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Questions tagged [general-aviation]

General aviation (GA) includes all civil aviation activities except scheduled, commercial passenger flights. GA covers private recreational flying, corporate jet flights, flight training, crop dusting, aerial photography, and other activities.

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73 views

Is there a Standard Way to Segment the Aviation Market by Aircraft Activity? [on hold]

A common way to segment aviation at a high level is "General Aviation", "Commercial Aviation" and "Military Aviation". Additionally, this answer points to ICAO's method of categorizing civil aviation ...
14
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4answers
5k views

Where can I find GA VFR maps for Australia?

Are there any sites similar to SkyVector (US-based) for GA aviation maps in Australia? I understand that Air Services Australia has miscellaneous single-purposes maps available, but they seem to be ...
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1answer
100 views

Where is the inclinometer “ball” in a knife edged turn?

Discussion of steep turns has lead to a question about where the inclinometer ball would be if the plane rolled to 90 degrees. Also, would there be any difference if the plane simply rolled to 90 ...
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2answers
187 views

Why aren’t multiengine general-aviation aircraft required to be capable of sustained single-engine flight?

While perusing the See How it Flies website, I came across this alarming statement regarding multiengine general-aviation aircraft: You must not allow yourself to think that just because airliners ...
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1answer
134 views

Why do pilots typically start out in piston-engined aircraft, rather than jets or turboprops? [duplicate]

Essentially all pilots begin flying with propeller aircraft powered by piston engines, rather than in turboprops or light jets, even though: Operating a piston engine requires adjusting the mixture ...
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2answers
422 views

Can a private pilot refuel his small private airplane internationally without passing through immigration or customs?

I've been a private pilot for many years, but I have never flown internationally in small private aircraft. I'm about to buy a tiny, high-tech, super-efficient 2-seat airplane that has extended range ...
26
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9answers
15k views

Can a civilian aircraft pilot see a missile coming?

Can a civilian aircraft pilot see a missile coming? By "civilian aircraft," I mean planes that were not equipped with flares that fire when rockets approach or any similar anti-missile systems. If ...
50
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9answers
10k views

Pilot passed out in a small GA plane. What can a passenger do?

There is another question about airliners and if someone not qualified could land them. My question is about the steps I should take to stay alive in a small GA plane. Let say a friend of mine ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Which airplane types never crashed? [closed]

Is there an airplane that never crashed? Or more specifically, without any crash history on any database. By crash, let's say any accident / incident which resulted in damage to the airplane and/or ...
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3answers
80 views

Wing pitching moment decomposition into two terms

Summary: Assuming constant angle of attack $\alpha$, speed $V$, and lift $L$ applied at the center of pressure CP (whose position is $x_{CP}$), the distance $(x_{CP} - x_O)$ between the moment ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Is the low air pressure on top of the wing the major contributor to lift?

I am kind of old time flyer. Started to fly with those primitive hang-glides with titanium frame and the yoke control, around 1966 and then after a few close calls and getting older I switched to ...
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1answer
172 views

Can I land on an abandoned runway in California?

Can a private pilot land on an abandoned runway in southern California's remote areas? There are a few unpaved runways near scenic hillsides, ideal for camping or swimming.
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3answers
124 views

What are the areas of an aircraft that suffers most from G forces?

i want to ask this time as to "what are the areas of an aircraft that feels or suffers the most from G forces?". i am asking this in terms of structural design and physical limits of the pilot(the ...
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0answers
95 views

What does “ACFT MAX 65/7 ” means on lido charts?

What does "ACFT MAX 65/7" on the minima box means? I found out that its related to wingspan and some vertical distance, but I still didn't get the vertical distance thing !!
6
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3answers
158 views

Can the CG move out of bounds as fuel is used?

I've never bothered to check the weight and balance when the tanks are empty. I always assume that if the Center of Gravity is within range when the tanks are full, then it will remain within range as ...
5
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7answers
3k views

How does an aircraft maintain level flight while accelerating?

Let's assume a plane is initially moving at constant speed, level flight with a certain angle of attack. If the plane's thrust is increased, the plane's horizontal speed increases (at one point the ...
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5answers
290 views

What produces Thrust along the line of flight in a glider?

After reviewing discussions and vector diagrams of gliders in flight, the vertical lift component and the vertical drag components seem to produce a steady state, 0 acceleration balance with gravity. ...
2
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0answers
98 views

In xflr5,how is the value of Fz calculated?

I am building an conventional plane with AR=6 and I find the wing area,A.So I have selected an airfoil for building my plane that is sd7062. Using xflr5 I got a cl vs alpha graph and I took the cl ...
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4answers
2k views

What are the consequences of hail damage to a small GA plane?

I recently found a Cessna 172 that had been totaled by the insurance company because of hail damage. The PDF from that page has detailed pictures which show hail-divots all over the the wings, body ...
4
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1answer
489 views

How to calculate the Gust Envelope?

I am trying to draw the V-n Diagram for a small aircraft I built, but I am stuck in the gust envelope part. I know how it is supposed to look. However, I am having a hard time calculating it. I would ...
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1answer
95 views

Is part 141 ground school really supposed to be 35hours?

I'm in a part 141 program and in ground school. My instructor dismisses class very early almost every day, but in the logbook he keeps for us he writes a lot more time than we actually meet on any ...
25
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1answer
3k views

What to do if carbon monoxide is present?

Most small, single engine aircraft are fitted with non audible carbon monoxide detectors that turn black if it is present. Carbon monoxide can incapacitate in mere seconds (and kill in minutes) ...
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2answers
216 views

Cessna 172 steering system and torque link purpose

How does the Cessna 172 steer while taxiing? Is it by using differential braking (braking one wheel at a time)? Are there any connections between rudder or toe brake and nose landing gear related to ...
8
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2answers
720 views

What are the properties of a good general aviation training aircraft?

I've been told that the best kinds of planes to train in are very small ones, like Cessna 150s and 152s. But I've never been clear as to why. I know they are cheaper to operate, so is operation cost ...
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2answers
2k views

How to programmatically access AIP data, METAR, TAF, NOTAMs?

I'm looking at developing an app where one of the functions I would like to implement needs to use data which is normally available in AIP, like: Aerodrome names, ICAO codes, GPS location, elevation ...
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1answer
87 views

How to find the measurement of how far Tail plane to Center of gravity of the aircraft?

How do you find the measurement of Piper Archer Tail Plane distance to the center of the gravity. Google really doesn't help me... maybe you guys know some website that has databases of small ...
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7answers
3k views

Best way of learning the aviation alphabet?

I want to learn the aviation alphabet, and when searching the Internet on how to, I see a plethora of approaches, so I thought of asking here! If it's primarily opinion based, let me know.
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3answers
130 views

Mechanical vs Pneumatic Stall Warning Systems

Light Cessna aircraft - at least the high wing single engine line - have commonly made use of a solid state pneumatic stall warning system. The system is fairly unique to Cessna airplanes and makes ...
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2answers
108 views

General Aviation Ice Protection

Does anyone know if regulation exists making it a requirement for general aviation aircraft to have ice protection systems? And any insights on why general aviation aircraft tend to use rubber boots ...
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1answer
61 views

What are the Ikarus C42 wing loading limits?

I have been reading about the Ikarus C42 aircraft as a potential personal recreation aircraft. It compares very favorably with the Cessna 152, most notably in weight, stall speed, and fuel economy. ...
3
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2answers
127 views

Should I keep specific distance from Class B?

I was wondering if I fly my c172 in class E airspace, and Class B base was 5000 MSL. should I keep specific distance from Class B? or is it okay to go up to 4900 MSL but not reaching 5000 MSL?
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1answer
59 views

Hypothetical - Basic Med & Insurance

I have a friend that needs some info... He has a Basic Med certification in hand. He takes a drug that is on the DNI list however it is admissible with a SI (SSRI). His GP doctor signed his Basic ...
10
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4answers
1k views

In light aircraft, non-instrument flight, apply (nearly) full aft elevator before beginning the takeoff roll or at some predetermined speed?

Consider a small, light, nose wheel tricycle aircraft, something along the lines of a C152 or similar, sitting at the end of the runway ready for takeoff, with no issues and with all pre-takeoff ...
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3answers
4k views

When is a fuel pump needed on GA aircraft?

When is a fuel pump needed on GA aircraft? I am a flight simmer and have noticed that you can leave the fuel pump off and start/fly the aircraft. When would you use the fuel pump?
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7answers
2k views

When an aircraft is descending, does any lift act on it? If yes, how?

When descending , an aircraft never goes in free fall, even if negative angle of attack is large. Does that mean the net downward force is not gravity, but less than gravity, due to certain lift ...
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3answers
4k views

Is an ultralight aircraft allowed to fly near Class B airspace?

May an ultralight vehicle operating under FAR part 103 operate within Class G and E airspace while within the mode C veil surrounding a Class B airport? Quoting directly from Title 14 CFR 91.1 ...
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3answers
2k views

Would this “being paid while flying” scenario be considered “flying for compensation”?

The difference between a private and commercial pilot's license hinges on this critical ability to expressly receive pay for flying; a PPL is allowed to fly "in furtherance of a business" but cannot ...
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3answers
154 views

Are there different symbols or graphics to identify different types of GA fuels?

Are there different symbols to identify the different types of fuels used for general aviation aircraft?
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2answers
58k views

If I own land, can I create a private runway on my property for my own use?

In the United States, if I own land that has an area suitable for landing a small general aviation airplane, can I just create a private runway, or do I have to officially be registered with the FAA ...
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3answers
227 views

Does a safety pilot log PIC, or SIC? [duplicate]

I just got my private pilot license and I want to build-up time with another private pilot lets say I am acting as a safety pilot and we make a flight of 3.7, and his time under the hood was 3.4 in ...
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1answer
111 views

Do two stroke engines for small aircraft suffer from degradation between overhauls?

Do two stroke engines for small aircraft suffer from degradation between overhauls? For an automotive engines you can usually expect it to retain most of it's power between services for a long time ...
17
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3answers
3k views

On an engine failure, can I contact the tower instead of 121.5?

Let's say I am cruising at a very high altitude with my Cessna, like at 5000ft+ AGL, and I got an engine failure. After going through the checklist, my engine is still not working, but I realized ...
7
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6answers
2k views

Is it okay to take off with weight more than the POH max gross weight?

I wonder if I could take off with weight more than the gross weight stated in the POH of my aircraft as long as I take off with a higher speed? I think I have done it once by mistake.
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1answer
126 views
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186 views

How do I decide the tail dimensions and the distance between the wings for a bi plane? [closed]

So I am designing a biplane,I know the weight.I want to know what is the lift formula , volume ratio and aspect ratio for a biplane? I know the formulas for monoplane
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5answers
5k views

What is the proper procedure after a bird strike in a single engine plane during takeoff?

First, let me set this up and then ask a general question. I'm just trying to give some context as to why I'm asking. I'm working on my private pilot license and was practicing with my PC simulator (...
48
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5answers
10k views

Can a door be shut while in flight?

What is the best way to shut a door that has popped open in flight? I had a door on a Cessna 172 pop open shortly after takeoff and was unable to get it closed, but I was fortunate enough to be able ...
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2answers
163 views

Is there a good reason to have a handheld Aviation Microphone in GA?

I have a Cessna 172P in which the handheld microphone has stopped working. Before I replace, I was wondering if there is any good reason to even have one? I have PTTs on both the pilot and copilot, ...
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2answers
1k views

What about hours flown solo without a student pilot certificate?

My instructor has ruined my training. 2.5 months ago when I started private pilot training (FAR61) I had zero knowledge about aviation. After 1.5 months he signed me off for solo and I finished all ...
38
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7answers
16k views

Since there are no toilets on smaller aircraft, how do you deal with the inevitable?

How do you handle business on a small plane on long flights? For example a cross country in a C-172.