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Questions tagged [flight-planning]

Flight planning is the process of preparing for a flight: planning a route to fly, identifying alternate destinations in case of diversion, calculating required fuel, ensuring the aircraft will not be not overloaded and so on.

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What is the purpose of including sea level pressure and temperature in a METAR?

In a METAR such as this one: KGOK 161553Z AUTO 18011KT 4SM BR OVC007 07/05 A3011 RMK AO2 SLP201 T00670050 Translated to: Jan 16, 1553Z, Automated. Mist, Wind from 180° at 11 knots, 4 statute ...
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How is the effect of wind on arrival time handled?

If a commercial plane encounters strong tailwinds, would the pilots set the autopilot for a fixed arrival time (if that is possible), or would it be ok to arrive way ahead of schedule? I imagine ...
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42 views

Can a SIGMET last less than initially forecasted?

Lets say I have a SIGMET that says VALID 310800/311200. Is it possible that by 1100 the SIGMET would not be active anymore or it will always be valid until the published end time?
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61 views

Is the route which takes the least time always the one with least fuel-burn?

Geographically longer paths may require less fuel than the shortest (great circle) path. But what about time ? Is the most fuel efficient route always the one that has the aircraft in the air for ...
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236 views

Can longer paths consume less fuel than the (shorter) great circle path?

Is the most fuel-efficient route between points A and B always along a great circle ? Although somewhat counter-intuitive, this comment on an aviation blog seems to suggest that longer paths (in ...
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115 views

In a flight plan, does it make any difference to write an increase of the flight level instead of writing a cruise climb?

According to ICAO 4444, a change of speed or level should be written in item 15 of the flight plan according to these rules: Change of speed or level (maximum 21 characters) The point at which a ...
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61 views

How do I include a STAR in an ICAO flight plan?

Would it be in accordance with ICAO norms to include a STAR identification right after the airway name in the field 15 of the flight plan? Or should the connecting point between the airway and the ...
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29 views

What time window size the Eurocontrol's IFPS considers when comparing the EET informed by the airline and its own calculated EET?

Excerpt from IFPS Users Manual Ed. 22.0 (chapter 34. PROFILE CALCULATION/ROUTE ANALYSIS): ...
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148 views

What are these symbols in Garmin Pilot?

When I start editing a flight plan in Garmin Pilot, if I have a distance that is farther (like 1,000 nm or farther) I get these two symbols in the map on the Flight Plan pane: One is a tower and the ...
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47 views

Performance Calculation with upgraded engine

I have an upcoming checkride and the DPE has asked to plan a cross country flight. The aircraft that will be used is a PA28-151; however, it has an upgraded 160hp engine. Regarding performance ...
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36 views

Does filing a flight plan with Garmin Pilot activate ACAS and SE-SAR for my inReach?

I have my aircraft set up with a Garmin inReach for ACAS and SE-SAR on 1800wxbrief.com. If I file using the Garmin Pilot app, will the inReach ACAS and SE-SAR work or only if I file on the 1800wxbrief....
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49 views

Operations Control Center

From flight planning to completion of flights, what are the different sections of an OCC and their functions?
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216 views

Would a refueling stop be cheaper than finding lodging for all the passengers?

This is somewhat late followup question to my original question. Basic story was flight got delayed by almost 24 hours because first, technical reasons, secondly temperatures were very high. As far ...
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2answers
299 views

Why did my transatlantic flight meander off the great circle?

I recently flew commercial to Scotland and was tracking our progress on my iPad using Foreflight. I made a direct-to line that followed the great circle route, but noticed that we meandered off of it ...
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593 views

When the winds aloft are light and variable, what wind direction and speed should I use for flight planning?

What do you input in a navlog for wind direction and velocity, when the wind and temp forecast says 9900+18? I know 9900 means light and variable winds less than 5kts but how do I determine the ...
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4answers
292 views

How does Air Traffic Control know a flight's route and destination?

I am trying to find out in layman's terms how does ATC determine the direction a flight has to take after takeoff, or when should it start descending for the destination airport. I understand it has ...
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1answer
675 views

How can I calculate the fuel required for a specific route and aircraft?

Okay, I'm writing a online game. I've got two airports and the equipment. For example: Heathrow - LAX on a 744. What I want to work out is the fuel required, as this will apply a cost to the airline. ...
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1answer
2k views

Does a headwind/tailwind affect your rate of climb?

I am still confused whether a head wind or tailwind would affect the rate of climb. Since in a HW/TW condition our a/c is basically still climbing in the same parcel of air, it is just that parcel of ...
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1answer
351 views

Why does Ryanair always fill its flight plans with the same remark?

With my current position, I have access to samples of ATC recordings, including all the flight plans received by a FIR. Parsing these recordings, I noticed that Ryanair always put the following ...
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1answer
413 views

Why did my flight descend for landing then suddenly climb steeply and turn sharply?

I was flying on a Vueling flight (VLG6251) from Rome, Italy to Orly, France on the 31st of December 2017. During landing, my plane went to a really low altitude as if it was about to land but there ...
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1answer
189 views

What are the customs decal and eAPIS requirements for flying to the Bahamas?

I'm planning to rent an aircraft and fly to the Bahamas. I've got all the requirements including the Restricted Radio license. However, there was another requirement which concerns paying of the ...
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151 views

What qualifies for “mass disseminated data” for an abbreviated briefing?

I'm reading about the different types of pre-flight briefings you can get and in the section for Abbreviated Briefing (AIM 7-1-4c) is mentions the phrase "mass disseminated data". Request an ...
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Why would a flight from Frankfurt to Madrid fly over London?

While enjoying the sunshine at the bank of the river Main in Frankfurt (Germany) this evening, I saw a LATAM B787-9 depart over the city center towards the north. This was slightly surprising, as the ...
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1answer
112 views

On an IFR flight, should I avoid class B and include approach fixes/procedures in the route?

When creating an IFR route, should one route around and avoid class B airspace? Should one include the IAF (Initial Approach Fix) of the desired IAP (Instrument approach Procedure) in your route? ...
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1answer
199 views

Does clearance delivery assign VOR or GPS-A approaches?

I've listened to clearance delivery feeds on LiveATC. Is it possible for clearance delivery to assign VOR or GPS-A approaches instead of standard terminal arrivals (STARs)? Or would they just give you ...
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235 views

Is the distance to PNR (point of no return) affected by wind?

Is the distance to PNR (point of no return) affected by wind? I did research it and found some links, but none discussed about the wind.
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263 views

What are the ICAO equipment codes for those Garmin units? [closed]

What are the ICAO equipment codes for those Garmin units? Garmin G500 / 750 / 650 WAAS navigators?
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605 views

How did KAL 007 get so far off course?

Regarding Flight 007 that got shot down in the Soviet Union, this was reported in the New York Times: Study Says Korean Airliner Was on Its Intended Course When Downed in '83 (nytimes.com) Excerpt: ...
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1answer
131 views

Does an aircraft equipment suffix denote how many VOR radios are installed?

I'm studying IFR. Does an aircraft equipment suffix specify if and how many VOR radios are installed? I'm guessing that the suffix is used by ATC to know if they can give you an RNAV or a an approach ...
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1answer
276 views

What is the english term for “vol en ficelle”?

From what I have read online and understood, "vol en ficelle" is basically a low altitude flight preparation method that requires calculating a set of altitudes to be followed in order not to crash. ...
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1answer
203 views

How to find the distance if the points are above Earth's surface? [closed]

There is a lot of information online about how to find the distance between two points if both the points are on the surface of the earth. But no article mentions about how to find the distance if ...
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1answer
254 views

How to select a SID during the planning stage?

During the planning stage of an IFR flight how to choose the correct SID for your route in an airport with multiple runways and multiple SIDs? and how to predict the runway you will be going to use?
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1answer
192 views

What is “temporary flight plan” in A320 MCDU?

I have been reading FCOM to undestand how MCDU works, there are severel mentions about "temporary flight plan". Does anyone knows what it is?
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256 views

What should be the minimum time spent in cruise (for e.g. a B737)?

Having a short sector to fly, it would not be convenient to climb all the way up to the best cruise altitude, since the time in climb would burn more fuel than that necessary for a flight at lower ...
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1answer
231 views

Where is the weather data for the Garmin G1000 retrieved from?

In a few videos I saw the possibility of looking for example at wind data. Now my question would be where does the G1000 gets the data from?
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1answer
891 views

How should I read these climb and descent profile notations?

I use a tool called SimBrief to build virtual flight plans for a desktop flight simulator. As I've been getting more familiar with procedures, I've also been exploring more advanced settings in the ...
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1answer
1k views

What is a “round-robin flight”, in layman's terms?

I'm struggling to find a sufficient explanation of a round-robin flight, as it pertains to ATC. Can someone explain, in layman's terms, what it is and the lifecycle of a round-robin flight? Graphic ...
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1answer
160 views

Can there be more than one airway with the same name in the world?

I was working on a programmed simulation of an FMC. I was wondering, regarding airways, if there can be more than one airway with the same name in the world. i.e can there be more than one airway ...
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707 views

How can I plan a VFR flight through controlled airspace, without knowing what instructions ATC will give me?

I'm currently planning a VFR flight from KFRG to KDOV. Due to airspace restrictions in this area, I plan to contact NY Approach and request flight following. If all goes well, then I believe I will ...
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564 views

How is fuel planning done for a VFR flight that involves multiple full stops?

Doing first cross country flight plan with several stops along the way. What is the general rule of thumb for calculating time, fuel, etc. for a mid trip landing? I've done conceptual flight plans ...
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360 views

How do airlines handle SIGMETS?

In general, what is the action taken by airlines when presented with a SIGMET in the projected route. Will they go around it, cancel the flight prior to takeoff, or simply fly thought it anyway? As ...
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1answer
247 views

Where to find the callsigns of the en route controllers?

I am looking for the callsigns of ATC upper information region (UIR) controllers on a flight from Frankfurt EDDF to Seattle KSEA. According to the flight plan, the UIRs crossed are: EDDV (Hannover) ...
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1answer
93 views

Special Purpose Tablet for Commercial Navigation app [closed]

I just posted a request for advice on how to find right android tablet to integrate commercial flight navigation app (e.g., iFLY) to avoid bloat, OS updates that may not be compatible, and add future ...
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65 views

Do you need “Travel Visas” for “Cross-Intercountry” flights? [duplicate]

Now, everyone knows basic "Cross-Country" plannings that every pilot did through their PPL careers But what about "cross-intercountry" planning ? Now, lets say you have an C208B Grand Caravan ...
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3answers
1k views

Who checks “Pilots flying without flying licenses”?

One weird thing came to my head In the ground, Everytime you drive an 91 CRX SIR/Civic Si EM1 or ride an Honda Dirtbike There is an possibilty of getting busted by the cops waiting in the temporary ...
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Where can I find a reliable database of civilian ATS Routes?

I am looking for an updated source of ATS routes. Are there any free and reliable (ie produced by the FAA or Eurocontrol) datasets available?
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1answer
351 views

What are the mandatory elements of an ICAO flightplan?

I need to write a software parser for ICAO flightplans, and in particular I need to parse FPL messages. What are the mandatory elements included in a flightplan document? For example the image below ...
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1answer
158 views

What is the speed of a standard airliner during the different phases of the flight?

I would like to know how does the speed of an airliner vary as a function of time.
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1answer
258 views

Is there an official method to do pre-departure briefings?

We're using our simulator more at university, and while I might try to do a departure briefing (weather, route, etc.), it ends up fairly unstructured. None of us students have any formal ...
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1answer
123 views

Do I have to notify someone or file a flight plan for a private flight in the UK?

Say I have a private pilot's licence (PPL) and I want to go on a flight, say from Stapleford (ICAO: EGSG) to Damyns Hall Aerodrome (ICAO: EGML). What would be the procedure for the journey i.e. would ...