Questions tagged [emergency]

An emergency is any situation that threatens the safety of an aircraft, the people on board it, or people on the ground.

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27
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5answers
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What are the ways to burn fuel faster in case of emergency without fuel dumping system?

In many cases, the maximum landing weight of an aircraft is lower than the takeoff weight due to the amount of fuel it carries. While some aircraft have fuel dumping systems, others like the A320 ...
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Is is possible to land a midsize commercial plane on an Ford Class aircraft carrier?

I'm story-boarding a novel. I'm toying with the idea of contriving a situation in which a midsize commercial aircraft is forced to make an emergency landing on an aircraft carrier. I read here that ...
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Why did this Cirrus deploy the parachute while ditching over Pacific Ocean?

In this incident near Hawaii, a Cirrus SR22 had fuel problems and deployed its airframe parachute. My question is why did the pilot deploy the parachute rather than perform a "normal" ditching ...
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Was the miracle on the Hudson saved exclusively by the APU?

In the film Sully, (staring Tom Hanks) the APU is switched on straight after both engines rollback, why was this step necessary; Airbus said this was the "15th thing" to do on the checklist. How or ...
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Could a plane land inside or on top of another plane in flight?

I'm sorry if this is a little fantastical, but I'm just wondering if this type of maneuver is possible in any way. I understand if this question gets pulled. I'm trying to make a little action-...
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Are pilots legally required to verbally declare an emergency to invoke §91.3(b)'s deviation authorization?

Related:Do you have to explain what your emergency is? I am aware that pilots are required to declare an emergency and inform ATC of as much information as possible during IFR flight due to this rule:...
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1answer
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Brace position - Why hands atop head in the UK, but on ankles or atop seat in front in the US?

Source: Does the brace position save lives?, By Oliver Smith, 2013 Mar 13, telegraph.co.uk "To adopt the brace position passengers should place their feet and knees together with their feet ...
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About how much drag does a non-operating engine create?

I think the drag of the engine is high, for most type of engine, e.g turbo fan, jet, ramjet... I guess the engine's drag is worse than a flat plate of the same area perpendicular to air stream because ...
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After an emergency landing, what procedures should the pilot follow?

In case of an emergency landing (non-fatal) on a road/highway or in a large field, what happens next? Should police be contacted? Should aircraft owner and/or insurance be contacted? In case landing ...
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What is the difference between a tire deflation and a tire explosion?

In this question, our intrepid former 747 pilot Terry mentioned, in the accepted answer, that: As I understand it, tires that dangerously overheat will explode before melting, and that's why ...
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How long does it take to restart a turbofan engine inflight?

I'm especially interested how long it would take to restart a turbofan engine after a hypothetically erroneous shutdown of an engine immediately after takeoff i.e., at an altitude at which the air is ...
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Who has the authority between captain and first officer in emergencies?

Yes I know, Captain has authority over First Officer. I was reading about Airblue Flight 202 and according to the investigation, First Officer said these words 40 seconds before crash: Sir turn ...
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Are military jets always scrambled when communication to a commercial aircraft is lost?

I've heard that in case a commercial flight does not respond to Air Traffic Control, military jets would always be scrambled to check the state of the flight. The benefits of scrambling jets are ...
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1answer
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How much compensation does an unruly passenger have to pay to an airline if the flight has to be diverted to remove them?

If a passenger becomes unruly and the captain decides to land and remove that passenger from the flight, how much does the passenger have to pay the airline for the cost? In addition, what are the ...
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How able were pilots of three-person cockpits at running the normal FE work?

This question is about whether a FE could fly solo. I'd like to know to what degree the pilots could operate the FE console, e.g. if the FE was incapacitated. How much was covered as part of the type ...
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If the landing gear is stuck in an airliner, can the crew go down and manually open it?

There are several instances where we see the landing gear getting stuck before landing. In these kind of situations, can the crew, or one of the pilots, go down to the landing gear area and solve the ...
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In an emergency near a remote island is it better to land resulting in the airport closing or ditch in the water?

Consider a landing at a remote island (like Easter Island or perhaps one with a calm lagoon, like YLHI) in which the aircraft is likely to crash and close the airport. (For example a gear-up landing ...
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How does ATC handle different kinds of emergencies?

This question deals with the pilot procedures for declaring an emergency. I wonder how ATC in the US handles different kinds of emergency or quasi-emergency situations, such as: MAYDAY PAN PAN ...
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What happens if a commercial airplanes navigation system completely failed during a flight?

What would happen if all of the the navigation systems (such as GPS & INS) in a commercial aircraft completely failed? Could the aircraft land safely without all the navigation aids?
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Could a civilian aircraft in distress land in Area 51? [duplicate]

Just curiosity, but in case of a real life-threatening emergency (where you can't fly to closest airport or strip), would they (Air Force, military or whoever) allow the plane to land on the Area 51 ...
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Why do airplanes use MAYDAY when in danger but ships send SOS?

I thought SOS means "save our souls", but apparently it doesn't. But ships send SOS when in danger and they used Morse code. Why do airplanes use MAYDAY?
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Pilot passed out in a small GA plane. What can a passenger do?

There is another question about airliners and if someone not qualified could land them. My question is about the steps I should take to stay alive in a small GA plane. Let say a friend of mine ...
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Why can't you ditch your aircraft in the sea?

Disclosure: I'm just a random guy who knows nothing about aviation. :-) I read: A voice in my earphones was shouting: “Ditch the plane! Ditch it in the ocean!” It must have come from the ...
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What level of damage to an aircraft is acceptable to let it depart?

Yesterday (28 June 2016), a Bombardier Q400 from EPGD to EPWA made an emergency landing because of a blown tire, spotted by a passenger. Everything went smoothly and the plane landed successfully ...
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Why not just drop an engine on fire?

I am interested in the case of Qantas Flight 32 and similar incidents, where there was a fuel leak after a number two engine explosion due to the disintegration of the turbine disc. It was a very ...
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Why can't an Airbus A330 dump fuel in an emergency?

It was reported recently that the Swiss flight LX18 from Zurich to New York had detected an engine issue shortly after take-off and decided to land back in Zurich. Apparently, the Airbus A330-343 ...
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F-111 emergency landing with no wheel; what is done to reduce risks when loosing a wheel?

There's an interesting incident described here about an F-111 that lost a wheel during take off. Couple of questions: What are the relative risks of an ejection vs a ...
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If an Osprey found itself unable to rotate its engines to vertical, what would be the emergency procedure for landing?

Let's say an Osprey appears to be flying normally in forward flight. In preparation for landing, the pilot tries to command the engines to begin tilting to vertical, but nothing happens. What now? If ...
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Why couldn't Air Moorea Flight 1121 use pitch trim to land safely?

On August 9th, 2007 an Air Moorea Twin Otter crashed into the ocean. The cause of the crash was determined to be loss of pitch control after an elevator cable snapped. In my world (Cessna 152), if an ...
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How would an aircraft visually signal “in distress”?

A ship at sea would fly its flag upside down to signal it's in distress. How does a plane or airliner that has no radio or transponder visually signal that it is in distress? This question: How do ...
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What should you do if you are forced to enter restricted or prohibited airspace?

Apparently, even if you have declared an urgent situation or an emergency, you cannot enter restricted or prohibited airspace, and ATC may not be able to clear you into the area. So, my question: If ...
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What must ATC do, following a reported laser sighting by a plane?

Supposing a pilot reports having a laser beam shone on them to ATC, what action should they take? Is the pilot allowed to take evasive action? Can other planes request clearance to avoid the area?
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What is the procedure when an aircraft with an emergency can't land due to a blocked runway?

This is a hypothetical scenario, but I'm interested to know if there are any regulations/guidance for what ATC should do in this situation. The hypothetical nightmare scenario: The runway is blocked ...
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Which commuter flight was forced to land in a cornfield in '96 or '97?

Last night a friend's wife was describing her experience as a child being on a flight that encountered a flock of Canadian geese, where at least one engine was lost to a bird strike. I suspect both ...
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Has Air Traffic Control ever had to talk a first time pilot through a landing due to an emergency?

This question deals with the plausibility of the Hollywood cliché of a passenger on a commercial jetliner landing a passenger plane. My question is related but broader, and less hypothetical: Has ...
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Is is possible to use non-hydraulic fluids in a hydraulic system in an emergency?

In this answer, Ralph wrote: Spare fluid is common enough to have on-board to replenish the resevoirs. After reading that, I recalled an incident I was told ...
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Who should handle an emergency when there's both a certificated pilot and a CFI on board?

While practicing for my commercial certificate in a T-tail Piper Arrow IV, I put the gear down on downwind, and one green light didn't come on. In the right seat was a CFII/Multi, who had over 1,000 ...
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Why evacuate upwind?

Evacuation procedures after a forced landing recommend directing passengers upwind of the aircraft. What is the reason why evacuating upwind is better than other directions?
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What is preferred in an emergency landing: a road or a cornfield?

When faced with the situation of a power off emergency landing, how do you best select your location to land? At what point is a road too small or the crosswind too great to attempt a safe landing ...
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Do airlines have contingency plans to keep passengers warm in the event of an Arctic emergency landing (or otherwise a diversion)?

Imagine you're flying to Los Angeles in February, but find yourself landing in Iqaluit instead, with a daily mean of −27.5°C, without considering the effect of wind. Even walking from the cabin to a ...
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What is the difference between being instructed to land “as soon as possible” or “at nearest suitable airport”?

On commercial airliners, the FCOM (Flight Crew Operating Manual) sometimes gives instructions to the pilots to land sooner than planned, following various in-flight failures or emergencies. For ...
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In case of emergency, is it possible (doable) to land a small propeller-driven aircraft on an aircraft carrier?

I was watching the Disney movie Planes with my younger brother, and one of the characters/planes perform a emergency landing on an aircraft carrier. And that got me thinking... In case of emergency, ...
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1answer
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Is it very rare to be a senior pilot with no emergency occurrence in history?

I was reading a Civil Aviation Safety Inspector from Transport Canada: I have met a few pilots who have flown all their lives without declaring an emergency. Pilots such as these are very rare. ...
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Would in flight engine failure of the passenger jet be reported?

A passenger plane with two or more engines would probably land without big difficulties with one engine inoperative. Would the passengers be notified, asking to take the brace position during ...
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How long does it take for pilots to become unconscious after an uncontrolled depressurization at FL 340?

I've just read a news article on the depressurization incident that happened today in Australia. How much time did the pilots have before they lose consciousness if they hadn't used their oxygen masks?...
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Should depressurization be considered in the event of an inflight cabin fire?

Uncontrolled cabin fires only need a few minutes to spread throughout the cabin of an aircraft, killing everyone onboard and destroying the airframe. Now, we all know that depressurization and fire ...
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In an emergency, can an airliner land at Pyongyang or another North Korean airport?

If a flight was, say, en route to Seoul, but could only make it to the closest available airstrip and that was Pyongyang, would that be allowed? What would they be met with on the ground?
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What is the purpose exactly of a ‘Control Check’?

I recently watched an Air Crash Investigation episode where Qantas flight 32 lost an engine shortly after takeoff. It was revealed that a stud pipe in a Rolls-Royce engine was made incorrectly, ...
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What will the pilot do if all the airspeed indicators fail?

Are there any alternate instruments to indicate the airspeed in case of pitot tube failures?
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How to do a Rapid Descent in a jet with inoperative spoilers?

So, let us assume you are in a simulator for your favorite jet plane, and the instructor gives you a LOFT (Line-Oriented Flight Training) scenario that goes as follows: A normal takeoff and climb to ...