Questions tagged [flight-planning]

Flight planning is the process of preparing for a flight: planning a route to fly, identifying alternate destinations in case of diversion, calculating required fuel, ensuring the aircraft will not be not overloaded and so on.

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Selection of cruise FL and semi-circular rule

Let's assume I am flying VFR from A to B. B is located north-northwest of A, eg. a direct course would yield a magnetic track of, say, 350°(M). However, some legs of my route are northeastwards, ...
M2FKXY's user avatar
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How to find TAS, IAS, PPH and USG?

Could somebody explain this task. I do not understand how to use this table :(
Karina 's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
171 views

How to fill out the Nav Log when reaching set heading point before the top of climb from the departure airport?

My current scenario is that I am flying from airport A to airport B. I need to reach 8000ft from sea level but it takes 22nm horizontally to reach that altitude and my first set heading point is 12nm ...
avidoni's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
5k views

How do I intentionally fly into turbulence?

How could I plan a flight to increase my chances of a fun ride through turbulence? What if I want to plan my flight before the weather forecast is available? The internet is full of people who are ...
Anonymous Physicist's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
156 views

How Can I Know If An Airport/ Airfield Is Equipped To Operate During A Power Outage

My buddy was asked this by an IP. Is there a way to see in any publication that an airport is equipped to operate during a power outage? Or a way to see if a airfield has backup power?
B Bryan's user avatar
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2 votes
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Question about airline routing with oceanic flightplans

so I looked up my recently flight from Incheon, South Korea to JFK on Flightaware (Korean Air 85 on Wednesday 8/23): Image source The "route" under "Flight Data" is just 4348N/...
swiftNewb's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Airline pilots and unplanned but not necessary manouevres

This story details how an EasyJet captain flew a presumably unplanned circle to give everyone on board a look at the Northern Lights. Are captains allowed to do this sort of thing on a whim, or would ...
Alan B's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Examples of non-direct flight tracks (ETOPS, political instability, etc.)

Flights don't always follow the great circle route (the shortest distance between two points on the globe) for a number of reasons: Political Instability Airspace Closures ETOPS Limits Geography (eg. ...
Wasserwaage's user avatar
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how to determine the optimum FL for A320 to make a flight plan?

I want to make an ifr flight plan for A320 based on fcom, but I don't understand how to make one
Uchiha Madara's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
447 views

Changing SID without changing the flight plan

Pilots are demanding conventional SID rather than RNAV SID planned on flight plan due gps problem. In that case is it enough for a tower controller to coordinate the conventional SID with the approach ...
ilayda's user avatar
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Flight plan routing - when can you go direct? [duplicate]

When you are creating a flight plan and getting a route from airport A to airport B, I noticed that in flight simulation the routes will mostly have a pattern of going to a waypoint --> then an ...
KillerKode's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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What does this term in a SimBrief flight plan routing mean?

I checked everywhere and I cannot figure out what the bold sections mean in this flight plan routing I got from SimBrief: DTTA/11 N0430F360 TOBI3C TOBIB UA725 TANIT UM733 OSMAR DCT ALEDI DCT APSUX ...
skyven86's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
166 views

Why some airspaces don't have high-altitude IFR airways?

I noticed on enroute charts that some airspaces (mainly over Balnkans - e.g. LWSS, LYBA, LDZO, LOVV etc) do not have high-altitude IFR airways. Unfortunately searching online didn't reveal much. What ...
Orestis Samaras's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
421 views

When is it required to enter an airway? (IFR)

Assuming I'm not using a computer program to generate a flight plan for me, for cross-country IFR flight planning in the United States, how quickly after finishing departure procedures is one supposed ...
acker9's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
833 views

Should IFR flight plans in the USA still have one waypoint per sector in 2023?

Alternate title: How come ATC has cleared aircraft direct from Laredo to Columbus 17 times? If you hop on ForeFlight today (Feb 20 2023) and search for suggested routes between KLRD and KCMH you'll ...
Steve V.'s user avatar
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1 vote
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Calculating center of gravity when calculated CoG, T/O mass, fuel burn and fuel burn station are known

I'm practicing for my EASA PPL(A) exam and one of the questions I came across sound like this: Calculated take-off mass = 1082 kg, calculated CG = 0.254 m, fuel burn = 55 l on station 0.40 m. A. 24.6 ...
Tudor Ravoiu's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
252 views

Calculate Block Fuel based on Altitude, Temp, Taxi Fuel, Time for climb/approach and landing

I'm preparing for my EASA exams and one of the questions I came across for the "Flight Performance and Planning" exam sounds like this: For planning a VFR flight, the following data are ...
Tudor Ravoiu's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
184 views

EASA - Legal Alternate when ILS to a specific RW is U/S

Interesting question this morning. My alternate has RW07/25; the ILS to 25 was U/S. TAF was for OVC007. My alternate minima are: If DH < 250 then use DH + 200. With the ILS inop, had I needed to ...
ExternalUse's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
347 views

How can I determine how long it would take to fly between two points?

How can I determine the approximate time required to fly a particular plane (e.g. a Cessna 172) between two points, considering the possibility of needing intermediate stops? For airline flights, I ...
Someone's user avatar
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Can pilots confirm or refute that the earth is rotating or not? [closed]

Some people claim that the plane should fly slower in one direction and faster in the other direction, if the earth is rotating.
Alsaraha's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
105 views

ERA runway close NOTAM [closed]

In the Flight Planning Stage If enroute alternate airport runway close NOTAM isuue and its only the airport which in 60min circle on the flight route, Should we find othere flight route or planning ...
LEE YUNJE's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
218 views

What do you need to have onboard for flights with an ultralight/sport aircraft over water (Atlantic, Pacific)? Life raft possible (weight/size)?

Remark: For us in Germany an UL is a 2 seater with 470/600kg MTOW. AFAIK those are named Light Sport Aircraft in the US/Australia. Example: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikarus_C42 What do you use if ...
Horst Walter's user avatar
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TAS from POH or e6b

I always calculated my TAS at any cruise altitude by Using my planned cruise (pressure) altitude, temperature Plug desired CAS, PA, temperature into e6b and get TAS But I've also seen people get TAS ...
Jonathan's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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How many alternates should I prepare PPL checkride cross country?

I have a PPL checkride and the first portion of the exam is a long cross-country journey of about 300 miles. I know I'm expecting a diversion in there somewhere. But in general and for checkride ...
Jonathan's user avatar
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1 vote
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562 views

CoG Envelope Calculation - Am I Doing Something Wrong?

I'm doing some pre-planning for a bush flight with the Icon A5, and I'm at CoG calculation. This is the W&B form from the A5's POH: I weigh 225 lbs. I'm simulating 111.6 lbs of gear which can be ...
William Walker III's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
138 views

What are Market Share, Market Size & yield in aviation network planning? [closed]

I came across the terms Market share, size & yield in aviation network planning. I don't really know what that means, anyone can provide me with a simplified explanation or maybe a reference where ...
the phoenix's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
255 views

How to fix JeppView VFR charts font display [closed]

Some of the VFR charts printed by JeppView for Windows incorrectly display various letters on the map. This is especially visible in the NDB/DME designations ("INN", "PAT", "...
Wasserwaage's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
467 views

How to "address" a flight plan to additional stations

Airspace around the Swiss village of Davos is restricted as part of the World Economic Forum every year. The amendment to the Austrian AIP instructs pilots who would still like to cross the affected ...
Wasserwaage's user avatar
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Number of US Commercial Aircraft versus Rest of the World

I have been trying to obtain information on the number of commercial passenger aircraft (i.e. jetliners) that US airline companies have compared with the number airlines for the whole rest of the ...
inquiries's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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How do I calculate the point of no return for a flight with multiple legs?

In every textbook where Points of No Return (PNR) are discussed (or at least, those I've read), the method of calculating them is always between point A to point B as a direct route. This is simple ...
hiigaran's user avatar
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1 answer
130 views

How to calculate time-of-arrival of airplanes to a neighborhood of a position (with minimum probing)? [closed]

Suppose we have a position on earth with coordinates: (latitude, longitude). I'm looking for methods, algorithms or APIs to get a time alert that a plane would fly ...
Zeta.Investigator's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
181 views

Why is the listed sectional for KEIK Cheyenne instead of Denver?

I'm confused why a municipal airport (KEIK in Erie, CO) lists Cheyenne as its appropriate sectional, instead of Denver? It's just over 20nm WNW of KDEN under its outer class bravo shelf and is well ...
dwardio's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
462 views

Since 9/11, for international flights, have any airlines made regular technical stops in the US?

Since 9/11, has any airline had scheduled international passenger flights with a technical stop at any US airport? (A technical stop means all passengers and crew stay on the plane without going ...
StephenS's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
747 views

How can I import Garmin Pilot checklist files into ForeFlight?

Inside the airplane that I am training on, there is an iPad running the Garmin Pilot app with all the checklists for that plane in the app as a "Checklist Binder". I use my own iPad (a ...
currenthandle's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
207 views

Can you fly to a U.S. border airport without any paperwork?

In most cases, one can fly VFR in the U.S. without any flight plan. However, if you are crossing an ADIZ, it is my understanding that you have to file a DVFR flight plan. Consider an airport such as ...
Alpha Bravo's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does SkyVector's flight plan give wrong magnetic variation corrections?

Lately I have noticed that Skyvector's Flight Planning tool "Nav Log" has been showing very wrong magnetic variation corrections for particular legs of my flight plans. The corrections ...
GolanTrevize's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
273 views

Where can I find no fly zones such as active stadiums while doing flight planning?

I am a student pilot in training for a PPL. I read that it is illegal to fly over a stadium filled with people, but not illegal to fly over stadiums that are not filled. Obvious reasons, of course. ...
Jonathan's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Are TIBS and TWEB in Alaska discontinued?

My 2021 paper edition of FAR/AIM still mentions TIBS (7-1-8) as Alaska-Only, but when I look at the Alaska Chart Supplement I can't find any TIBS numbers. https://aeronav.faa.gov/Upload_313-d/...
vector's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does endurance include the fuel reserve time?

I have been wondering if endurance time actually includes the fuel reserve time? For example: Total usable FOB = 84 litres Fuel burn rate = 16 litres/hour Aircraft's reserve fuel = 30 minutes ...
Hazim Husni's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
481 views

All approaches at airport NA for Alternate planning. Does that mean the same as Airport NA for Alternate if VFR landing is planned?

Jeppesen will use the term "NA" in the "For Filing as Alternate" table if all the available approaches at the given airport are not available. For FAA charts, a pilot will know ...
Bascuela's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
547 views

Where is the V3 airway mentioned on the ILS 34 approach plate for KPSM?

While drafting a simple flight plan for KBOS to KPSM, I noticed that the ILS 34 Approach plate for KPSM mentioned that the procedure turn is "NA for arrivals at PSM VOR/DME on V3 northbound":...
Chris Scott's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
378 views

What sort of briefing and planning information would an airline pilot in the 1960-70s have used?

Slightly related: Do airliners get substantially different weather briefings from the rest of us? Highly related: How was the navigation managed on jetliners before having programmable routes? Highly ...
Steve V.'s user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
3k views

How do I read this flight plan route?

When I create a flight plan using SimBrief, for example for London Gatwick (EGKK) to Dublin Airport (EIDW), it generates the following route: ...
Double M's user avatar
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83 votes
1 answer
11k views

Why did this FedEx flight (FDX1311) take such an indirect route multiple times?

I was looking at flights from DEN -> MEM, and saw this extra-long route that FDX1311 took last night (9 Aug 2021) Thinking they were probably just avoiding storms, I scrolled down and saw there ...
Ziwcam's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are the ICAO RNAV equipment codes for the non-WAAS G1000 and GNS 430W?

When filing an ICAO IFR flight plan, where in "the manual" (which manual?) for a G1000 and a GNS430 do I find the RNAV capability information for an ICAO flight plan? What am I looking for?
Java Addict's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
407 views

Is it possible to file for a flight level ABOVE an Airway altitude limitation (for high en route airways)?

I'm just curious if it's ever possible to file for, and/or fly, an altitude that is above an airway restriction. Say if the airway has an altitude restriction of FL410 or less. Is it ever possible to ...
John Ward's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
3k views

Does an IFR flight-plan include the approach?

I tried to create an IFR flight plan (at simbrief.com) and there is something I don't get: Are we supposed to know the runway/approach at the destination airport before taking-off, and add it to the ...
Swisstone's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
154 views

What factors cause a turbine aircraft to have decreasing fuel burn over time?

Consider a fictional aircraft with a fuel schedule similar to the following: ...
Steve V.'s user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
4k views

Can a pilot amend a flight plan in-flight?

Which information pilot can change in-flight? For example: Altitude. Ask to climb higher? V to Z. VFR rules to IFR (VFR to IFR)?
Stanislav Zubar's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
2k views

How is flight planning performed with short turnaround times?

For low cost carrier short-haul flight such as Dortmund-London I have experienced multiple times that turnaround times are around 20-25 minutes. In such a short time what is included in the flight ...
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