Questions tagged [flight-training]

Flight training includes all aspects of training and testing pilots and other crew members

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178
votes
14answers
149k views

Can Microsoft Flight Simulator help me learn to fly (or make me a better pilot)?

Microsoft Flight Simulator has "flight lessons" with a virtual flight instructor, some of which teach concepts that are taught during actual flight training. These simulators are becoming very ...
73
votes
10answers
136k views

What happens when an airplane stalls and why do pilots practice it?

When a non-pilot hears the word stall, it brings to mind what happens when a car stalls - the engine quits. It seems like that would be a dangerous scenario in an airplane. From a non-pilot ...
50
votes
8answers
22k views

Why don't jetliners maneuver to avoid a bird strike if spotted in time?

With 75%* of the bird strikes hitting the wings and engines, why isn't there any training to avoid such strikes by banking if a flock was spotted with enough time to react? It seems what Boeing ...
38
votes
7answers
11k views

How can I avoid flight simulator software reinforcing bad habits?

While looking into getting into flying I've seen in several sources that using flight simulator software typically creates and reinforces bad habits. Most articles say that it reinforces "instrument" ...
38
votes
3answers
26k views

How do young pilots in the USA accumulate 1500-hours to become a first officer?

The FAA requires 1500 hours as a pilot: The rule requires first officers — also known as co-pilots — to hold an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate, requiring 1,500 hours total time as a ...
36
votes
6answers
6k views

Is a pilot's instinctive reaction to a stall counter-intutive?

Is the correct stall recovery action somehow counter-intuitive? I've read about crashes like Colgan Air 3407 where pilots experiencing a stall have done the exact wrong thing and pitching the nose up. ...
34
votes
5answers
4k views

Who should handle an emergency when there's both a certificated pilot and a CFI on board?

While practicing for my commercial certificate in a T-tail Piper Arrow IV, I put the gear down on downwind, and one green light didn't come on. In the right seat was a CFII/Multi, who had over 1,000 ...
34
votes
5answers
7k views

What's the point of using T-38 to instill flight proficiency in Space Shuttle pilots?

As discussed in this Q&A, NASA pilots had to fly 15 hours a month on T-38 to maintain flight proficiency. NASA Dryden's T-38 Talon trainer jet in flight over the main base complex at Edwards Air ...
33
votes
6answers
18k views

What simulation software do airlines use?

What simulation software do airlines use for training purposes? Do they use software like P3D, FSX, X-Plane, or FlightGear? Or is it a custom? What about aircraft? Do they source them from groups like ...
33
votes
2answers
6k views

What does a typical discovery flight consist of?

I've been considering taking up flying as a hobby and have been looking into flight schools around me. One does offer an option of a discovery flight but upon contacting them they really didn't pass ...
32
votes
6answers
31k views

How much, generally speaking, does it cost to learn how to fly?

One of my life goals is to learn how to fly a plane. I can't do it now due to time constraints, but I am curious: How much, in general terms, does it cost to learn how to fly? I.e. piloting lessons, ...
31
votes
2answers
18k views

Why is a special certification needed to land at Paro Airport?

Why is Paro Airport (currently the only international airport of Bhutan) considered one of the most dangerous airports to land in the world? Is it because of the mountains? In my opinion, Princess ...
30
votes
11answers
13k views

Why does flight training usually start with (unsafe?) propeller planes and not with (safer?) jets?

I live in the UK and would like to learn flying jets, but most courses seem to start with propeller planes. Not sure if this might be a misconception about the safety of different aircraft types, but ...
30
votes
4answers
28k views

When can I request flight following?

I'm a student pilot doing all VFR flying and making flight plans for training. I've heard that most people don't file a flight plan for VFR outside of training though, and instead request "flight ...
30
votes
5answers
5k views

Can a fighter jet land on a modified airliner?

Imagine this scenario: A modified military 747 is flying at a constant speed and altitude. On the top of the fuselage there is a device like a helipad but with three holes to accommodate the fighter ...
30
votes
4answers
6k views

Principle of aerodynamic lift: are misconceptions also taught in flight schools?

Describing lift as the result of "equal transit time" on both sides of an airfoil is a fallacious theory widely found in technical books and articles for general public (see below for details about ...
28
votes
3answers
4k views

Is it true that different variants of the same model aircraft don't require pilot retraining?

I'm referring to this Wendover Productions video - The Economics That Made Boeing Build The 737 Max. The creator asserts that designing a new long range narrow body plane would be more expensive than ...
28
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it safe and effective to have “glider pilot mentality” when landing single-engine fixed-wing aircraft?

I am a low-time pilot, of approximately 200 hours. I trained on the DA20 and DA40, designs that are derived from the Diamond touring motor glider design(s) of the early 1990s. I anticipate getting my ...
27
votes
4answers
9k views

I accidentally deviated from an ATC instruction as a student pilot. How bad was it?

Here's the scenario: I was a student pilot on inbound for landing at my home airport on my final solo cross country flight I needed before doing a checkride. At roughly 8 miles out to the north west, ...
27
votes
3answers
19k views

Will having a history of depression prevent me from flying?

The AOPA website lists four medications as acceptable treatments for depression. I was treated with one of them, but it ended up making things far worse, to the point where I had issues with suicidal ...
27
votes
2answers
4k views

Do airline pilots practice stalls in actual aircraft?

PPL pilots are taught stall recovery by experiencing it first hand with an instructor. Do airline pilots intentionally stall an aircraft during training? Or is it all simulator practice because it's ...
27
votes
6answers
3k views

What to look for in a flight instructor?

I want to make the most of my time and budget. There are ton of flight instructors and the quality has to vary widely. Besides being a competent pilot, what should I look for in a CFI? What are the ...
26
votes
4answers
6k views

Do airline transport pilot trainees ever fly a passenger-less aircraft?

Do airline transport pilot (ATP) trainees ever fly an empty aircraft? Consider the example where a pilot is under training to operate a 777. Would the pilot ever fly the real aircraft without any ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

What qualifications or training allow a test pilot to fly a new aircraft?

What makes a test pilot a test pilot? I'd imagine recovery from unusual attitudes is a must, but aerobatic pilots can do that as well. What training does a test pilot go through, that is unique and ...
23
votes
3answers
9k views

What does a sport pilot have to do to get a private pilot certificate in the US?

What are the minimum requirements for obtaining a privates pilot certificate if a pilot already has a sport pilot certificate? The requirements for a private pilot certificate don't changes because ...
21
votes
2answers
5k views

How were pilots selected and trained before the introduction of simulators?

I wonder, how were the pilots selected and trained before simulators were introduced. The simulators allowed to test the coordination and reaction time of candidates. And they allowed the students to ...
21
votes
3answers
21k views

Why are student pilots' shirt tails cut after they complete their first solo?

There's a standing tradition, at least in the USA, that a student pilot has their shirt cut, signed and dated by their instructor. What is the origin of this practice and what is its significance?
21
votes
1answer
1k views

Is training and pay different for cargo and airline pilots?

Do cargo pilots receive different training than airline pilots? Are there notable differences in salary or other benefits? My assumption is that since cargo pilots do not have to deal with passengers,...
20
votes
4answers
29k views

What happens during a checkride for a private pilot license?

For a Private Pilot License in USA, what happens when a student takes his/her checkride? I want to know the sequence of events. According to my knowledge, which is sort of vague, things proceed as ...
20
votes
3answers
23k views

Why and when to use flaps?

On a commercial airliner, what is the purpose of the flaps? I understand that depending on which direction they move in, they can be used to decrease airspeed, but I don't know when flaps are used. ...
20
votes
3answers
9k views

Are the first solo flights by a student pilot more dangerous?

The first solo flight is a nail-biting moment, not only for the student pilot, but also for the flight instructor who's sending him off. In theory not having a CFI reduces the margin of safety ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

Is there a downside to trying multiple flight instructors?

My local airport has a Part 61 flight school and gives students the option of selecting among three Certified Flight Instructors. Farhan and others have posted excellent explanations of ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

When approaching a stall, is the first priority to apply power or lower nose?

I’ve always wondered. And I’d assume it’s the same regardless of aircraft? But when approaching a stall would the main priority be adding more power? I ask because what if a crew was on final for ...
18
votes
3answers
39k views

What is a “frozen ATPL”?

I've heard the term "frozen ATPL" and it seems to be some kind of limited EASA ATP certificate. What exactly is a frozen ATPL? What privileges does it give the holder? How is it unfrozen to become - ...
18
votes
3answers
6k views

What constitutes an “emergency” in flight procedures?

In reading through the more informal literature (Wikipedia, FAA PDFs, Av.SE), I often come across a caveat to standard flight rules and procedures: "unless an emergency exists". The intention is ...
18
votes
2answers
5k views

What makes intentional low or missed approaches legal?

A common procedure in flight training is the low approach: simulating a landing, but without actually making contact with the ground before powering up and either going around in the traffic pattern ...
18
votes
2answers
39k views

How much should it cost to get IFR-rated? What to look for?

(Related to this question) Many pilots have told me that an IFR rating is the most valuable thing i can do to improve my flying and margin of safety. I know there are courses as quick as, "Get ...
17
votes
3answers
15k views

How meaningful is the total number of flight hours?

What hours count towards the total number of flight hours? In a long haul flight, do all the hours of the flight count towards the total? Even if the pilot is resting? Do 10 short flights of 1 hour (...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

Is there anything extra required to spin a Cessna 172 in the Utility category?

I'm trying to find a suitable aircraft to get my spin endorsement for my CFI rating but am running into trouble with most aerobatic aircraft due to my height (too tall). My last thought is that I ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

What's the difference between FAA Part 61 and Part 141 training?

I've got schools with both part approvals in my area. I'm just interested in recreational flying, I'm not sure which part is more suited to my needs. What are the differences I should consider before ...
17
votes
1answer
473 views

How can I determine the quality of training provided by a CFI at a local flying club?

I'm considering getting a private pilot license, but considering that it is more dangerous than driving a car (with pilot error being a large factor of that), I want to make sure I train with a CFI ...
16
votes
1answer
931 views

How able were pilots of three-person cockpits at running the normal FE work?

This question is about whether a FE could fly solo. I'd like to know to what degree the pilots could operate the FE console, e.g. if the FE was incapacitated. How much was covered as part of the type ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it an overkill to request to see airplane maintenance logs at a new flight school?

I'm getting a checkout at a new flight school, so I don't know anything about the maintenance records of their airplanes other than this school has been in operation for some time and so I assume ...
16
votes
4answers
17k views

Can you obtain a pilot license with impaired vision / being blind in one eye?

A friend of mine is blind in one eye and has normal vision in the other eye. Would this prevent him from getting a Private Pilots License in the US?
16
votes
2answers
16k views

What does the ‡ symbol in the Chart Supplement (A/FD) designate?

In the Chart Supplement there is occasionally a symbol after the operating hours for control towers (and other time information) like what's shown below. What ...
15
votes
8answers
3k views

Are there “Introductory flights” available to see if I want to pursue training?

Through endless sources available it's possible to learn the rules of flying without undertaking formal training: I can take practice tests, study flying rules, laws, altitudes, speeds, controls, etc.,...
15
votes
5answers
42k views

Can I become a pilot if I am under treatment for Attention Deficit Disorder?

I know that before you even begin training in flight school, you are required to get a physical examination from a doctor to determine if you are fit to fly. Online articles stressed the importance of ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Will I fail a check-ride if I do a go-around for a short-field landing?

Let's assume that I'm on a check-ride and my next requirement is to perform a short-field landing. If I'm coming in for landing and it's obvious I'm not going to hit my mark, can I perform a go-...
14
votes
5answers
4k views

In the US, is there a way for a pilot to legally “maneuver at will” in actual IMC?

In the US, is there a way for a pilot to legally "maneuver at will" in actual IMC? Let's say you want to practice a series of reversing 360-degree turns and not have to communicate every change in ...
14
votes
5answers
5k views

Does a headwind affect the climb gradient?

When studying for my German PPL exam, I came across this question: For those that do not speak German I'll try to translate the question, but bear with me as it is kinda picky what I'm trying to get ...

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