Questions tagged [faa-regulations]

FAA regulations cover the aviation rules of the United States of America and its territories. This tag should be used for questions regarding requirements or limitations imposed by FAA regulations or other related guidance material. It should **not** be used for questions about contacting the FAA, filling out FAA forms, or other areas of FAA responsibility.

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33
votes
3answers
2k views

Could the CVR and FDR record to the cloud?

Another enthusiast question. I watch a lot of the National Geographic Channel's "Air Crash Investigation", for better or worse, and it seems accident investigators make tremendous use of the Cockpit ...
40
votes
5answers
78k views

How much is the minimum safe distance between two planes in-flight?

According to FAA regulations, how far should a commercial jet be away from another plane in-flight? How about military planes? They get really close when in formations... Is there a minimum distance?
26
votes
1answer
7k views

I have a European EASA license - what do I need to do to be allowed to fly in the US?

I own a PPL(A) license following JAR-FCL. Recently, this license has been exchanged for a European EASA license. My training was on a motor glider (TMG), I do not have ratings for SEP, but TMG and ...
44
votes
4answers
19k views

Who has the higher authority, the pilot in command or ATC?

I'm sure many people have heard about the communication between a Delta flight 2244 and Atlanta tower being on news today. When the Controller informs the Pilot he is on a wrong taxi-way, things get ...
42
votes
5answers
130k views

When to use beacon, anti-collision, strobe, logo, and navigation lights?

During taxi, the taxi lights are used, and I think the landing lights are required to be used up to 10.000 feet for all commercial flights. However, my question is regarding the abovementioned lights:...
12
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4answers
8k views

Which parts of class E airspace can an ultralight (part 103) fly in without prior ATC authorization?

I'd like to clarify a very specific statement from 14 CFR Part 103: 103.17 OPERATIONS IN CERTAIN AIRSPACE No Person may operate an ultralight vehicle within Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D ...
28
votes
5answers
51k views

What is ETOPS and how does it work?

According to this press release by Boeing earlier this year, the 747-8 has received its ETOPS 330 rating. This is required by all 4-engined planes made after February 2015 to fly beyond 180 minutes ...
22
votes
5answers
10k views

What is the standard rate of turn for heavy aircraft?

I have heard and read many times that for "heavy aircraft", they use a standard rate of turn which is 1.5° per second (4 minute turn), but I have never found an official source which addresses this. ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Can time logged in foreign aircraft be applied towards an FAA certificate or rating?

Does time logged in these foreign-registered aircraft (cross country, etc) count towards US certificates or ratings? Or is it flight experience that should be excluded from an 8710?
36
votes
2answers
17k views

Are pilots allowed to let passengers fly the plane?

Is a private pilot license holder in the USA who is giving a scenic tour with friends allowed to let them fly the plane? Are there any restrictions on when this can be done? In my mind, this could be ...
26
votes
4answers
14k views

Which ATC instructions should be repeated back by the pilot?

AIM 4-4-7 (b) says: Pilots of airborne aircraft should read back those parts of ATC clearances and instructions containing altitude assignments, vectors, or runway assignments as a means of ...
10
votes
2answers
28k views

Can foreign pilots get an FAA ATPL and work for a US-based commercial airline?

Could a non-US citizen come to the US, receive flight training, earn an FAA CPL and be hired by a US-flagged airline? Are there any specific rules regarding the employment of foreigners as pilots for ...
19
votes
3answers
41k views

What do the terms 'holding out' and 'common carriage' mean?

A pilot with a new commercial certificate is excited at the new world of getting-paid-to-fly they have opened up. That is, until their instructor or good friend reminds them of 14 CFR 119 and the ...
33
votes
3answers
5k views

What happens when an airplane gets struck by lightning?

I know that they certify airplanes for lightning strikes (at least some of them anyway), but does it cause any damage to the airplane or to the electronics? Are there any required inspections if an ...
21
votes
4answers
17k views

What is the difference between the airspace's classes (for non-pilots)?

When I'm reading about aviation, it's very common to see references to Class B or Class C airspace and airports. What are the different classes and what are the differences between them?
76
votes
3answers
19k views

I just flew into class B airspace without a clearance, what should I do now?

Hypothetical: Let's say (for whatever reason) a pilot became distracted or disorientated, and found themselves in class B airspace. What steps should they take immediately and after landing to be ...
26
votes
3answers
16k views

Will having a history of depression prevent me from flying?

The AOPA website lists four medications as acceptable treatments for depression. I was treated with one of them, but it ended up making things far worse, to the point where I had issues with suicidal ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Is there any U.S. / FAA regulation that could apply for aviation software?

I want to build some software applications applied to the aviation industry and would want to know if any U.S. / FAA regulation could apply in the design of them. I know there are some regulations ...
7
votes
1answer
309 views

What is the primary reason that the non-towered airports KACV and KTLV have E4 extensions to E2 airspace?

NOTE-- this question is not about why it was desired to protect the airspace that ended up within the E4 "extensions". Rather, this question is about why that was done by designating that airspace as ...
4
votes
1answer
580 views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Can a non-US citizen (or entity) own an N-registered aircraft?

Distantly related to this question, but can a non-US citizen (or corporation) own an N-registered aircraft?
53
votes
4answers
15k views

Can I stop crop dusters repeatedly flying over my home?

I have a crop-duster spraying the fields around me often. He flies over my house no matter what field he is spraying every few minutes. I think he uses my house as a pivot point. The old pilot rarely ...
34
votes
3answers
15k views

What process do I follow to land a civilian aircraft on a military base?

Let's say I have business on a US military base (e.g. JBLM), and I'd like to fly a privately owned aircraft there. What is the process I follow before the flight to get approval to land, and once I'm ...
21
votes
7answers
5k views

What sort of issues related to extreme heat (115°F, 46°C plus) would prevent takeoffs or landings?

I recently flew into and out of McCarran Airport Las Vegas (LAS) and a local told me that they never report the air temperature at the airport above 115°F (46°C) because the FAA does not allow ...
17
votes
3answers
8k views

What is the security policy for getting into a Control Tower in the US?

Are there any regulations the FAA has ruled to get into a Control Tower? Do people need any special kind of security clearance? Are there forbidden items or other special rules? I'd also want to know ...
6
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2answers
3k views

If both pilots are incapacitated, what happens?

How do the airlines prepare for a situation where for some reason both PIC and SIC are incapacitated for the remainder of the flight?
20
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3answers
12k views

How much jurisdiction does the FAA have over military aircraft?

The FAA controls just about everything about civilian aircraft in US airspace in terms of regulation, certification, flight rules, etc. Do they have any authority over military aircraft beyond ...
19
votes
5answers
14k views

When are procedure turns not required?

Today, at my part 141 flight school I failed a stage check (flight test), because I did not perform a hold. I'm in com-multi training and was shooting a single engine approach in a Beechcraft Baron. I ...
16
votes
2answers
18k views

How do you request a “pop up” IFR clearance?

If you are flying VFR into deterioration weather conditions and would like to continue the flight under IFR, or you would like to climb to a better altitude but are restricted by a cloud layer, what ...
7
votes
2answers
20k views

What are Operations Specifications (OpSpecs)?

I had never really heard of OpSpecs until I started a new flying job that was at a Part 135 company. So for those people who are new to this (or are just interested): What is an Operation ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

What counts as “runway in sight” when flying an IFR approach to minimums?

I've watched a few videos on youtube where the pilot flies an Instrument Landing System (ILS) approach to the minimum allowed altitude before establishing visibility of the runway (MDA or minimums). ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

What is ADS-B and who needs it?

I read that ADS-B is required by the year 2020. What does this mean? What is ADS-B used for, and who needs it?
17
votes
5answers
8k views

What can a new commercial pilot do to build flight time?

Most new commercial pilots don't have a lot of flight time, so won't be hired by the airlines or corporate operators. A lot of operations require an air carrier certificate (even though they are a "...
22
votes
10answers
9k views

Do pilots ever intentionally takeoff or land downwind?

Is there a reason a pilot would takeoff downwind or land downwind? Is it legal to do this?
17
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the purpose of VFR-on-top?

VFR-on-top is an IFR clearance in the US that a pilot can request to allow an IFR flight to use VFR altitudes provided that it can remain in VMC. Requesting and receiving a VFR-on-top clearance doesn'...
20
votes
4answers
5k views

Can I use cellular data to receive in-flight weather on my iPad?

I would like to use an iPad for preflight planning. Can I also use the iPad to check weather while I'm en route?
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Can a non-instrument rated safety pilot log PIC during an IFR flight?

The Scenario: An instrument-rated private pilot files and flies IFR while accompanied by a non-instrument-rated private pilot who is otherwise fully certified and endorsed to act as PIC in that ...
9
votes
2answers
11k views

What are the regulatory categories of aircraft defined by the FAA?

What are the different aircraft regulatory categories aircraft defined by the FAA? Are there any exceptions?
24
votes
2answers
16k views

Can I land a helicopter anywhere?

If I own a helicopter and am appropriately rated, can I land the helicopter anywhere that isn't private property, and is a safe place to land (clear of obstructions, appropriate surface, etc.)? My ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the rules for Public-Use Operations?

On another aviation board I'm on, (link), one poster is making the claim that operators of airplanes for Public Use Operations (eg. Police planes, Search-and-rescue aircraft, most government planes), ...
10
votes
1answer
9k views

What are the US definition and restrictions on aerobatic flight?

In the US, what is the legal definition of aerobatic flight? What are the restrictions (both for the aircraft and its location/maneuvers) applied to aerobatic flight? I remember reading something ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Can I log PIC time when training for a tailwheel or high performance endorsement?

If I hire a CFI to train me for the tailwheel endorsement (this question also applies to the high performance endorsement), can I log PIC time when flying the tailwheel aircraft, or do I have to log ...
36
votes
1answer
14k views

Can I attach a camera to the outside of my aircraft in the USA?

I've been watching a lot of videos shot with mini cameras (like a GoPro) from outside the aircraft. Some look like they're mounted on or under wings, others from underneath the aircraft. This looks ...
29
votes
4answers
27k views

When can I request flight following?

I'm a student pilot doing all VFR flying and making flight plans for training. I've heard that most people don't file a flight plan for VFR outside of training though, and instead request "flight ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

If there is a misprint on an instrument plate, is a pilot required to comply with it?

This is a snippet from the KESC RNAV 36 approach. It's a real procedure, I didn't photoshop it except to add highlighting. Let's say I was in the position that the blue aircraft is in (roughly 10 ...
10
votes
1answer
12k views

When is a flight plan required?

Do all flights need to have filed flight plans or only ones that fit certain criteria? What are the criteria?
28
votes
5answers
33k views

If I have a float plane, can I land on any body of water?

What are the rules with regards to landing a float plane on a body of water? Can I land anywhere (non-emergency, obviously) that would also accommodate the take-off? If not, how do I determine which ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the weather requirements to log an instrument approach?

So let's assume that I'm the sole manipulator of the flight controls in an aircraft in which I'm rated and that I fly an instrument approach. What weather does the FAA require (assuming that I'm not ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

Do I have to declare an emergency if I cut into fuel reserves?

In another question, I wrote You only need to plan for regulatory reserves. You don't actually have to land with them and @Jan replied: you have to declare emergency if you do cut into them ...
9
votes
2answers
14k views

Why is there a disparity in the conversion from runway visual range (RVR) to statute miles?

TBL 5-4-1 in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) provides conversion from RVR to visibility in statute miles. I've reversed the first two columns from the AIM table to allow for comparison of ...