Questions tagged [commercial-operations]

Questions pertaining to the operation of aircraft for commercial purposes.

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1
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1answer
106 views

Does the retirement age for commercial airline pilots vary across the globe?

Do the retirement age of commercial airlines pilot varies from country to country?
12
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15answers
6k views

Are there passenger flights with stops in the middle?

Train and bus lines usually have a number of stops along the way where some passengers can get on and off, while the rest stay onboard and continue to their destinatiom. For sufficiently long routes, ...
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1answer
171 views

Has any commercial airliner ever flown inverted? [duplicate]

Has any commercial airliner ever flown inverted, either intentionally (extremely unlikely) or during an upset?
9
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5answers
4k views

First time passenger flight by two pilots?

In this video, the captain proclaims after take-off: We were nervous about this, but takeoff went smoothly It was his first passenger flight in the A350, but still... not exactly what I would want ...
5
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2answers
164 views

Does the FAA consider flights that generate content for profitable YouTube channels displaying airborne video to be commercial operations?

Is there any guidance from the FAA such as an Advisory Circular, Letter of Interpretation, or other document that directly clarifies the scenario below? If a pilot creates aerial video content while ...
14
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3answers
3k views

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

In almost any airplane commercial operation, unless you’re doing something very short haul daytime ops, an Instrument Rating is all but required with airplanes(it’s even in the FARs). Generally the ...
2
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0answers
54 views

What is the ratio of standby crews to flying crews?

Section 4.O of the FedEx Collective Bargaining Agreement discusses how pilots are to be compensated for being on standby. From what I can tell they basically get paid a "trip guarantee" that is close ...
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4answers
330 views

Why don't commercial aircraft use tail hook technology?

Tail hooks help drastically reduce an aircraft's speed during landing, and would therefore reduce the necessity of having long runways. So why doesn't tail hook technology be implemented into ...
44
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4answers
12k views

Why are 'ghost flights' necessary?

This article details the recent (March 2020) grounding of 90% of Ryanair's fleet due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Flight tracking data showed that all bar one of the jets had been flown in recent days:...
5
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2answers
375 views

When is a runway considered to be wet or slippery for 135 or 121 landing performance considerations?

For the purposes of following FAA regulations, when is a runway considered to be wet or slippery in the context of landing performance calculations? Specifically, what definitions or guidance on ...
2
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3answers
99 views

Technical factors to consider for retrofitting aerial refueling for commericial aircraft

What are the factor that need to be taken into account to retrofit and an airliner like an a330 or 777 or maybe even a business jet like a global 5000 to an aerial refuelable (receiving) aircraft. Is ...
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4answers
359 views

When do commercial aircraft tail numbers change?

Each (large, commercial and most other) aircraft has a registration number, painted or stickered on its hull: the tail number. I was under the false impression that tail numbers don't change, and ...
9
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3answers
4k views

Why was this commercial plane highly delayed mid-flight?

What could be the main reasons for a short-haul flight to be delayed over an hour in-flight? Recent Lufthansa LH 2227 CDG-MUC flight took off only half an hour after scheduled time, but landed at ...
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3answers
640 views

Would building an airport at 30,000 ft save money?

So... this would obviously cost a ton of money initially, but long-term, I believe the savings both environmentally and financially would be returned many times over. If a building can already be ...
4
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2answers
202 views

Are there locations/altitudes with minimum speed requirements?

For example, a slower aircraft operating on the North Atlantic Track System would have an operational impact on surrounding/overtaking aircraft as well as potentially increasing ATC workload to ensure ...
3
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1answer
227 views

What does the “test result indicator” indicate on a cockpit voice recorder?

I am really curious as to what the “green/red” strip of led indicate and the numbers below it. Having read around the web, i speculated that it could be an audio quality rating scale. Would help alot ...
1
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1answer
259 views

What steps do I need to follow to use my PPL for income?

So I am currently taking my PPL because flying was always a passion. But, as I am sure all who do such can relate, it is an expensive license to hold on to. None the less we go through simply for the ...
2
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1answer
390 views

Can an aircraft operator hire a Commercial Pilot to fly their aircraft under part 91?

Here is the scenario. Joe owns a Cessna 172. Joe hires Tim to fly him in his 172 from A to B. Tim is a Commercial Pilot. Is this legal? So far, everyone has said yes to this question, but not one ...
8
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1answer
293 views

Why do airlines outsource regional flying?

The three major American airlines (American, United, and Delta) all have regional brands. These brands are actually operated by other airlines (ie: SkyWest). Air Canada has a similar regional brand ...
0
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0answers
60 views

Was this 'load-balancing' seat change refusal real? [duplicate]

On Sunday, I was on a flight in Greece, on a A320. I was sat just forward of the wings. Someone sat in the isle seat opposite me, asked if she could move to the back to sit with her friend, since the ...
17
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2answers
3k views

Who operates delivery flights for commercial airlines?

Seeing an A220 flying to Atlanta for delivery to Delta made me wonder: Which crew operates a delivery flight? The manufacturer’s pilots? Or the airline’s crew?
8
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1answer
243 views

How can I find out if the FAA has ever sanctioned a pilot?

Is there any easy way to check to see if a CFI or commercial pilot has had past problems with the FAA? The question came to me after an old thread in one of the aviation forums pointed me to this ...
4
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1answer
204 views

What is a typical ratio of aircraft in air vs. total aircraft per airline?

While commercial airlines have a fleet of x aircraft, not all x aircraft will be in the air at any given time. Typically, several aircraft are in the air, some are on the ground (turnaround, loading, ...
7
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1answer
260 views

Can I use a rental airplane to conduct air tours?

Can a commercial pilot perform non-stop air tour operations under part 91 within 25SM of the airport using a rental airplane from the FBO? I noticed that in the LOA application, the operation needs ...
5
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3answers
463 views

What's the difference between “Nonstop Commercial Air Tour” and “Aerial Photography”?

I work for an FBO that has a LOA for Nonstop Commercial Air Tours, which are limited to a 25 statute mile radius of the airport. I was contacted by a man who is a semi-professional photographer who ...
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1answer
213 views

What can I do if my aircraft type changes last minute? [closed]

I have a flight scheduled for June with a popular, European commercial budget-operator on a 737. I'm sure everyone knows about the groundings of the MAX. However, I'm concerned that the MAX may be ...
3
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1answer
156 views

Are there regulations that limit the airports an air carrier can visit based on rescue equipment?

ICAO Annex 14 (which deals primarily with SARPS for international airports) outlines requirements for rescue and firefighting that the airports shall have based on the fuselage lengths of the planes ...
5
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1answer
147 views

What operational aspects of Alphabet's Wing drone delivery service will be the same as that of an airline?

The NPR News article and podcast FAA Certifies Google's Wing Drone Delivery Company To Operate As An Airline begins with: The Federal Aviation Administration has certified Alphabet's Wing Aviation to ...
2
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1answer
158 views

Would knowing the exact weight that has been loaded on a commercial plane and it's distribution be useful? [duplicate]

There's been a bit in the media about weighing passengers in order to get more accurate take off weights for commercial planes. I'm guessing the delta between a heavy set of passengers and a light ...
7
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2answers
717 views

Why is the Beluga chartered out for oddball missions, but not the Dreamlifter?

Both Airbus and Boeing have special outsize-cargo freighters for transporting large pieces of airliner; Airbus has five Belugas (derived from the A300), while Boeing uses four Dreamlifters (...
8
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1answer
359 views

How are businesses able to use experimental aircraft?

I saw businesses like this using military jets to sell rides to civilians. Since warbirds are considered experimental aircraft, does the FAA issue special certs to fly them commercially? According ...
0
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1answer
131 views

Do pilots get full credit hours when they fly double or augmented?

In commercial airlines, in some very long flights as far as I know they require double cockpit crew sets (2 pilots, 2 co-pilots) to operate. Do both crew sets get the full credit hours for these ...
33
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1answer
7k views

What is the purpose of a walled area in the vicinity of Heathrow Airport?

Looking at a satellite map to the East of Heathrow Airport, there is a small passenger jet parked in a walled off area. Looking at the aerodrome chart the entire area is listed as Bealine Base, which ...
5
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1answer
553 views

May airlines cancel unprofitable flights?

If a given flight is unprofitable for an airline (occupancy ratio or – more precisely – revenue from ticket fares and cargo below the break even point) and if operating this flight incurred a bigger ...
2
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1answer
312 views

Are there any safety or technical reason airlines do not display flight information to passengers in real-time?

A newer addition to commercial airliners is seatback screens, that allow the passengers to watch movies, TV, and so forth. On most airlines, there is also a map, that shows you the aircraft's flight ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Can an amateur-built aircraft ever be used for commercial activities?

There are some non-recreational activities, such as aerial photography, wildlife observation, environmental monitoring, etc., that seem well-suited to certain amateur-built aircraft. The open-cockpit ...
2
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1answer
303 views

Do special procedures exist for commercial pilots flying over Russia?

Since Russia, and in particular the Asian part of it, is huge, I was wondering if there are special procedures for commercial pilots to follow over Russia (in particular and specifically Siberia and ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Did these pilots break any regulations by hand-flying an A320 for most of the cruise?

A couple of days ago, I flew with a popular budget airline within Europe. The aircraft was an A320. It was also a brand new one (only in service since June 2018 and produces 15% less noise and fuel ...
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1answer
1k views

How much hand-flying does a commercial pilot do? [duplicate]

What is the ratio of hand-flying to autopilot for a typical commercial pilot working for a large airline (British Airways, Virgin, EasyJet etc.) and how many hours a year might a typical captain rack ...
0
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0answers
125 views

Does the responsibility for the plane shift from the PIC, if they leave the plane?

Is the PIC still responsible for everything when they leave the plane and a co-pilot is staying on board? Are there differences between operational reasons for leaving the plane (doing the walk-around)...
4
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2answers
301 views

Why are emergency-instructions by cabin crew like “heads down!” not given via PA?

I just saw a YouTube video of a landing airliner with the gear not fully extended and the cabin crew gave the instructions "Stay down! Heads down!" repeatedly to passengers but without any technical ...
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4answers
2k views

Could ejector seats save lives in commercial aircraft? [duplicate]

If cost were no issue (it could be done cheaply), would installing ejection seats for passengers possibly save lives? There are certain scenarios (albeit extremely rare ones), where the crew may know ...
1
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0answers
125 views

What is the cargo capacity of a Boeing 737-200/-300? [duplicate]

I would like to know the maximum commercial load of a cargo aircraft B737-200 & 300.
1
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0answers
62 views

What’s the steepest possible descent for big commercial jets? [duplicate]

What’s the highest descent rate, an A320/737/A380/younameit can achieve in safe controlled flight and how do they achieve it? E.g. can those jets do side slips to have a steep approach angle (maybe ...
2
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1answer
402 views

What is the shortest regularly scheduled commercial flight?

Interesting to know is this flight profitable or not. Why this route exist? Maybe train or car will be cheaper?
7
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1answer
497 views

Most time-consuming tasks while a plane is on the ground

How long should commercial planes stay on the ground after landing before they can take off again? What is the most time-consuming thing/task/operation that happens during this time? Is downloading ...
12
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3answers
1k views

During the holding procedure is it required that the pax must have the seat belt on?

Imagine to have to hold at a busy airport before landing for a quite long time (let's say 20 plus minutes), does it requires that the pax must have the seat belt on during the whole holding procedure? ...
0
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0answers
179 views

Where can I find information about the safety record of Westwind Air Service in Arizona?

I've been trying to find out how safe Westwind Air Service is. I know that there was a crash in Canada, but I think it's a different Westwind. I know that it's a flight school but how well maintained ...
11
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2answers
2k views

During single-engine taxi, how is the asymmetric power compensated for?

For various reasons (e.g. noise, fuel savings), some airlines allow single engine taxiing. Obviously, this produces an asymmetric thrust during the taxi. If the left engine is used, the aircraft ...
12
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1answer
502 views

Why did flight NH175 divert back to Los Angeles?

In the news recently is All Nippon Airways flight NH175, which returned to LAX after four hours towards NRT when it was discovered that a passenger aboard did not have the correct ticket, although his ...