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Questions tagged [general-aviation]

General aviation (GA) includes all civil aviation activities except scheduled, commercial passenger flights. GA covers private recreational flying, corporate jet flights, flight training, crop dusting, aerial photography, and other activities.

6
votes
1answer
568 views

What to do with excess fuel before flight?

I've read that it's recommended to store a plane with full fuel tanks to prevent water contamination. Some small general aviation planes, however, would exceed their maximum gross take off weight ...
7
votes
3answers
949 views

Why is the take off speed and distance reduced by head winds?

A headwind of 20 knots and a true airspeed for the take-off safety speed being 120 knots, the ground speed is only 100 knots. Getting to a true ground speed of only 100 knots will require less ...
2
votes
1answer
597 views

How much does it cost to fly a plane? INCLUDING lessons, and everything else [closed]

It seems very difficult to find this information on any legitimate sites, so I'm going to ask here. I know nothing about flying, and this wouldn't happen for years to come, but I am curious. Let's ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Is any single-axis autopilot for a light piston single certified for unusual-attitude recovery?

Recovery from unusual attitudes is required during primary training and must be demonstrated during the checkride. In the case of an incapacitated or disoriented pilot, will activating a single-axis ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

What free online educational resources should pilots in training be aware of?

Obviously this website is great as is boldmethod and several of the aviation youtube channels. Also the FAA wings website is great as is all the FAA handbooks and advisory circulars. I also like to ...
6
votes
2answers
734 views

Can PPL, CPL, and ATPL be completed within a year?

It took me about 8 months to complete my PPL, because I struggled to go solo and I haven't started my CPL training yet due to financial set back. I've heard about students who completed their PPL ...
3
votes
3answers
836 views

How is the air traffic managed at a field with many privately owned aircraft?

As example "Spruce Creek". Many residents own private aircraft and can fly anytime they want. Do they have an separate air traffic controller? How is this high amount of air traffic managed?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How are aircraft identified as unregistered?

When someone operates an unregistered vehicle on public roads we know how they are caught: Police routinely pull people over, and they always check registration of vehicles. In fact, police will ...
19
votes
2answers
13k views

What are the consequences of flying GA without a license (certificate)?

As far as I can tell, in the U.S., 49 USC 46317(a) makes flying without a proper certificate a crime punishable by fine and/or imprisonment. However, the FAA is a regulatory agency, which means it ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

What do you do when your engine quits right when the airplane starts off the ground?

This has been one of my fears in flying (a plane the size of Cessna 152). I sort of know what to do when the engine quits on you when you are a few hundred feet off the ground, although it is ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Do GA gasoline engines have a tendency to cough, and splutter?

I'm wondering if GA piston engines have a tendency to stall like some old carburetor car engines if the throttle is increased too quickly. What would happen or what could be done if this scenario ...
4
votes
2answers
431 views

How many hours of test flight does a general aviation aircraft go through before delivery?

I'm curious if anybody could give any indications as to how many hours of test flight a factory new small general aviation aircraft* goes through before customer acceptance and delivery. (Not initial ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

What are the rules for “see and be seen” when you suspect a potential conflict in class G airspace?

The airfield I learned to fly helicopters at is in uncontrolled airspace and has an air/ground radio service only. It has a main runway, 07/25 and a secondary runway only used in high x-winds, 13/31. ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I open a door or window when there is smoke in the cockpit?

Let's say when flying, I encounter smoke and the smell of something burnt in the cockpit. Should I open the door or a window to clear the smoke? My thoughts: the smoke may be toxic; opening the door ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Which part of aircraft is contributing the most weight of airplane?

Which part of the aircraft contributes the highest portion of weight? Note: we had argument that, wires connecting the avionics systems are the major contributors of aircraft weight. Due to some ...
10
votes
1answer
907 views

What are the qualifications for a small airport manager?

I live in a small city in the Southeastern United States and the county's airport has an opening for the manager. The airport is paved but no control tower, serves general aviation as well as company ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

Can a non-A&P fabricate and install his own hydraulic lines?

As a non-A&P, am I allowed to fabricate and install hydraulic fluid lines as part of preventive maintenance on an aircraft?
9
votes
3answers
4k views

When is a fuel pump needed on GA aircraft?

When is a fuel pump needed on GA aircraft? I am a flight simmer and have noticed that you can leave the fuel pump off and start/fly the aircraft. When would you use the fuel pump?
4
votes
1answer
457 views

What factors should be included when calculating hourly aircraft operating cost? [duplicate]

I'm working on a budget for operating an aircraft and trying to better understand the hourly operating costs. What factors should be included that are often forgotten? Although this is partially ...
5
votes
1answer
618 views

What is meant by the term “Code on request”?

I recently flew from a small airport under a Bravo shelf into the nearby Bravo airspace above. When I advised the ground controller that I was doing as such, he cleared me to taxi, then added the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

why are there no production canard GA aircraft?

You see a lot of experimental canard GA aircraft, and their performance characteristics seem great. Why don't we see any production canard designs? EDIT For clarification. I'm asking about small ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

How is engine fuel kept from freezing? [duplicate]

The following table shows the operating temperature of Jet fuels (Source http://www.skybrary.aero/) I know a lot of flights will be cancelled during bad weather conditions including the cold. How is ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Will flying cars fall under aviation regulations?

As science and engineering keep inventing new technologies like flying cars http://www.iflscience.com/technology/are-flying-cars-finally-becoming-reality, air space may become heavily overcrowded. ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Is the “Bay Tour” flight path documented, or is it a more informal route? Are there similar flight paths for other cities?

During my Private Pilot's Licence days out in San Francisco, we often flew a "Bay Tour": a sightseeing flight northbound from San Jose through SFO's Class B , over the city and Golden Gate Bridge, ...
10
votes
2answers
497 views

How does one train for making landings and takeoffs in bad weather?

I thought of this while coming in on a bumpy flight into Memphis, TN. The pilot of the airliner brought in the aircraft nicely, despite having to fight it quite a bit during the slowest portion of the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Does the Piper PA-28 Cherokee wing have laminar flow behavior?

I've heard (and read) that the PA-28 series has a laminar flow wing: The Piper had a very thick airfoil that used laminar flow to assure that lift would be lost very slowly up to the stall. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the Autopilot Minimums for a C-172 G1000?

(GA Pilot) On a C-172 (G1000 Avionics), what would be the AutoPilot minimums OR at what altitude would one need to disengage the auto-pilot and take controls for: 1) Precision Approaches 2) Non-...
5
votes
0answers
165 views

Are there any future regulations planned for electric multi-motor LSAs?

It seems with electric control of the multi engine configuration, such as with NASA's new leap tech technology, that there should be a way to use multiple motors in the LSA category. Is there anything ...
10
votes
2answers
888 views

What considerations should be taken into account for landing on gravel airstrips?

For the pilot of a Cessna or Piper 4 seater, what techniques and other considerations should be given before operating on a gravel/dirt airstrip?
50
votes
9answers
10k views

Pilot passed out in a small GA plane. What can a passenger do?

There is another question about airliners and if someone not qualified could land them. My question is about the steps I should take to stay alive in a small GA plane. Let say a friend of mine ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

How should wake turbulence from aircraft on the ground be avoided during landing?

If a large jet aircraft is holding short of runway 28L while I am landing a single-engine aircraft on runway 28R, how should I proceed with such a landing?
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Can Air planes fly through rainbows? [closed]

I am wondering whether or not it is possible for an air plane to fly through a rainbow, and, if so, does anyone have any pictures or experiences of what you can see? I've always been intrigued by ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

AIP, AIC, NOTAM, ANO (UK): How do they relate to Annex 15 of Chicago Convention?

I've recently started studying for my Air Law and Meteorology exam and am trying to get my head around some of the basic literature / legal documentation structure. As I understand it the Chicago ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Are HUD systems available for light GA aircraft?

Some other questions about HUDs and how they work got me thinking. Military aircraft have had reflector sights since before WWII, and full HUDs since the mid-70s. The very same display layout, sans ...
6
votes
1answer
534 views

Has a general aviation twin-engine turboprop with counter rotating propellors ever been built?

In my experience with general aviation twin-engine turboprops I've never heard of one with counter rotating propellors. I've never seen any data about an engine manufacturer building left-rotating ...
4
votes
2answers
489 views

What is meant by empennage height?

I know that the empennage is the tail section of the aircraft and includes the horizontal and vertical stabilisers. But what is the empennage height? Is it the height of the horizontal stabiliser from ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you find information about overnight parking at any airport that is not your home airport?

As a private pilot, how do you find information and plan an overnight stay at an airport other than your home airport? For example, where to park, how to get out of the airport?
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Would this “being paid while flying” scenario be considered “flying for compensation”?

The difference between a private and commercial pilot's license hinges on this critical ability to expressly receive pay for flying; a PPL is allowed to fly "in furtherance of a business" but cannot ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

What are the effects of communicating on VHF/UHF on a RMI's ADF needle?

Say you've properly tuned an ADF station in COMP mode so that the BRG needle on your RMI is pointing towards your station. Then you tune the same ADF frequency on your V/UHF radio. Does anything ...
4
votes
1answer
382 views

What kind of certifications are required for a plane manufactured for personal use?

If I make an airplane (lets say for research/recreational purposes), what kind of certifications would be required to fly it? Moreover, would I need special permissions to actually fly the airplane? ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Is it common to change the type of engine during major overhauls?

Is it common to change out the type of engine during major overhauls of old aircraft? For example, replacing a 285 hp engine with a 310 hp. Would this invalidate the performance specifications found ...
11
votes
1answer
9k views

What are the major drivers of cost/price differences between Cessna 172 and Piper Cherokee?

This may be closed as opinionated but I'm looking for answers with hard data if I can get them. The Cessna 172 and Piper Cherokee are touted as two of the most successful light aircraft designs in the ...
12
votes
1answer
662 views

Is there a good source for estimating the per unit cost breakdown for a classic GA plane like the Cessna 172?

For instance, on a Cessna 172 what percent is spent on: Raw materials Labor actually manufacturing the plane Testing the completed individual planes R&D Making the plane (at this point, very ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

Does P-Factor increase with thrust?

I was trying flightgear simulator since I am not a pilot (but have completed ground school) and one thing I have noticed is that the P-Factor increases with thrust applied whether taking off or in ...
4
votes
5answers
318 views

Would it be possible to use 3D printed node based structures to make cheaper GA planes?

A car boasting 700HP and under the U.S LSA weight limit was just announced by Divergent Technologies. I was curious on peoples thoughts on using this technique in planes. Obviously there are some ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

What kinds of planes can tow banners?

Planes can sometimes be seen towing banners around large cities or events. What kind of plane is good for this type of flight? With banners they appear to be flying slower than usual. Is this just ...
4
votes
1answer
347 views

What are the options for renting an aircraft in the Caribbean with an FAA certificate?

I've been looking for places to rent planes in the Caribbean, and haven't been able to find anything that wasn't charter service. Does anyone know of any pilot resources or specific rental or flight ...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

How does banner tow attach and release work?

Planes can sometimes be seen towing banners around large cities or events. How is the banner attached for takeoff? How does the plane land after towing a banner?
19
votes
2answers
575 views

What are the rules in the UK about attaching a GoPro camera to the outside of an aircraft?

Is it fully legal to have a GoPro attached to the outside of the aircraft during flight, in the UK? I've heard mixed answers, but I don't want to try it until I've got confirmation.
8
votes
3answers
711 views

Are there special safety considerations when flying to/in Atlantic Canada?

I'm considering a trip to Nova Scotia from New York in a Cessna 172 or a Piper Archer. The trip is about 3.5 - 5 hours long and could involve some small open ocean portions. Since Nova Scotia has ...