Questions tagged [faa-regulations]

FAA regulations cover the aviation rules of the United States of America and its territories. This tag should be used for questions regarding requirements or limitations imposed by FAA regulations or other related guidance material. It should **not** be used for questions about contacting the FAA, filling out FAA forms, or other areas of FAA responsibility.

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1answer
55 views

Are vortex generators considered high lift devices on US ultralights?

Are US ultralights allowed to have vortex generators? I understand US ultralights are required to have a landing speed of 28mph without the use of high lift devices. I understand this is so that the ...
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1answer
26 views

What are the minimum pilot certification and flight time to serve as SIC under Part 135?

What are the minimum pilot certification and flight hours to serve as SIC under Part 135 in a normal, fixed-wing operation?
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2answers
2k views

Is a 100 hour inspection required for an aircraft to be used in a checkride?

Is a 100 hour inspection required when renting an aircraft for a practical test with a DPE, to whom you are paying a fee? Lots of money is being exchanged, yet the DPE told me that it is not "For ...
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1answer
143 views

Pilot without medical needs me to fly with him. Can I log?

I have spent most of my career in the military and just started flying for a civilian flight school, so I am still trying to learn some of the gray areas of the civilian world. I am a CFI/CFII. An ...
4
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1answer
97 views

If an airplane has a Vertical Speed Indicator is there a requirement that it be periodically checked for accuracy?

I believe I understand that there is no specific US FAA requirement for aircraft to carry a Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI). I believe I understand the basic operation of a VSI. It measures the rate ...
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5answers
197 views

Will Tower repeat an initial heading if it's part of my IFR clearance?

If I get an initial heading to fly in my clearance from Clearance Delivery, but the Tower controller does not repeat the heading to fly in my takeoff clearance and I stay on runway heading, can the ...
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2answers
953 views

Do you need clearance from ATC to switch to a different approach at non-towered airport?

When coming in on an instrument approach at a nontowered airport, the approach/center controller will clear you for the approach and approve your frequency change to the CTAF. Once you're cleared ...
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1answer
91 views

Can I find the minimum IFR altitude based only on a SID plate?

I noticed this question here on aviation stackexchange, and I was wondering if there is a way to deduce the minimum IFR altitude (either 1000ft or 2000ft above obstacles, depending on whether or not ...
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1answer
80 views

Does my instrument rating 250nm cross-country also count for my 100nm commercial one?

Can the 250nm XC required for the instrument rating per 61.65(d)(iii)(A) also count for the 100nm day dual commercial XC required in 61.129(3)(iii)? My 250nm XC during instrument training included a ...
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1answer
75 views

How do we renew an aircraft's expired FAA registration?

How do we renew an expired aircraft registration? It needs repair and is not airworthy. The loan on the aircraft was paid off. We may need to sell the aircraft and transfer the title. How is the ...
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1answer
19k views

How do I use the FAA's WINGS program as a flight review?

I know pilots can substitute WINGS phases for the Flight Review otherwise required every two years. How do I do this? Do I have to attend a class to meet all the equivalency requirements?
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2answers
275 views

Does the FAA's restriction on adjustment of attitude indicators (14 CFR 23.1303(f)) still apply to aircraft today?

The GA planes I fly (with a club) have Garmin G5 PFDs. On these, the horizon/attitude indicator shows a few degrees pitch-up when in level flight. They're adjusted to indicate level on the ground ...
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1answer
912 views

Is it illegal to fly a Cessna 172S under day VFR with an inoperative vacuum gauge?

Let's say my vacuum gauge is not working on my C172S and I want to go day VFR flying. There is no MEL. 14 CFR 91.213 details procedures for inoperative instruments, and I think the following ...
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4answers
6k views

Why would it not be OK to replace a map light bulb with an LED?

In the question about if it's OK to change your own map light, why did JScarry say "don't you dare replace [your map light] with an LED"? Or was he kidding?
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1answer
242 views

Can a certified mechanic ground my airplane?

The courtesy (under-wing) lighting and the rear seat overhead map light were on the same switch. I didn't like having the bright outside light on while my passenger read his magazine, so I separated ...
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1answer
229 views

Can a person legally mount a fake gun on an amateur-built aircraft?

Is there an FAA rule that states that no amateur-built aircraft are allowed to have a weapon mounted to it? (If so, I'd certainly like to see this rule and its conditions) Say I want to build an ...
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1answer
117 views

Where can I find canonical examples of radio communications at non-towered airports?

I'm trying to find any canonical examples of radio communication patterns at non-towered airports. The FAR/AIM has very little in terms of sample announcements, etc. The AC-90-66B (https://www.faa.gov/...
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1answer
275 views

Is it legal to build your own plane and fly it?

Is it legal to build and fly your own airplane? This essentially leads to two central questions: Will the FAA even let you build and fly your own airplane?, and Will there need to be inspections and ...
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1answer
66 views

How can I be US aircraft maintenance technician?

I have only an airframe-related experience of 8 years without a license, but have logbook, my US citizenship in process, and want to become an aircraft technician. How can I become a US aircraft ...
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1answer
2k views

FAA Aircraft Registration Form AC 8050-3 doesn't exist

I am preparing to certify a self-built aircraft as flightworthy and legal to fly, and was reading the required documents listed on FAA's Amateur-Built Aircraft Airworthiness Certification page when I ...
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0answers
239 views

Does an autopilot that controls roll, pitch and a yaw damper meet the requirements of 135.105(c)(1)?

For single-pilot VFR operations, 14 CFR 135.105(c)(1) requires that: The autopilot is capable of operating the aircraft controls to maintain flight and maneuver it about the three axes Does this ...
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1answer
138 views

Checkride and Basicmed [closed]

I am about to take my check ride, but my FAA 3rd class medical is still pending. I have not been denied, just jumping through some FAA hoops. I have taken and completed the online course for basic med....
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1answer
71 views

Do regulations require electronic checklists to be displayed on a cockpit screen or EFB?

As per regulation is it required to have the checklist (Normal and Emergency (drive by any alert)) as a part of the Cockpit Display System or EFB?
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2answers
21k views

How do you request a “pop up” IFR clearance?

If you are flying VFR into deterioration weather conditions and would like to continue the flight under IFR, or you would like to climb to a better altitude but are restricted by a cloud layer, what ...
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2answers
168 views

Can a commercial pilot rent an airplane and use it for hire?

Can the holder of a commercial pilot certificate rent an airplane (with a recent 100-hour inspection) from a fixed-base operator and use it to carry passengers for hire? I believe the answer this is a ...
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2answers
5k views

Can a person be operating an aircraft in a “Careless” and “Reckless” manner at the same time? Or are these two different standards?

U.S. 14 CFR Part 91.13 Careless or reckless operation states: (a) Aircraft operations for the purpose of air navigation. No person may operate an aircraft in a careless or reckless manner so as to ...
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1answer
89 views

What medical issues or procedures can cause denied medicals?

Are there a lot of things that can cause a denied medical? Can fairly routine procedures be grounds for denial? (Please don't hate me for having 2 questions in one!)
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2answers
422 views

Why require a minimum of 1500 hours to become an airline pilot?

In the United States, under parts 61 standards for pilot certifications, for a person to apply for an airline transport pilot certificate one of the aeronautical experience minimums is a minimum of ...
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2answers
2k views

Who is responsible for aircraft separation in IFR (limited/no visibility)?

I was reading how-much-is-the-minimum-safe-distance-between-two-planes-in-flight and realized part of it confused me (or maybe I'm just tired.) In a low- or no-visibility environment (i.e. under IFR ...
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2answers
235 views

What are the repercussions of flying an aircraft with an invalid N number on the side?

I have requested a new N number for my airplane a few months ago. Thinking the change would come through I had my airplane painted with the new number. What will happen if I fly it without the number ...
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1answer
144 views

In the US, in actual practice, workload permitting, will ARTC facilities grant SVFR clearance for surface-level Class E “extensions” (E4 airspace)?

In the US, in actual practice, workload permitting, will ARTC Centers and Approach Control facilities grant clearance for Special VFR operations in surface-level Class E "extensions" (E4 ...
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3answers
208 views

Can air-to-air refueling be done in compliance with the FAR's?

I am wondering if any FAR's would prohibit the air-to-air refueling of two civilian aircraft in the US. In our use case, the receiving aircraft would be custom-built, and it would receive fuel pumped ...
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2answers
11k views

What is the FAA definition of solo flight?

If I'm a student pilot (for commercial), and I flew for pleasure with friends one night, do I log those hours as solo? Does solo mean, only pilot in the aircraft? Or does it literally mean only person?...
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1answer
306 views

Do solo night time and “towered” landings total separately toward the solo night requirements in FAR 61.129?

FAR 61.129(a)(4)(ii) reads as follows for an applicant for commercial airplane single-engine, and makes similar provisions for other categories and classes. (4) Ten hours of solo flight time … that ...
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0answers
56 views

Can I document a VOR check with a photo to comply with 91.171(d)?

I'm interested in understanding the limits of what it means to "sign" a record. While enroute for any meaningful length of time, I try to tune two VOR's and I take a photo of the G1000 NXi ...
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5answers
10k views

Which parts of class E airspace can an ultralight (part 103) fly in without prior ATC authorization?

I'd like to clarify a very specific statement from 14 CFR Part 103: 103.17 OPERATIONS IN CERTAIN AIRSPACE No Person may operate an ultralight vehicle within Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D ...
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3answers
10k views

How should I operate within the dashed magenta lines next to Class D airspace?

I am unsure of how to operate within this area (red dashed line) without connection to ATC. It appears to come off of class D airspace. Can anyone provide an explanation of what this area is and how ...
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2answers
275 views

In the US, how does the distinction between E2 and E3/E4 airspace affect pilots?

In the US, practically speaking, how does the distinction between the E2 and E3/E4 subtypes of Class E airspace affect pilots?
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3answers
2k views

What are E2 and E4 airspace?

We have a number of questions here about E2 vs. E4 airspace (see summary of links in this answer) but what does that mean? As far as I can see, neither the AIM nor the ATC Orders mention E2 or E4 ...
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0answers
145 views

I’ve always heard about the dreaded ramp check. What does it actually entail?

What happens during a ramp check? How likely are you to experience one? What happens if they find something wrong? (A major and a minor example if you don’t mind)
4
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1answer
1k views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
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3answers
816 views

Does an SVFR clearance extend to Echo surface extensions?

Sec. 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of this ...
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3answers
299 views

Is the official weather report for an airport in Class D airspace controlling for its Class E surface extension?

If the official weather report for an airport for which Class D airspace is designated is showing IMC, is that controlling for a Class E surface extension (designated for that airport)? For example, ...
4
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1answer
77 views

How can I log simulated instrument time and approaches in a single-place aircraft?

Is there a way to log instrument approaches in VMC when all you own is single-place aircraft? (or aircraft with only one pilot station - I own a Long EZ). The regs seem to indicate that I have to rent ...
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1answer
81 views

Does having permission waive the 500 foot distance requirement in 91.119(c)?

The FAA expressly forbids flying within 500' of people, structures, etc...: § 91.119 Minimum safe altitudes: General. Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, no person may operate an aircraft ...
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1answer
57 views

Are there specific engine TBO requirements for aircraft used in flight instruction?

If I own a plane, say a Piper arrow, and I want to charge 175/hr for the aircraft and 50/hr for instruction, is there any regulation on when to perform engine overhauls (TBO)? askacfi.com and avweb....
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3answers
746 views

Can I file IFR DIRECT with a non-WAAS GPS?

The AIM 1-1-17 2 (a) states: Aircraft using un-augmented GPS (TSO-C129() or TSO-C196()) for navigation under IFR must be equipped with an alternate approved and operational means of navigation ...
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3answers
225 views

Can I fly a practice LNAV approach with an iPad?

I'm doing training for an instrument rating, and I'm thinking I'd like to do some solo VFR cross country flying and do some practice instrument approaches. The C152 I'll be flying doesn't have a GPS ...
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1answer
109 views

Regulatory Documents To Carry Medical Kits and Defibrillators On-Board

Are there any regulatory release documents applicable to Medical Kits and Defibrillators? Question is for Commercial Airlines. For example for: Components, you are required to have an EASA Form 1 or ...
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2answers
17k views

Why is there a disparity in the conversion from runway visual range (RVR) to statute miles?

TBL 5-4-1 in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) provides conversion from RVR to visibility in statute miles. I've reversed the first two columns from the AIM table to allow for comparison of ...

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