Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange
Join us in building a kind, collaborative learning community via our updated Code of Conduct.

The methods or mechanisms used to control an aircraft's movement in roll, pitch, and yaw.

0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is aerodynamic flutter speed dependent?

Is it possible for control surface flutter to occur at low Reynolds and low speed? If yes,why don't Ultralights have counter weights or tail sting mass to immune the control surfaces against flutter ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

What is the “A/B AUTO EXT” button for in a Falcon 7X?

What is the "A/B AUTO EXT" button in the overhead panel of the Dassault Falcon 7X? I see it's in the Flight Control section but I don't know what is its purpose. (sorry for low quality image)
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it safe to fly a glider when I can't move the stick fully left and right?

This past Saturday, I started training in a Schweizer 2-33A glider. When I got in the glider for the first time, I found that I couldn't move the control stick fully left and right, because my legs ...
20
votes
7answers
12k views

How much physical strength is required to control a Cessna 172?

I have heard a number of folks tell me that one needs a certain amount of physical strength to be able to control the Cessna 172. Is that true? I'm flying sims now, just wanted to know.
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Is the 737NG hydraulicly controlled or electronically controlled?

I know that the 737NG is not fly-by-wire, but are the control surfaces controlled with hydraulic systems that transfer the input from the pilot to the control surfaces via fluid (hydraulics), or is ...
5
votes
2answers
300 views

Do any aircraft use throttle steering during normal flight?

If the engine(s) on one side of a multiengine airplane are set to a higher throttle setting than those on the other side, the airplane (all else being equal) will yaw towards the lower-throttle side; ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Why is it not allowed to dispatch an Airbus A320 with an inoperative ELAC 2?

In the case of ELAC 2 failure, ELAC 1 will take over. However, it is not allowed to dispatch an Airbus A320 with an inoperative ELAC 2. Why is that?
4
votes
1answer
420 views

What are the consequences of attaching an unused extra engine under Boeing 747 wing?

It turns out Boeing 747 can carry an extra engine under its left wing in case there's need to transport an engine somewhere far away. The engine is attached between the body and the left inner engine ...
7
votes
1answer
524 views

Why do the A220 cockpit seats have a cutout?

Why do cockpit seats on the A220 have a cutout on the bottom cushion? The answers to Aircraft pilot's seats: what is the notch for? explain that these cutouts allow for easier maneuverability of the ...
0
votes
2answers
145 views

What is the average aerodynamic load on a control surface of a commuter-sized airplane?

I'm doing a study about aircraft hydraulic pump sizing. In order to do that, I need to know the size of a flight control actuator, then determine the maximum flow and pressure that the actuator needs. ...
3
votes
2answers
184 views

Does “pendulum effect” apply to hang gliders or any aircraft?

In discussion of aircraft roll stability in FAA paragraph on dihedral effect and in keel effect and in Why are high wing aircraft more stable the question of pendulum effect arises. This is usually ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

How can a VTOL aircraft control yaw while hovering? [duplicate]

I watched this video of a F-35B performing a flight-hover-flight transition and was pretty impressed by the fact that it was able not only to control pitch and roll (which could be, I suppose, ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

How did the controls work for variable-pitch props?

Variable-pitch propellers date way back to the 1930's and even earlier. I would like to know, what kind of controls they used? Some kind of lever or crank? How heavy were these controls? I'm thinking ...
3
votes
3answers
287 views

Can you disengage A320 autopilot with stick pressure?

I was recently reading that in most military jets, auto-pilot can disengaged without hitting the button, by applying 5lbs of pressure to sticks. Does this work in commercial airliners such as the ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

How can larger wingspan decrease the strength of wingtip vortices?

In the last paragraph from the link below, it states that Vortex Strength is inversely proportional to Wingspan. Why is this? http://avstop.com/ac/flighttrainghandbook/wingtipvortices.html EDIT: ...
6
votes
1answer
793 views

How is a light plane's nose wheel straightened during retract?

Assuming a light aircraft has direct cable linkage to the rudders, during taking off in a very strong crosswind with the pilot correcting with hard rudder, what keeps the nose wheel from remaining off ...
0
votes
3answers
181 views

How do aerobatic aircraft land?

The aerobatic aircraft I've seen don't have any flaps or air-brakes, besides they're taildraggers so I guess they usually have to do stall landing or three point landing but I don't understand how the ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Could simple fly-by-wire controls be installed in a prototype as quickly as a mechanical system with an autopilot?

It seems that fly-by-wire systems can take longer to get certified as the testing requirements are much more extensive. A prototype aircraft wouldn't have to pass these tests. How much more time or ...
28
votes
4answers
4k views

In the early days of flight, were there any cockpit control schemes other than the modern one?

Back in the early days, what kind of control schemes were invented for aircraft, other than the modern one? (pedals to yaw, yoke to pitch and roll). I'm only interested in control schemes that can be ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

What is the direction convention for Roll angle?

This page from Wikipedia says: A positive rolling motion lifts the left wing and lowers the right wing. Which means that if an aircraft has a roll of +20 degrees, it would bank towards the right. ...
4
votes
2answers
477 views

What is the difference between a vertical stabilizer and a rudder?

I saw two questions on locating these surfaces ahead of CG: Vertical Stabilizer and Rudder How are these the same or different control surfaces?
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Do modern aircraft require rudder input in order to perform a coordinated turn?

With today's state-of-the-art electronic systems in modern aircraft, do aircraft equipped with autopilot systems, still require pilot rudder input to keep a turn coordinated? For the context, I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

How do I calculate the lift force on an aileron?

How do I calculate the force of lift acting on an aileron with a deflection of 8° and a flight speed of 40km/h?
17
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do many light aircraft have a trim tab on one side of the elevator only?

Most light GA aircraft, like this C172, have pitch trim tabs on one side of the elevator only. Why not on both? Doesn't the asymmetry add inefficiency in the form of a slight rolling moment?
2
votes
2answers
212 views

What is a minimal step angle deflection for flight control surfaces?

If the flight control surfaces (ailerons, elevators, rudder) are controlled digitally by servo motors, yet disregarding the way how the input to the servo motors get generated (manually or autopilot), ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Is it a good thing that ailerons remain deflected and the stick is hard to move?

The aileron stick of my homebuilt ultralight is stiff (hard to move) and the aileron itself can remain in its deflection angle hands free, is that a good thing?
4
votes
2answers
188 views

If the Quadcopter is a MIMO Nonlinear System, How Can it be Controlled using PID? [closed]

I know that it is very common to control quadcopters using PID algorithms. I'm just wondering if it isn't a problem that the system is highly nonlinear as well as having multiple inputs and outputs. ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

FAA Turbine engine FCU regulations

Does the FAA have any regulations governing the design of a turbine engine FCU? I'm being questioned about an older Beechcraft PT6A FCU - in particular, how can I guarantee that when the power ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Any script to plot multi axis FDR / flight-test data (such as the ones used in air crash investigation)?

I am looking for a script or tool to create flight test and/or FDR plots with several vertical axis, such as the ones used in aircraft accident investigations. Does anyone have any hint on a MATLAB ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

How are the wing control surfaces configured for takeoff?

For regular aircraft (i.e. a typical airliner), how are the wings configured before or during takeoff? Are there any adjustments needed for climb?
1
vote
2answers
287 views

What happens at the wings when the yoke is pulled backwards?

What happens at the wings and vertical stabilizers when the yoke is pulled backwards or forward on typical airliners like the Boeing 747-800. Is it any different for smaller similarly shaped aircraft ...
30
votes
3answers
6k views

Has there ever been an aircraft with three sets of flight controls?

On every aircraft I know, there is either one set of flight controls if it is single-pilot operated, or two sets of flight controls allowing either the pilot or copilot full control. Has there ever ...
11
votes
1answer
320 views

If a pilot's plane suddenly and unintentionally becomes inverted, what is the pilot's best course of action?

If a plane was suddenly inverted through no action of the pilot, say wake turbulence from a much large plane (think 747 vs. Learjet), should the pilot first try to right the plane or get the nose ...
7
votes
2answers
303 views

Do turnbuckles twist the flight control wires?

When adjusting a turnbuckle on any flight control, we usually use a wrench and turn the hex shaped section of the rod end inserted into the turnbuckle barrel. That flight cable from the turnbuckle is ...
3
votes
6answers
612 views

Why did fly-by-wire systems take so long to implement?

The first commercial FBW airplane was the Airbus A320, which was introduced in the late 1980s. This system only worked after decades of research by American and European aerospace companies. If FBW ...
6
votes
1answer
318 views

Can the fly-by-wire system of a modern airliner handle an unstable condition?

According to this answer airliners/large passenger aircraft such as an A320 are designed such that they are longitudinally, statically stable under normal flying conditions. What if, for some reason, ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

Does the 737's “speed trim system” force more aggressive manual trim in manual flight?

Can you say the speed trim system in the B737 forces the pilots to use the manual trim more aggressively during approach and landing than when the system is not at work? The speed trim system (STS) ...
2
votes
1answer
373 views

Why do outboard spoilers deploy more than the inboard spoiler on the A320?

I was reading in the FCOM about the speedbrakes and ground spoilers when I came across the below lines. The maximum speedbrake deflection in manual flight is: 40° for spoilers 3 and 4 20° for ...
6
votes
2answers
299 views

Is pumping the control column an acceptable technique during flare?

Source: YouTube, higher quality file here. Example 2: YouTube Is it normal? Just a different technique? Or do certain situations or aircraft types call for it? The training manuals I've seen advise ...
3
votes
2answers
452 views

How strong would a servo motor need to be to power the control surfaces of a fixed wing ultralight aircraft?

I'm looking to build an ultralight aircraft. The video above shows a good example of how one is controlled with wires or with metal fulcrums/levers, but I am ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

How do elevons work to roll a flying wing?

I have a RC Flying Wing that uses elevons for control. To go up both elevons pitch upwards and the wing climbs. Both go down and the wing falls. I’m OK with this. However, if I want to roll right, ...
13
votes
3answers
635 views

Do some right-handed pilots fail to use the left stick of an Airbus? [duplicate]

After years of flying left-hand throttle and right-hand yoke (in the right seat), are there ever first officers who simply cannot transition to the opposite due to particular hand-dominance? As a ...
3
votes
1answer
609 views

What are the main components of the Airbus fly-by-wire system? Is ECAM related to FBW?

I'm assuming that all commercial Airbus planes use a similar, if not identical, system. Can someone give me an overview of the parts of the Airbus fly-by-wire system? I've also heard of ECAM. Is ECAM ...
6
votes
3answers
487 views

Do fighter jets use elevators as ailerons?

I saw jets in game using elevators to roll right and left, but I never saw them doing in real life. I was wondering if fighter jets actually use elevator to roll like they do in game.
23
votes
2answers
3k views

What kind of delay does the A320's fly-by-wire system add?

More precisely, I am wondering if there is any kind of data on how long it takes between moving the sidestick and observing a reaction on the ailerons or elevator. I know that the physical control ...
5
votes
1answer
332 views

Are there any fly-by-wire airliners with negative or near-neutral pitch stability?

Are any modern commercial airliners with fly-by-wire flight control systems designed with negative or near-neutral pitch stability so that they can take advantage of the capability of such systems to ...
6
votes
3answers
413 views

Do some flying techniques wear aircraft out quicker than others?

In the 2012 film Flight, the cause of the mechanical failure is a sort of worm-screw that controls the rear tailplane. And I believe that in real life failures in those devices have been implicated in ...
9
votes
2answers
695 views

Airbus control architecture - where does the actual autopilot live?

I'd like to ask for confirmation about the A320 (and, generally, Airbus family) control architecture. The book Aircraft Systems provides the following overview of A3XX computing architectures: ...
3
votes
2answers
554 views

How does hydraulic actuator servo valve feedback work?

The book Aircraft Systems uses the following diagram for a mechanically controlled hydraulic linear actuator (for moving a control surface e.g. an aileron): The following explanation is given about ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

How is the flight of a tricopter controlled?

For a quadcopter, diagonally opposite rotors have the same speed and direction which causes it to hover, and adjusting the speed of the rotors give the three basic movements of a flying object, i.e. ...