Questions tagged [faa-regulations]

FAA regulations cover the aviation rules of the United States of America and its territories. This tag should be used for questions regarding requirements or limitations imposed by FAA regulations or other related guidance material. It should **not** be used for questions about contacting the FAA, filling out FAA forms, or other areas of FAA responsibility.

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76
votes
3answers
19k views

I just flew into class B airspace without a clearance, what should I do now?

Hypothetical: Let's say (for whatever reason) a pilot became distracted or disorientated, and found themselves in class B airspace. What steps should they take immediately and after landing to be ...
53
votes
4answers
15k views

Can I stop crop dusters repeatedly flying over my home?

I have a crop-duster spraying the fields around me often. He flies over my house no matter what field he is spraying every few minutes. I think he uses my house as a pivot point. The old pilot rarely ...
44
votes
4answers
19k views

Who has the higher authority, the pilot in command or ATC?

I'm sure many people have heard about the communication between a Delta flight 2244 and Atlanta tower being on news today. When the Controller informs the Pilot he is on a wrong taxi-way, things get ...
42
votes
5answers
128k views

When to use beacon, anti-collision, strobe, logo, and navigation lights?

During taxi, the taxi lights are used, and I think the landing lights are required to be used up to 10.000 feet for all commercial flights. However, my question is regarding the abovementioned lights:...
40
votes
5answers
78k views

How much is the minimum safe distance between two planes in-flight?

According to FAA regulations, how far should a commercial jet be away from another plane in-flight? How about military planes? They get really close when in formations... Is there a minimum distance?
38
votes
2answers
8k views

Can a flight attendant have only one eye?

I have only had one eye for many years and was a flight attendant before it happened now have received a one on one interview with airline. I just wonder if my eye will be a problem.
38
votes
1answer
7k views

Why don't El Al 747's stay at the gates at JFK?

I was recently travelling through JFK in New York City and saw the El Al 747, presumably arrived as ELY1 and departing as ELY4, sitting on the apron near terminal 4. What I saw was similar to as shown ...
37
votes
3answers
23k views

How do young pilots in the USA accumulate 1500-hours to become a first officer?

The FAA requires 1500 hours as a pilot: The rule requires first officers — also known as co-pilots — to hold an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate, requiring 1,500 hours total time as a ...
36
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5answers
16k views

Why does flying not have any age restrictions like driving does?

I read an autobiography about Vicki Van Meter, who, with her instructor, flew across the United States at age 11 in 1993. Why could someone of that age not drive with the instructor? Does it have to ...
36
votes
2answers
67k views

If I own land, can I create a private runway on my property for my own use?

In the United States, if I own land that has an area suitable for landing a small general aviation airplane, can I just create a private runway, or do I have to officially be registered with the FAA ...
36
votes
1answer
14k views

Can I attach a camera to the outside of my aircraft in the USA?

I've been watching a lot of videos shot with mini cameras (like a GoPro) from outside the aircraft. Some look like they're mounted on or under wings, others from underneath the aircraft. This looks ...
35
votes
2answers
17k views

Are pilots allowed to let passengers fly the plane?

Is a private pilot license holder in the USA who is giving a scenic tour with friends allowed to let them fly the plane? Are there any restrictions on when this can be done? In my mind, this could be ...
35
votes
4answers
9k views

What prevents someone from hijacking a radio frequency mid-air?

For someone who wants to stay anonymous and probably terrorize the skies, what protective measures do we have? Without even thinking too deep, I can imaging the following scenarios for someone who's ...
34
votes
2answers
11k views

Why can't I hang glide in NYC?

I was stopped by NYPD for attempting to hang glide in an uncongested area by Midland Beach, Staten Island. They called their Legal Bureau and came back with "Illegal Navigation" and if I was to ...
34
votes
3answers
14k views

What process do I follow to land a civilian aircraft on a military base?

Let's say I have business on a US military base (e.g. JBLM), and I'd like to fly a privately owned aircraft there. What is the process I follow before the flight to get approval to land, and once I'm ...
33
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3answers
4k views

What happens when an airplane gets struck by lightning?

I know that they certify airplanes for lightning strikes (at least some of them anyway), but does it cause any damage to the airplane or to the electronics? Are there any required inspections if an ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

Could the CVR and FDR record to the cloud?

Another enthusiast question. I watch a lot of the National Geographic Channel's "Air Crash Investigation", for better or worse, and it seems accident investigators make tremendous use of the Cockpit ...
32
votes
5answers
19k views

What is Class F airspace, and why is it not used in the US?

I've read that ICAO defines Class F airspace but the FAA has chosen not to use the airspace class in the US. What is the ICAO definition of Class F airspace and how does it differ from other airspace ...
31
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2answers
4k views

Case Study: Did I need to declare an emergency?

I am a fairly newly minted private pilot licensee (PPL). I had just taken off from a small private, (but open to the public) airfield. We are under the shelf of Class B, but are G up to 700 and then E ...
30
votes
2answers
11k views

What is a passenger disturbance level?

I was listening to RealATC for a United Flight UAL1074 which declared an emergency needing to return to Washington Reagan National Airport. During the ATC recording, the flight declares an emergency ...
29
votes
4answers
26k views

When can I request flight following?

I'm a student pilot doing all VFR flying and making flight plans for training. I've heard that most people don't file a flight plan for VFR outside of training though, and instead request "flight ...
28
votes
5answers
49k views

What is ETOPS and how does it work?

According to this press release by Boeing earlier this year, the 747-8 has received its ETOPS 330 rating. This is required by all 4-engined planes made after February 2015 to fly beyond 180 minutes ...
28
votes
5answers
32k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

If there is a misprint on an instrument plate, is a pilot required to comply with it?

This is a snippet from the KESC RNAV 36 approach. It's a real procedure, I didn't photoshop it except to add highlighting. Let's say I was in the position that the blue aircraft is in (roughly 10 ...
27
votes
4answers
13k views

What should you do when ATC gives you a number to call to discuss a violation?

Generally speaking, for those that either have experience calling the number, or, preferably, for those that were paid to answer the phone, what are the benefits or pitfalls of calling? I had a ...
27
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the legal issues for an Uber or Lyft type model for ride share on General Aviation aircraft in the United States?

Is it possible for an Uber or Lyft type service to operate that allows pilots with small aircraft to share a ride under current FAA regulations? I personally don't see how this could operate under 14 ...
26
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4answers
14k views

Which ATC instructions should be repeated back by the pilot?

AIM 4-4-7 (b) says: Pilots of airborne aircraft should read back those parts of ATC clearances and instructions containing altitude assignments, vectors, or runway assignments as a means of ...
26
votes
3answers
16k views

Will having a history of depression prevent me from flying?

The AOPA website lists four medications as acceptable treatments for depression. I was treated with one of them, but it ended up making things far worse, to the point where I had issues with suicidal ...
26
votes
2answers
10k views

How do airports determine when they should change their runway numbers?

Runway numbers in most of the world are based on the runway's orientation relative to magnetic north. For example a runway with a magnetic heading of 135° to 144° will be numbered ...
26
votes
1answer
7k views

I have a European EASA license - what do I need to do to be allowed to fly in the US?

I own a PPL(A) license following JAR-FCL. Recently, this license has been exchanged for a European EASA license. My training was on a motor glider (TMG), I do not have ratings for SEP, but TMG and ...
25
votes
5answers
5k views

Are you required to disclose medical conditions to your flight instructor?

When talking with a local flight school about my interest in starting training, I started asking questions about how the AME process works. The flight instructor then asked me if I had any specific ...
25
votes
3answers
18k views

Can I fly “into” the Grand Canyon?

I haven't looked at the Grand Canyon on a sectional yet, but I know that it is definitely big enough (by far) so that someone could fly a plane under the level of the rim and stil meet all of ...
25
votes
5answers
4k views

Do I need to register my drone?

Recently the FAA released some new regulations that require drone operators, including hobbyist, to register drones with the FAA. As I am a novice in both aviation and legalese, can someone please ...
25
votes
1answer
3k views

Why are electric shavers specifically permitted under FAR §91.21

This struck me as a bit strange, 91.21 which covers electronic devices that can be used during IFR flight has some exceptions, one through three make logical sense (not really sure why portable voice ...
25
votes
1answer
21k views

Is it legal to smoke in your own plane?

I was just curious, in the past, smoking on planes was permitted. What is the law surrounding smoking in your own private plane?
25
votes
2answers
4k views

What to do if the captain smells like alcohol?

Suppose you're the co-pilot on a flight and during pre-flight, talking to the captain, you smell alcohol. Although you didn't see him drinking and the smell isn't strong, what does regulation ...
24
votes
3answers
7k views

Why is a clock required to be mounted on the instrument panel for IFR flights?

A clock is required for IFR flights in the US but any clock doesn't do; the clock should be the one mounted on the instrument panel. What's the idea behind this requirement? Is it because random ...
24
votes
1answer
2k views

Declaring an emergency: How should you report fuel remaining?

When a flight has to declare an emergency, they are asked for souls on board and fuel remaining. Sometimes the ATC will want fuel in minutes (or hours) and sometimes in pounds. Could we get a ...
24
votes
3answers
6k views

Is it OK to decorate a log book cover?

I'm a student pilot and am thinking about putting a tasteful decal on my log book, if for no other reason than to identify it as my own. Is that OK, or would that be frowned upon? Thanks.
24
votes
2answers
16k views

What is a 709 ride?

One of the enforcement actions that FAA can take against a pilot is known as a "709 ride" in which your certifications and rating are reevaluated by the FAA. What is the regulatory basis for this ...
24
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the restrictions on performing intentional spins?

I know there is controversy over the safety and utility of performing spins for training, but what are the regulations limiting them for training (solo and dual) or 'just for fun'?
24
votes
2answers
16k views

Can I land a helicopter anywhere?

If I own a helicopter and am appropriately rated, can I land the helicopter anywhere that isn't private property, and is a safe place to land (clear of obstructions, appropriate surface, etc.)? My ...
23
votes
4answers
6k views

How should I deal with a passenger experiencing hypoxia over the Grand Canyon?

I am taking my mom for a trip over the grand canyon. My mom lives at sea level, whereas I live at 5000ft, and workout at 8000ft daily. The VFR lowest route over the Grand Canyon is 11,500ft MSL. If I ...
23
votes
2answers
4k views

Do Landings in a Simulator Count Towards Landing Currency? (FAA in the USA)

If a pilot is trying to complete 3 day or night landings every 90 days in a multi-engine aircraft in order to be multi-engine current per FAA requirements, can those landings be done in a Simulator or ...
23
votes
2answers
8k views

May a non-instrument pilot legally file IFR as long as he amends and doesn’t accept an instrument clearance?

Say a pilot plans to make a cross country flight along Victor airways, but under VFR. Depending on workload and communication effectiveness along the way, our hero may provide the planned fairly ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the weather requirements to log an instrument approach?

So let's assume that I'm the sole manipulator of the flight controls in an aircraft in which I'm rated and that I fly an instrument approach. What weather does the FAA require (assuming that I'm not ...
23
votes
3answers
7k views

What does a sport pilot have to do to get a private pilot certificate in the US?

What are the minimum requirements for obtaining a privates pilot certificate if a pilot already has a sport pilot certificate? The requirements for a private pilot certificate don't changes because ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Do crew rest seats count towards the maximum allowed number of seats per flight attendant?

We work as flight attendants on a 737-400. We were taught that we must have one FA per 50 seats. Normally our planes have 150 seats and with three FAs we have no issues. Recently the seat ...
22
votes
10answers
9k views

Do pilots ever intentionally takeoff or land downwind?

Is there a reason a pilot would takeoff downwind or land downwind? Is it legal to do this?
22
votes
3answers
6k views

Is it a flight violation to mishear ATC instructions for exiting the runway?

I was on landing rollout and misheard a tower "turn off at xxx switch ground" call. We read back the incorrect taxi way and turned off there and switched to the ground frequency. After our incorrect ...