Questions tagged [far-135]

Part 135 of the US Federal Air Regulations deals with "commuter and on-demand" commercial aircraft operations - for example, sightseeing tours and charter flights.

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Can a pilot fly past their 12 hour "Regularly Scheduled Duty Day" of 135.267(c) if they stay within the legal 14 hour max limit?

Can a pilot who is assigned a regularly assigned duty day under .267(c) of 12 hours, be assigned a flight on the 12th hour (right before they would normally go home) which would cause the pilot to fly ...
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What does "when used as an alternate" mean in the context of 135.225(e)?

Here's the text of 135.225(e) [No pilot may begin an instrument approach procedure to an airport unless] The MDA or DA/DH and visibility landing minimums prescribed in part 97 of this chapter or in ...
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What are the minimum pilot certification and flight time to serve as SIC under Part 135?

What are the minimum pilot certification and flight hours to serve as SIC under Part 135 in a normal, fixed-wing operation?
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What is the difference between a US Part 121 Supplemental Air Carrier, and a US Part 135 Air Carrier?

I am a little confused after knowing the concept of Part 121 Supplemental Air Carriers in the US. What is the difference with Part 135 Air Carriers? My understanding is that both operate in a non-...
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What advantages are there to operate a corporate flight department under Part 135 as a separate entity instead of in-house as a Part 91?

This question specifically involves FAA regulations in the U.S. Some U.S. corporate flight departments will set up a separate business entity for their flight operations to limit the liability of the ...
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How much runway does an amphibious Cessna Caravan require for VFR part 135 operations?

I am trying to determine the length required for us to build a simple paved runway for a Cessna Grand Caravan EX Amphibian to depart for water landings and and return (VFR/VMC only, Part 135). ...
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How many aircraft types can a 135 pilot be assigned to?

Is there a limit to how many aircraft types a §135 operator may assign a pilot to fly? In other words, could a pilot type rated to fly—for example—a Learjet 75, Citation X, and Challenger 300 be ...
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When does an instrument approach "begin" per §135.225(a)

§135.225(a) states that, "...no pilot may begin an instrument approach procedure to an airport unless— (1) That airport has a weather reporting facility operated by the U.S. National Weather Service, ...
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When is a runway considered to be wet or slippery for 135 or 121 landing performance considerations?

For the purposes of following FAA regulations, when is a runway considered to be wet or slippery in the context of landing performance calculations? Specifically, what definitions or guidance on ...
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Does an autopilot that controls roll, pitch and a yaw damper meet the requirements of 135.105(c)(1)?

For single-pilot VFR operations, 14 CFR 135.105(c)(1) requires that: The autopilot is capable of operating the aircraft controls to maintain flight and maneuver it about the three axes Does this ...
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If I fly both Part 135 and Part 91 in a 24 hr period, which regulations apply?

I was wondering if there is a regulation if you fly both part 135 and part 91 in the same day which regulations do you follow?
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Does Part 135 allow single-engine night IFR operations in a turboprop?

Do the Part 135 rules allow single-engine turboprop night IFR Part-135 operations? If not, then all the night activities of current popular (and expensive) single-engine turboprops are by private or ...
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How to calculate "duty" when between flights in a 135 operation

Here is the scenario ... at 6:00am pilot flies from Location A to Location B to drop off a customer. Flight duration is 2hrs. Pilot is then given the day to do with as they want to but must be ready ...
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What does the FAA mean by "Make and Model" of aircraft?

Short Version: How does the FAA define the terms "make" and "model" in regulatory documents, particularly in the context of referring to pilot experience in aircraft? Long Version ...
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Under what circumstances can Part 91 allow compensation for air transportation?

Can a commercial pilot fly passengers for hire without an air carrier certificate, considering that the aircraft is owned by a private company that hires the pilot and the plane has room for 5 ...
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Are there any apps for easy Part 135 Flight Time and Duty Period calculations? [closed]

I need a solution to quickly and easily assist me in calculating Part 135 duty time. I am a charter broker and presently use estimations for my own consideration, but rely on advice from operators ...
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Are there any Part 135 (On-Demand Passenger Charter) companies out there that use Aviation Bio-Fuel?

I was recently approached by a client asking if I can provide charters on environmentally conscious aircraft that run on Aviation Bio-Fuel. Anyone have any insight on what is required for an ...
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Is GPS considered to be a navigational facility for the purposes of Ops Spec C055?

For 14 CFR 119 certificate holders, Alternate Airport IFR Weather Minimums are prescribed by Operations Specification (Ops Spec) C055, specifically Table 1 of that specification. Below is a generic ...
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What are the FAA requirements for when to use an airline call sign & flight number versus the aircraft registration number?

Is there any FAA guidance which specifies when a call sign & flight number or registration number must be used for Part 91 & 135 operations? I am familiar with the guidance on how to obtain ...
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Can instruction be given during a flight conducted under 14 CFR 135?

Let's suppose that a flight is being conducted under 14 CFR 135. The airplane is certified for single pilot operations, but two pilots who are both rated as PIC on the 135 certificate occupy the pilot ...
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What is "Operational Control"?

14 CFR 121 and 135 certificate holders are required to maintain operational control of their flight operations: §135.77 Responsibility for operational control. Each certificate holder is ...
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Is an FAA Part 121/135 checkride conducted under Part 91 or Part 121/135?

Is a checkride which is required in order to qualify a pilot for 121 or 135 operations itself conducted under Part 91 or Part 121/135 rules? For instance, is a first class medical required in order ...
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Is it legal for a passenger to sit on the jump seat in Part 135 operations?

When operating a large turbine aircraft under 14 CFR 135, does the FAA allow a passenger to occupy the jump seat in the cockpit? Falcon 900 jump seat Would it matter whether or not they are a ...
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Is a "T" (Tango) prefix required before the registration number for Part 135 flights?

After September 11th, the FAA required all Part 135 air carrier flights to prefix their registration number with a "T" and use the "Tango November" prefix on the radio. Every once in a great while (...
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Does simulator time count as time in type?

Can full-motion simulator training time (FSI) be counted towards the required 100 hours for a Part 135 High Minimums Captain?
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What sources of weather are approved by the U.S. National Weather Service?

Part 135 and (I believe) Part 121 operations all have a requirement to use a source of weather that has been approved by the U.S. National Weather Service: §135.213 Weather reports and forecasts. ...
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For training with a grace month, is it legal to fly in the month after training expires before going to school?

Most 135 training/testing says something like this: §135.343 Crewmember initial and recurrent training requirements. No certificate holder may use a person, nor may any person serve, as a ...
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Is it legal to carry medical oxygen on an aircraft for a passenger?

If a passenger shows up with an oxygen tank, can they bring it with them on the flight if their doctor says that it is medically necessary, or is a compressed tank of air considered hazardous material?...
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May pilots perform FMS database updates under Part 135?

Are pilots allowed to perform FMS database updates under part 135? If so, do they need formal training entered in their pilot records before they are allowed to do it?
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How do you calculate minimum runway lengths for Part 135 operations using the 60% rule?

FAR 135.385 requires that at your destination airport your flight planning shows that you could make a full-stop landing "within 60 percent of the effective length" of the runway when flying transport-...
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What is the legal interpretation of rest for FAA Part 135 operations?

14 CFR 135, Subpart F contains the rest requirements for Part 135 operations. The rest requirement for 1 and 2 pilot unscheduled crews (typical) comes from: 135.267(d) Each assignment under ...
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What is the best altitude to penetrate a thunderstorm?

135.293(a)(7)(iii) requires that pilots be tested on: (iii) Operating in or near thunderstorms (including best penetrating altitudes), turbulent air (including clear air turbulence), icing, ...
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Do pilots have to consider unplanned delays for Part 135 duty time exceedance?

When flying under Part 135, is it legal to takeoff knowing that you will exceed the allowable duty time due to an unplanned delay after the start of taxi? 135.267(d) says: Each assignment under ...
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