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Questions tagged [faa-regulations]

FAA regulations cover the aviation rules of the United States of America and territories. This tag should be used for questions regarding requirements or limitations imposed by FAA regulations or other related guidance material. It should **not** be used for questions about contacting the FAA, filling out FAA forms, or other areas of FAA responsibility.

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How does ATC handle arriving/departing runways that cross?

Forgive my total lack of aviation knowledge. I just flew out of SFO and was fascinated by the fact that pairs of planes alternated between departing on 28L + 28R (simultaneously) and arriving on 19L/R....
21
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4answers
7k views

Can you bust a TFR while operating under IFR?

Is it possible for the pilot to be held responsible for violating a Temporary Flight Restriction if the controller makes a mistake while you are operating under an Instrument flight plan (ie: does not ...
6
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2answers
2k views

What are the requirements to get your private pilot certificate?

I am 15 right now and I want to get the Certificate/License when i am 17. (17 is the age right?) How much training do I need and is there any written tests etc? What kind of IFR training will be ...
5
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2answers
407 views

What are the flight training options for a private pilot's license in the US?

In the USA, what training options does a student pilot aiming for their private pilot license have?
23
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2answers
13k views

Can I land a helicopter anywhere?

If I own a helicopter and am appropriately rated, can I land the helicopter anywhere that isn't private property, and is a safe place to land (clear of obstructions, appropriate surface, etc.)? My ...
8
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2answers
2k views

How can I see the revision history of a particular FAR?

For instance, I don't remember paragraph 61.51(e)(iii) at all from way back when I studied it to determine when I could log PIC time. I'm fairly certain that it has been added since then (actually, ...
15
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2answers
3k views

Are you required to have constant view of the runway when circling?

When you're circling, it has been said that you are required to keep view of the runway at all times below the MDA. However, sometimes this can be impossible due to issues with visibility, such as ...
31
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5answers
15k views

What is Class F airspace, and why is it not used in the US?

I've read that ICAO defines Class F airspace but the FAA has chosen not to use the airspace class in the US. What is the ICAO definition of Class F airspace and how does it differ from other airspace ...
15
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5answers
10k views

Is an alternate airport always required when flying internationally?

When flying a domestic US flight, an alternate airport is not required unless the weather is below specific minimums at the destination. What are the rules when on an international flight plan and ...
6
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1answer
5k views

Which approach category minimums should I use when conducting an instrument approach?

FAR 91.3 says: Aircraft approach category means a grouping of aircraft based on a speed of VREF, if specified, or if VREF is not specified, 1.3 Vso at the maximum certificated landing weight. ...
14
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5answers
5k views

Are you required to report leaving an altitude if you have been given a crossing restriction?

If ATC gives me a clearance to cross a fix at a specific altitude or a descent at pilot's discretion and I read back the clearance, is my readback considered the report specified in the AIM, or do I ...
17
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5answers
8k views

What can a new commercial pilot do to build flight time?

Most new commercial pilots don't have a lot of flight time, so won't be hired by the airlines or corporate operators. A lot of operations require an air carrier certificate (even though they are a "...
15
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3answers
2k views

What is the best altitude to penetrate a thunderstorm?

135.293(a)(7)(iii) requires that pilots be tested on: (iii) Operating in or near thunderstorms (including best penetrating altitudes), turbulent air (including clear air turbulence), icing, ...
12
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2answers
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To receive an SVFR clearance, does the airport need to be reporting IFR conditions?

If conditions at a towered airport are not IFR, can pilots request a special VFR clearance? For example, at a Class D airport, ceiling 1300 broken, 10 sm visibility is technically too low to remain in ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Can a person with Type 1 Diabetes get a medical and learn to fly?

A friend of mine has had Type 1 diabetes most of his life, and has it well under control. How does he go about finding out if he can get his medical and learn to fly?
14
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4answers
5k views

Is it required to contact approach when flying VFR into a Class D airfield?

Is it required when under VFR to contact an airfield's approach when approaching to land at a class D? KDLH is my example airfield. They possess independent radar approach and departure (same ...
24
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1answer
3k views

What are the restrictions on performing intentional spins?

I know there is controversy over the safety and utility of performing spins for training, but what are the regulations limiting them for training (solo and dual) or 'just for fun'?
26
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3answers
2k views

If there is a misprint on an instrument plate, is a pilot required to comply with it?

This is a snippet from the KESC RNAV 36 approach. It's a real procedure, I didn't photoshop it except to add highlighting. Let's say I was in the position that the blue aircraft is in (roughly 10 ...
10
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1answer
1k views

When and how can pilots waive wake turbulence holds in the US?

According to FAA rules, controllers are required to hold aircraft 2 or 3 minutes for wake turbulence under certain conditions. When is that wake turbulence hold required, and when are pilots allowed ...
9
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1answer
7k views

What are the US definition and restrictions on aerobatic flight?

In the US, what is the legal definition of aerobatic flight? What are the restrictions (both for the aircraft and its location/maneuvers) applied to aerobatic flight? I remember reading something ...
12
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2answers
2k views

What US customs procedures must the pilot of a private aircraft follow when traveling in and out of the country?

As the Pilot In Command of a private aircraft, what are the customs procedures that must be complied with before leaving, before returning, and upon arrival to the USA?
21
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1answer
2k views

Is it legal and safe to take off or land in zero visibility?

Is it legal for planes to takeoff and land in zero visibility? Is it safe?
25
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4answers
12k views

Which ATC instructions should be repeated back by the pilot?

AIM 4-4-7 (b) says: Pilots of airborne aircraft should read back those parts of ATC clearances and instructions containing altitude assignments, vectors, or runway assignments as a means of ...
12
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2answers
3k views

What restrictions apply in international airspace?

What restrictions are there on a flight in international airspace? For example, if you fly into the Pacific Ocean more than 12 miles (or whatever the distance is) offshore, are you free to fly any ...
12
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1answer
1k views

What is an Airworthiness Directive?

Aircraft which have been in service for a long time often have a lot of entries in their logbooks for Airworthiness Directives (ADs). What are they, and why are they important?
19
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3answers
5k views

Do pilots using an electronic flight bag need to carry paper charts?

If a pilot uses an electronic flight bag (say, an iPad with ForeFlight or WingX), are they required to carry paper charts as a backup? Do different rules apply to operations under Parts 91, 121, and ...
8
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2answers
592 views

What are FARs & where can I find them? What is FAR 23, 25, 135, etc?

The FARs (or Federal Aviation Regulations) are the regulations imposed by the FAA on aviation within the United States. Many questions make reference to FAR 23, or FAR 91 etc. What are each of these? ...
9
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1answer
1k views

When should the half bank mode of an autopilot be used?

Half bank can make turns more comfortable for passengers, but ATC expects turns to be at standard rate much (most?) of the time. When is it permissible to use half bank?
22
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3answers
2k views

What is ADS-B and who needs it?

I read that ADS-B is required by the year 2020. What does this mean? What is ADS-B used for, and who needs it?
21
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10answers
8k views

Do pilots ever intentionally takeoff or land downwind?

Is there a reason a pilot would takeoff downwind or land downwind? Is it legal to do this?
17
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1answer
2k views

Is it legal to overload a plane in Alaska?

Is it true that it's legal to fly a plane over max gross weight in Alaska? If so, what are the rules?
15
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2answers
2k views

Do pilots have to consider unplanned delays for Part 135 duty time exceedance?

When flying under Part 135, is it legal to takeoff knowing that you will exceed the allowable duty time due to an unplanned delay after the start of taxi? 135.267(d) says: Each assignment under ...
25
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1answer
6k views

I have a European EASA license - what do I need to do to be allowed to fly in the US?

I own a PPL(A) license following JAR-FCL. Recently, this license has been exchanged for a European EASA license. My training was on a motor glider (TMG), I do not have ratings for SEP, but TMG and ...
26
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5answers
28k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...
14
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2answers
2k views

Does adding a motorized fan to a hot air balloon change its class as an aircraft?

I have seen fans like these for use in ballooning and glider propulsion. Does adding one of these change the definition of the flight vehicle? e.g. is it No longer a balloon, but now an aircraft? ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Can time logged in foreign aircraft be applied towards an FAA certificate or rating?

Does time logged in these foreign-registered aircraft (cross country, etc) count towards US certificates or ratings? Or is it flight experience that should be excluded from an 8710?
17
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3answers
7k views

Is it legal to fly in RVSM airspace with an inoperative autopilot?

FAR Part 91, Appendix G, Section 2 says: (c) Altitude-keeping equipment: All aircraft. To approve an aircraft group or a nongroup aircraft, the Administrator must find that the aircraft meets ...
5
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2answers
838 views

What licenses and/or training should one obtain to be able to fly a drone in California?

The FAA will open up to flying civilian drones in 2015. Should we get pilot licenses to be ready for this? if so, is there a difference between plane or helicopter pilot license? Links related: NASA ...
14
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1answer
4k views

Is there any size of tethered kite that is regulated by the FAA?

Civilians fly kites for entertainment. Is there a limit, after which the kite is considered an aircraft and becomes regulated? Is a kite considered a balloon, after a certain size? Do technology ...
10
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3answers
399 views

How is drone (UAS) traffic regulated in the US?

Does the FAA regulate drones at this time? Maybe they regulate only a certain class / size of UAV / UAS? Is drone regulation to the level that traffic is managed through ATC?
23
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3answers
2k views

What are the weather requirements to log an instrument approach?

So let's assume that I'm the sole manipulator of the flight controls in an aircraft in which I'm rated and that I fly an instrument approach. What weather does the FAA require (assuming that I'm not ...
36
votes
1answer
13k views

Can I attach a camera to the outside of my aircraft in the USA?

I've been watching a lot of videos shot with mini cameras (like a GoPro) from outside the aircraft. Some look like they're mounted on or under wings, others from underneath the aircraft. This looks ...
39
votes
5answers
109k views

When to use Beacon, Anti Collision, Strobe, Logo and Navigation lights?

During taxi, the taxi-light are used, and I think the landing lights are required to be used up to 10.000 feet for all commercial flights. However, my question is regarding the above mentioned lights:...
24
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2answers
4k views

What to do if the captain smells like alcohol?

Suppose you're the co-pilot on a flight and during pre-flight, talking to the captain, you smell alcohol. Although you didn't see him drinking and the smell isn't strong, what does regulation ...
11
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1answer
2k views

How do FAR 23 takeoff requirements compare to FAR 25 requirements?

What types of factors come into account when planning takeoff performance for dual engine aircraft under FAR 23, compared to the aircraft with certified takeoff distances under FAR 25 Obviously, the ...
12
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2answers
3k views

What are the requirements to convert an FAA certificate to EASA/JAA?

If a pilot holding a US certificate wanted to convert it to an equivalent EASA (JAA?) certificate, what training, flight experience, and exams are necessary to obtain equivalency? Does the process ...
16
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2answers
3k views

What's the difference between FAA Part 61 and Part 141 training?

I've got schools with both part approvals in my area. I'm just interested in recreational flying, I'm not sure which part is more suited to my needs. What are the differences I should consider before ...
22
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3answers
6k views

What does a sport pilot have to do to get a private pilot certificate in the US?

What are the minimum requirements for obtaining a privates pilot certificate if a pilot already has a sport pilot certificate? The requirements for a private pilot certificate don't changes because ...
11
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1answer
393 views

What are the FAA sport-pilot self-certification standards?

Consider a hypothetical pilot who knows they have a medical condition which the FAA considers disqualifying (under the standard medical qualification standards). Is that pilot permitted to operate ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Is collaring a circuit breaker considered deactivation by the FAA?

Let's say you discover that your landing light is inoperable during the preflight. Your aircraft doesn't have a MEL, so you follow 14 CFR §91.213(d). Assuming you do everything else required (placard, ...