Questions tagged [far-91]

Part 91 of the US Federal Air Regulations (FARs) deals with general operating rules for civil aircraft.

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1answer
3k views

Why are electric shavers specifically permitted under FAR §91.21

This struck me as a bit strange, 91.21 which covers electronic devices that can be used during IFR flight has some exceptions, one through three make logical sense (not really sure why portable voice ...
3
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3answers
658 views

Do you need a rotating beacon if you have strobes?

If I were to replace my left nav light with a SkyBeacon ADS-B + strobe, could I remove the rotating beacon at the top of the tail?
0
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1answer
341 views

Are 100 hour inspections required to rent out a plane?

According to 14 CFR § 91.409 - Inspections: (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, no person may operate an aircraft carrying any person (other than a crewmember) for hire, and no ...
0
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3answers
230 views

If the map (reading) light bulb is burned out in my own Cessna 210, what are my options if I want to fly FAR Part 91 under night-time VFR?

If the map (reading) light bulb is burned out in my own Cessna 210, what are my options if I want to fly FAR Part 91 under night-time VFR staying in the traffic pattern doing touch and goes? Can I ...
7
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1answer
557 views

In a part 91 formation flight within a mode C veil, are all the aircraft required to have their transponders on?

Two aircraft are planning on conducting a standard formation flight (aircraft remaining within 1 mile of each other) as follows in the U.S.: Maintaining VFR below 10,000 MSL; Remaining outside/clear ...
1
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1answer
403 views

If I fly both Part 135 and Part 91 in a 24 hr period, which regulations apply?

I was wondering if there is a regulation if you fly both part 135 and part 91 in the same day which regulations do you follow?
1
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1answer
412 views

Under what circumstances can Part 91 allow compensation for air transportation?

Can a commercial pilot fly passengers for hire without an air carrier certificate, considering that the aircraft is owned by a private company that hires the pilot and the plane has room for 5 ...
3
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3answers
453 views

Does an SVFR clearance extend to Echo surface extensions?

Sec. 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of this ...
4
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1answer
604 views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
1
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1answer
2k views

What is the FAA's definition of “for hire”?

(note: references to specific FAA documents or cases are always appreciated!) This is a general question and might best be considered as open-ended. It is, however, posed for clarification of a few ...
2
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1answer
624 views

What preflight passenger briefing items are required under Part 91?

I have been taught to use the SAFETY acronym, mostly for checkride purposes. Which of those items are explicitly required (give references please) to include on a PAX brief for non-compensatory pt 91 ...
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3answers
4k views

How should the VFR Cruising Altitudes (FAR 91.159) be applied over rising terrain?

Imagine flying at 4500' indicated altitude, 4500' AGL, heading 270, directly towards a steep mountain ridge that tops out at 4000 feet. Imagine the mountain being almost like a flat wall. When can I ...
9
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2answers
525 views

Is it legal to fly GA aircraft in temperatures above what is shown on the performance charts?

Most Cessna aircraft have performance charts the range from 0 to 40 Celsius. I've had a CFI tell me that the FARs prohibit flight if the OAT exceeds 40C or whatever is shown on the performance charts. ...
7
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between “anywhere” and “other than congested areas” in regard to minimum safe altitude?

Just missed a PPL written exam practice test question that asked me what the minimum safe altitude was over areas "other than congested areas". I chose "An altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an ...
5
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3answers
4k views

Is it legal to give flight instruction in my own airplane without 100 hour inspection if doing it for no charge?

14 CFR §91.409(b) states ...no person may give flight instruction for hire in an aircraft which that person provides, unless within the preceding 100 hours of time in service the aircraft has ...
4
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1answer
593 views

What qualifies as “open water” with respect to FAR 91.119?

FAR 91.119 governs minimum safe altitudes. It contains a reference to open water. What qualifies as open water in the eyes of the FAA?
4
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1answer
839 views

What are the FAA requirements for when to use an airline call sign & flight number versus the aircraft registration number?

Is there any FAA guidance which specifies when a call sign & flight number or registration number must be used for Part 91 & 135 operations? I am familiar with the guidance on how to obtain ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Can tower clear aircraft for take off with traffic still on the runway?

How much separation is required after an aircraft lands before ATC can clear another aircraft to take off from the same runway? On longer runways are small aircraft allowed to commence take off roll ...
5
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2answers
239 views

Should I avoid testing unnecessary equipment?

Suppose you are on a day VFR flight and you are testing your aircraft lights. If you discover that the bulb for one of your nav lights is blown, then you can turn the switch off and tape it off, ...
9
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2answers
7k views

Which aircraft maintenance repairs require a test flight?

14 CFR 91.407 requires an "Operational Check Flight" of an aircraft before passengers may be carried in certain situations: §91.407   Operation after maintenance, preventive maintenance, ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Can I accept a SID if I can't make the required climb gradient on a single engine but have no problem on two engines?

Can I accept a clearance containing a Standard Instrument Departure (SID) with a climb gradient that I can easily make on all my engines but can't make the required gradient on one engine inoperative? ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Is a VOR check required to legally fly an ILS approach under IFR?

The FARs require a check of the VOR receiver before IFR flight: §91.171 VOR equipment check for IFR operations. (a) No person may operate a civil aircraft under IFR using the VOR system of ...
6
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1answer
345 views

Conducting a Precision Approach on a Non-Precision Runway - What are my limitations?

Let's take ILS, for example. As stated in the FARs, the minimum RVR for a CAT I ILS approach would be 2400ft (1/2 SM) for a runway that does not have TDZ and Centerline Lighting. So, that is one ...
9
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1answer
982 views

When can I descent below the MDA if the approach light system does not have red terminating bars?

Specifically, I'm a little confused about Sec 91.175(c)(3)(i) which states: The approach light system, except that the pilot may not descend below 100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation ...
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1answer
610 views

How can a part 91 operator gain authorisation from the FAA to perform RNAV (RNP AR) approaches?

How would an individual pilot operating under Part 91 in a light aircraft with a future "glass cockpit" setup (maybe Garmin will add it to the G2000?) capable of coding and flying RNAV (Area ...
8
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1answer
5k views

Is a magnetic compass required for VFR?

As the title suggests, Is a magnetic compass required equipment for VFR (day) flight? I have always been under the impression it was. My question arises from reading CFR section 91.205, article b: <...
18
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2answers
5k views

What makes intentional low or missed approaches legal?

A common procedure in flight training is the low approach: simulating a landing, but without actually making contact with the ground before powering up and either going around in the traffic pattern ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is an FAA Part 121/135 checkride conducted under Part 91 or Part 121/135?

Is a checkride which is required in order to qualify a pilot for 121 or 135 operations itself conducted under Part 91 or Part 121/135 rules? For instance, is a first class medical required in order ...
12
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2answers
6k views

For training with a grace month, is it legal to fly in the month after training expires before going to school?

Most 135 training/testing says something like this: §135.343 Crewmember initial and recurrent training requirements. No certificate holder may use a person, nor may any person serve, as a ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Is it legal to bring (or allow someone else to bring) a firearm on a private flight?

Say that I want to leave the city and go hunting somewhere. Is it legal to bring a hunting rifle and ammunition with me in a private airplane? If yes, are there specific procedures to follow in ...
6
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1answer
4k views

Is it legal to carry medical oxygen on an aircraft for a passenger?

If a passenger shows up with an oxygen tank, can they bring it with them on the flight if their doctor says that it is medically necessary, or is a compressed tank of air considered hazardous material?...
3
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1answer
249 views

How is RVSM approval obtained for a properly equipped airplane?

If an airplane is already equipped for RVSM flight, how do we obtain a Letter of Authorization (LOA) for RVSM in order to actually fly in RVSM airspace?
7
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1answer
15k views

What is the minimum ceiling and visibility limits in Class E airspace?

With the intention of landing, taking off, or entering the traffic pattern at an airport in Class E airspace, what is the minimum ceiling and visibility as a VFR pilot in the USA.
7
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1answer
798 views

Is Part 91 Instrument currency for SIC similar to Part 135 requirements?

Part 135 instrument currency in a jet aircraft requiring two pilots, requires both pilots to be instrument current. But how about the same situation for a Part 91 flight? Does the SIC need to have his ...
13
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2answers
4k views

Why a parachute for aerobatics only when carrying a passenger?

Per FAR 91.307: Unless each occupant of the aircraft is wearing an approved parachute, no pilot of a civil aircraft carrying any person (other than a crewmember) may execute any intentional ...
29
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3answers
5k views

How can I tell how far I am from a cloud?

So the other day as I was flying, I started to wonder: All pilots should be familiar with basic VFR cloud clearance requirements in 14 CFR 91.155 (and if not, then go study now!). When flying piston ...
12
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2answers
3k views

What US customs procedures must the pilot of a private aircraft follow when traveling in and out of the country?

As the Pilot In Command of a private aircraft, what are the customs procedures that must be complied with before leaving, before returning, and upon arrival to the USA?
8
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1answer
285 views

Is FAA approval required in order to fly an RNAV SID/STAR for a private aircraft operated under FAR Part 91?

I know that under FAR Part 135, specific approval is required for an RNAV SID/STAR (given via an OpSpec), but what about Part 91? Does the aircraft/pilot have to be approved, and if so how is the ...