Questions tagged [icao-recommendations]

ICAO does not create enforceable regulations, but releases recommendations for regulations that member nations should enact.

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28
votes
2answers
97k views

What are the ICAO fuel reserve requirements?

How much reserve fuel are private and commercial aircraft required to carry by ICAO rules? I heard that it changed recently (about a year ago) and is a little complicated. How is it calculated for ...
22
votes
5answers
12k views

What is the standard rate of turn for heavy aircraft?

I have heard and read many times that for "heavy aircraft", they use a standard rate of turn which is 1.5° per second (4 minute turn), but I have never found an official source which addresses this. ...
50
votes
4answers
29k views

What programming languages are used for equipment onboard aircraft?

Generally speaking, What programming language is used in aviation for (ATC Radio, Radar, ILS, Auto-pilot and on-board avionics)? Is there a standard enforced by ICAO? Does every plane manufacturer ...
16
votes
2answers
20k views

Which countries allow pilots to fly over the age of 65 for International Part 135 Operations?

The FAA does not have an age limit for pilots flying under Part 135 regulations, however ICAO specifies an age limit of 65 (with other restrictions after the age of 60). The NBAA has a nice Age 60 ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

What is a “Descend Via” clearance?

When flying to Teterboro, NJ (KTEB) and cleared via the JAIKE THREE ARRIVAL from Flat Rock (FAK): What does ATC expect when they give a clearance like: N1234, Descend VIA the JAIKE THREE ARRIVAL ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Which types of aircraft are required to carry ELTs?

According to regulations and recommendations from the FAA, ICAO or other aviation organisations, what types of aircraft are required to carry Automatic Fixed Emergency Location Transmitters (ELT(AF)) ...
4
votes
3answers
935 views

Which specific version of English are international pilots and ATC required/recommended to learn?

Are international ATC and pilots technically required to learn British English, American English, or something else? I've heard it said that they are "supposed to speak ICAO standard phraseology, ...
15
votes
6answers
13k views

Are “Tally-ho” and “no joy” acceptable ATC terms for civil operations?

I keep meaning to ask this question. I heard "Tally-ho" used for the first time by a pilot on Liveatc.net. I know these are pretty standard phrases in military aviation but I wondered if civil pilots ...