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Questions tagged [ifr-navigation]

Questions about navigating under Instrument Flight Rules

2
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0answers
13 views

Does a Navigation Specification characterize all legs of a terminal procedure?

I am studying the different parts of Instrument Flight Procedures, as they are described by FAA's manuals, such as the Aeronautical Information Manual, TERPS and Performance Based Navigation. For ...
2
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1answer
84 views

What is difference between TAA and MSA?

I know the 'TAA' usually used in RNAV chart, but sometimes it can be used in ILS chart as well. (When defining an IF, GPS is solely methods) but While I'm studying, I can't find exact difference ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Are there any non-bureaucratic hurdles preventing more widespread adoption of synthetic vision?

Occasionally, a flight will encounter bad enough weather that the crew will become disoriented. While tools like a terrain radar, ILS, and GPWS/TAWS do help the pilots regain orientation, they're not ...
2
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2answers
95 views

How to interpret/use “Fix Minimums” (at KALB)

This one stumped both myself and my CFI. Im specifically asking about the minimums at KALB IL/LOC 19 but a general answer is also appreciated. The plate lists two distinct sets of minimums and we ...
5
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2answers
186 views

Why do planes above FL290 need more vertical spacing?

At altitudes no higher than 29,000 feet, planes need only 1,000 feet of vertical separation. However, planes over FL290 need twice that, i.e. they need 2,000 feet of vertical spacing between them and ...
5
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0answers
63 views

Which airspace requires what RNP?

How do I know which airspace requires what RNP value? More specifically, can I go from NY to London with just BRNAV providing I stay above the NAT HLA?
1
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2answers
183 views

What does ''NAV ILS OUT OF SERVICE'' mean?

Just curious about the NOTAM below: !SMF 01/045 (KSMF A0080/19) SMF NAV ILS RWY 16L OUT OF SERVICE 1901180419-1901262359 Does that mean only the glideslope is broken so we can still do a LOC ...
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3answers
179 views

How can I use an ADS-B receiver to make my aircraft visible in Flightradar24?

I recently bought a SENTRY ADS-B receiver for the aircraft in order to track the flight. How could I make Flightradar24 or Flightaware show my aircraft and how to register my aircraft on the website?
2
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1answer
98 views

How much difference in heading/bearing between consecutive legs is “officially” considered a turn?

While examining FAA's TERPS manual (Order 8260.3D) and PBN manual (Order 8260.58A), I noticed two seemingly contradictory statements. TERPS 8260.3D Chapter 14. Departure Routes, 14-3-4 . Construct ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

Does ATC prefer ILS over RNAV?

Listening to APP for several major (US class B) airports, it seems that every flight is vectored to intercept the localizer. Is it really possible that 100% of flights filed an ILS approach? If so, ...
0
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2answers
126 views

Can only victor way be used for route in cross country?

In IFR low-en route chart, there are many ways related to victor ways. Do I have to select the route for cross county? Or, Can I choose the ways between victor ways?
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1answer
127 views

Substitute Suitable RNAV system for Inop Radar on approach “requiring” Radar

Assuming my aircraft's navigation equipment is a "Qualified/Suitable RNAV System," as defined by AC 90-108, is it legal for me to fly the LDA Y Rwy 19 IAP to DCA with ATC Radar out of service? Here ...
1
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2answers
98 views

What does LNAV engagement exactly mean?

I notice the term LNAV engagement being frequently mentioned in aviation related discussions or in several FAA's relevant material. Take, for example, this quote from Order 8260.58A (PBN Instrument ...
6
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2answers
355 views

What is the width of a high altitude airway?

Victor airways (airways that are below 18,000 ft) has a width of 8 NM. How about those airways that operates higher than 18,000 ft, do they have specific width you must be in? Or is there no width ...
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0answers
50 views

Can I find the minimum IFR altitude based only on a SID plate?

I noticed this question here on aviation stackexchange, and I was wondering if there is a way to deduce the minimum IFR altitude (either 1000ft or 2000ft above obstacles, depending on whether or not ...
0
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1answer
195 views

What is the type of a SID that is neither RNAV nor RNP?

I am studying FAA's Order 8260.46F and I have noticed that, as far as the different types of SIDs are concerned, it states: [3-5] (1) “RNAV 1” will be the default designation for RNAV DPs. Annotate ...
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3answers
1k views

What does it mean when your destination airport is currently “below IFR minimums”?

Does it mean that absolutely nobody can land there until conditions improve? Can ATC still give you an IFR clearance to your destination airport in this case?
19
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1answer
1k views

What means of navigation did commercial Soviet airplanes use in the 50s-90s?

Nowadays, practically all Western commercial airplanes use some kind of GNSS/GPS as primary means of navigation, sometimes paired with inertial navigation systems and user-friendly computer interfaces ...
5
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2answers
5k views

What is the difference between RNAV and RNP?

What is the difference between RNAV and RNP? I know that RNAV doesn't need monitoring and alerting, but RNP does.
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0answers
198 views

What is space modulation? Its application is instrument landing systems [duplicate]

How the modulation depth changes with respect to azimuth for the Receiver of aircraft when it is using localiser or glideslope?
1
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1answer
309 views

How to select a SID during the planning stage?

During the planning stage of an IFR flight how to choose the correct SID for your route in an airport with multiple runways and multiple SIDs? and how to predict the runway you will be going to use?
2
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1answer
871 views

How do I fill the PBN\ part in a Flight Plan Form?

Flight Plan Form Section 10 is the "Equipment" section, where one input whatever navigation or communication equipment on board. In addition, Section 18 is the "Other information" section, where you ...
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0answers
60 views

List of desired Games for a moving platform [closed]

Our company, which develops new ideas in gaming, have developed a moving platform with 2 degrees of freedom called Cheeta. This platform can thoroughly rotate along pitch and roll axis; thus, it gives ...
3
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2answers
306 views

Could a pilot navigate using distances and radials from an RNAV waypoint, similar to VOR navigation?

I know that typically RNAV navigation involves a list of waypoints, and the aircraft simply flies from one point to the next. What I'm curious about is if a procedure could be developed (as a special ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible for a civilian to use a VORTAC station?

Suppose you have a Cessna 208 Grand Caravan Amphibian and you want to use VORTAC stations on military bases (or somewhere else). Is it possible? Is it legal?
3
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1answer
2k views

What are the lateral sensitivities of GPS approaches?

What are the lateral sensitivities of each of the WAAS and LNAV approach? Is the lateral sensitivity of WAAS the same as that of the localizer, which is 3 to 6 degrees? What about the LNAV approach?
10
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1answer
585 views

What does a 10nm/20nm circle on instrument approach charts mean?

A lot of instrument aproach charts (VOR or ILS) have a circle around the navaid. It can be 10/20 NM or in km, like the 20km circle in the image. What does this circle mean?
4
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1answer
294 views

Why is there a GPS/RNAV waypoint co-located with a VOR?

There is an RNAV waypoint named STYCK co-located at what appears to be the exact location of the LOA VOR (coordinates match precisely as well). Why would the creation of a waypoint be necessary if IFR ...
6
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1answer
389 views

On an inverted aircraft, is the ILS glide slope sensing reversed?

If I'm halfway through a barrel roll on final descent, on an ILS, will I get reverse sensing on my glide slope indicator?
5
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1answer
230 views

When would these two fixes at KMEM be used?

When flying IFR into a class B airport you usually file a STAR at the end of your plan. After the last fix on the STAR you will then receive vectors from ATC to the approach for the assigned runway. ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Why are there GPS MOCAs?

The Pilot Controller Glossary (and other places) define MOCAs as: MINIMUM OBSTRUCTION CLEARANCE ALTITUDE (MOCA)− The lowest published altitude in effect between radio fixes on VOR airways, off-...
3
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1answer
531 views

Do GA IFR flights out of airports w/ SIDs typically use them? What about STARs?

Besides the IAPs (which as an IFR flight you're guaranteed to use unless cleared for the visual), there are the STARs and SIDs, and using them in slow GA aircraft doesn't fully make sense to me. For ...
11
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2answers
748 views

How does Jeppesen create its US charts?

The Jeppesen and FAA IFR plates represent the same information in different ways. The FAA publishes its charts for free, but the underlying data that goes into the charts (e.g., exact coordinates of ...
0
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1answer
2k views

What's is the difference among ECL, CFL, RFL, TFL messages in ATM?

These are several messages to provide a change level during air navigation. Some are sent or requested by the pilot, others by the air traffic controllers, etc. There are subtle differences. Could ...
5
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1answer
448 views

Is there a roadmap to satellite / inertial only based navigation?

GNSS is the most accurate mean of navigation available on the flight deck but it relies on satellite being available and under control. Inertial systems are autonomous, but far less accurate. ...
13
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1answer
838 views

Why publish an unusable airway?

If an airway is marked unusable, why publish it? Secondary question, can RNAV still be used?
13
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1answer
934 views

What are those 5-character alphanumeric waypoints?

On the following High IFR chart from skyvector.com I notice along the meridian at 30' intervals there is a green symbol the same shape as an RNAV waypoint. Next to them are 5-digit identifiers, but it ...
2
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0answers
177 views

Why do IFR reporting points have odd names? [duplicate]

I was checking out some flights on FlightAware and went onto the "Route" page for a flight and I saw these IFR Reporting Points with really odd names. Is there a regulatory reason why they have such ...
6
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2answers
4k views

What is the difference between fixes and waypoints on an arrival plate?

This is a followup to my other question on this topic. Figured I'd just make it a whole separate question. The plates below show STAR arrivals to KMEM. The points along the route are marked with two ...
24
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9answers
4k views

Can you fly a glider in a cloud on primary instruments?

Assume you enter a cloud with no visibility of the horizon. Your glider is not equipped with an artificial horizon, turn speed indicator or the like. You must fly within safe limits, using air speed, ...
5
votes
1answer
294 views

Can a view limiting device be used in an aircraft requiring two pilots?

Can a pilot use a VLD for IFR currency if the aircraft requires two pilots? Can it be used while carrying passengers? If so, is this ever done? I'm thinking of part 121 airline pilots under FAA.
4
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1answer
535 views

When an alternate minimum applies, does it change MDA or DA?

In US, the weather minimums for an alternate airport are typically 600-2 for precision approaches and 800-2 for non-precision approaches at ETA, unless otherwise specified at US Terminal Procedure ...
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2answers
190 views

Does an amended shortcut clearance change the clearance limit?

A typical IFR cleared route is like, KABC VOR1 V12 VOR2 V23 VOR3 V34 VOR4 KXYZ Suppose the verbal ATC clearance is "N7890, you are cleared to KXYZ airport, KABC.ZYBUD departure, radar vector VOR1, ...
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2answers
576 views

Why does this Garmin GMA340 have an Airway/Inner marker indicator?

On this Garmin GMA 340: the outer marker is blue and is designated O the middle mark is amber and is designated M the inner marker is white and is designated A and placed on the far left. I looked ...
10
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1answer
1k views

What exactly is tower enroute control? Is this similar to 'preferred routes'?

I am reading about 'Tower Enroute Control' and I saw this on wikipedia "Tower en-route control is a collection of published low-altitude, short-distance IFR routes through large metropolitan areas ...
8
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1answer
681 views

Does altimeter setting affect the vertical guidance in a LPV approach?

I had assumed during a WAAS approach when the GPS is in LPV mode, both lateral guidance and vertical guidance are generated from GPS/WAAS signals and the pitot-static system should have no effect on ...
7
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1answer
635 views

Is a VHF NAV receiver inherently capable of processing a LOC signal?

These last few weeks I have been flying a couple of different aircraft that had inoperative glideslope capabilities, but I was able to fly LOC approaches without trouble. In my career as a pilot and ...
5
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2answers
4k views

What visibility and cloud clearances are required for airplanes conducting visual approaches?

What visibility and cloud clearances are required for airplanes conducting visual approaches during IFR while flying under FAA regulations? Is the visual approach a purely VFR maneuver requiring the ...
4
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1answer
473 views

Is it practical to descend in a lost communication scenario?

This is a follow-up to my previous question here - Lost radio communication after take-off in IMC - what are my options?. Please refer to that to understand the scenario of this question. If, for ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Where can I download the coordinates of navigation fixes/intersections? [duplicate]

Is there an exportable public database that I may get a copy of all navigational fixes and their corresponding GPS coordinates (latitude, longitude)? p.s. Only US airspace navigation fix information ...