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Flight planning is the process of preparing for a flight: planning a route to fly, identifying alternate destinations in case of diversion, calculating required fuel, ensuring the aircraft will not be not overloaded and so on.

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243 views

Why did my transatlantic flight meander off the great circle?

I recently flew commercial to Scotland and was tracking our progress on my iPad using Foreflight. I made a direct-to line that followed the great circle route, but noticed that we meandered off of it ...
8
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2answers
188 views

When the winds aloft are light and variable, what wind direction and speed should I use for flight planning?

What do you input in a navlog for wind direction and velocity, when the wind and temp forecast says 9900+18? I know 9900 means light and variable winds less than 5kts but how do I determine the ...
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3answers
209 views

How does Air Traffic Control know a flight's route and destination?

I am trying to find out in layman's terms how does ATC determine the direction a flight has to take after takeoff, or when should it start descending for the destination airport. I understand it has ...
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1answer
135 views

How can I calculate the fuel required for a specific route and aircraft?

Okay, I'm writing a online game. I've got two airports and the equipment. For example: Heathrow - LAX on a 744. What I want to work out is the fuel required, as this will apply a cost to the airline. ...
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1answer
2k views

Does a headwind/tailwind affect your rate of climb?

I am still confused whether a head wind or tailwind would affect the rate of climb. Since in a HW/TW condition our a/c is basically still climbing in the same parcel of air, it is just that parcel of ...
3
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1answer
329 views

Why does Ryanair always fill its flight plans with the same remark?

With my current position, I have access to samples of ATC recordings, including all the flight plans received by a FIR. Parsing these recordings, I noticed that Ryanair always put the following ...
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1answer
399 views

Why did my flight descend for landing then suddenly climb steeply and turn sharply?

I was flying on a Vueling flight (VLG6251) from Rome, Italy to Orly, France on the 31st of December 2017. During landing, my plane went to a really low altitude as if it was about to land but there ...
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1answer
70 views

What are the customs decal and eAPIS requirements for flying to the Bahamas?

I'm planning to rent an aircraft and fly to the Bahamas. I've got all the requirements including the Restricted Radio license. However, there was another requirement which concerns paying of the ...
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2answers
100 views

What qualifies for “mass disseminated data” for an abbreviated briefing?

I'm reading about the different types of pre-flight briefings you can get and in the section for Abbreviated Briefing (AIM 7-1-4c) is mentions the phrase "mass disseminated data". Request an ...
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3answers
8k views

Why would a flight from Frankfurt to Madrid fly over London?

While enjoying the sunshine at the bank of the river Main in Frankfurt (Germany) this evening, I saw a LATAM B787-9 depart over the city center towards the north. This was slightly surprising, as the ...
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1answer
107 views

On an IFR flight, should I avoid class B and include approach fixes/procedures in the route?

When creating an IFR route, should one route around and avoid class B airspace? Should one include the IAF (Initial Approach Fix) of the desired IAP (Instrument approach Procedure) in your route? ...
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1answer
123 views

Does clearance delivery assign VOR or GPS-A approaches?

I've listened to clearance delivery feeds on LiveATC. Is it possible for clearance delivery to assign VOR or GPS-A approaches instead of standard terminal arrivals (STARs)? Or would they just give you ...
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1answer
142 views

Is the distance to PNR (point of no return) affected by wind?

Is the distance to PNR (point of no return) affected by wind? I did research it and found some links, but none discussed about the wind.
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1answer
145 views

What are the ICAO equipment codes for those Garmin units? [closed]

What are the ICAO equipment codes for those Garmin units? Garmin G500 / 750 / 650 WAAS navigators?
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3answers
360 views

How did KAL 007 get so far off course?

Regarding Flight 007 that got shot down in the Soviet Union, this was reported in the New York Times: Study Says Korean Airliner Was on Its Intended Course When Downed in '83 (nytimes.com) Excerpt: ...
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1answer
122 views

Does an aircraft equipment suffix denote how many VOR radios are installed?

I'm studying IFR. Does an aircraft equipment suffix specify if and how many VOR radios are installed? I'm guessing that the suffix is used by ATC to know if they can give you an RNAV or a an approach ...
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1answer
268 views

What is the english term for “vol en ficelle”?

From what I have read online and understood, "vol en ficelle" is basically a low altitude flight preparation method that requires calculating a set of altitudes to be followed in order not to crash. ...
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1answer
158 views

How to find the distance if the points are above Earth's surface? [closed]

There is a lot of information online about how to find the distance between two points if both the points are on the surface of the earth. But no article mentions about how to find the distance if ...
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1answer
136 views

How to select a SID during the planning stage?

During the planning stage of an IFR flight how to choose the correct SID for your route in an airport with multiple runways and multiple SIDs? and how to predict the runway you will be going to use?
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1answer
138 views

What is “temporary flight plan” in A320 MCDU?

I have been reading FCOM to undestand how MCDU works, there are severel mentions about "temporary flight plan". Does anyone knows what it is?
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2answers
212 views

What should be the minimum time spent in cruise (for e.g. a B737)?

Having a short sector to fly, it would not be convenient to climb all the way up to the best cruise altitude, since the time in climb would burn more fuel than that necessary for a flight at lower ...
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1answer
184 views

Where is the weather data for the Garmin G1000 retrieved from?

In a few videos I saw the possibility of looking for example at wind data. Now my question would be where does the G1000 gets the data from?
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1answer
465 views

How should I read these climb and descent profile notations?

I use a tool called SimBrief to build virtual flight plans for a desktop flight simulator. As I've been getting more familiar with procedures, I've also been exploring more advanced settings in the ...
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1answer
689 views

What is a “round-robin flight”, in layman's terms?

I'm struggling to find a sufficient explanation of a round-robin flight, as it pertains to ATC. Can someone explain, in layman's terms, what it is and the lifecycle of a round-robin flight? Graphic ...
4
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1answer
148 views

Can there be more than one airway with the same name in the world?

I was working on a programmed simulation of an FMC. I was wondering, regarding airways, if there can be more than one airway with the same name in the world. i.e can there be more than one airway ...
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4answers
537 views

How can I plan a VFR flight through controlled airspace, without knowing what instructions ATC will give me?

I'm currently planning a VFR flight from KFRG to KDOV. Due to airspace restrictions in this area, I plan to contact NY Approach and request flight following. If all goes well, then I believe I will ...
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3answers
465 views

How is fuel planning done for a VFR flight that involves multiple full stops?

Doing first cross country flight plan with several stops along the way. What is the general rule of thumb for calculating time, fuel, etc. for a mid trip landing? I've done conceptual flight plans ...
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2answers
167 views

How do airlines handle SIGMETS?

In general, what is the action taken by airlines when presented with a SIGMET in the projected route. Will they go around it, cancel the flight prior to takeoff, or simply fly thought it anyway? As ...
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1answer
224 views

Where to find the callsigns of the en route controllers?

I am looking for the callsigns of ATC upper information region (UIR) controllers on a flight from Frankfurt EDDF to Seattle KSEA. According to the flight plan, the UIRs crossed are: EDDV (Hannover) ...
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1answer
90 views

Special Purpose Tablet for Commercial Navigation app [closed]

I just posted a request for advice on how to find right android tablet to integrate commercial flight navigation app (e.g., iFLY) to avoid bloat, OS updates that may not be compatible, and add future ...
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0answers
62 views

Do you need “Travel Visas” for “Cross-Intercountry” flights? [duplicate]

Now, everyone knows basic "Cross-Country" plannings that every pilot did through their PPL careers But what about "cross-intercountry" planning ? Now, lets say you have an C208B Grand Caravan ...
4
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3answers
762 views

Who checks “Pilots flying without flying licenses”?

One weird thing came to my head In the ground, Everytime you drive an 91 CRX SIR/Civic Si EM1 or ride an Honda Dirtbike There is an possibilty of getting busted by the cops waiting in the temporary ...
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0answers
63 views

Where can I find a reliable database of civilian ATS Routes?

I am looking for an updated source of ATS routes. Are there any free and reliable (ie produced by the FAA or Eurocontrol) datasets available?
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1answer
236 views

What are the mandatory elements of an ICAO flightplan?

I need to write a software parser for ICAO flightplans, and in particular I need to parse FPL messages. What are the mandatory elements included in a flightplan document? For example the image below ...
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1answer
149 views

What is the speed of a standard airliner during the different phases of the flight?

I would like to know how does the speed of an airliner vary as a function of time.
2
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1answer
162 views

Is there an official method to do pre-departure briefings?

We're using our simulator more at university, and while I might try to do a departure briefing (weather, route, etc.), it ends up fairly unstructured. None of us students have any formal ...
5
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1answer
118 views

Do I have to notify someone or file a flight plan for a private flight in the UK?

Say I have a private pilot's licence (PPL) and I want to go on a flight, say from Stapleford (ICAO: EGSG) to Damyns Hall Aerodrome (ICAO: EGML). What would be the procedure for the journey i.e. would ...
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3answers
6k views

Could this “Wingless Dodo” fly in real life?

There is a wingless Cessna in GTA 3 that is so impossible to fly that the game counts how many seconds you manage to fly it. Would that plane fly at least 1 second in real life? The plane looks like ...
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1answer
113 views

Is there a class E corridor in the class B north of San Diego International?

I am a relatively new pilot in the Los Angeles area and I have a question related to the Class B Airspace north of San Diego International, adjacent to Torrey Pines Glider Port. The LA Terminal Map ...
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0answers
150 views

Are there any apps for easy Part 135 Flight Time and Duty Period calculations? [closed]

I need a solution to quickly and easily assist me in calculating Part 135 duty time. I am a charter broker and presently use estimations for my own consideration, but rely on advice from operators ...
4
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1answer
114 views

What do Turnaround Supervisors do before departure?

Before the plane is able to take off, what calculations do Turnaround Supervisors have to do and what do they have to check before the plane departs?
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2answers
2k views

How to calculate outside air temperature at a certain altitude?

I am a PPL student and working on the cross-country planning. Let's say the OAT is -13º @ 6000', how to calculate the OAT @ 7000'?
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1answer
445 views

Is it always required to calculate the fuel for an IFR alternate?

I was asked to plan a cross country flight from KTMB (Miami Executive Airport) to KTPA (Tampa International Airport). After doing all the planning, I realized I needed to calculate the fuel for an ...
3
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1answer
484 views

How do I plan TOC/TOD in an IFR flight plan that includes SIDs and STARs?

For a checkride, I'm being asked to plan an IFR cross-country from Miami Executive (KTMB) to Tampa International (KTPA), using SIDs, STARs and approaches. I'm going to use MIA5.MIA (Miami Five ...
6
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1answer
408 views

Can you fly direct to your destination if you can cruise above FL450 regardless of airways?

To my knowledge, the high altitude enroute charts only apply to the altitudes between FL180 and FL450. Does that mean you can plan direct to your destination if your cruising altitudes stay above ...
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1answer
1k views

How to request to fly on a flight level, different from the direction, according to the charts?

According to the direction, there are correct FL to fly, but due to weather, or traffic, the pilot would request a different FL, from the chart (according to the direction). Is there any correct ...
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2answers
106 views

How to become a expert in Flight Operations Business? (Flight Dispatch, Weight and Balance etc.. )

I am working in IT industry relavent to airline operations (like flight dispatch related products).I would like to enhance my knowledge in Flight operations area. What are the trainings (IATA/others)...
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2answers
172 views

How are aircraft lifespans tracked?

When returning from each flight, during which it is subjected to adverse conditions, say arctic weather, desert heat or just moderate conditions, how is an aircraft evaluated to accurately keep track ...
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1answer
819 views

Is it possible to calculate the distance to climb to 1000 Ft in Cessna 172S?

Is it possible to calculate the ground roll and distance to climb to 1000 ft in a Cessna 172S? Why? I live near a small airport with 2 active flight schools. As part of a new noise abatement ...
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1answer
431 views

What do the abbreviations on this Jeppesen Dataplan mean?

Attached is a screenshot from a flightplan created with Jetplan. Can someone help with decoding the format? What do the abbreviations mean in the table header? I understand the following: FLT = ...