Questions tagged [emergency-procedures]

Questions specifically about procedures to be used in emergency situations. Use the "emergency" tag for more general questions.

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3
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1answer
253 views

Can the thrust reversers still be activated if the landing gear won't extend?

In the case of Boeings, I understand that the thrust reversers cannot be activated unless the landing gear is extended. However, would it still be possible to activate the thrust reversers if the ...
8
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6answers
953 views

Flying VFR in uncontrolled airspace, what to do if one spots an apparently out-of-control fire on the ground?

Suppose I'm flying VFR in class G (uncontrolled) airspace, monitoring the local CTAF frequency while doing so. Maybe I'm alone in doing circuits around the local airport, or maybe I'm practicing ...
3
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2answers
547 views

Why isn't the application of “carb heat” in initial piston multi-engine failure emergency procedures?

What is the rationale for not including the application of carb heat in the initial multi-engine airplane's engine failure procedure? I've recently starting flying light multi-engine airplanes again ...
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2answers
220 views

What is the procedure after a missed approach at the destination alternate since alternate fuel does not contain a missed app. at the alternate?

I am currently studying the fuel policy planning criteria for ATPL EASA(A) and i just learnt that the alternate fuel does NOT comprise the missed approach at the alternate destination aerodrome; in ...
3
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2answers
580 views

Why is V1 based only on using brakes?

V1 is the speed that an aircraft may abort a takeoff so long as the airspeed is below it, or is committed to flight if it is over that speed. V1 calculations are based only on the brakes (not sure ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Is there a minimum start altitude for autorotation landings?

If a helicopter is flying relatively low, say for sightseeing, can it still land using autorotation if required? What about if there was an issue during a routine landing? Is there any cutoff point ...
7
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1answer
519 views

Why are emergency water landings the majority of the pre-flight safety briefing if they're so rare?

According to an article published in the New York Daily News a few months after the "Miracle on the Hudson", when US Airways flight 1549 safely landed (watered?) on the Hudson River to the survival of ...
2
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1answer
654 views

What course of action to take when having to go missed during IMC and lost comms?

Under FAR Part 91 operations what course of action should a pilot take if radio communication is lost after being cleared for an instrument approach in IMC and then a missed approach becomes necessary ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Do commercial airlines have procedures for evacuating pets from the cabin in an emergency?

I recently got into an offsite discussion about flying with pets in the cabin and what would happen in an emergency on board. I brought up the fact that United Airlines' pet policy states, "In the ...
3
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2answers
641 views

What were the procedures to follow in US Airways Flight 1549 during descent?

In the documentaries, and in the texts about the US Airways Flight 1549, procedures and checklists are mentioned and shown as a good example. What procedures were they following in that case, and ...
-2
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2answers
563 views

What would a pilot do if a medical emergency occurs slightly further from the destination than the nearest diversion?

Imagine a long-haul flight and that a passenger on board starts suffering from a heart attack. At that very moment, they notice that they are 3 hours away from where they came and 3.$m$ hours, such ...
1
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1answer
4k views

Why is FAC 1 cycled OFF to ON during a dual engine failure?

I was reading in the Airbus A320 FCTM regarding the dual engine failure procedure. The ECAM tells us to recycle FAC 1 OFF THEN ON. Why do we have to recycle FAC 1 specifically? I opened the QRH and it ...
7
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1answer
330 views

What is the typical procedure if an engine fails during a vertical takeoff?

My understanding of VTOL aircraft (correct me if I am mistaken) is that the plane accelerates vertically until it's a bit off the ground, at which point the thrust is slowly vectored horizontally, and ...
21
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3answers
6k views

Are engines automatically stopped in an emergency landing?

This answer made me wonder if engines are stopped automatically after an emergency landing as soon as one of the exit doors are opened. (...) if the engine is still running, you're about to run ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Brace position - does it really save lives?

There are some people say the brace position was invented so that passengers don't experience pain when they die in a crash. The brace is designed so that you die quicker (by breaking your neck). One ...
7
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3answers
4k views

What is the maximum G load a 747 can withstand during an emergency course reversal?

In an emergency course reversal, passenger safety first priority, to avoid say, a column of ash from a new volcano, what it the most G a 747 can withstand with an average passenger complement?
4
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1answer
518 views

How do pilots decide whether or not to deploy a ram air turbine?

Since the turbine needs to be deployed from within the aircraft to the outside, it will obviously induce aerodynamic drag (slowing the plane down?). I mean I remember reading an article where a plane ...
5
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1answer
686 views

What's the pilot's typical reaction time to co-pilot's callouts?

How long does it take on average before a pilot initiates an action in reaction to a co-pilot's callout? Are there any research data on this subject? I'm asking this question in relation to the V1 ...
2
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2answers
373 views

What could reasonably be done in case 7,500 airplanes must be landed quickly?

I read 5,000 to 10,000 aircraft are flying at a given time. There are several very unexpected but plausible reasons to land all planes quickly, e.g: a war / terrorism event; a giant volcano eruption); ...
9
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1answer
2k views

What happens to en route flights when a major earthquake etc. destroys facilities?

Suppose you're flying a big plane in to an airport like Mexico City, already in final descent, when an earthquake strikes. Large cracks appear in the paved infrastructure catching some vehicles by ...
4
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1answer
426 views

How should a helicopter pilot react after V-belt breaking?

I have a question concerning the V-belts of the Robinson R22 (or R44) breaking in-flight. When they break, the rotor RPM will drop and the engine will tend to overspeed. (Is this actually correct?) ...
9
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2answers
1k views

What would be the best alternative during a dead-stick approach?

(Disclaimer: I am not a pilot so my understanding of things may be really broken) If a plane has lost engine power, has limited altitude to work with, and is upwind of a landing strip, and the pilot ...
6
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3answers
759 views

Is it practical to use ground effect to extend range in an emergency?

Imagine a piston engine airplane (let's say a DC-3) flying at cruise speed and altitude over a calm sea, trying to reach an unreachable airstrip straight ahead, just above sea level. Fuel is very low ...
9
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1answer
503 views

How are disabled passengers evacuated during emergency?

Basically the title. However, I would request if someone can throw some light on how FAA or the airlines train the crew to handle emergency evacuations with a disabled person on board. Are the ramps ...
20
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1answer
3k views

Why does ATC ask emergency aircraft about fuel on board?

From what I hear, it looks like it's a standard procedure that ATC asks about fuel on board whenever an aircraft declares an emergency. Do they need the information for their own planning purpose or ...
2
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1answer
874 views

Can light aircrafts with no retractable landing gear make an emergency water landing? [duplicate]

In the suburbs of Lisbon today two people were killed because a pilot of a light aircraft (I imagine without retractable landing gear) landed on one beach full of people (it's Summer and the beaches ...
34
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5answers
9k views

Do pilots need a clearance to go around?

I have read about the missed-SFO-accident and watched the 2:22 movie. I want to ask about going-around (or canceling takeoff) when the pilot is fully aware of an emergency that the tower is not (or is ...
20
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5answers
3k views

Is it better to shut down the engine(s) or leave it (them) running when a gear up landing is imminent?

Is it better to shut down the engine(s) or leave it (them) running when a gear up landing is imminent? I noticed that the pilot in this video chose to shut down his engine before touching down during ...
4
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0answers
277 views

Are there FAA approved infrared night vision devices we could use in case of engine failure at night in IFR conditions?

Terrible situation. Your single engine on your general aviation aircraft fails. You are flying at night, no airports nearby enough to land at and patchy fog causing Instrument Meteorological ...
19
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1answer
1k views

What is the brace position for cockpit crew?

I have read a number of times the CVR transcript of US Airways 1549. Just before impact, they say: we're gonna brace I know what is the brace position for passengers, but I'm not sure about how ...
46
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3answers
4k views

How should passengers report SOS signal sightings?

On January 23, 2015, I flew from Buenos Aires, Argentina (SAEZ) to Santiago, Chile (SCEL). It was a very comfortable night flight in a Boeing 787 Dreamliner of LAN airlines, though it was delayed. ...
19
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6answers
8k views

What is the procedure when an aircraft with an emergency can't land due to a blocked runway?

This is a hypothetical scenario, but I'm interested to know if there are any regulations/guidance for what ATC should do in this situation. The hypothetical nightmare scenario: The runway is blocked ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Is Iqaluit Airport closed?

After seeing this question (and its answers): Why did the Swiss International Air LX40 (a 777-300ER) emergency land at Iqaluit airport? my interest in Iqaluit (and its airport) was piqued. But, the ...
28
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3answers
3k views

What's the UX in modern airliner avionics for diversion choices, and does it integrate to autopilot?

This question mentions a flight that had to divert, in that case to Iqaluit (YFB). I was wondering: in modern large airliners, what is the user interface like when diverting? How is the case of "what ...
14
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4answers
4k views

Does it make sense to do an emergency landing without nose gear in order to reduce stopping distance?

Would a pilot decide to land without the nose gear down to increase friction if for example all the engines have suffered a flame-out and there is only a very short runway available ?
8
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2answers
2k views

During an engine failure should I deploy 10° of flap or keep it clean?

Imagine I have an engine failure in cruise flight with a Cessna 152 or 172. Should I select 10° flap to increase glide angle? Would it give me more range to reach safety?
0
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2answers
394 views

Selling the emergency exit row seats [closed]

The seats leading to an emergency exit normally offer more legroom and, therefore, the airline can cash a fee for them. But, shouldn't they pick passengers that would have the higher chance of being ...
16
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4answers
3k views

Is it dangerous to do a skidding turn to lose altitude without increasing airspeed?

I was taking some lessons in a light sport aircraft in South Africa a few years back, my instructor taught me something which I had never seen or heard of before or since. We went through an emergency ...
2
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1answer
380 views

What is the content of a Letter of Agreement between the Collaborative Decision Making participants?

Can you give a sample of a Letter of Agreement? How to calculate average taxi time at airport?
9
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2answers
782 views

Do flight attendants have a regulatory responsibility to risk their own lives to save passengers?

A documentary about the collision at Tenerife seems to imply that the Pan Am flight attendants left the aircraft without helping a single passenger? Is this correct? If so how is this possible? Are ...
7
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2answers
1k views

What are the SOPs following an overweight landing?

Modern commercial aircraft are certified to be able to land at any weight providing that the runway is long enough. The "overweight landing" QRH procedures for the 734 and A320 are correspondingly ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What is the procedure if both pilots are incapacitated? [duplicate]

Let's say both pilots passed out , is there anyone else from cabin crew that is trained enough to land a plane?
13
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3answers
3k views

How are landing aircraft handled during an emergency runway closure?

A Hypothetical scenario A landing aircraft at a busy airport such as London Gatwick LGW has an issue during landing that requires the immediate closure of the runway. My understanding is that ...
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0answers
162 views

What is the standard protocol for landing on the ocean? [duplicate]

If a plane had problems whilst flying and had to land in the ocean, what is standard protocol for pilots and cabin crew to follow in order to try and keep everyone safe?
10
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2answers
2k views

Does the Airbus A350 have an Automatic Emergency Descent System?

In 2009 Airbus went public with a new feature in the Airbus A350, an Automatic Emergency Descent (AED) System. The system would detect a rapid depressurization and, after a defined waiting time, ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Should you immediately attain max glide speed after engine failure?

For the Cessna 172 Skyhawk maximum glide is attained at a speed of 65 KIAS. If you're flying well above this speed, let's say 90 KIAS, and suffer an engine failure, what would be the best practice: ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How does the Boeing 747 smoke evacuation work?

(source, inset source) I recently watched Mayday's dramatization of UPS Airlines Flight 6. Then I recalled the Boeing 747 having a SMOKE EVAC handle. How does ...
8
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1answer
825 views

How can an airline flight crew handle an in-flight oxygen system fire?

The first step in the "Smoke, Fire, or Fumes" checklist for any pressurized aircraft is for the crew to put on their oxygen masks and set them to EMERGENCY, so that the crew can breathe, and thus ...
9
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1answer
5k views

What is the minimum altitude for dumping fuel?

In this question, a comment mentioned that if a 4-engine airliner suffers a 3-engine failure shortly after takeoff, the only way to stay aloft may be to dump fuel. What is the minimum altitude which ...
13
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2answers
2k views

How are Airbus pilots trained for using the mechanical backup control systems?

The A320 and friends have mechanical-only control capability (manual pitch trim + rudder pedals) for cases of total fly-by-wire computer or electrical failure. Obviously, this would be covered in ...