraft that have scheduled operations in major ...
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3answers
1k views

Is using a VOR considered IFR or VFR?

As the title mentioned. And also, is using it in zero visibility (or near) a real life scenario?
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1answer
125 views

Which sub-scale setting may a pilot use on an instrument approach in South Africa--QFE or QNH?

I saw this question in my Instrument Rating exam and I need to know which answer is correct, A or B. Question: As far as the vertical reference of an aircraft during the final approach segment of an ...
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1answer
156 views

KSEE LOC-D conundrum

Consider the LOC-D at KSEE and note the Alternate Minimums criteria. 99.9% of the time, the winds strongly favor 27R; The tower closes at 1900 PT currently (usually at 2100 PT non COVID times); LOC-D ...
2
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1answer
581 views

Can a non-IFR rated pilot accept an IFR clearance, provided the operation occurs in VMC only?

According to this FAA ruling a pilot can operate an aircraft under an IFR flight plan even if the aircraft is not IFR certified, provided the operation occurs in VMC. What the ruling doesn't ...
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1answer
200 views

Can you change airways when they cross without a named fix?

There are a few victor airways that cross without a named fix, just two solid lines drawn over each other on the IFR low charts. Can these be used as intersections for changing airways in IFR route ...
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2answers
224 views

Do I need to call Clearance Delivery for IFR Practices when taking off from a D airport?

I have the following question: If I am going to practice IFR approaches under VFR, do I need to contact clearance delivery for that or it's enough to contact ground and state my intentions? I would ...
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2answers
255 views

How far along was JFK Jr. in his instrument training?

I read up a little more about the infamous and tragic incident. JFK Jr. had over 300 hours logged, and about 36 in the Saratoga, half of which was solo. It's not like he was a newly minted VFR pilot ...
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2answers
1k views

Why RNAV SIDs and STARs are RNAV 1 instead of RNP 1?

I am studying for my CFII check-ride and I was wondering to know why SIDs and STARs are not RNP 1 but RNAV 1? Let's start with the following two definitions RNP - Required Navigation Performance: It's ...

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