Questions tagged [flow]

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24
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5answers
3k views

Why does airflow separate from the wing during stall?

What causes the airflow separation from the airplane wing, that triggers a stall? To be more precise, what is the detailed explanation of the physics for why flow separation occurs at certain speeds ...
7
votes
2answers
941 views

Is there a physical argument for the Kutta-Joukowski theorem?

I am doing the following exercise: Consider inviscid, incompressible, steady flow. The Kutta-Joukowski theorem $$L' = \rho_\infty V_\infty\Gamma$$ where $L'$ is the lift per unit span $\...
7
votes
1answer
226 views

Why is the flow ahead of a shock wave chaotic?

Here is the image of a shock wave on a cone in a small supersonic wind tunnel, the white lines are the condensations formed in the test chamber due to flow expansion. Why are the condensations so ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

Why can't commercial aircraft have a wing boundary layer suction system?

I've read that NASA's boundary layer suction system on the wings can reduce drag by removing the boundary layer through the suction holes. If this can reduce a lot of drag (hence improving fuel ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Does this formula hold true for a source sheet covering a closed body of arbitrary shape?

Let me explain the picture above: We have a uniform flow and a source sheet cover the the surface of an arbitrary closed body. Let s be the distance measured along the source sheet, λ=λ(s) is the ...
3
votes
1answer
265 views

How do I calculate the normal component of the velocity at the midpoint of a source straight panel?

I am reading "Fundamental of Aerodynamics " by J.D.Anderson Fifth edition. Now I am at the chapter 3. If you got the book, please go to the page 286, the part that says: "when j = i, the contribution ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What causes the adverse pressure gradient that leads to flow separation?

When reading about flow separation I generally see a diagram like this: imp source: Wikimedia commons This shows that the boundary layer slows as it passes over the wing, eventually creating an ...
2
votes
1answer
349 views

What is the fuel mass flow rate at stationary full power for the CFM56 5C2/3C1 engines?

Does anyone know what is the value of fuel mass flow rate when stationary at full power for CFM56-5C2 or CFM65-3C1 turbofan engines? I am doing a work on engine performance and it seems that only ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to calculate the static pressure in a pitot tube?

In a pitot-static tube, we have two different pressure, the static pressure $p_s$ and the total pressure $p_0 = p_s + \frac{1}{2}\rho v^2$, which comes from the Beroulli equation for incompressible ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

Boundary layer momentum thickness

Could someone please explain the concept of the boundary layer momentum thickness and its difference to boundary layer thickness calculation? Some explanation about the application of the boundary ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

What is subcritical and supercritical boundary layer?

What is subcritical and supercritical boundary layer? What is the difference between them?
1
vote
0answers
280 views

What causes these losses in this propeller simulation?

While running a CFD simulation comparison of 2 vs 3 blade propeller versions (48" diameter, 23" pitch, 3570RPM), I've come up with: 2-blade: 347N of static thrust @ 110Nm Torque 3-blade: 220N of ...