Questions tagged [commercial-operations]

Questions pertaining to the operation of aircraft for commercial purposes.

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1
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4answers
157 views

When do commercial aircraft tail numbers change?

Each (large, commercial and most other) aircraft has a registration number, painted or stickered on its hull: the tail number. I was under the false impression that tail numbers don't change, and ...
4
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0answers
98 views

What operational aspects of Alphabet's Wing drone delivery service will be the same as that of an airline?

The NPR News article and podcast FAA Certifies Google's Wing Drone Delivery Company To Operate As An Airline begins with: The Federal Aviation Administration has certified Alphabet's Wing Aviation ...
9
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2answers
3k views

What is the role of the flight dispatcher? How do the dispatcher and the flight crew interact?

The flight dispatcher is known as the ground pilot. Air Canada flight dispatcher (source: On the job: Flight Dispatch) It's not clear to me what is their role related to a given flight, or where are ...
12
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1answer
2k views

What are the regulations involved in aerial advertising?

I often see small aircraft flying at a low altitude around beaches and the like with banner advertisements trailing behind them on a rope sort of structure. I have a few questions about them: What ...
-4
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3answers
553 views

Would building an airport at 30,000 ft save money?

So... this would obviously cost a ton of money initially, but long-term, I believe the savings both environmentally and financially would be returned many times over. If a building can already be ...
9
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3answers
4k views

Why was this commercial plane highly delayed mid-flight?

What could be the main reasons for a short-haul flight to be delayed over an hour in-flight? Recent Lufthansa LH 2227 CDG-MUC flight took off only half an hour after scheduled time, but landed at ...
3
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2answers
193 views

Are there locations/altitudes with minimum speed requirements?

For example, a slower aircraft operating on the North Atlantic Track System would have an operational impact on surrounding/overtaking aircraft as well as potentially increasing ATC workload to ensure ...
3
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1answer
132 views

What does the “test result indicator” indicate on a cockpit voice recorder?

I am really curious as to what the “green/red” strip of led indicate and the numbers below it. Having read around the web, i speculated that it could be an audio quality rating scale. Would help alot ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Cabin pressured for flights to/from high altitude airports [duplicate]

I was flighting from La Paz (El Alto airport, LPB) which it is located at an altitude of 4061 m (13 600 ft), which is above standard pressure of passenger flights. How is the cabin pressure usually ...
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1answer
232 views

What steps do I need to follow to use my PPL for income?

So I am currently taking my PPL because flying was always a passion. But, as I am sure all who do such can relate, it is an expensive license to hold on to. None the less we go through simply for the ...
6
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1answer
234 views

Why do airlines outsource regional flying?

The three major American airlines (American, United, and Delta) all have regional brands. These brands are actually operated by other airlines (ie: SkyWest). Air Canada has a similar regional brand ...
2
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1answer
268 views

Can an aircraft operator hire a Commercial Pilot to fly their aircraft under part 91?

Here is the scenario. Joe owns a Cessna 172. Joe hires Tim to fly him in his 172 from A to B. Tim is a Commercial Pilot. Is this legal? So far, everyone has said yes to this question, but not one ...
2
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1answer
803 views

Is GPS considered to be a navigational facility for the purposes of Ops Spec C055?

For 14 CFR 119 certificate holders, Alternate Airport IFR Weather Minimums are prescribed by Operations Specification (Ops Spec) C055, specifically Table 1 of that specification. Below is a generic ...
0
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0answers
56 views

Was this 'load-balancing' seat change refusal real? [duplicate]

On Sunday, I was on a flight in Greece, on a A320. I was sat just forward of the wings. Someone sat in the isle seat opposite me, asked if she could move to the back to sit with her friend, since the ...
16
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2answers
3k views

Who operates delivery flights for commercial airlines?

Seeing an A220 flying to Atlanta for delivery to Delta made me wonder: Which crew operates a delivery flight? The manufacturer’s pilots? Or the airline’s crew?
7
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1answer
170 views

How can I find out if the FAA has ever sanctioned a pilot?

Is there any easy way to check to see if a CFI or commercial pilot has had past problems with the FAA? The question came to me after an old thread in one of the aviation forums pointed me to this ...
16
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1answer
663 views

What is the usage ratio of the An-225 Mriya?

Does anyone have data on how much time the An-225 (only one was produced; it is currently the largest aircraft in the world) spends flying/on missions and how much it waits for customers? This is a ...
5
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3answers
271 views

What's the difference between “Nonstop Commercial Air Tour” and “Aerial Photography”?

I work for an FBO that has a LOA for Nonstop Commercial Air Tours, which are limited to a 25 statute mile radius of the airport. I was contacted by a man who is a semi-professional photographer who ...
4
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1answer
182 views

What is a typical ratio of aircraft in air vs. total aircraft per airline?

While commercial airlines have a fleet of x aircraft, not all x aircraft will be in the air at any given time. Typically, several aircraft are in the air, some are on the ground (turnaround, loading, ...
7
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1answer
233 views

Can I use a rental airplane to conduct air tours?

Can a commercial pilot perform non-stop air tour operations under part 91 within 25SM of the airport using a rental airplane from the FBO? I noticed that in the LOA application, the operation needs ...
8
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1answer
266 views

How are businesses able to use experimental aircraft?

I saw businesses like this using military jets to sell rides to civilians. Since warbirds are considered experimental aircraft, does the FAA issue special certs to fly them commercially? According ...
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1answer
186 views

What can I do if my aircraft type changes last minute? [closed]

I have a flight scheduled for June with a popular, European commercial budget-operator on a 737. I'm sure everyone knows about the groundings of the MAX. However, I'm concerned that the MAX may be ...
2
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1answer
155 views

Would knowing the exact weight that has been loaded on a commercial plane and it's distribution be useful? [duplicate]

There's been a bit in the media about weighing passengers in order to get more accurate take off weights for commercial planes. I'm guessing the delta between a heavy set of passengers and a light ...
3
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1answer
140 views

Are there regulations that limit the airports an air carrier can visit based on rescue equipment?

ICAO Annex 14 (which deals primarily with SARPS for international airports) outlines requirements for rescue and firefighting that the airports shall have based on the fuselage lengths of the planes ...
29
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5answers
35k views

Is passenger weight distribution important on a commercial flight?

This is something I've wondered about for a long time. On really large airplanes, like a 747-400 or A380 for example, I would assume that the weight of the passengers on board is a significant to the ...
7
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1answer
429 views

Which incidents did not result in accidents because of the actions of the second pilot on board?

In accordance with 14 CFR §25.1523 and §121.385c3, commercial airline aircraft must be operated by at least two pilots. This provision mainly bases on workload and pilot incapacitation considerations (...
11
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2answers
2k views

During single-engine taxi, how is the asymmetric power compensated for?

For various reasons (e.g. noise, fuel savings), some airlines allow single engine taxiing. Obviously, this produces an asymmetric thrust during the taxi. If the left engine is used, the aircraft ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Is it possible and effective to perform a forward slip in a large commercial jet?

I'm wondering if it's possible to forward slip a large commercial aircraft, like the A320 or even B777, and if so: is effective or useful, since most small aircraft which I gather do it have no ...
7
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2answers
529 views

Why is the Beluga chartered out for oddball missions, but not the Dreamlifter?

Both Airbus and Boeing have special outsize-cargo freighters for transporting large pieces of airliner; Airbus has five Belugas (derived from the A300), while Boeing uses four Dreamlifters (...
10
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2answers
1k views

Did these pilots break any regulations by hand-flying an A320 for most of the cruise?

A couple of days ago, I flew with a popular budget airline within Europe. The aircraft was an A320. It was also a brand new one (only in service since June 2018 and produces 15% less noise and fuel ...
11
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2answers
14k views

What is the ratio between time in the air and time on ground for an aircraft?

I suppose it may be different from an airline to another. Given the maintenance, the time to load/unload the aircraft, the time the aircraft is grounded because there is no flight scheduled (e.g. at ...
5
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1answer
515 views

May airlines cancel unprofitable flights?

If a given flight is unprofitable for an airline (occupancy ratio or – more precisely – revenue from ticket fares and cargo below the break even point) and if operating this flight incurred a bigger ...
10
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5answers
2k views

How has weight been reduced in commercial aircraft design and how will this trend continue?

Reducing weight of aircraft has become a priority as the aviation industry seeks greater fuel efficiency and commits to strict emissions targets. How much weight has been cut from single and twin ...
0
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1answer
102 views

Do pilots get full credit hours when they fly double or augmented?

In commercial airlines, in some very long flights as far as I know they require double cockpit crew sets (2 pilots, 2 co-pilots) to operate. Do both crew sets get the full credit hours for these ...
32
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1answer
7k views

What is the purpose of a walled area in the vicinity of Heathrow Airport?

Looking at a satellite map to the East of Heathrow Airport, there is a small passenger jet parked in a walled off area. Looking at the aerodrome chart the entire area is listed as Bealine Base, which ...
10
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2answers
3k views

At what minimum occupancy ratio can airlines operate profitably?

Often, airlines are unable to sell all the seats of a flight and some seats go unsold. So, with what occupancy ratio is it usually profitable for an airline to operate? For example, Recently, a ...
6
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2answers
3k views

If both pilots are incapacitated, what happens?

How do the airlines prepare for a situation where for some reason both PIC and SIC are incapacitated for the remainder of the flight?
12
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1answer
3k views

Why are only captains allowed to taxi the aircraft?

At most airlines, only the captains are allowed to taxi the aircraft (i.e. Lufthansa). Even if the copilot is pilot flying, the captain will taxi the aircraft to the runway, and later from the runway ...
2
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1answer
302 views

Are there any safety or technical reason airlines do not display flight information to passengers in real-time?

A newer addition to commercial airliners is seatback screens, that allow the passengers to watch movies, TV, and so forth. On most airlines, there is also a map, that shows you the aircraft's flight ...
8
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1answer
2k views

What is the process to disconnect ground electric power before pushback?

While commercial airliner are parked at the gate, they have electrical power connected to the aircraft (if available at the airport). This needs to be disconnected before pushback - what is the ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Can an amateur-built aircraft ever be used for commercial activities?

There are some non-recreational activities, such as aerial photography, wildlife observation, environmental monitoring, etc., that seem well-suited to certain amateur-built aircraft. The open-cockpit ...
2
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1answer
275 views

Do special procedures exist for commercial pilots flying over Russia?

Since Russia, and in particular the Asian part of it, is huge, I was wondering if there are special procedures for commercial pilots to follow over Russia (in particular and specifically Siberia and ...
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1answer
1k views

How much hand-flying does a commercial pilot do? [duplicate]

What is the ratio of hand-flying to autopilot for a typical commercial pilot working for a large airline (British Airways, Virgin, EasyJet etc.) and how many hours a year might a typical captain rack ...
25
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3answers
7k views

Why are the call signs of some airlines completely different than their name?

The call sign of U.S. Airways is "Cactus", and that of British Airways is "Speedbird"; while for Malaysia Airlines is "Malaysia", Qantas is just simple "Qantas". Why is it that the call signs of some ...
5
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1answer
745 views

What is the business purpose of scheduling two separate flights on the very same route with 5-10 minutes separation?

As in question. I have noticed, for example, that Berlin-Tegel has TXL-CDG route served by both AirBerlin and AirFrance with exactly five minutes separation. First plane takes off at 09:50 and second ...
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0answers
122 views

Does the responsibility for the plane shift from the PIC, if they leave the plane?

Is the PIC still responsible for everything when they leave the plane and a co-pilot is staying on board? Are there differences between operational reasons for leaving the plane (doing the walk-around)...
4
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2answers
284 views

Why are emergency-instructions by cabin crew like “heads down!” not given via PA?

I just saw a YouTube video of a landing airliner with the gear not fully extended and the cabin crew gave the instructions "Stay down! Heads down!" repeatedly to passengers but without any technical ...
1
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4answers
604 views

Is there a KPI to measure average hours flown?

I am working on a report for a small charter airline and I want to set a key performance indicator (KPI) to measure average hours flown. Is there a practice in aviation field to consider optimum ...
-2
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4answers
898 views

Could ejector seats save lives in commercial aircraft? [duplicate]

If cost were no issue (it could be done cheaply), would installing ejection seats for passengers possibly save lives? There are certain scenarios (albeit extremely rare ones), where the crew may know ...
1
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0answers
106 views

What is the cargo capacity of a Boeing 737-200/-300? [duplicate]

I would like to know the maximum commercial load of a cargo aircraft B737-200 & 300.