Questions tagged [glider]

Use for gliders; combine with specific tags, e.g. [sailplane], if required.

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11
votes
2answers
359 views

Why are gliders oftentimes not equipped with a transponder?

Oftentimes gliders are not equipped with transponders (at least in Europe). Even if they are, they do not necessarily operate it at all times. This is allowed by SERA.13001: (a) When an aircraft ...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

Are there any gliders that can fly over the Himalayas?

Do gliders (sailplanes) use ridge and wave lift in the Himalayas to go to extreme altitudes, possibly above Everest's peak?
0
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2answers
123 views

For a PPL, do I pursue gliders or airplanes first? [closed]

I'm interested in pursuing a Private Pilot's License. I'm interested in both gliders and powered flight. Gliders look like fantastic fun and powered flight would be an amazing thing to have – I could ...
0
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0answers
56 views

What is the heaviest payload a modern theoretical glider could carry?

Let's define a glider as any plane with a better than 0.75m/s minimum sink rate. Let's also assume it meets all EASA requirements for load factors and handling. Knowing that the spar is an important ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Do the soaring and/or ballooning communities in the US recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use?

Does the soaring community (e.g. the Soaring Society of America) or the ballooning community in the US recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by glider pilots ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Does the FAA or FCC recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by glider pilots or balloon pilots?

Does the FAA or FCC recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by glider pilots or balloon pilots speaking to other glider or balloon pilots or ground support crew,...
0
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1answer
90 views

Feasibility and process for the approval of a modified glider [closed]

I am looking into a business idea that requires glider sized semi-automatic drones but I am very naive when it comes to the regulations and rigour of the aviation and airline industry, so I am hoping ...
1
vote
2answers
527 views

Does too big an angle of decalage make the horizontal stabilizer to stall?

This styrofoam airplane has two positions for stabilizer. When put in the upper one, the plane flies in a circle. Is the stabilizer now stalled because the decalage angle is very big?What happens with ...
8
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2answers
920 views

Where must the glider tow line connection be?

I have styrofoam glider and I want to pull it with a rope, to fly with me when driving a bike. Where do I need to connect the attachment point, if I want the glider to fly stable above me? I think, to ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Can gliders and single-engine planes have vortices?

I read, A third physical explanation of the source of induced drag is that the wing tip vortices contain a certain amount of rotational kinetic energy. This energy has to come from somewhere; indeed, ...
0
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0answers
108 views

Does altitude affect glide ratio?

Lower altitude means higher air density, which means more liff, which means a glider can maintain a given glide slope at lower airspeed. As a rule, aircraft tend to have higher peak L/Ds at low ...
15
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5answers
5k views

Why are 3- or 4-seat gliders so rare?

Sailplanes capable of climbing in rising air (not troop transports, which can only descend after the towrope releases) have one or two seats. I know of only one type with more, the Schweizer SGS 2-32 ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Could the Perlan II glider be used for nearspace tourism?

I asked the same question about the SR-71 Blackbird, and I'm also curious about the Perlan II sailplane which travelled above 70,000 ft, and is planned to be flown to 90,000 ft, if it could be used ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Is it feasible to circumnavigate the Earth in a sailplane?

Would it be feasible and survivable to circumnavigate the Earth in a glider or sailplane without propulsion and without landing until the circumnavigation is completed, when you'd return to the same ...
10
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2answers
3k views

Why do the ailerons of this flying wing work oppositely compared to those of an airplane?

I made this simple wing glider and put some ailerons on it. I thought that the ailerons in this glider would work the same way it works on airplanes, wherein the roll will be in the direction of the ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Why do sailplanes have such large tails?

Since a sailplane is focused on performance - what with tricky laminar flow airfoils and all. Eo why this Instead of this It looks to me like that long tail is needed to balance the cockpit. Buy ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

What examples are there of top-mounted engine motor gliders?

I would like to know which motor gliders are there with regards to the following criteria: Top-mounted engine stowable landing gear great L/D ratio high maximum g-load at least 180kg usable weight? ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Is there any formula that directly relate density to altitude for a wide range of altitude?

I am working on a code to simulate a vehicle trajectory based on forces act on it in different altitudes, I need a formula that gives density in an altitude range between 0 and 40 km to obtain lift ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

In what airspace may gliders fly in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility?

In what airspace may gliders (sailplanes) legally be flown in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility? Also, how high does this class (...
2
votes
2answers
323 views

Do the rules used in modern soaring competitions forbid gyroscopic flight instruments, or forbid the use of AHRS-driven attitude displays, etc?

In the past, the rules for soaring competitions in the US and many other countries have not permitted gliders (sailplanes) to have working gyroscopic instruments installed, to prevent pilots from ...
0
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1answer
174 views

Is it fairly common for student glider pilots to have wing tip strikes, especially in gusty cross wind conditions?

Is it fairly common for student glider pilots to have wing tip strikes, especially in gusty cross wind conditions? I understand gliders are landed level, slow down and then the wing drops onto a wing ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Does a RC glider always loop when launched?

In the below video, the guy sets "launch mode" for hand launch where he adds a little bit of elevator. Will a glider always loop up when launched horizontally, even if the tail is set to ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What are "secondary precessional forces" that apply to boomerangs in flight?

note: This question is about the aerodynamics of boomerang flight and how it differs in microgravity environments. Some background information available here in Aviation SE: Are frisbees and ...
2
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6answers
563 views

Why can't you have sail-powered airplanes?

So, sailing boats take the kinetic energy of a crosswind and turn it into thrust by using their sails as lifting surfaces, and the discussion I had in the comment section of this question made me ...
1
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2answers
267 views

Can we show through simple geometry rather than formulae or graphs that the best glide ratio occurs at the maximum ratio of Lift to Drag?

For an unpowered glider, can we show through simple geometry involving force vector diagrams, rather than mathematical formulae or graphs, that the best still-air glide ratio is achieved at the angle-...
13
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2answers
5k views

Why are birdlike airfoils not used?

Here are two airfoils (lets focus on Re 100,000): SD7043-il which is simple to build and has a glide ratio of about 60 e376-il a birdlike and much harder to build if using paper or similar due to the ...
4
votes
1answer
481 views

Can the load factor during glider winch launch be measured with the G-meter?

I am looking at the flight envelope of a glider, the velocity - load factor diagram. I read that generally the air-frame, the G-meter and the pilot 'experience' the load factor as a G force (an ...
26
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2answers
5k views

Has any airliner ever collided with a glider?

I've read about many near-collisions between gliders and airliners, but did such a collision ever happen in mid-air, actually?
2
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3answers
286 views

Could gliders be a clean, practical alternative to other forms of transport?

Would it be possible to use pure gliders as an eco-friendly mode of transport? From what I have read so far, gliders can travel at a speed of 100-170 km/h. That would not be able to compete with a jet ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

How much altitude can a glider gain only from losing speed?

Say we have a glider flying near its top speed. If pilot decides to "trade speed for altitude" how much can it climb before hitting stall speed? Assuming pilot will use most effective climb ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Can you ride a storm to save fuel?

Cargo sailboats, of the old, depended on wind direction. Like these ships, planes also save time by flying with the wind. On the extreme end, could a plane use storm fronts or hurricanes by flying in ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

In a full-rudder sideslip in a Schweizer 2-22 or 2-33 glider, is the descent rate higher at 50 mph airspeed than at 60 mph airspeed?

Is it really true that in a full-rudder sideslip in a Schweizer 2-22 or 2-33 glider, the descent rate is higher at 50 mph airspeed than at 60 mph airspeed? Likewise, is it really true that in a full-...
8
votes
7answers
4k views

Plane that always flies into the wind?

Suppose that you dropped an uncontrolled, dummy glider into the air. You want it to always face into the wind by design. Would it be possible? If so, what would such a plane look like?
2
votes
1answer
381 views

Does a glider pilot need to file an IFR flight plan to legally fly in cloud in class E airspace in the US?

Does a glider pilot need to file an IFR flight plan to legally fly in cloud in class E (controlled) airspace in the US? Or could he or she contact ATC and receive a clearance to enter cloud without ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

What can be approach of balancing canard glider model?

There are a lot of instructions out there about balancing classic wing configuration glider models. The center of gravity should be approximately 25% to 30% from the front edge of the wing, which is ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

Relationship between wing aspect ratio and speed [duplicate]

For some reason, I cannot find a relatively straightforward source online which discusses the relationship of wing aspect ratio and how it affects speeds of an aircraft. Specifically, is there a ...
4
votes
1answer
351 views

How can a designer maximize the glide ratio of an aircraft with low aspect ratio wings, other than by increasing the aspect ratio?

As I understand it, the gliding range is given by a lift to drag ratio—hence to increase the gliding range, I would want to increase the lift and reduce the drag as much as possible. To that end, ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the threshold between high Aspect Ratios and low Aspect Ratios?

Oftentimes when describing flying organisms and vehicles, their wings are said to have a "high aspect ratio" or a "low aspect ratio". Sometimes the papers (that I read) gave the numbers, but more ...
3
votes
1answer
525 views

What are the advantages/disadvantages of a forward-folding propeller?

The AMS Carat A is a motorglider with a forward folding propeller. To my knowledge, this is the only production plane with this characteristic. The most popular self-launching gliders with front ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How big is the radar cross section of a modern glider?

I heard somewhere that modern glider made of plastic and composite materials are less detectable than other aircraft by primary radar. I wonder how much. What is the radar cross section of a typical ...
4
votes
2answers
172 views

Do pilots ever intentionally land a monowheel glider on the main wheel and a wingtip wheel in crosswind conditions?

Do pilots ever intentionally strike a wingtip when landing a mono wheel glider in gusty crosswind conditions? I understand the Lazair changed from a mono wheel to a standard tail dragger layout for ...
0
votes
4answers
335 views

When do the lift and drag vectors contribute a force component along a glider's path of travel as seen from the ground?

It is often said that the lift vector helps to propel a glider forwards. The lift vector has no component acting parallel to the glider's trajectory through the airmass, but in many cases the lift ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

An airplane has an engine that pushes its flight. What force pushes a glider to fly? [duplicate]

An airplane has an engine that pushes its flight. What force pushes a glider to fly? Is it gravity? I think the flight of a glider is driven by gravity, but some people disagree with me. They say ...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

Do gliders make a better pilot? [closed]

I've often heard that learning to fly gliders makes you a better airplane pilot, in person and in answers here and here. Is this true, and if so, what specifically is it about gliders—or at least ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Why does increasing a glider's weight using water ballast improve its speed and performance? [duplicate]

I was studying gliders and how they fly. There is a point that's not clear to me: why does using water ballast improve the performance/speed of a glider? If I understand correctly, my glider jumps ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Does the FAA construe FAR 91.225 to prohibit aircraft w/o electrical systems w/o ADS-B-out from flying above 10,000' MSL unless below 2500' AGL?

Does the FAA construe FAR 91.225 as imposing a general prohibition on flight above 10,000' MSL (excluding airspace below 2500' AGL) in aircraft without ADS-B-out, even for aircraft without engine-...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Is it harder to get a first pilot certificate in a motorglider compared to a normal powered aircraft (near St. Paul, MN.)?

Is it harder to get a first pilot certificate in a motorglider (glider - self launch) vs. normal powered aircraft near St. Paul, MN. It seems like a self launch glider certificate would be a great ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

How do I choose the correct params?

I am very new to airplane design. I am working on this project to design a flying wing glider (no propeller) that would glide in a circular pattern with a fixed radius of 250 m after being released at ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What parameters to focus on when constructing a wing for turning? [closed]

I want to construct a flying wing (glider) with the sole purpose of performing a helical turn (or a circular turn with no propulsion attached) with somewhat of a fixed radius. What should be the main ...
-1
votes
1answer
183 views

How to decide the wing span? [closed]

How would you decide the wing span for a delta wing glider? Also how would it relate to the main chord length?