Questions tagged [crosswind]

A crosswind is wind blowing across the direction of travel of an aircraft (as opposed to a headwind or tailwind).

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How do airplanes measure cross-wind?

Are aircraft equipped with any instruments that measure actual crosswind velocity during a flight? What is that instrument called and is it used by autopilots to apply wind correction?
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What does a pilot do when there is crosswind?

In an aircraft, headwind slows it down, and tailwind speeds it up. But it does not steer the flight off course. But when there is extreme crosswind, how does the pilot handle the situation? And what ...
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What is the explanation for the appearance of airplanes hovering? [duplicate]

A few weeks ago, I saw a plane that appeared to be hovering in the air. It was a large commercial airliner. It was not a windy day, land speeds of 24km/h max that day, about 5km/h at the time I saw it ...
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Does a wing produce an appreciable amount of lift during the takeoff roll prior to rotation?

I was hoping for some insight on this, perhaps also from pilots who have used AOA indicators. This because I assume that an AOA indicator is the only means to get at least an idea of how much lift is ...
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What effect does a direct crosswind have on takeoff performance?

Is the take-off distance increased by a direct crosswind?
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Is drift and sideslip angle the same in the accompanied figure?

Consider the following figure: Initially aircraft is moving along dotted line. But due to wind, aircraft ground track is changed to solid line but body still pointing parallel to dotted line. I've ...
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Is there a crosswind that would perfectly cancel out the "torque" of a C172 on takeoff?

We all know that on takeoff you need right rudder in order to balance out the "torque" of the propwash hitting the tail. Is there an exact crosswind that would cancel out this torque?
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Is it normal to use only one hand on the yoke while landing?

In this video taken from this question, the video shows the pilot using one hand on the yoke and one hand on something else (perhaps the throttle? I'm not a pilot). Is it normal to do landings with ...
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Are crosswind landings easier with larger airplanes?

I don't spot an answer to this question, so thought to re-post it here. Larger airplanes are heavier and would ostensibly be pushed less by the wind compared to a small airplane? Do larger airplanes ...
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What design characteristics influence helicopter wind gust spread tolerance during takeoff and landing

Not considering pilot reaction time, what factors influence a helicopter's ability to survive high wind gust spreads (from any direction) during takeoff and landing? I have considered: Swash plate ...
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Why should one not slip a Cessna 172 with flaps extended?

The POH strongly recommends not slipping the AC with full flaps...why? It seems natural in a crosswind approach to allow the horizontal lift component to cancel the airmass movement across the ...
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Why would larger aircraft have higher crosswind takeoff and landing limits than smaller aircraft?

In a response to an earlier question about the paucity of runways at major British airports, a major theme was that the advent of larger, heavier aircraft with higher maximum-crosswind limits for ...
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Are bigger and / or heavier aircraft more resistant to crosswind compared to smaller / lighter aircraft?

When watching heavy crosswind video compilations, I noticed heavy aircraft like the A380 an B747 have a more stable approach compared to the B737 or A320 where the plane banks left and right on ...
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Problem with right crosswind landing but not left

The prevailing winds where I'm training are almost always straight down the runway or from the left. I have no problem landing on (and staying on) centerline in either case. However, when the ...
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What does 'laterally aligned' mean in this description?

In the Airplane Flying Handbook there is a section on crosswind takeoffs that mostly makes sense. However, this paragraph confuses me. Takeoff Roll As the forward speed of the airplane ...
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What is the recommended procedure to land a taildragger in a crosswind?

Almost 20 years ago I helped a friend (who recently passed away from an unfortunate home accident) ferry a 1948 Stinson from Córdoba, Argentina, to Buenos Aires. We had to make several stops to refuel ...
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What is the maximum angle between an airplane and runway centerline when touching down at a crab angle in a crosswind landing?

What is the maximum angle between the airplane's heading to the runway when an airplane is being landing sideway due to crosswind?
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Could a 30 knot direct crosswind make a Learjet roll over 90 degrees?

Could a 30 knot direct crosswind really make a Learjet roll over 90 degrees? A recent incident has prompted this question, but it's not explicitly about that incident (with its ongoing investigation)...
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How much can I exceed crosswind limits by? [duplicate]

I'm learning in a Tomahawk. They have a maximum demonstrated crosswind component of 15 knots. My school has a limit of 12 kt, but will only allow students to fly in 50% of that, so 6 kt. Since it's ...
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Is drag higher when flying in a crosswind?

Is this true that during a flight with a crosswind the drag increases due to the fact that the relative wind blows at a certain angle to the aircraft's nose but not precisely in the opposite direction ...
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Does the headwind component change noticeably when transitioning from a crab to a slip on short final?

I don't know if I'm overthinking this, but it has been causing a bit of confusion in my head. Knowing that the headwind component affects the angle of climb/descent, I was wondering how it affects ...
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Is it normal to choose a left or right pattern based on the wind direction? [duplicate]

I fly at Las Cruces International (KLRU) which is in an area with high winds (20 knots or more). My flight instructor wants me to fly the traffic pattern according to the crosswind direction on ...
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Why changes the lift during turning with sidewinds? Why is there relative wind in the wind-frame?

I started doing some simulations with XPlane and could observe a very interesting effect when doing turns in the presence of constant wind: All simulations are done with the XPlane Cessna 172 (?) ...
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In which direction will an aircraft drift after taking off in a crosswind?

Assuming the pilot applies the appropriate crosswind flight controls (see below) during takeoff and rotation, and releases those flight controls after the aircraft leaves the ground, in what direction ...
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How can using split throttles help when landing twins in crosswinds?

In General Aviation light twins, when landing in heavy crosswinds, what are some considerations to using asymmetric (or Split) throttles to induce a sideslip, to align the fuselage with the ground ...
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Where is the weather data for the Garmin G1000 retrieved from?

In a few videos I saw the possibility of looking for example at wind data. Now my question would be where does the G1000 gets the data from?
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Does wing sweep affect the direction of lift?

Given both a straight and swept wing (identical otherwise), exposed to the same airflow, would the direction of lift be the same? Please see below a crudely drawn example of my thinking. Additionally,...
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What is the physics of crosswind landings for large airplanes?

This always confuses me from a physics perspective. Upon touchdown, what is the effect of the wind on a large airplane/airliner (Boeing 737 and above)? Below are three cases I put together to make it ...
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How dangerous was this approach of a Dash8 Q400 really?

There is a video going viral here of a Dash8 landing during a recent media hyped storm: According to the description and imagery it is a Dash8 Q400 (registration D-...
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I need to know how to calculate drift with a Jeppessen CR-3. Can someone help?

In my exams we are not allowed to use E-6B, just a CR-3 jeppessen flight computer and I'm having serious issues calculating W/V from other parameters like TAS/GS and HDG/TRACK. Example: Q : Given: ...
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In what conditions do airline pilots favor crabbing over de-crabbing for crosswind landings? [duplicate]

There are several crosswind landing techniques described on Wikipedia, including crabbing (straightening out after touchdown) and de-crabbing (straightening out just before touchdown). For airline ...
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What is the maximum crosswind limit for a C150/2 aircraft?

What is the maximum crosswind limit for a C150 or C152 aircraft? Does this change depending on the class of licence? Are there exceptions for emergencies?
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Can autothrust keep the plane aligned with the runway during crabbing?

I'm not talking about the entire auto pilot system, but only the thrust. Because I think, when experiencing crosswind during landing, the speed of wind may fluctuate and on 3 digit approach altitudes ...
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Are crosswind landings performed using autoland or under manual control?

I believe many people here have seen at least one of Cargospotter's videos of crosswind landings at Düsseldorf (DUS/EDDL). There are several of them. I picked this one: I think the pilots land their ...
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What are the best tips for circuit practice with strong crosswind?

I am a student pilot with around 30 hours of flying right now. I am yet to solo and I am currently in the final stages of closed circuit practice. Overall, my pattern work is good. However, ...
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Do crosswind takeoffs increase the chance of a compressor stall?

I watched this video on YouTube: The video shows some pretty impressive take-offs in serious crosswind. Honestly, they looked even scarier than crosswind landings. ...
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Is there any load and balance and attitude that can put positive G on one wing and negative on the other?

I got caught in gusty cross wind on the final approach to Catalina airport last week and decided to add power and push for quick turn to come back over laterally sliding runway in a Cessna 172N. ...
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Why does the airplane not 'feel' the crosswind?

Apologies for multiple pictures but I thought they would depict my question more clearly than a lengthy description. Image 1: Why does the aircraft still follow the straight path even if the wind is ...
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Can a kite take advantage of crosswinds to gain speed? [closed]

In a form off a kite can wind be redirected like a sail boat in any direction? Can cross winds around a jet stream be helpful in speed in such a design?
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A321 Two unsuccessful strong crosswind landing attempts. What was actually going on?

As a passenger on A321 I have recently experienced the following: The plane took off in strong winds (25-30 knots) and then proceeded to the destination, which it reached in 45 minutes. At first ...
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How strong must wind gusts be to prevent landings and takeoffs?

I hope this is not as trivial as it sounds. Is there a wind gusts threshold based on which, at a given airport, incoming flights are diverted and outgoing ones are delayed? I assume that aircraft are ...
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How heading bug is calculated during cross wind and tail wind?

From this question, it is been suggested to ask different question, rather than keep discussing it under comment section. How is the heading bug calculated and used for navigation when there is a ...
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What is the use of heading bug?

When I started searching for Heading Bug (other bugs like altitude, speed bugs), I didn't get much clear idea about it. Usually this is displayed on Horizontal Situation Indicator display on the ...
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Why is flying in a slip uncomfortable?

It seems that flying a plane in a slip can make passengers uncomfortable. What is it about that configuration that is unsettling?
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On crosswind landings, is it preferable to side slip or crab on final approach?

I've seen several instructional videos on crosswind landing techniques. Some advise the pilot to crab the aircraft until just before touchdown when he/she should kick the rudder over to align the ...
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How to correct for crosswind in VOR holding pattern without wind information?

I've heard many articles about crosswind correction in VOR holding pattern. They mainly tell the outbound leg=correction times three things for slow speed aircraft. I notice all of them require wind ...
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Would a headwind result in a faster propeller rpm?

A few weeks ago I did an experiment with a model aircraft that has a motorized propeller. I turned on the propeller and it turned at a constant speed. Then I turned on a desk fan and put it in front ...
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What is the maximum wind speed a Boeing 737-800 can deal with during takeoff and landing?

I'd like to know how safe the Boeing 737-800 is during takeoff and landing when it's windy. What are the maximum wind speeds for cases of tail, head and cross winds? EDIT I've found this resource ...
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Are pilots generally trained for crosswind landings?

A YouTube footage of a KLM Boeing 777 landing at Schiphol airport in the Netherlands is certainly scary as the plane bumps and weaves and rolls from side to side. Are pilots generally trained to ...
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Flare: low, slow, and uncoordinated? [duplicate]

I'd like to rephrase the question: Often I forward-slip on final right right rudder. During this time, I use the ailerons to keep the aircraft headed down the center-line; the aircraft's bank varies ...