Questions tagged [glider]

Use for gliders; combine with specific tags, e.g. [sailplane], if required.

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Is Styrofoam or Balsawood better for gliders? [closed]

I have a project that requires me to use either one of the materials. Which one of the materials is better to use?
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2 votes
1 answer
118 views

How deep do lift pins go inside the wing in gliders?

In the photograph below, how are the lift pins structurally attached to the ribs and how far does its support structure run inside? Does the discontinuity in the torsional flow in the wing skins pose ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
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If i have equal lift and drag, do they cancel each other out?

I am working on a throw glider and was wondering, How much lift would be too much lift, as in it causes the glider to stall (maybe thrust that causes this, but still). also, if I create a body that ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What is a good airfoil for a throw glider

I am trying to design a free flight glider (I don't know what I'm doing, however, I'm interested in aerospace engineering and am trying to learn) And I was wondering, what would a good airfoil be? I ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Are the aerodynamic benefits of winglets similar for both powered airplanes and gliders?

Are the aerodynamic benefits of winglets similar for both powered airplanes and (unpowered) gliders? (without considering fuel consumption of course)
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1 vote
2 answers
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Where is it defined (in UK law ideally) when a glider is in flight during what period, start and stop?

This seems to be a standard question but at least two of us should know, cannot find a definitive source, CAP393 seems not to have any text that refers. Any help gratefully received.
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22 votes
5 answers
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Would building a large asphalt square or painted dark black area create a "thermal generator" for glider use?

Imagine if you build a "parking lot" square of asphalt and paint it the deepest black possible to absorb maximum heat...would that spot essentially be a thermal generator that you could fly ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why don't competition gliders use riblet skin surface to reduce drag?

Price is not a problem in competition gliders, also no problem with in maintenance surfaces like at airliners. It is very easy to wash glider before every race. A riblet surface is proven (PDF) to ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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For maximum glide range, should I minimize glide angle or AoA?

I'm currently taking an aeronautical engineering course in school. For an upcoming project, we're going to build balsa toss gliders and we have to design our own wings. The program we're using (Aery32)...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What are the three different altitudes shown in the Perlan II?

The Perlan II glider has two altitude indicators and an altimeter on the navi screen, each showing different altitudes: How is each of the altimeters different? One indicator certainly shows MSL and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
163 views

How much does glider insurance typically cost in the UK? [closed]

I (and my colleague from the club) plan to buy K8B glider. Does anyone know how much the insurance can be? We are both "just solo" pilots in our 50s. All insurance companies require details ...
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11 votes
2 answers
459 views

Why are gliders oftentimes not equipped with a transponder?

Oftentimes gliders are not equipped with transponders (at least in Europe). Even if they are, they do not necessarily operate it at all times. This is allowed by SERA.13001: (a) When an aircraft ...
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17 votes
1 answer
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Are there any gliders that can fly over the Himalayas?

Do gliders (sailplanes) use ridge and wave lift in the Himalayas to go to extreme altitudes, possibly above Everest's peak?
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0 votes
2 answers
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For a PPL, do I pursue gliders or airplanes first? [closed]

I'm interested in pursuing a Private Pilot's License. I'm interested in both gliders and powered flight. Gliders look like fantastic fun and powered flight would be an amazing thing to have – I could ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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What is the heaviest payload a modern theoretical glider could carry?

Let's define a glider as any plane with a better than 0.75m/s minimum sink rate. Let's also assume it meets all EASA requirements for load factors and handling. Knowing that the spar is an important ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Do the soaring and/or ballooning communities in the US recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use?

Does the soaring community (e.g. the Soaring Society of America) or the ballooning community in the US recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by glider pilots ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does the FAA or FCC recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by glider pilots or balloon pilots?

Does the FAA or FCC recommend 123.5 as the preferred frequency for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by glider pilots or balloon pilots speaking to other glider or balloon pilots or ground support crew,...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Feasibility and process for the approval of a modified glider [closed]

I am looking into a business idea that requires glider sized semi-automatic drones but I am very naive when it comes to the regulations and rigour of the aviation and airline industry, so I am hoping ...
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1 vote
2 answers
607 views

Does too big an angle of decalage make the horizontal stabilizer to stall?

This styrofoam airplane has two positions for stabilizer. When put in the upper one, the plane flies in a circle. Is the stabilizer now stalled because the decalage angle is very big?What happens with ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Where must the glider tow line connection be?

I have styrofoam glider and I want to pull it with a rope, to fly with me when driving a bike. Where do I need to connect the attachment point, if I want the glider to fly stable above me? I think, to ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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Can gliders and single-engine planes have vortices?

I read, A third physical explanation of the source of induced drag is that the wing tip vortices contain a certain amount of rotational kinetic energy. This energy has to come from somewhere; indeed, ...
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0 votes
0 answers
220 views

Does altitude affect glide ratio?

Lower altitude means higher air density, which means more liff, which means a glider can maintain a given glide slope at lower airspeed. As a rule, aircraft tend to have higher peak L/Ds at low ...
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15 votes
5 answers
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Why are 3- or 4-seat gliders so rare?

Sailplanes capable of climbing in rising air (not troop transports, which can only descend after the towrope releases) have one or two seats. I know of only one type with more, the Schweizer SGS 2-32 ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Could the Perlan II glider be used for nearspace tourism?

I asked the same question about the SR-71 Blackbird, and I'm also curious about the Perlan II sailplane which travelled above 70,000 ft, and is planned to be flown to 90,000 ft, if it could be used ...
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12 votes
2 answers
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Is it feasible to circumnavigate the Earth in a sailplane?

Would it be feasible and survivable to circumnavigate the Earth in a glider or sailplane without propulsion and without landing until the circumnavigation is completed, when you'd return to the same ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Why do the ailerons of this flying wing work oppositely compared to those of an airplane?

I made this simple wing glider and put some ailerons on it. I thought that the ailerons in this glider would work the same way it works on airplanes, wherein the roll will be in the direction of the ...
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9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why do sailplanes have such large tails?

Since a sailplane is focused on performance - what with tricky laminar flow airfoils and all. Eo why this Instead of this It looks to me like that long tail is needed to balance the cockpit. Buy ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is there any formula that directly relate density to altitude for a wide range of altitude?

I am working on a code to simulate a vehicle trajectory based on forces act on it in different altitudes, I need a formula that gives density in an altitude range between 0 and 40 km to obtain lift ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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In what airspace may gliders fly in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility?

In what airspace may gliders (sailplanes) legally be flown in clouds in the UK without an IFR flight plan and without contacting any air traffic control facility? Also, how high does this class (...
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2 votes
2 answers
377 views

Do the rules used in modern soaring competitions forbid gyroscopic flight instruments, or forbid the use of AHRS-driven attitude displays, etc?

In the past, the rules for soaring competitions in the US and many other countries have not permitted gliders (sailplanes) to have working gyroscopic instruments installed, to prevent pilots from ...
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0 votes
1 answer
201 views

Is it fairly common for student glider pilots to have wing tip strikes, especially in gusty cross wind conditions?

Is it fairly common for student glider pilots to have wing tip strikes, especially in gusty cross wind conditions? I understand gliders are landed level, slow down and then the wing drops onto a wing ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does a RC glider always loop when launched?

In the below video, the guy sets "launch mode" for hand launch where he adds a little bit of elevator. Will a glider always loop up when launched horizontally, even if the tail is set to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
113 views

What are "secondary precessional forces" that apply to boomerangs in flight?

note: This question is about the aerodynamics of boomerang flight and how it differs in microgravity environments. Some background information available here in Aviation SE: Are frisbees and ...
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2 votes
6 answers
733 views

Why can't you have sail-powered airplanes?

So, sailing boats take the kinetic energy of a crosswind and turn it into thrust by using their sails as lifting surfaces, and the discussion I had in the comment section of this question made me ...
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1 vote
2 answers
344 views

Can we show through simple geometry rather than formulae or graphs that the best glide ratio occurs at the maximum ratio of Lift to Drag?

For an unpowered glider, can we show through simple geometry involving force vector diagrams, rather than mathematical formulae or graphs, that the best still-air glide ratio is achieved at the angle-...
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13 votes
2 answers
5k views

Why are birdlike airfoils not used?

Here are two airfoils (lets focus on Re 100,000): SD7043-il which is simple to build and has a glide ratio of about 60 e376-il a birdlike and much harder to build if using paper or similar due to the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
605 views

Can the load factor during glider winch launch be measured with the G-meter?

I am looking at the flight envelope of a glider, the velocity - load factor diagram. I read that generally the air-frame, the G-meter and the pilot 'experience' the load factor as a G force (an ...
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26 votes
2 answers
5k views

Has any airliner ever collided with a glider?

I've read about many near-collisions between gliders and airliners, but did such a collision ever happen in mid-air, actually?
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2 votes
4 answers
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Could gliders be a clean, practical alternative to other forms of transport?

Would it be possible to use pure gliders as an eco-friendly mode of transport? From what I have read so far, gliders can travel at a speed of 100-170 km/h. That would not be able to compete with a jet ...
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3 votes
1 answer
174 views

How much altitude can a glider gain only from losing speed?

Say we have a glider flying near its top speed. If pilot decides to "trade speed for altitude" how much can it climb before hitting stall speed? Assuming pilot will use most effective climb ...
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10 votes
2 answers
4k views

Can you ride a storm to save fuel?

Cargo sailboats, of the old, depended on wind direction. Like these ships, planes also save time by flying with the wind. On the extreme end, could a plane use storm fronts or hurricanes by flying in ...
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1 vote
2 answers
206 views

In a full-rudder sideslip in a Schweizer 2-22 or 2-33 glider, is the descent rate higher at 50 mph airspeed than at 60 mph airspeed?

Is it really true that in a full-rudder sideslip in a Schweizer 2-22 or 2-33 glider, the descent rate is higher at 50 mph airspeed than at 60 mph airspeed? Likewise, is it really true that in a full-...
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8 votes
7 answers
4k views

Plane that always flies into the wind?

Suppose that you dropped an uncontrolled, dummy glider into the air. You want it to always face into the wind by design. Would it be possible? If so, what would such a plane look like?
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does a glider pilot need to file an IFR flight plan to legally fly in cloud in class E airspace in the US?

Does a glider pilot need to file an IFR flight plan to legally fly in cloud in class E (controlled) airspace in the US? Or could he or she contact ATC and receive a clearance to enter cloud without ...
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2 votes
2 answers
243 views

What can be approach of balancing canard glider model?

There are a lot of instructions out there about balancing classic wing configuration glider models. The center of gravity should be approximately 25% to 30% from the front edge of the wing, which is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
440 views

Relationship between wing aspect ratio and speed [duplicate]

For some reason, I cannot find a relatively straightforward source online which discusses the relationship of wing aspect ratio and how it affects speeds of an aircraft. Specifically, is there a ...
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4 votes
1 answer
522 views

How can a designer maximize the glide ratio of an aircraft with low aspect ratio wings, other than by increasing the aspect ratio?

As I understand it, the gliding range is given by a lift to drag ratio—hence to increase the gliding range, I would want to increase the lift and reduce the drag as much as possible. To that end, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is the threshold between high Aspect Ratios and low Aspect Ratios?

Oftentimes when describing flying organisms and vehicles, their wings are said to have a "high aspect ratio" or a "low aspect ratio". Sometimes the papers (that I read) gave the numbers, but more ...
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3 votes
1 answer
762 views

What are the advantages/disadvantages of a forward-folding propeller?

The AMS Carat A is a motorglider with a forward folding propeller. To my knowledge, this is the only production plane with this characteristic. The most popular self-launching gliders with front ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How big is the radar cross section of a modern glider?

I heard somewhere that modern glider made of plastic and composite materials are less detectable than other aircraft by primary radar. I wonder how much. What is the radar cross section of a typical ...
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