Questions tagged [faa-regulations]

FAA regulations cover the aviation rules of the United States of America and its territories. This tag should be used for questions regarding requirements or limitations imposed by FAA regulations or other related guidance material. It should **not** be used for questions about contacting the FAA, filling out FAA forms, or other areas of FAA responsibility.

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41
votes
5answers
86k views

How much is the minimum safe distance between two planes in-flight?

According to FAA regulations, how far should a commercial jet be away from another plane in-flight? How about military planes? They get really close when in formations... Is there a minimum distance?
33
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3answers
3k views

Could the CVR and FDR record to the cloud?

Another enthusiast question. I watch a lot of the National Geographic Channel's "Air Crash Investigation", for better or worse, and it seems accident investigators make tremendous use of the Cockpit ...
28
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1answer
8k views

I have a European EASA license - what do I need to do to be allowed to fly in the US?

I own a PPL(A) license following JAR-FCL. Recently, this license has been exchanged for a European EASA license. My training was on a motor glider (TMG), I do not have ratings for SEP, but TMG and ...
45
votes
5answers
162k views

When to use beacon, anti-collision, strobe, logo, and navigation lights?

During taxi, the taxi lights are used, and I think the landing lights are required to be used up to 10.000 feet for all commercial flights. However, my question is regarding the abovementioned lights:...
44
votes
4answers
20k views

Who has the higher authority, the pilot in command or ATC?

I'm sure many people have heard about the communication between a Delta flight 2244 and Atlanta tower being on news today. When the Controller informs the Pilot he is on a wrong taxi-way, things get ...
12
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5answers
10k views

Which parts of class E airspace can an ultralight (part 103) fly in without prior ATC authorization?

I'd like to clarify a very specific statement from 14 CFR Part 103: 103.17 OPERATIONS IN CERTAIN AIRSPACE No Person may operate an ultralight vehicle within Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D ...
3
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3answers
816 views

Does an SVFR clearance extend to Echo surface extensions?

Sec. 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of this ...
28
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3answers
22k views

Will having a history of depression prevent me from flying?

The AOPA website lists four medications as acceptable treatments for depression. I was treated with one of them, but it ended up making things far worse, to the point where I had issues with suicidal ...
30
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5answers
66k views

What is ETOPS and how does it work?

According to this press release by Boeing earlier this year, the 747-8 has received its ETOPS 330 rating. This is required by all 4-engined planes made after February 2015 to fly beyond 180 minutes ...
22
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5answers
12k views

What is the standard rate of turn for heavy aircraft?

I have heard and read many times that for "heavy aircraft", they use a standard rate of turn which is 1.5° per second (4 minute turn), but I have never found an official source which addresses this. ...
27
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5answers
18k views

Which ATC instructions should be repeated back by the pilot?

AIM 4-4-7 (b) says: Pilots of airborne aircraft should read back those parts of ATC clearances and instructions containing altitude assignments, vectors, or runway assignments as a means of ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Can time logged in foreign aircraft be applied towards an FAA certificate or rating?

Does time logged in these foreign-registered aircraft (cross country, etc) count towards US certificates or ratings? Or is it flight experience that should be excluded from an 8710?
40
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2answers
23k views

Are pilots allowed to let passengers fly the plane?

Is a private pilot license holder in the USA who is giving a scenic tour with friends allowed to let them fly the plane? Are there any restrictions on when this can be done? In my mind, this could be ...
19
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3answers
53k views

What do the terms 'holding out' and 'common carriage' mean?

A pilot with a new commercial certificate is excited at the new world of getting-paid-to-fly they have opened up. That is, until their instructor or good friend reminds them of 14 CFR 119 and the ...
10
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2answers
33k views

Can foreign pilots get an FAA ATPL and work for a US-based commercial airline?

Could a non-US citizen come to the US, receive flight training, earn an FAA CPL and be hired by a US-flagged airline? Are there any specific rules regarding the employment of foreigners as pilots for ...
21
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5answers
22k views

When are procedure turns not required?

Today, at my part 141 flight school I failed a stage check (flight test), because I did not perform a hold. I'm in com-multi training and was shooting a single engine approach in a Beechcraft Baron. I ...
33
votes
3answers
5k views

What happens when an airplane gets struck by lightning?

I know that they certify airplanes for lightning strikes (at least some of them anyway), but does it cause any damage to the airplane or to the electronics? Are there any required inspections if an ...
10
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2answers
654 views

What is the primary reason that the non-towered airports ACV, TVL, SGU, BIH, and SIT/PASI have E4 extensions to E2 airspace?

NOTE-- this question is not about why it was desired to protect the airspace that ended up within the E4 "extensions". Rather, this question is about why that was done by designating that ...
18
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2answers
34k views

FAA: May I log as cross-country a flight with two or more short legs?

Consider a hypothetical flight plan from Redstone to Cullman to Gadsden and back to Redstone. This flight would have legs in order of 26, 42, and 52 nautical miles. 14 CFR 61.1 provides Cross-...
18
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2answers
21k views

How do you request a “pop up” IFR clearance?

If you are flying VFR into deterioration weather conditions and would like to continue the flight under IFR, or you would like to climb to a better altitude but are restricted by a cloud layer, what ...
2
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1answer
330 views

What indication has the FAA given that phrases like “surface area of Class E airspace designated for an airport” do or don't include E4 “extensions”?

This question pertains to the airspace of the USA. The dashed magenta shape on the sectional chart around KGUP depicts the horizontal extent of the Class-E-to-surface at KGUP. Inside this perimeter, ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

In the US, in actual practice, workload permitting, will ARTC facilities grant SVFR clearance for surface-level Class E “extensions” (E4 airspace)?

In the US, in actual practice, workload permitting, will ARTC Centers and Approach Control facilities grant clearance for Special VFR operations in surface-level Class E "extensions" (E4 ...
23
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4answers
20k views

What is the difference between the airspace's classes (for non-pilots)?

When I'm reading about aviation, it's very common to see references to Class B or Class C airspace and airports. What are the different classes and what are the differences between them?
78
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3answers
21k views

I just flew into class B airspace without a clearance, what should I do now?

Hypothetical: Let's say (for whatever reason) a pilot became distracted or disorientated, and found themselves in class B airspace. What steps should they take immediately and after landing to be ...
22
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7answers
5k views

What sort of issues related to extreme heat (115°F, 46°C plus) would prevent takeoffs or landings?

I recently flew into and out of McCarran Airport Las Vegas (LAS) and a local told me that they never report the air temperature at the airport above 115°F (46°C) because the FAA does not allow ...
21
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3answers
15k views

How much jurisdiction does the FAA have over military aircraft?

The FAA controls just about everything about civilian aircraft in US airspace in terms of regulation, certification, flight rules, etc. Do they have any authority over military aircraft beyond ...
7
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2answers
26k views

What are Operations Specifications (OpSpecs)?

I had never really heard of OpSpecs until I started a new flying job that was at a Part 135 company. So for those people who are new to this (or are just interested): What is an Operation ...
10
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1answer
3k views

Can a non-US citizen (or entity) own an N-registered aircraft?

Distantly related to this question, but can a non-US citizen (or corporation) own an N-registered aircraft?
17
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3answers
9k views

What is the security policy for getting into a Control Tower in the US?

Are there any regulations the FAA has ruled to get into a Control Tower? Do people need any special kind of security clearance? Are there forbidden items or other special rules? I'd also want to know ...
35
votes
4answers
18k views

What process do I follow to land a civilian aircraft on a military base?

Let's say I have business on a US military base (e.g. JBLM), and I'd like to fly a privately owned aircraft there. What is the process I follow before the flight to get approval to land, and once I'm ...
6
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2answers
4k views

If both pilots are incapacitated, what happens?

How do the airlines prepare for a situation where for some reason both PIC and SIC are incapacitated for the remainder of the flight?
12
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1answer
4k views

What counts as “runway in sight” when flying an IFR approach to minimums?

I've watched a few videos on youtube where the pilot flies an Instrument Landing System (ILS) approach to the minimum allowed altitude before establishing visibility of the runway (MDA or minimums). ...
9
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2answers
13k views

What are the regulatory categories of aircraft defined by the FAA?

What are the different aircraft regulatory categories aircraft defined by the FAA? Are there any exceptions?
26
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2answers
12k views

How do airports determine when they should change their runway numbers?

Runway numbers in most of the world are based on the runway's orientation relative to magnetic north. For example a runway with a magnetic heading of 135° to 144° will be numbered ...
20
votes
3answers
16k views

Does Flight Following automatically include permission to fly through class C or D airspace?

The situation is as following - I requested flight following at approach, got a squawk and instructed to maintain VFR with heading and altitude at my discretion. My route is through class D and class ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

What is ADS-B and who needs it?

I read that ADS-B is required by the year 2020. What does this mean? What is ADS-B used for, and who needs it?
17
votes
5answers
8k views

What can a new commercial pilot do to build flight time?

Most new commercial pilots don't have a lot of flight time, so won't be hired by the airlines or corporate operators. A lot of operations require an air carrier certificate (even though they are a "...
29
votes
5answers
39k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...
22
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10answers
10k views

Do pilots ever intentionally takeoff or land downwind?

Is there a reason a pilot would takeoff downwind or land downwind? Is it legal to do this?
21
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3answers
7k views

Do pilots using an electronic flight bag need to carry paper charts?

If a pilot uses an electronic flight bag (say, an iPad with ForeFlight or WingX), are they required to carry paper charts as a backup? Do different rules apply to operations under Parts 91, 121, and ...
19
votes
3answers
10k views

What is the purpose of VFR-on-top?

VFR-on-top is an IFR clearance in the US that a pilot can request to allow an IFR flight to use VFR altitudes provided that it can remain in VMC. Requesting and receiving a VFR-on-top clearance doesn'...
18
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4answers
4k views

Do I have to declare an emergency if I cut into fuel reserves?

In another question, I wrote You only need to plan for regulatory reserves. You don't actually have to land with them and @Jan replied: you have to declare emergency if you do cut into them though ...
12
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3answers
12k views

How can I build the 40 hours instrument time required for an instrument rating?

14 CFR 61.65(d)(2) says: (2) Forty hours of actual or simulated instrument time in the areas of operation listed in paragraph (c) of this section, of which 15 hours must have been received from an ...
12
votes
7answers
13k views

Can an IFR clearance be issued and flown through IMC in class G airspace?

Let's say an IFR flight was planned to depart from a non-towered airport with class G airspace extending from the surface to 700 feet AGL. The flight visibility and ceiling both go down to 0. Can the ...
20
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4answers
5k views

Can I use cellular data to receive in-flight weather on my iPad?

I would like to use an iPad for preflight planning. Can I also use the iPad to check weather while I'm en route?
14
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2answers
2k views

Is there any U.S. / FAA regulation that could apply for aviation software?

I want to build some software applications applied to the aviation industry and would want to know if any U.S. / FAA regulation could apply in the design of them. I know there are some regulations ...
12
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3answers
5k views

Can a non-instrument rated safety pilot log PIC during an IFR flight?

The Scenario: An instrument-rated private pilot files and flies IFR while accompanied by a non-instrument-rated private pilot who is otherwise fully certified and endorsed to act as PIC in that ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How does the FAA BasicMed affect the safety pilot for somebody flying under the hood?

When one pilot is practicing instrument flying with a view limiting device (a "hood"), a licensed pilot needs to be along to watch for traffic (the safety pilot). There are several scenarios where ...
0
votes
2answers
275 views

In the US, how does the distinction between E2 and E3/E4 airspace affect pilots?

In the US, practically speaking, how does the distinction between the E2 and E3/E4 subtypes of Class E airspace affect pilots?

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