Questions tagged [cruise]

The section of flight between the after takeoff climb and landing approach.

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18
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5answers
4k views

Would an airliner climb higher late in the flight because of the consumed fuel (lighter airplane) to save more fuel?

Some people said airplanes would fly higher in the late period of each flight, because the fuel is consumed, and the airplane is lighter. Higher altitude and less dense air is enough to support the ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Does the optimum LRC speed increase or decrease as the GW of the aircraft decreases during a long range flight?

I do not know what defines the optimum LRC speed for each aircraft, aeronautically speaking. I suspect it has something to do with optimum AoA but even then I am not sure if the LRC speed should ...
14
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2answers
5k views

Why are planes required to cruise at round flight levels only above 18000 ft of altitude?

AFAIK, planes flying at up to FL180 (18,000 ft pressure altitude) are allowed to fly at both round and semi-round altitudes (e.g. 15,000 ft or 15,500 ft). Planes flying above FL180 must fly at a round ...
6
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1answer
1k views

How to most likely get a flight that will go above 40,000 ft?

I wonder if there are passenger flights that would reach cruise altitudes higher than 40,000 ft (i.e. reach 41,000 ft for instance) more likely than others. It also depends on the plane of course, but ...
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2answers
176 views

Do most commercial jets cruise at constant altitude/speed?

The weight changes throughout, so this means aerodynamics efficiency changes to maintain constant speed and altitude. Is this how most commercial jets cruise?
0
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1answer
104 views

Aircraft thrust calculation

I had a question regarding thrust calculation for an aircraft during cruise. For an aircraft flying at a constant cruise altitude and a constant Mach number (level unaccelerated flight), what exactly ...
0
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1answer
114 views

Descent of Light attack aircraft to loiter altitude

How do Light Attack Aircraft (LAA) such as the Embraer Super Tucano descend from their cruise altitude to their loiter altitude to be on-station above ground troops? I want to know the way these ...
3
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2answers
184 views

Optimizing the airplane for best cruising altitude and velocity

In the conceptual phase of the design, I am optimizing various entities of an airplane for the best cruising altitude and speed to reduce the cost, which also includes MTOW and fuel weight. Consider a ...
-6
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1answer
122 views

Relation between weight of the aircraft and mach number [closed]

Is there any formula that relates weight of the aircraft with mach number?
6
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1answer
2k views

How is the Dash 8 Q400 so fast?

The Q400 has a cruise speed of 360kts, and on flightradar24 most Q400s that I looked at reached similar speeds during cruise. The ATR 72 has similar specifications yet only flies at 280kts. I'm ...
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2answers
763 views

How much thrust is produced on an A320 at takeoff and during cruise?

Where can you get the drag polar of the A320 at cruise and TakeOff?
7
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1answer
1k views

Based on this fuel flow chart, why isn't it more optimum to remain at an intermediate altitude rather than climbing?

I am having a bit of confusing as to why people say planes gets more efficient as they fly higher. Because on a typical long haul flight the Fuel Flow of the aircraft will obviously be much more that ...
7
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3answers
4k views

Do pilots keep light in the cockpit during long night flights?

During long times of the cruise flight, is the internal light normally switched on or off inside the cockpit? Knowing it is generally dark in the night would make a smartphone-based night time logger ...
2
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1answer
317 views

Relationship between wing aspect ratio and speed [duplicate]

For some reason, I cannot find a relatively straightforward source online which discusses the relationship of wing aspect ratio and how it affects speeds of an aircraft. Specifically, is there a ...
2
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1answer
387 views

Why is the thrust-specific fuel consumption much worse for high bypass turbofans at cruise?

General Electric GE90 Takeoff: 0.278 lb/lbf/h (28.3 kg/kN/h) Cruise: 0.545 lb/lbf/h (55.6 kg/kN/h) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Electric_GE90#Specifications I assume this is typical ...
25
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4answers
5k views

Why are heavy flaps better than just a bigger wing?

Flaps increase lift during landing and T/O. But when retracted, they do nothing. The space needed to stow the common fowler flaps can't be used for anything else - fuel or structure. Extended flaps ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Cruise Mach Number less or more than Critical Mach Number

Do commercial airplanes cruise at Mach number higher than the critical Mach number? And what is the critical Mach number of airplanes like B777 or A330?
2
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2answers
442 views

What is the main reason why cruise flight in the transition layer is prohibited?

What is the main reason why cruise flight in the transition layer is prohibited? For example if we have a separation of 1000 ft between transition altitude and transition level, why should we not ...
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3answers
535 views

How long is a climb leg in a step-climb cruise flight segment allowed to take, according to regulations (FAA/EASA)?

I am working on a trajectory optimisation program for commercial, large aircraft, in which I want to incorporate realistic air traffic control regulations. One of the constraints I want to incorporate ...
17
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5answers
6k views

How do planes maintain constant speeds at cruise altitudes?

I'm a noob so pardon my ignorance. So my understanding is that as the plane gets lighter during the flight, its mass reduces therefore reducing the lift needed to maintain the altitude. At those ...
0
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1answer
153 views

Tiny margin between VFR cruise and over Class C?

Our class C airspace at KRDU has a 4400 ceiling. If I fly Westbound above the airspace at VFR cruise, I'm expected to be at 4500. Since this is a tiny margin and I don't want to bust into the airspace ...
1
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1answer
862 views

What is nominal n1 and fuel flow behavior during cruise climb?

For a commuter airliner (e.g. 737) performing a cruise climb (step climb) at a constant Mach, how should n1 and fuel flow behave? I know that fuel flow should decrease with altitude (air fuel ratio). ...
3
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1answer
588 views

Does the Enroute Phase begin at a 30NM distance from the departure airport?

ICAO's Doc 8168 Volume II ("Aircraft Operations") states: Part III "Performance-Based Navigation Procedures" Section 1 "Underlying Principles" Chapter 1 "RNAV ...
29
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6answers
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Why cruise at 7000' in an A319?

I was on a flight from Philadelphia (KPHL) to Boston (KBOS), after some delay and some change of route due to weather, the captain announced that we will be cruising at 7000' due to delays in the area....
14
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4answers
6k views

How do planes know what altitude they're cruising at?

I know that when planes enter the aerodome containing the airfield of destination, the ATIS will tell them an altimeter setting so the system knows how to calculate their altitude above their field; ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Learn in-depth about airplane operations [closed]

Currently seeking a book or manual that teaches a civilian how a cargo aircraft operates and what it's pilots do, say a 787. Preferably a high-level overview at a per flight phase: Pre-flight: Flight ...
11
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1answer
546 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
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2answers
391 views

Why is the normal operating airspeed so much lower than the cruise speed in this table?

I need to work with the following table. I'm interested in vMO which I assume I can simply obtain from converting MMO to vMO through $M = v/ \sqrt{1.4 * 287 * T}$. (Is that correct?) However, I ...
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1answer
412 views

Why would a plane drop 14.000 ft mid flight?

Just noticed American Airlines flight 221 dropped 14.000 ft mid flight today. Curious, what could have caused this? Here are the flight details.
6
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3answers
410 views

Can airplane performance be increased by cruising "on step"?

Old timers swear aircraft performance can be increased by getting an aircraft "on step" similar to how boats are operated. They claimed a couple extra miles per hour (airspeed was in MPH then) were ...
4
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2answers
1k views

What is the throttle setting of a piston aircraft during cruise?

I am learning to fly nowadays, I am sorry if this sounds like a dump question. What is the throttle setting of an aircraft during cruise flight? After stabilizing the flight after climb do i need to ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What happens if full thrust is applied at cruise altitude for 5-10 minutes on a 787?

What happens when you apply full throttle to the engines of a Boeing 787 at cruise altitude for 5-10 minutes? Other than wasting fuel, what maximum speeds are reached? Does that pose any danger or ...
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1answer
802 views

What VFR cruising altitude should be flown to the west below 4500 feet?

This is similar question to this question, but different scenario. Let me describe the situation: I am at KDYL in class G airspace. Accroding to ATIS the clouds are at 4700 scattered. I am going to ...
0
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1answer
299 views

How do single GA pilots prevent boredom during long flights? [duplicate]

My question somehow relates to this question asking about how pilots cope with boredom, but now the scenario is not the typical airliner configuaration with two pilots, but with only one. I'm thinking ...
6
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1answer
9k views

What throttle setting does an airliner use while cruising?

As a passenger, I have always felt like the engine are not kept at take-off thrust/full throttle a few (tens of) seconds after take-off, and so for obvious reasons as fuel efficiency, engine wear ...
2
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2answers
2k views

What is the Fuel-Oxygen ratio for a large turbofan at cruise conditions?

What is the Fuel-Oxygen ratio (by mass) for a large turbofan at cruise conditions? In order to be concrete, I'll just pick an engine at random. I pick the GE90-115B. Okay it's not really random, it'...
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1answer
163 views

The condition that wind would effect indicated airspeed [closed]

What is the one condition that wind does effects our indicated airspeed?
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3answers
3k views

How does change in airspeed affect pitching moment?

In aircraft with conventional elevator control, if I increase the speed, the horizontal tail sees higher velocity and hence higher lift. Does it mean that increasing airspeed creates nose down ...
4
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0answers
548 views

How much does a Boeing 737 wing bend/deflect in cruise conditions?

As a part of my ongoing research of a structural joint analysis of a Boeing 737, I have been looking for sources where I may be able to find the bending/deflection data during cruise conditions. I ...
23
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1answer
3k views

How much leverage do commerial pilots have on cruise speed?

If you fly frequently there are chances you have seen some delays in departure where you end up waiting in the aircraft sometimes for multiple hours. Almost every time that happened I remember the ...
6
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2answers
2k views

What is a Cruise Captain?

I wonder what is a Cruise Captain, albeit I assume they are here to fly the cruise phase. Differences in responsibility / authority with a Captain? From training / certificate standpoint, what is ...
41
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1answer
4k views

How can an altimetry system error during cruise (500 ft at 35000 ft high) cause an insufficient fuel situation?

So my boss gave me a question today as my daily quiz: Let's say an A321 is cruising on a 6-hour flight. It reaches FL350 30 minutes after take-off. After another 8 minutes there's a discrepancy ...
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0answers
227 views

What is the order of Reynolds number inside the Compressor at cruise conditions?

I am doing a CFD study on a probe that will be installed inside a compressor of a civil aircraft for my final year project. I need to know the Reynolds number inside a compressor at cruise conditions. ...
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1answer
3k views

What are the effects of headwind on ground speed and take off run? [closed]

I'm just making sure I got this right. For the take-off roll, having headwind is preferable, so there is a positive airspeed. For the en-route segment, a headwind is not ideal and increases time to ...
3
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1answer
682 views

What would happen if thrust reversal is accidentally deployed during a flight? [duplicate]

Is it possible to deploy the thrust reversal, in the cruise phase of a flight? And, if they are accidentally deployed, what could be the possible consequences? As the cruise phase requires a lot of ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Will control surfaces on a plane be less efficient at a higher altitude?

I may be wrong but I learned that control surfaces depends on the air flow to work properly, and that airliners have a higher cruise altitude because of the less dense atmosphere, improving the fuel ...
1
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1answer
641 views

Which cruise altitude is prefered in engine-out operations of Boeing airplanes?

On Engine Out Operation in Boeing Airplanes, which altitude is preferable, the OPT Altitude, the MAX Altitude or the RECOM Altitude of the ENG OUT CRZ Page?
9
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2answers
1k views

Can cruise pilots/second officers go for years without doing a takeoff or landing?

I was looking at the description of this role i.e. someone who provides cruise flight relief flying. As conceivably, someone could be bonded for multiple years because of the type rating being covered ...
3
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2answers
13k views

How long after takeoff for a Boeing 747-400 to reach cruise speed?

Assume it is fully loaded (pasengers and cargo) and optimal conditions, almost no wind, etc etc... How long after takeoff does the plane reaches cruise speed? If he goes in a straight like on the ...
52
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4answers
10k views

Why are many jet aircraft designed to cruise around FL350-370?

If the flight distance permits, the B737-800 will cruise at FL350, the A320 a little bit higher... Flying at FL370. Photo: Live from the Flight Deck by GolfCharlie232 (reframed) Elements such as ...