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votes
2answers
716 views

What does the “visibility” number mean on an approach plate?

In the profile view in an approach plate, there is a visibility number next to the MDA or DA. What does it mean? Is it limitation to use the approach?
5
votes
1answer
807 views

Why are the minimums between these two ILS instrument approaches to the same runway so different?

The minimums for the Van Nuys ILS Z Rwy 16R are 1095/40. The minimums for the Van Nuys ILS Y Rwy 16R are 1461-1 1/2. Question: Why are the minimums for the ILS Z so much lower than the minimums for ...
1
vote
0answers
351 views

How do I use the “Inoperative Components or Visual Aids Table” when more than one component is inop?

I can't fully seem to understand this sentence: If more than one component is inoperative, each minimum is raised to the highest minimum required by any single component that is inoperative Can ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the missed approach procedure when initiated below MDA/DA/DH?

Let's say you continue below the DA/DH on an IAP because you have the APL insight; and of course no lower then 100 ft above TDZE. Now you arrive and don't see any required visual cues to continue to ...
8
votes
1answer
402 views

How do I execute this instrument approach at Larnaca (LCLK)?

I am on course 200 degrees and got a clearance for the VOR-ILS X RWY 22 approach at Larnaca International Airport (LCLK): Where is the/an IAF in this case? Do I have to join a holding pattern over ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What runway alignment should I expect from a straight-in approach?

More precisely, in the case when a straight-in approach is present, what is the maximum angle between the final approach course and the runway heading for a straight-in minimum apply? I had thought ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Can I circle to a different runway if cleared for an instrument approach without circling minimums?

Tom is flying a C172S/G on ILS RWY 31 approach to KSNS. He just established on the localizer at 6000, from the SNS-22 DME Arc. He obtained weather from ATIS, wind 240@20G23, ceiling OVC006, visibility ...
6
votes
1answer
344 views

Is it practical to fly IFR into Hawthorne Airport (KHHR) in IMC?

I am an IFR rated pilot flying 172s and 182s out of Hawthorne Municipal Airport (KHHR) in Los Angeles. I've heard from other pilots that in actual IFR conditions (IMC) it can be difficult to get ...
15
votes
1answer
16k views

Why do some approaches have suffix letters such as Y and Z?

There are cases with instrument approaches where there will be multiple approaches to the same runway, in many cases uses some of the same nav aids and positions, but differentiated using alpha ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Do helicopters fly the same instrument approaches as fixed-wing aircraft?

Do helicopters fly the same instrument approaches as fixed-wing aircraft? If so, which approach category and minimums do they use?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Are there types of instrument approaches besides precision and non-precision?

In the 1990s there used to be two basic types of instrument approaches: precision and non-precision. How many different kinds are there now, and what are the differences.
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Can pilots fly circling approaches at non-towered airports?

So the answer in my mind is "of course pilots can fly circling approaches at non-towered airports" (seriously, I could swear that I've done it before, but then again I can't think of any specific ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do some back course operations use normal sensing?

So the LOC/DME-E approach to KASE lists for the missed approach course to use the I-PKN localizer, but then there's a note 'course outbound is normal sensing'. Does that mean that in effect, this ...
10
votes
2answers
24k views

How to calculate the vertical profile for a LOC only approach?

I am kind of stuck for calculating a descent path on the ILS RWY 7 approach into KORL. Assuming the glide slope is not available and you have to use the localizer only, what is the best way to ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

When conducting a circling approach, how close do you have to stay to the airport (especially with the new FAA requirements)?

I heard that the FAA recently changed how they calculate the protected area for circling approaches, and it looked quite complicated because it changes based on altitude and speed, etc. Can you ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a monitored approach?

I've heard this term used to describe approaches into low weather (e.g. category 2 ILS), what is it? How is this different than an ILS approach?
11
votes
1answer
7k views

When cleared for an approach and not on vectors, is a depicted course reversal always required?

At least where I fly, most instrument approaches now use a Hold In Lieu of Procedure Turn (HILO). The "full procedure" now consists of a turn in the hold before proceeding inbound. In the example ...
15
votes
1answer
6k views

What is a Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach (SOIA)?

I have heard about Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approaches (SOIA), special procedures for runways that are spaced particularly close together. How exactly do they work? What are the requirements for ...