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Questions tagged [fire]

Questions about airport or aircraft fires/firefighting, including engine and cabin fire suppression systems and equipment, in-flight fire procedures, and ground firefighting procedures.

0
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1answer
110 views

Can the pilot stop airflow between cockpit and cabin?

During normal operation the entire fuselage is pressurized equally: An aircraft fuselage does not contain separate compartments with different pressure values in each. The entire vessel is ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Do airplanes have sensors to detect landing gear fires?

Given that retracting a landing gear that happens to be on fire is a suicidally bad idea, for reasons that should be immediately obvious, do airplanes have temperature sensors on their landing gear in ...
0
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2answers
198 views

Do any airlines have Braille emergency checklists?

In reading the report into the crash of UPS Flight 6, I noticed that one of the items of feedback from pilots in a simulated inflight-fire scenario utilising a smoke-filled simulator was (page 287 of ...
0
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1answer
289 views

Why aren't cockpits airtight?

There are accidents where the pilots couldn't see the instruments and literally flew the aircraft blindly due to the excessive smoke in the cockpit, ranging from UPS Flight 6 to other accidents. ...
0
votes
5answers
434 views

How about inventing a “fuel” that will not erupt into fire?

One of the most concerning factor in flight safety is the possibility of the plane erupting into fire due to a fuel spill and a spark. Is it possible---or have researchers ever worked on---to power an ...
32
votes
1answer
7k views

Has anyone considered filling aircraft voids with helium to reduce the risk of fire?

Watching air crash investigations, and aware of problems with batteries, the issue of fire and sparking is recurrent. As a noble gas, pure helium would not burn, and if I understand correctly would ...
9
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4answers
3k views

Can an airplane engine fire be extinguished without shutting down the engine?

Airplane engines catch fire from time to time (and are falsely reported as being on fire even more often). In a modern airliner, the "fire handle" shuts down the engine, closes the fuel pipe, and ...
6
votes
2answers
488 views

Is wheel well overheat detection (not brake temperature sensor) necessary for commercial jet aircraft?

Some aircraft do have this detection system (many Boeing aircraft), some do not. Why? What's the main purpose of the wheel well temperature detection system, even though there are brake temperature ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Is it safe to fly on airplane with lithium batteries in cargo hold?

Lithium-ion batteries have the tendency to go on fire. I checked baggage policy of European low cost carriers (easyJet, Ryanair, WizzAir), and while spare batteries are banned from cargo hold, it ...
44
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6answers
15k views

Why can't helicopters or Zeppelins drop fire-fighting material on burning buildings?

There have been a number of tragic cases where tall buildings have caught fire for various reasons, and fire-fighters on the ground appear to have been unable to reach the upper stories with fire ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What is the requirement for fire fighting equipment on board a passenger flight?

What is the legal requirement regarding fire fighting equipment on a passenger flight, e.g. fire extinguishers and fire hoods? I imagine that the number is proportional to the airplane's max capacity. ...
20
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2answers
6k views

How do fire crews handle hot brakes?

Let suppose an emergency aircraft has made an overweight landing. The brakes are white hot, and the fire crews are requested to be on scene. What can be done about the hot brakes? Can they just shoot ...
1
vote
1answer
327 views

Can an engine that is extinguished by foam be returned to service?

During the Qantas 32 accident, one of the engines could not be shut down as the control cable from the cockpit to the engine is cut. The fire crew eventually shut down the engine by shooting fire-...
1
vote
1answer
570 views

Are Cargo Holds Pressurized, Non-pressurized, or vacuumed? [duplicate]

I watched an episode of Air Crash Investigation, which depicts a plane catching fire due to it shipping many expired oxygen generators for planes. The narrator says that a fire in the cargo hold is ...
21
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2answers
2k views

How to land the aircraft when the flight deck is full of smoke?

If a fire occurs in flight, the crew will likely try to land on a diversion airport. However landing presupposes seeing the primary instruments, switches and controls. Source In case the fire is not ...
26
votes
6answers
9k views

Why not just drop an engine on fire?

I am interested in the case of Qantas Flight 32 and similar incidents, where there was a fuel leak after a number two engine explosion due to the disintegration of the turbine disc. It was a very ...
7
votes
1answer
781 views

How does the Boeing 747 smoke evacuation work?

(source, inset source) I recently watched Mayday's dramatization of UPS Airlines Flight 6. Then I recalled the Boeing 747 having a SMOKE EVAC handle. How does ...
8
votes
1answer
631 views

How can an airline flight crew handle an in-flight oxygen system fire?

The first step in the "Smoke, Fire, or Fumes" checklist for any pressurized aircraft is for the crew to put on their oxygen masks and set them to EMERGENCY, so that the crew can breathe, and thus ...
3
votes
2answers
468 views

What are the consequences of disobeying cabin crew during emergency? [closed]

I was wondering what would be the consequences of disobeying flight crew due to emergency. I was watching a video of Singapore B773 enroute on Jun 27th 2016 that landed, had a wing on fire, and ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

Do airplanes have any kind of fire insulation?

Commercial airplanes sometimes suffer from a bird strike or something else that could ignite a part of the engine. So apart from noise insulation, do airliners have fire insulation?
11
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2answers
1k views

Can we eliminate the center tank of large passenger planes?

This is a safety question about fuel and fires. This all regards commercial aviation for large passenger planes. Most fuel is stored in the wings, but in the largest planes, there's also a center ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Which evacuation incidents were followed by a large fire?

Are there statistics about how many Aircraft emergency evacuation incidents (land-based) in the recent past (say, last 10 years) actually were followed by significant fires? By "significant" I mean ...
11
votes
2answers
635 views

What do firefighters do on ordinary days?

Some not very busy airports can have no even a minor incident for years and accident probably won't happen in a major airport during several decades. Training of course is done sometimes. I don't know ...
11
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2answers
9k views

How does a fire suppression system work?

On fire events, some aircraft have a complex system, usually called a Fire Suppression System. Where are they located? Do they work automatically, or it is necessary for the crew to activate them?
4
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2answers
1k views

Should I open a door or window when there is smoke in the cockpit?

Let's say when flying, I encounter smoke and the smell of something burnt in the cockpit. Should I open the door or a window to clear the smoke? My thoughts: the smoke may be toxic; opening the door ...
2
votes
1answer
596 views

Might a large commercial jet dump fuel if an engine were on fire?

In my mind this seems like a bad idea for a lot of reasons, like the dumped fuel lighting on fire itself, or perhaps leaving fuel vapor in the wing tanks (which may be even worse than regular liquid ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Wind speed over which a Canadair fire fighting plane cannot safely fly?

We recently had some forest fires in Athens, Greece while the weather was very windy. The news said it had 8 beaufort of wind speed (34-40 knots, 38–46 mph) and in these conditions it's dangerous to ...
5
votes
3answers
966 views

Are drones used in firefighting, agriculture and pest control?

Well, as the question says I am interested in the use of drones in agriculture. Are there any drones designed to carry a tank of some chemical or water? How large are those tanks? I have seen that ...
12
votes
1answer
902 views

Is the life of pets considered when dealing with a cargo fire indication?

In this event, the crew of a 777 responded to a spurious cargo fire indication by activating the fire suppression system, which suffocates the cargo area. Presumably any pets held there would have ...
7
votes
1answer
373 views

What is the time before an alarm is given after a fire sensor perceives a fire?

I've got a very specific question: When a fire sensor perceives a fire, does it wait 20 or 60 seconds before giving the alarm?
12
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2answers
4k views

How does the pilot check if an engine fire is real?

I've read this question and its answers basically asking why putting out an engine fire is not left to the computer but a manual task. One of the points mentioned is that there simply might be a ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Is all jet fuel the same? [duplicate]

I'm a Chemistry student preparing an in-class lab demonstration that involves the combustion properties of jet fuel used in typical US based airliners. Is all jet fuel the same, or do I need to ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is an engine surge classed as an engine fire?

Sometimes flames come out from the exhaust due to bearing distress or turbine blade fracture. Can such flames/fire be considered an engine fire?
16
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3answers
6k views

Why don't airlines provide smoke hoods?

In Fire-involved Accidents and Incidents Reviewed , Rudolf Kapustin stated in 1993 that Nearly all aircraft accident fatalities that are not the result of crash/impact injuries are the result of ...
4
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1answer
2k views

What kind of insulation is used on commercial aircraft?

How are commercial aircraft insulated and what kind of fire barrier material is being used? How much insulation is required in a typical Boeing 747 vs. a Boeing 787?
22
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4answers
3k views

When the brakes are checked, what do the firemen actually do?

Watching this video (at 06:58 mark), this plane had just made a mayday landing, due to a bird-strike. Because of the right engine being shutdown, it was forced to land immediately, with a full load of ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

Why do jet engines sometimes spit out flames after ingesting birds?

After seeing this video of a 757's engine catching fire because of a bird, I wonder: What happens to the engine? Why does it periodically exhaust fire? Is this some safety feature?
27
votes
5answers
5k views

Why don't aeroplanes automatically put out engine fires?

When an engine fire is detected the fire handle lights up and the pilot pulls it to extinguish the fire. Why doesn't it do that automatically? Why does the pilot have to pull the handle?
14
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5answers
3k views

Should depressurization be considered in the event of an inflight cabin fire?

Uncontrolled cabin fires only need a few minutes to spread throughout the cabin of an aircraft, killing everyone onboard and destroying the airframe. Now, we all know that depressurization and fire ...