Questions tagged [flight-planning]

Flight planning is the process of preparing for a flight: planning a route to fly, identifying alternate destinations in case of diversion, calculating required fuel, ensuring the aircraft will not be not overloaded and so on.

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9
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the proper procedure to change altitude when changing heading?

I'm told that, depending on the heading of your aircraft, you have to fly at particular altitudes. Which, of course, makes sense because having planes flying in opposite directions at the same ...
10
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3answers
13k views

How Earth's rotation affect flight times? [duplicate]

How much does Earth's rotation affect flight times in going East or West, and how could you calculate if zero winds?
3
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1answer
710 views

Aerobatics in "firm" IMC -- how would one do it?

Assuming you are aerobatically trained, IFR rated, have an aircraft that is rated for the aerobatic maneuvers you are planning to perform (let us assume that it is acrobatic category, even), and the ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What the preparations and procedures to consider for circumnavigation?

If one wants to circumnavigate the planet in a general aviation airplane, how can one do it and what are the important issues to consider?
5
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible for aircraft to transfer from low to high airways?

Is it possible for aircraft to transfer from low to high airways? In the US, you must be flying below 18000 feet to be able to use a Victor airway, while you must be at FL180 or above to use a Jet ...
16
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3answers
1k views

If I'm on a IFR flight plan with appropriate IFR reserves, and I'm given a lower altitude which will consume more fuel, what should I do?

Let's say I'm on a long-range flight at my requested altitude of FL250, and I am handed off into a very busy sector where the controller tells me "Descend and maintain FL210, for traffic." At FL250, ...
20
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3answers
20k views

Why the number 6 in P6SM in a METAR/TAF?

A typical METAR or TAF reads something like this: VRB04KT P6SM SCT025 BKN040 OVC060 P6SM means "greater than 6 statute miles ...
3
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1answer
594 views

No alternate destination when flying from Oakland to Honolulu: is that correct?

When you file a flight plan from Oakland to Honolulu you put "Glory" as your alternate destination.[1] Is that the correct way to file the flightplan? Scanning back a few paragraphs, the airplane ...
10
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2answers
3k views

In the Lockheed Martin Flight Services system, what are MIFR, MVFR, YFR and ZFR flight rules?

When I file a flight plan I can file under either IFR or VFR flight rules. However, the Lockheed Martin Flight Services website has the following options in addition to IFR/VFR: MVFR MIFR YFR ZFR 1 ...
7
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2answers
3k views

How do the various DUATS differ?

In terms of technical capability, what are the comparative advantages and disadvantages between the following? CSC DUATS from Computer Sciences Corporation DTC DUAT from Data Transformation ...
3
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2answers
32k views

Can you jump out of a crashing plane just before impact to improve your chance of surviving? [duplicate]

Let's say a plane is going to crash and all people on board know this. Why can't they jump from the aircraft when the plane is near the ground? They would have higher chances of surviving, right?
15
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1answer
317 views

What is required to fly privately from a region with high levels of the ebola virus (Nigeria) to the UK?

My dad will be flying us in a private aircraft from Nigeria back to the UK. I know that he has been in touch with someone from the UK about this, but since I wasn't present for the conversation I'm ...
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2answers
688 views

What lead time is required to change an already submitted flight plan?

A government agency of an EU country commissions a private company with a chartered flight from Europe to Africa/Asia/... (e.g. to involuntarily take people to a specific country). Then it wants to ...
4
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0answers
328 views

Can anyone find Putins Il-96-300PU july 17 flight map? [closed]

Can anyone find Putin's Il-96-300PU July 17 flight track? Putin's flight path has not been publicized on the internet. The Russian media is claiming that his aircraft would be in danger of being shot ...
8
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1answer
768 views

What charts do I need flying VFR between KPRC and KLAS?

Some friends and I are going to fly up to Vegas from college to watch the Red Bull air races in a few weeks. And after looking at the charts, I realized I am in a pretty unique situation. The ...
21
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6answers
40k views

What is the difference between Best Rate of Climb and Maximum Rate of Climb?

Is there a difference between Best Rate of Climb and Maximum Rate of Climb? From my research, best rate of climb trades ground distance for altitude (i.e. steeper climb, more altitude per unit time)...
5
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1answer
2k views

Where can I download the flight plan data around the world?

Where can I download the flight plan data around the world, so that I have analyze their route? Are they provided freely?
3
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1answer
311 views

Where can a realtime map showing all flights and all dangerous areas be found?

Further to my other question, how can I find a realtime map of all flights that's combined with the foregoing map of all perilous zones? My goal is to see which flights may be overflying them, and in ...
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0answers
82 views

Where can the latest maps marking all dangerous areas be found? [duplicate]

I'd like to be aware of and include areas (in the requested maps) that might not be prohibited, but discriminated, mentioned, singularised, or warned in any way. An example: http://www.newrepublic.com/...
21
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1answer
1k views

What are the protocols of flying over conflict areas?

Apparently Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 used a general airway over the east of Ukraine, which currently is 'in conflict'. What are the 'normal' procedures regarding (not) flying over conflict areas? ...
7
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1answer
953 views

Is there any combination of aircraft and airports where no alternate landing airport would be possible?

In the comments on this answer an interesting assertion was made, that you never have a situation in the US where there is no possible alternate airport. Assuming that: you're flying an aircraft ...
8
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1answer
2k views

How to find flying directions (similar to driving directions) for navigation?

Similar to driving directions, is there a service from where we can get flying directions? Let's suppose an airplane does not have a GPS and it has to rely on VORs for navigation. I know about ...
22
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3answers
9k views

Why is the flight going north just to go south?

I am tracking my kid's flight from LAX to EWR. It seems like a pretty straight West to East kind of flight but the flight path has the plane moving somewhat north through Ohio and then angling back to ...
23
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2answers
3k views

Are all flights planned?

Do (GA) pilots necessarily have to plan every flight, or can someone just go up and fly? Please note I don't mean actually 'filing a flight plan', but does every flight need to be carefully plotted ...
28
votes
2answers
104k views

What are the ICAO fuel reserve requirements?

How much reserve fuel are private and commercial aircraft required to carry by ICAO rules? I heard that it changed recently (about a year ago) and is a little complicated. How is it calculated for ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Can/do commercial flights change their flight path during flight?

Looking at the paths of the same flight on two different days, I noticed they flew very different paths. Short Path:1 YAY N184B TOPPS ENE PARCH1 Long Path:1 <...
9
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3answers
17k views

How do pilots decide what their cruising altitude will be?

When filing a flight-plan for a long-haul high-altitude IFR flight, how do pilots select a specific cruising altitude? Typically in the range of 25,000 - 35,000 ft.
29
votes
4answers
64k views

What is Cost Index?

I'm not sure if it's just in Boeing aircraft, but I've heard that Cost Index has something to do with flight planning but have no idea what it is. What is it for and how is it calculated? (I'm happy ...
17
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5answers
33k views

What is a rule of thumb for when to begin a descent?

What rule of thumb would you use for your airplane insofar as how far from your destination you would begin your descent given an expected straight-in approach and landing in no-wind conditions and no ...
4
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2answers
2k views

What are the general post flight sequence checks and do they start automatically? If so, when?

What post flight checks are performed? Are they automatically or pilot initiated. If automatic, what are the possible conditions? For example, one of the conditions to start the postflight checks ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is a "T" (Tango) prefix required before the registration number for Part 135 flights?

After September 11th, the FAA required all Part 135 air carrier flights to prefix their registration number with a "T" and use the "Tango November" prefix on the radio. Every once in a great while (...
11
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1answer
17k views

When is a flight plan required?

Do all flights need to have filed flight plans or only ones that fit certain criteria? What are the criteria?
8
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2answers
3k views

What special training is required to fly in the Washington DC area?

I remember hearing that special training was required to fly into the Washington DC area and that it didn't really apply to me (maybe it was VFR only?). What is the requirement and what must you do ...
4
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1answer
12k views

What's the difference between TWEBs and TIBS?

Everyone I know knows about DUATS and Flight Service weather briefers, but you almost never hear about TWEB and TIBS. They have something to do with telephones and recorded weather information...are ...
20
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4answers
5k views

Can I use cellular data to receive in-flight weather on my iPad?

I would like to use an iPad for preflight planning. Can I also use the iPad to check weather while I'm en route?
25
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2answers
10k views

Are there diversion points for southern Pacific great circle route flights?

At first I wasn't even sure if any airlines flew southern Pacific great circle route flights, but it looks like Qantas (QFA27) operates a flight between Sydney and Santiago, Chile. For northern ...
18
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4answers
3k views

How does flight duration affect the hourly fuel consumption in heavy aircraft?

A 15 hour flight across the Pacific obviously requires more fuel than a 7.5-hour transatlantic flight. How significant is the hourly fuel consumption increase due to the additional fuel carried at ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Can I display the route which I have created with skyvector.com on google maps?

I really appreciate skyvector.com as a tool for initial route planning and providing me with a good lookout to the upcoming VFR flight, but honestly I'm not very satisfied with the FAA Sectional ...
13
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3answers
824 views

How can I get more details about information in a NOTAM?

In doing some planning for an upcoming flight, I noticed my destination (a towered airport) has a NOTAM about the runway: "FICON PATCHY ICE". That seems rather vague, I'd like more information before ...
14
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7answers
2k views

How/Where can I get additional weather information for flight planning?

METARs, TAFs, the area forecast (FA), and flight service briefings are great tools, but if I'm planning a flight with an overnight stay (or a flight that itself might take me a couple of days of ...
15
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4answers
2k views

Do autopilots force the aircraft to fly over certain coordinates?

As part of a project I'm doing I plotted the flight paths of about 2000 flights around the globe, I noticed over both the North Atlantic and Pacific that there is a pattern to the flight paths: You ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Why are different routes flown between the the same pair of airports?

On two of my trips (same airline, same kind of plane 777), I noticed that the airplane took very different routes (from New York to UAE). 1st Trip in 2012 (blue): Duration 11h 30m 2nd Trip in 2013 (...
16
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5answers
12k views

Is an alternate airport always required when flying internationally?

When flying a domestic US flight, an alternate airport is not required unless the weather is below specific minimums at the destination. What are the rules when on an international flight plan and ...
7
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2answers
5k views

What is the actual range of ICON A5?

Does anyone currently own or have experience flying an ICON A5 aircraft? They claim a range of 300 NM (555.6 km). I would like to know whether this is a theoretical calculated range, or a true/actual ...
18
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3answers
4k views

After an emergency landing, what procedures should the pilot follow?

In case of an emergency landing (non-fatal) on a road/highway or in a large field, what happens next? Should police be contacted? Should aircraft owner and/or insurance be contacted? In case landing ...
12
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3answers
549 views

Are there benefits to opening a flight plan if I'm flying over populated areas?

Here in Idaho we have a lot of mountains and desert areas where if I had to make an emergency landing or crashed it may take a very long time to find me. In that case I can see the benefit to opening ...
13
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1answer
669 views

Where can I find regulations in different countries for flight level rules based on direction of flight?

I'm from Brazil, and here we use the West/East rule, so we use an odd flight level when we fly between 0/360 - 179, and when we fly between ...
38
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2answers
4k views

How do I "sightsee" in a class Bravo airspace?

There are some good sights to see inside of class Bravo airspace. What is the best way to plan and communicate to ATC that my intention is to fly into the airspace to see some specific landmarks?

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