Questions tagged [emergency-procedures]

Questions specifically about procedures to be used in emergency situations. Use the "emergency" tag for more general questions.

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49
votes
5answers
11k views

Can a door be shut while in flight?

What is the best way to shut a door that has popped open in flight? I had a door on a Cessna 172 pop open shortly after takeoff and was unable to get it closed, but I was fortunate enough to be able ...
47
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3answers
9k views

Why aren't flights continued after losing a tire on rotation?

I have read about a lot of incidents where airplanes lose one of the tires on rotation, yet they cancel the flights and go back for an emergency landing at the departure airport, risking overweight ...
47
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3answers
4k views

How should passengers report SOS signal sightings?

On January 23, 2015, I flew from Buenos Aires, Argentina (SAEZ) to Santiago, Chile (SCEL). It was a very comfortable night flight in a Boeing 787 Dreamliner of LAN airlines, though it was delayed. ...
37
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12answers
15k views

Can a passenger jet be towed to safety if it breaks down in midair?

A car can be towed by a tow truck to the repair shop when it breaks down on the highway. Is it possible for a passenger plane to be towed by an emergency tow plane along the air corridor to the next ...
34
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5answers
9k views

Do pilots need a clearance to go around?

I have read about the missed-SFO-accident and watched the 2:22 movie. I want to ask about going-around (or canceling takeoff) when the pilot is fully aware of an emergency that the tower is not (or is ...
34
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3answers
10k views

What can a pilot do if an air traffic controller is incapacitated?

I watched this video: where a Las Vegas controller is on duty alone and suffers a stroke. The pilots become quite uncomfortable with the situation and basically ...
33
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4answers
8k views

What do flight attendants do if a passenger asks what is going on in case of a potential emergency?

This is related to, but not the same as, another question I asked on Interpersonal Skills. I was on a flight last year, on a route I fly on a fairly frequent basis. Shortly after takeoff, I heard the ...
32
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2answers
5k views

Case Study: Did I need to declare an emergency?

I am a fairly newly minted private pilot licensee (PPL). I had just taken off from a small private, (but open to the public) airfield. We are under the shelf of Class B, but are G up to 700 and then E ...
30
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2answers
7k views

Why didn't Philippine Airlines Flight 113 dump fuel prior to forced landing?

Philippine Airlines Flight 113 operated by a Boeing 777 bound for Manila suffered a compressor stall and engine fire. I wonder why the pilot didn't dump fuel from the left-side prior to the landing ...
28
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3answers
3k views

What's the UX in modern airliner avionics for diversion choices, and does it integrate to autopilot?

This question mentions a flight that had to divert, in that case to Iqaluit (YFB). I was wondering: in modern large airliners, what is the user interface like when diverting? How is the case of "what ...
26
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2answers
7k views

If the Captain's screens are out, does he switch seats with the co-pilot?

If captain's screens are out, and let's say that the airplane is about to land and the captain is supposed to land it, will he/she switch the seats with the co-pilot? or does he/she depend on the ...
26
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1answer
5k views

Is there any emergency situation in which jet engines would not be shut down before passenger evacuation of a transport aircraft?

A comment to this answer discusses the possibility of evacuating passengers risking ingestion into the engines if evacuating over the leading edge of the wing. That particular question discusses the ...
25
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1answer
3k views

What to do if carbon monoxide is present?

Most small, single engine aircraft are fitted with non audible carbon monoxide detectors that turn black if it is present. Carbon monoxide can incapacitate in mere seconds (and kill in minutes) ...
24
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5answers
6k views

May an emergency aircraft land on a closed runway?

Let's say that you're on approach to a remote airport to refuel (for arguments sake, Funafuti International Airport, Tuvalu), with 1-2 hours of fuel remaining in your aircraft. Contacting ATC to ...
24
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2answers
14k views

How are fly-by-wire airliners controlled in case of complete electrical failure?

In this comment, it is postulated that even fly-by-wire aircraft (Airbus) are demonstrated to fly without any electrical systems. All Airbus aircraft are demonstrated controllable with complete ...
23
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4answers
6k views

Aborted take off. What happens next?

A rare -- as I was told -- situation of aborted take off for a large passenger jet. What is next? Everything goes as smudge as possible after getting jetliner to full stop. Plane clears the runway ...
23
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1answer
3k views

Declaring an emergency: How should you report fuel remaining?

When a flight has to declare an emergency, they are asked for souls on board and fuel remaining. Sometimes the ATC will want fuel in minutes (or hours) and sometimes in pounds. Could we get a ...
22
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3answers
6k views

Are engines automatically stopped in an emergency landing?

This answer made me wonder if engines are stopped automatically after an emergency landing as soon as one of the exit doors are opened. (...) if the engine is still running, you're about to run ...
20
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5answers
4k views

Is it better to shut down the engine(s) or leave it (them) running when a gear up landing is imminent?

Is it better to shut down the engine(s) or leave it (them) running when a gear up landing is imminent? I noticed that the pilot in this video chose to shut down his engine before touching down during ...
20
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1answer
3k views

Why does ATC ask emergency aircraft about fuel on board?

From what I hear, it looks like it's a standard procedure that ATC asks about fuel on board whenever an aircraft declares an emergency. Do they need the information for their own planning purpose or ...
19
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6answers
9k views

What is the procedure when an aircraft with an emergency can't land due to a blocked runway?

This is a hypothetical scenario, but I'm interested to know if there are any regulations/guidance for what ATC should do in this situation. The hypothetical nightmare scenario: The runway is blocked ...
19
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3answers
4k views

On an engine failure, can I contact the tower instead of 121.5?

Let's say I am cruising at a very high altitude with my Cessna, like at 5000ft+ AGL, and I got an engine failure. After going through the checklist, my engine is still not working, but I realized ...
19
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1answer
1k views

What is the brace position for cockpit crew?

I have read a number of times the CVR transcript of US Airways 1549. Just before impact, they say: we're gonna brace I know what is the brace position for passengers, but I'm not sure about how ...
18
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2answers
2k views

May the tower use the runway while an emergency aircraft is inbound?

I have a question regarding an aircraft in emergency. Of course it will have priority for landing but if the position of this aircraft is very far, like for example 20 minutes or more away, would the ...
18
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4answers
1k views

Does cargo heat failure require a diversion? What about if there are live animals in cargo?

There was a story in the news recently that an Air Canada 787-8, enroute from Tel Aviv (TLV) to Toronto (YYZ), diverted to Frankfurt (FRA) when the pilots discovered a problem with the cargo heat. ...
17
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5answers
4k views

What is the brace position in light aircraft like a Cessna?

There is nothing to grab onto in the front, except the yoke, and it's not possible to bend over because, again, the yoke is in the way.
17
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1answer
5k views

Do commercial flights continue with an engine out?

Do commercial flights continue with an engine failure? If you look closely at the attached picture it seems that one of the engines has a much smaller contrail than the other three. This seems to ...
16
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4answers
3k views

Is it dangerous to do a skidding turn to lose altitude without increasing airspeed?

I was taking some lessons in a light sport aircraft in South Africa a few years back, my instructor taught me something which I had never seen or heard of before or since. We went through an emergency ...
14
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4answers
4k views

Does it make sense to do an emergency landing without nose gear in order to reduce stopping distance?

Would a pilot decide to land without the nose gear down to increase friction if for example all the engines have suffered a flame-out and there is only a very short runway available ?
14
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4answers
2k views

Can computer imposed inputs be overridden on the Boeing 737-MAX?

During Lion Air Flight 610, a Boeing 737-MAX, it seems that the angle of attack sensors caused the software to believe the aircraft was stalling, thus initiating a nose-down pitch to recover from the (...
13
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3answers
4k views

How are landing aircraft handled during an emergency runway closure?

A Hypothetical scenario A landing aircraft at a busy airport such as London Gatwick LGW has an issue during landing that requires the immediate closure of the runway. My understanding is that ...
13
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2answers
673 views

Are emergency actions an appropriate part of a captain's briefing in a light aircraft?

It is generally considered that giving a captain's briefing when flying passengers in a light aircraft for recreational purposes is a good thing to do. I'm asking about flying people who may not be ...
13
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2answers
3k views

How are Airbus pilots trained for using the mechanical backup control systems?

The A320 and friends have mechanical-only control capability (manual pitch trim + rudder pedals) for cases of total fly-by-wire computer or electrical failure. Obviously, this would be covered in ...
13
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2answers
548 views

Is if safe/legal for an aircraft to return to cruising altitude after passenger oxygen masks have been deployed?

I was reading reports [1,2,3,4] about a recent Air China flight where one of the pilots was allegedly smoking and, in an effort to prevent the smoke circulating to the cabin, accidentally de-...
12
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5answers
7k views

Why did my plane descend nose down?

I was on a flight recently and the plane started to descend normally etc. However one cabin crew member randomly announced "remember if we have an emergency landing please leave all your ...
12
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2answers
953 views

What are the ejection injury and fatality rates?

Most of us have probably heard about how ejecting from a military aircraft is dangerous in and of itself, and that ejection is not a get out of jail free card. The most common dangers seem to be: ...
11
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4answers
2k views

Do fighters or bombers ever ditch their weapons?

I was just reading about the reasons why commercial aircraft will sometimes need to dump (or otherwise consume) their extra fuel. Things like decreasing landing weight, speed, reducing fire risk, etc. ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Would the Aeroflot Flight 1492 have been able to dump its fuel first before landing?

In the recent Aeroflot Superjet 100 crash, it seems to me that (at least) the landing gear was spiked upwards, penetrating the fuel tanks, which might be one of the factors that lead to disaster. In ...
11
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1answer
2k views

How is the emergency exit row handled when there are no passengers aboard eligible to sit in an exit row seat?

Based on Roddy's question about nobody volunteering for the exit row, I can imagine a related but more extreme scenario: what if there are no passengers on the plane who are eligible for an exit row ...
11
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1answer
4k views

Why select the transponder to TA only in the case of engine failure?

Part of the 777 engine failure checklist is to set the transponder to TA only. What is the purpose of this step?
11
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1answer
2k views

What are these little things on the evacuation slide?

I marked them with black circles. What are they for? Source (modified)
10
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2answers
4k views

What is the minimum altitude needed to return to the takeoff airport in a 737 after dual engine failure?

Last week, I had my first lesson in a 737 sim. The instructor, when talking about risks with flying the 737, said the only time it would be "game over", would be if you had a double engine ...
10
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3answers
3k views

What happens with the avionics if in midair there is loss of power or fuel flow interrupted? [duplicate]

What happens if in midair there is loss of power, how will the avionics perform in such a situation (cockpit display, flight plan)?
10
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3answers
2k views

What are the consequences of falsely and/or unnecessarily declaring an emergency?

I'm curious as to what would happen to a pilot should they falsely declare an emergency to expedite their landing. By 'falsely' or 'unnecessarily' I mean that the hypothetical pilot is not ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

What if there are no volunteers to sit in the emergency exit row?

I'm currently seated in the emergency exit row, and had an interesting thought. If I was unable or unwilling to assist the crew in an emergency and operate the emergency exit, then I am supposed to ...
10
votes
1answer
918 views

In this 2nd brace position, should your head lean against the seat in front?

Air Crash Investigation: M1 Plane Crash (S14E01) motivated this question, the relevant timestamps for which I greened. Neither the audio or picture below (in which the hands are hiding the front of ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Does the Airbus A350 have an Automatic Emergency Descent System?

In 2009 Airbus went public with a new feature in the Airbus A350, an Automatic Emergency Descent (AED) System. The system would detect a rapid depressurization and, after a defined waiting time, ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Do commercial airlines have procedures for evacuating pets from the cabin in an emergency?

I recently got into an offsite discussion about flying with pets in the cabin and what would happen in an emergency on board. I brought up the fact that United Airlines' pet policy states, "In the ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Flying VFR in uncontrolled airspace, what to do if one spots an apparently out-of-control fire on the ground?

Suppose I'm flying VFR in class G (uncontrolled) airspace, monitoring the local CTAF frequency while doing so. Maybe I'm alone in doing circuits around the local airport, or maybe I'm practicing ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What would be the best alternative during a dead-stick approach?

(Disclaimer: I am not a pilot so my understanding of things may be really broken) If a plane has lost engine power, has limited altitude to work with, and is upwind of a landing strip, and the pilot ...