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Questions tagged [flight-instruments]

Flight instruments provide the pilot with information about the flight situation of that aircraft, such as altitude, speed and direction; and are of particular use in conditions of poor visibility, such as in clouds, when such information is not available from visual reference outside the aircraft.

3
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3answers
186 views

Why do aircraft stall warning systems use angle-of-attack vanes rather than detecting airflow separation directly?

Stall warning and protection systems on essentially all aircraft work by using several hinged vanes on the side of the fuselage (usually at least three, and preferably more), which align themselves ...
2
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3answers
136 views

Are magnetic turning errors due to the southern side of the compass being weighted?

When I was in college, I had an instructor who taught me that the turning errors in a magnetic compass were due to a counter-weight installed on the south side of the compass that was intended to ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Is it possible to selectively deactivate alarms? [duplicate]

My question is restricted to Airbus an Boeing's best sellers, namely the A320 and the B737. If relevant, answer can be extended to other types. In those aircraft, there are multiple possible alarms (...
5
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2answers
187 views

Why would a C150 tachometer be sluggish?

After having an issue with a tachometer bouncing so much that it fell off, I now have the opposite problem with the replacement (Mitchell D1-112-5025): The tachometer is sluggish. When I open the ...
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1answer
128 views

What is the relation between altitude and vertical speed?

I recently saw 2 graphs on a flight path on BBC, shown below. For those interested, it's the path of the recently crashed Boeing 737 max flight ET302, but that's irrelevant to my question. My ...
5
votes
2answers
969 views

What is the blue range indicating on this manifold pressure gauge?

This is baffling me. Does anybody with experience with this type of indicator have any idea what the blue range of this gauge means? It's mounted in a mock-up panel. I know nothing about where it ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Why don't all pilots receive at least basic instrument training?

Given the frequency with which non-instrument-rated pilots get themselves killed attempting to continue VFR flights into instrument conditions, why don't all pilots receive at least basic instrument ...
6
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2answers
205 views

Can a private pilot placard an inoperative instrument?

For certificated small aircraft that are not required to have a minimum equipment list. If you have an instrument break while on a cross country flight and it is not a legally required instrument for ...
25
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6answers
6k views

Why would a C150 tachometer bounce so much that the needle fell off?

On a long flight in a C150E, the tachometer started bouncing a little bit and the severity of the bouncing gradually increased until it was extreme: The tachometer was spinning in loops and making a ...
29
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3answers
8k views

What is this object in the cockpit of an ultralight?

This is a tool (probably) in on an ultralight airplane. Initially I guessed that it is a tilting meter (to level between right and left), but seems it is not as it just a vertical tube filled up with ...
3
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1answer
110 views

Does the glide slope flag detect percent of modulation (80%)?

Please advise if the glideslope flag validates that the received frequency is being modulated at nominal 80% or 40% for a localizer.
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1answer
205 views

Is the 737-800 circular PFD for AOA or RA?

So, I have seen some people on the Internet showing the 738's PFD circular gauge for RA, but others show that the gauge is used for AOA(angle of attack). Which one is true? Is there a switch to change ...
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2answers
187 views

How do aircraft stall warning systems handle (or not) asymmetric-stall situations?

Most, if not all, new airplanes are required to have stall warning systems to (as the name should make clear) provide the pilots with a warning when the airplane is about to stall. Most stall warning ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What are these engine gauges in the Comet 4 for?

What are these gauges on the Comet 4's engine-gauge panel (between the captain's and first officer's instruments, above the throttle levers), marked "POWER LOSS INDICATOR", for? (Sorry for the blurry ...
7
votes
1answer
987 views

Is there a type of instrument/display that guides pilots along a certain path?

What do you call an instrument that can help a pilot fly along a predetermined flight path (e.g. path thru GPS coordinates), showing them when they stray a little so they can correct? Not a control ...
0
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1answer
58 views

How does turning Errors in the Air Driven Artificial Horizon work?

Turning through 90°, 180°, 270° & 360°, the error is different. I can understand what is turning error and pitch error individually. But why turning through different degree, the resulting error ...
4
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3answers
285 views

What’s the setting range altimeters can handle?

What’s the setting range altimeters can handle? Is there a standard requiring a certain range for aircraft to be certified? Are there many occasions where a QNH is so high or low that airplanes have ...
0
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2answers
141 views

What is the most effective way for a VFR pilot to scan the instruments during manoeuvres?

May I ask your opinion on what is the best and most effective pattern for a VFR pilot to scan their instruments during manoeuvres?
2
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2answers
249 views

Why does the turn coordinator ball move to the right during a climb?

In a light aircraft like a C172 or PA-28, during a climb the ball in the turn coordinator moves to the right. Why?
25
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1answer
3k views

Identification of this control panel for a four-engine plane

While cataloguing a printer's copper plates I came across a control panel image, and I have attached it here in the hope someone can identify what plane it's from. The Lorenz blind-landing instrument ...
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3answers
254 views

Do any aircraft have a “self-contained ILS”?

The ILS is an invaluable aid to pilots, especially those operating to/from the many airports where poor weather is common (low-visibility operations would be completely impossible without an ILS); ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

What happens to manifold pressure reading following a reduction in both throttle and RPM?

This was one of the questions in my online ground school quiz (PPL), detail as follows: To set climb power, you reduce the throttle (manifold pressure) and then the props (RPM lever). After setting ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

Why are airspeed gauges labeled above Vne?

Examples: Cessna 150L Vne = 141 knots (162 MPH), gauge labeled to 170 knots. It looks like there's room to extend the scale to 180. Cessna 152 Vne = 149 KIAS, gauge labeled to 170. Cessna 172R Vne = ...
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2answers
1k views

How to navigate an aircraft without GPS? [duplicate]

In case of loss of GPS: how can an aircraft not only be navigated but navigated so precisely that it can pinpoint its destination airport ? (case in point: Finland and Norway are telling airline ...
2
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1answer
274 views

Lindbergh's panel— Ryan NYP— what is this instrument and how was it useful?

Lindbergh's panel-- Ryan NYP-- what is this instrument and how was it used? See this link-- it should allow you to zoom in by mousing around https://www.amazon.com/Instrument-Successfully-Atlantic-...
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3answers
720 views

During “partial panel” flying, in what ways is a turn rate indicator more useful than a turn coordinator?

This question deals with flying by reference to old-fashioned "steam gauges", not a modern "glass cockpit". I recall hearing some pilots very experienced (ATP) pilots advocate for the older-style "...
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1answer
154 views

How was a looping possible with an Alaska Airlines plane? [duplicate]

Someone has stolen an empty airplane from Seattle Airport and crashed it down after performing some loopings. I am wondering how this was possible. (Source)
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2answers
513 views

What are the fonts used in MCDU screens?

All MCDUs (and other screens) I've seen share a very similar, if not identical, set of fonts - a monospaced, sans-serif, very clean and easily readable font, often in two vertical sizes at the same ...
0
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3answers
101 views

Are there (ideas for) GNSS based attitude indicators?

With upcoming GNSS systems that have better accuracy than GPS, could there be an GNSS based attitude indicator? Does maybe one already exist? I could imagine having 4 sensors (front, aft, left ...
16
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3answers
2k views

Are NDBs and VORs dying as a navigational method?

I am new to aviation, so bear with me on this question: I have read in multiple places that the VOR/NDB navigational aids are dying out to GPS. Is this true? Are more modern aircraft being built with ...
0
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0answers
99 views

What is the difference between an Instrument and Equipment?

In an aircraft, what things is an instrument and what things is an equipment? For example the ILS, is the Antennas located in the runway considered to be an instrument or an equipment? Or is there ...
7
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2answers
811 views

How do I determine which radial intercept angle to use?

I'm studying for the (EASA) Instrument Rating exam and I found several questions about radial intercept angles in sample exams but nothing in the books I've studied and my flight instructor doesn't ...
4
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4answers
599 views

Which fonts were used in old (1930s) aircraft cockpit displays and instruments?

This is probably more of a graphic design question than aviation but maybe a few hangar rats around here know the answer. What type fonts were used on the old instruments in aircraft from the 1930s ...
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1answer
245 views

How does the radio altimeter reading change with the bank angle?

How does the radio altimeter reading change with the bank angle? Following example: Let's say, we're flying at 1000' AGL and a bank angle of 0° above a endless flat surface. The radio altimeter shows ...
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2answers
149 views

What causes the inside glass of flight instruments to get hazy?

Sometimes on analog flight instruments (aka steam gauges) there is a haze or fogginess on the INSIDE of the glass that is NOT condensation. You can often find it on older aircraft with older ...
7
votes
1answer
380 views

What is this instrument that has “PACK” written on it and a temperature scale?

All I know right now is that it’s made in 1973. Another instrument I have is from a b727 and is dated 1982. This one I have no clue. Serial number- H 2590. The brand is Amphenol. That’s all the info I ...
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2answers
183 views

How to maintain your pitch when looking for other traffic in the pattern?

I am a student pilot and I fly in a desert region where turbulence often changes the pitch and airspeed of my aircraft. I am having an issue maintaining pitch while scanning for other aircraft in the ...
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4answers
4k views

What is this INOP instrument and when is it safe to fly with INOP instruments?

I flew ZRH->LHR on BA0711 today on G-EUOG. I noticed through the cabin door one of the instruments had a yellow INOP sticker across it (see photo). Which instrument was it? I am presuming the ...
4
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1answer
468 views

Why would a Mode-C transponder report a different altitude than an altimeter/GPS?

This is related to a small single-engined plane. On a recent flight, the controller kept telling me that I was 300 ft higher than it appeared on my altimeter and GPS (which were in sync). This was ...
7
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2answers
466 views

What instruments were “standard” in WWI aircraft?

What instruments made up a typical panel of a WWI airplane? Did any country regulate the required cockpit instruments prior to the United States "Air Commerce Act" of 1926?
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2answers
9k views

Why are cockpit instruments white on black dials?

Which is easier to read: white on a black dial or black on a white dial? It would seem most aviation instruments are white on black.
6
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5answers
3k views

How is a confusion possible between Western and Russian Attitude Indicators?

Yesterday I watched a documentary on Crossair Flight 498 accident. One of the factors that might have contributed to the accident was the confusion of the pilot on interpreting the attitude indicator; ...
3
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2answers
183 views

How does the mechanical linkage of the airspeed indicator convert dynamic pressure to KIAS?

I understand the underlying principle of an airspeed indicator, ie. that it uses the Pitot-static system to measure the dynamic pressure as the difference between total pressure and static pressure. ...
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2answers
1k views

What other circumstances may cause the autopilot to trip out?

I recently watched Air Crash Investigation, Air France Flight 447. The autopilot handed back control to the flight deck after the pitot tubes temporarily froze. The autopilot knew it was getting ...
3
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1answer
254 views

How is the drift corrected in INS-driven attitude/heading indicators?

(wikimedia.org) EFIS instruments during a test flight. How is the drift (accumulated error) nullified in INS-driven attitude/heading indicators? The related post 'How are attitude indicators kept ...
10
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1answer
483 views

When was the pitot-based ASI first used on aircraft?

The pitot was first invented well before aircraft, yet early aircraft lacked an airspeed indicator (ASI). What aircraft first had a pitot-based ASI, and when?
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1answer
2k views

Why is Landing Altitude displayed in amber on B777?

When I set the landing altitude manually, an amber LDG ALT and Landing Altitude EICAS message is displayed. There are no failures nor has the landing altitude been set incorrectly. Why do I still ...
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0answers
198 views

What aircraft manufacturer uses an HSI with DME, VOR, and G/S in one Instrument?

Which aircraft manufacturer uses a horizontal situation indicator (HSI) with DME, Glide Slope, VOR, and ADF in one Instrument?
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2answers
1k views

What is that missing instrument on a Beechcraft 1900C?

(Full image) Beechcraft 1900C. I cannot find the name of the missing instrument even in the manuals.
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3answers
3k views

How (and when) to use the BFO button on an ADF?

BFO (Beat Frequency Oscillator) is a function of the ADF, I know that it has something to do with different types of NDB, but I do not know which type. And how and when do I use it? I heard that ...