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Questions tagged [commercial-operations]

Questions pertaining to the operation of aircraft for commercial purposes.

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9
votes
3answers
4k views

Why was this commercial plane highly delayed mid-flight?

What could be the main reasons for a short-haul flight to be delayed over an hour in-flight? Recent Lufthansa LH 2227 CDG-MUC flight took off only half an hour after scheduled time, but landed at ...
-4
votes
3answers
542 views

Would building an airport at 30,000 ft save money?

So... this would obviously cost a ton of money initially, but long-term, I believe the savings both environmentally and financially would be returned many times over. If a building can already be ...
3
votes
2answers
192 views

Are there locations/altitudes with minimum speed requirements?

For example, a slower aircraft operating on the North Atlantic Track System would have an operational impact on surrounding/overtaking aircraft as well as potentially increasing ATC workload to ensure ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Cabin pressured for flights to/from high altitude airports [duplicate]

I was flighting from La Paz (El Alto airport, LPB) which it is located at an altitude of 4061 m (13 600 ft), which is above standard pressure of passenger flights. How is the cabin pressure usually ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

What does the “test result indicator” indicate on a cockpit voice recorder?

I am really curious as to what the “green/red” strip of led indicate and the numbers below it. Having read around the web, i speculated that it could be an audio quality rating scale. Would help alot ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

What steps do I need to follow to use my PPL for income?

So I am currently taking my PPL because flying was always a passion. But, as I am sure all who do such can relate, it is an expensive license to hold on to. None the less we go through simply for the ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Can an aircraft operator hire a Commercial Pilot to fly their aircraft under part 91?

Here is the scenario. Joe owns a Cessna 172. Joe hires Tim to fly him in his 172 from A to B. Tim is a Commercial Pilot. Is this legal? So far, everyone has said yes to this question, but not one ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

Why do airlines outsource regional flying?

The three major American airlines (American, United, and Delta) all have regional brands. These brands are actually operated by other airlines (ie: SkyWest). Air Canada has a similar regional brand ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Was this 'load-balancing' seat change refusal real? [duplicate]

On Sunday, I was on a flight in Greece, on a A320. I was sat just forward of the wings. Someone sat in the isle seat opposite me, asked if she could move to the back to sit with her friend, since the ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

Who operates delivery flights for commercial airlines?

Seeing an A220 flying to Atlanta for delivery to Delta made me wonder: Which crew operates a delivery flight? The manufacturer’s pilots? Or the airline’s crew?
7
votes
1answer
168 views

How can I find out if the FAA has ever sanctioned a pilot?

Is there any easy way to check to see if a CFI or commercial pilot has had past problems with the FAA? The question came to me after an old thread in one of the aviation forums pointed me to this ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

What is a typical ratio of aircraft in air vs. total aircraft per airline?

While commercial airlines have a fleet of x aircraft, not all x aircraft will be in the air at any given time. Typically, several aircraft are in the air, some are on the ground (turnaround, loading, ...
7
votes
1answer
231 views

Can I use a rental airplane to conduct air tours?

Can a commercial pilot perform non-stop air tour operations under part 91 within 25SM of the airport using a rental airplane from the FBO? I noticed that in the LOA application, the operation needs ...
5
votes
3answers
264 views

What's the difference between “Nonstop Commercial Air Tour” and “Aerial Photography”?

I work for an FBO that has a LOA for Nonstop Commercial Air Tours, which are limited to a 25 statute mile radius of the airport. I was contacted by a man who is a semi-professional photographer who ...
-9
votes
1answer
183 views

What can I do if my aircraft type changes last minute? [closed]

I have a flight scheduled for June with a popular, European commercial budget-operator on a 737. I'm sure everyone knows about the groundings of the MAX. However, I'm concerned that the MAX may be ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Are there regulations that limit the airports an air carrier can visit based on rescue equipment?

ICAO Annex 14 (which deals primarily with SARPS for international airports) outlines requirements for rescue and firefighting that the airports shall have based on the fuselage lengths of the planes ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Would knowing the exact weight that has been loaded on a commercial plane and it's distribution be useful? [duplicate]

There's been a bit in the media about weighing passengers in order to get more accurate take off weights for commercial planes. I'm guessing the delta between a heavy set of passengers and a light ...
7
votes
2answers
380 views

Why is the Beluga chartered out for oddball missions, but not the Dreamlifter?

Both Airbus and Boeing have special outsize-cargo freighters for transporting large pieces of airliner; Airbus has five Belugas (derived from the A300), while Boeing uses four Dreamlifters (...
8
votes
1answer
259 views

How are businesses able to use experimental aircraft?

I saw businesses like this using military jets to sell rides to civilians. Since warbirds are considered experimental aircraft, does the FAA issue special certs to fly them commercially? According ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Do pilots get full credit hours when they fly double or augmented?

In commercial airlines, in some very long flights as far as I know they require double cockpit crew sets (2 pilots, 2 co-pilots) to operate. Do both crew sets get the full credit hours for these ...
32
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the purpose of a walled area in the vicinity of Heathrow Airport?

Looking at a satellite map to the East of Heathrow Airport, there is a small passenger jet parked in a walled off area. Looking at the aerodrome chart the entire area is listed as Bealine Base, which ...
5
votes
1answer
513 views

May airlines cancel unprofitable flights?

If a given flight is unprofitable for an airline (occupancy ratio or – more precisely – revenue from ticket fares and cargo below the break even point) and if operating this flight incurred a bigger ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

Are there any safety or technical reason airlines do not display flight information to passengers in real-time?

A newer addition to commercial airliners is seatback screens, that allow the passengers to watch movies, TV, and so forth. On most airlines, there is also a map, that shows you the aircraft's flight ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Can an amateur-built aircraft ever be used for commercial activities?

There are some non-recreational activities, such as aerial photography, wildlife observation, environmental monitoring, etc., that seem well-suited to certain amateur-built aircraft. The open-cockpit ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

Do special procedures exist for commercial pilots flying over Russia?

Since Russia, and in particular the Asian part of it, is huge, I was wondering if there are special procedures for commercial pilots to follow over Russia (in particular and specifically Siberia and ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Did these pilots break any regulations by hand-flying an A320 for most of the cruise?

A couple of days ago, I flew with a popular budget airline within Europe. The aircraft was an A320. It was also a brand new one (only in service since June 2018 and produces 15% less noise and fuel ...
-1
votes
1answer
997 views

How much hand-flying does a commercial pilot do? [duplicate]

What is the ratio of hand-flying to autopilot for a typical commercial pilot working for a large airline (British Airways, Virgin, EasyJet etc.) and how many hours a year might a typical captain rack ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Does the responsibility for the plane shift from the PIC, if they leave the plane?

Is the PIC still responsible for everything when they leave the plane and a co-pilot is staying on board? Are there differences between operational reasons for leaving the plane (doing the walk-around)...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

Why are emergency-instructions by cabin crew like “heads down!” not given via PA?

I just saw a YouTube video of a landing airliner with the gear not fully extended and the cabin crew gave the instructions "Stay down! Heads down!" repeatedly to passengers but without any technical ...
-2
votes
4answers
865 views

Could ejector seats save lives in commercial aircraft? [duplicate]

If cost were no issue (it could be done cheaply), would installing ejection seats for passengers possibly save lives? There are certain scenarios (albeit extremely rare ones), where the crew may know ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

What is the cargo capacity of a Boeing 737-200/-300? [duplicate]

I would like to know the maximum commercial load of a cargo aircraft B737-200 & 300.
1
vote
0answers
57 views

What’s the steepest possible descent for big commercial jets? [duplicate]

What’s the highest descent rate, an A320/737/A380/younameit can achieve in safe controlled flight and how do they achieve it? E.g. can those jets do side slips to have a steep approach angle (maybe ...
2
votes
1answer
382 views

What is the shortest regularly scheduled commercial flight?

Interesting to know is this flight profitable or not. Why this route exist? Maybe train or car will be cheaper?
7
votes
1answer
450 views

Most time-consuming tasks while a plane is on the ground

How long should commercial planes stay on the ground after landing before they can take off again? What is the most time-consuming thing/task/operation that happens during this time? Is downloading ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

During the holding procedure is it required that the pax must have the seat belt on?

Imagine to have to hold at a busy airport before landing for a quite long time (let's say 20 plus minutes), does it requires that the pax must have the seat belt on during the whole holding procedure? ...
0
votes
0answers
162 views

Where can I find information about the safety record of Westwind Air Service in Arizona?

I've been trying to find out how safe Westwind Air Service is. I know that there was a crash in Canada, but I think it's a different Westwind. I know that it's a flight school but how well maintained ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

During single-engine taxi, how is the asymmetric power compensated for?

For various reasons (e.g. noise, fuel savings), some airlines allow single engine taxiing. Obviously, this produces an asymmetric thrust during the taxi. If the left engine is used, the aircraft ...
12
votes
1answer
467 views

Why did flight NH175 divert back to Los Angeles?

In the news recently is All Nippon Airways flight NH175, which returned to LAX after four hours towards NRT when it was discovered that a passenger aboard did not have the correct ticket, although his ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Can an N registered aircraft operate scheduled service from USA to/from a Category 2 country?

Am looking at economics of a scheduled service between Honolulu and Tarawa but need an N registered aircraft to do it.
1
vote
1answer
4k views

What are the drug testing procedures for EU airlines?

How do EU airlines test aircrew for drug use, specifically marijuana? Do they use hair tests, and how far back in time can they detect marijuana use?
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the requirement to become a flight attendant?

We know that flight attendants, on top of serving passengers (which is what they do 99% of the time), are there to ensure the safety of passengers on board. For example, they are trained to operate ...
1
vote
1answer
588 views

Where can I find United 757 Checklists? (CRM, Pre Start, Pre Takeoff)

Where can I find United 757 Checklists (CRM, Pre-Start, Pre-Takeoff)? I need these for a writing project that I am doing. Any help is greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance! Thanks, Charlie :)
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Is more cargo loaded if there is less passengers than expected?

When pre-flight weigh in is done, if the plane weighs less than expected because people don't turn up, is more cargo added? Conversely - if the plane is over the estimated weight - does cargo get ...
1
vote
1answer
986 views

What do the abbreviations on this Jeppesen Dataplan mean?

Attached is a screenshot from a flightplan created with Jetplan. Can someone help with decoding the format? What do the abbreviations mean in the table header? I understand the following: FLT = ...
1
vote
4answers
599 views

Is there a KPI to measure average hours flown?

I am working on a report for a small charter airline and I want to set a key performance indicator (KPI) to measure average hours flown. Is there a practice in aviation field to consider optimum ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

If I ferry an aircraft to the United States (from say the UK) is it a commercial or private flight?

If I am paid to ferry an aircraft from the UK to the US and then leave the aircraft in the US, is it a private or commercial flight? I am not carrying passengers or cargo, but perhaps the aircraft ...
50
votes
2answers
7k views

How are banners kept upright?

Banners are towed with a single line trailing from the plane. source: © Raimond Spekking / CC BY-SA 4.0 (via Wikimedia Commons) How can they guarantee the banner is vertical and not upside down?
3
votes
1answer
8k views

What is the difference between Part 121, Part 135, and Part 91 operators?

What are the important differences between Part 121, Part 135, and Part 91 operators?
5
votes
1answer
744 views

What is the business purpose of scheduling two separate flights on the very same route with 5-10 minutes separation?

As in question. I have noticed, for example, that Berlin-Tegel has TXL-CDG route served by both AirBerlin and AirFrance with exactly five minutes separation. First plane takes off at 09:50 and second ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

For flight planning must the forecast weather be above minima one hour before, after or at ETA? (EU-OPS)

Citing EU-OPS: CAT.OP.MPA.185 Planning minima for IFR flights — aeroplanes (a) Planning minima for a take-off alternate aerodrome The operator shall only select an aerodrome as a ...