Questions tagged [commercial-aviation]

Commercial aviation is the part of civil aviation, whether general aviation, non-scheduled service, or scheduled airline service, that involves operating aircraft for hire to transport passengers or cargo.

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What does “ACFT MAX 65/7 ” means on lido charts?

What does "ACFT MAX 65/7" on the minima box means? I found out that its related to wingspan and some vertical distance, but I still didn't get the vertical distance thing !!
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How many pilots does an airline hire for each new plane they purchase?

I guess this would depend if the airplane is narrow body or wide body because wide body airplanes make longer trips. Another way to ask this question is what is the ratio of airplanes and pilots in an ...
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Why commercial planes do not provide parachutes? [duplicate]

In case of emergency I think parachutes would be more safe than life-jackets.
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Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
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Course of other planes approaching the airport

I flew from MUC to TXL recently and made a weird observation. I was sitting in the port side of the plane and -just a few minutes before landing- saw a red light at approximately our height just ...
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2answers
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What is this? Multiple small cracks in passenger window

I have seen this many times in typically older aircraft passenger windows and on a recent flight from Sydney to Melbourne I took the following pictures. It appears as if there are small cracks in the ...
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1answer
698 views

Why does Schiphol airport have such a long taxi way? [duplicate]

I heard that from runway 18R-36L the taxi time is around 20 minutes, I heard that this runway was built and is used mainly to reduce noise pollution, but what reasons are there for the length of the ...
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496 views

What is the aerodynamic purpose of an Acorn?

This is an IL-62. On the tail of the aircraft, there is a large cone, protruding out of the vertical and horizontal stabilizer which is called acorn. I am trying to figure out what is the aerodynamic ...
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Other than a handful of airlines, do any small operators take PPLs and pay to train them to commercial?

Are there operators out there who take SEL private pilots and train them to commercial? Do small operators like banner tow, agriculture, skydiving do that at all? Is it way too presumptuous to ask? ...
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Where to relocate a bomb on a plane to minimize damage?

In a video blog I saw today on the net, an airline Captain said: "if a bomb is found on board in-flight, pilots are trained to relocate it someplace where it would do the least damage" without further ...
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Can autothrottle be used without autopilot (and vice versa)?

In commercial passenger aircraft: Can autothrust be used with A/P disabled ? And can A/P be used without using autothrust? Citable references very welcome! If the question depends on a specific ...
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Why are the cabin chimes one semitone lower on the Boeing 747-400 than on other aircraft? [closed]

I noticed that the cabin chimes on the Boeing 747-400 overall sound one semitone lower than on other aircraft, including the 737, 777, Airbus A320, and even the 747-8. The same semitone-lower chimes ...
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Is fuel balancing done automatically?

Is the balacing of the fuel in the wings of an aircraft like A320 done automatically or does it have to be done manually by the pilot. If it is done manually does the pilot eyeball the balancing ?
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Are turboprops less safe then jets?

On a recent trip to an airport, I noticed a large number of Bombardier Dash 8s. I wanted to know - are turboprops less safe than traditional jets like the 737 or A320? For instance, I would imagine ...
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1answer
197 views

Can audible warnings be heard from the cabin?

When I fly in the front row on an all-economy A320, I can very clearly hear the autopilot disconnect sound shortly before landing. Can passengers in the cabin also hear other warnings like EGPWS (...
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2answers
431 views

Does the crew have a professionally mandated responsibility to inform passengers of a potentially fatal emergency?

This follows on from the question here on an incident wherein a passenger asked crew about an aberrant situation during a flight. Gathering from the answers to the question, flight crew's priority is ...
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4answers
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What do flight attendants do if a passenger asks what is going on in case of a potential emergency?

This is related to, but not the same as, another question I asked on Interpersonal Skills. I was on a flight last year, on a route I fly on a fairly frequent basis. Shortly after takeoff, I heard the ...
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1answer
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Is this “wing-wave” early after takeoff really a pilot tradition?

I saw this video of a "wing-wave" immediately after takeoff of a 747-8 pop up on my Instagram feed. In the description, someone says that their friend is the pilot and that he did it to wave goodbye ...
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1answer
246 views

Why can't I ever get my right ear to pop on descent in a plane?

Whenever I'm flying, there's a period of descent where my right ear just refuses to pop. This has been bothering me for at least ten years. There seems to be a long stage of descent where my ear is ...
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179 views

Why not stream outside cameras into the in flight entertainment system

Why do some carriers choose not to stream external views on planes where GMCS cameras are standard, such as the 777-300 or the Airbus A380?
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1answer
219 views

What is the farthest commercial flight on a B737-800 currently?

Can anybody name the airline, distance and respective city pair of the farthest (not necessarily longest) nonstop flight on a Boeing B737-800 (currently or in the past)? I'm not interested in empty ...
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2answers
403 views

Why did my transatlantic flight meander off the great circle?

I recently flew commercial to Scotland and was tracking our progress on my iPad using Foreflight. I made a direct-to line that followed the great circle route, but noticed that we meandered off of it ...
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1answer
275 views

If an airline purchases an aircraft, do they have to/feel compelled to change the livery?

If an airline purchases a used commercial aircraft, which would be painted in the livery of its previous owner, would the new airline ever be required (by law) to re-paint the aircraft in their own ...
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277 views

Are there rules regarding the accuracy of a pilot's delay announcement?

Recently in an advertisement, I saw that a pilot gets notified that the plane will be delayed by 30 mins, but he announces that the plane will be delayed by 3 hours. And then he makes another ...
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2answers
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Did these pilots break any regulations by hand-flying an A320 for most of the cruise?

A couple of days ago, I flew with a popular budget airline within Europe. The aircraft was an A320. It was also a brand new one (only in service since June 2018 and produces 15% less noise and fuel ...
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Impact of hurricanes on flights that have to traverse affected areas [duplicate]

Hurricane Florence is forecast to reach the US east coast soon as a very strong hurricane. This makes me wonder if hurricanes have a big impact on commercial flights that have to traverse the area ...
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370 views

Question about flying around hurricane [duplicate]

I'm supposed to fly from NYC to Jacksonville on Friday afternoon. If the forecast for Hurricane Florence holds, the storm should be somewhere over the Carolinas at that point. With neither NYC or Jax ...
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1answer
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How much hand-flying does a commercial pilot do? [duplicate]

What is the ratio of hand-flying to autopilot for a typical commercial pilot working for a large airline (British Airways, Virgin, EasyJet etc.) and how many hours a year might a typical captain rack ...
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3answers
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I have bad eyesight, can I still be a commercial pilot in Malaysia?

So, I have really bad eyesight (short-sighted): without my glasses, I can't read text unless it's near. So can I be a commercial pilot?
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3answers
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Why are airlines so concerned with checked baggage weight?

Why is it that commercial airlines are so concerned with checked baggage weight, such that they charge extra just for the privilege of checking in a suitcase with a limited weight (e.g. 15kg), and ...
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3answers
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What's the function of the plate behind the wheels of the Pilatus Porter?

Anyone knows what's the plate behind the wheel of the Pilatus Porter for?
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1answer
4k views

How did the term PAN PAN originate?

Where did the phrase " pan pan" when declaring an emergency originate?
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1answer
305 views

Can thrust be selected manually in a plane with autothrust? If yes, how?

I'm getting into the autothrust world and I have the question of whether it would be possible to disengage it and select the thrust manually in a plane that already has autothrust. How could it be ...
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396 views

Is it possible as a pilot to get the ICAO proficiency language level for a not official language in the ICAO?

I was wondering if it is possible to get the proficiency language level in German for example, as it is not an official language for ICAO. If I would want to apply for a German airline as a pilot, can ...
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1answer
522 views

Why is braking action (with Anti-Skid) best when the wheel rotates at ~85% of the actual speed?

During my ATPL training the subject of tires and braking was discussed. I understand the principle of the anti-skid and also the differences between aircraft and similar systems in cars. Physics also ...
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2answers
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What is the ATC protocol for hijackings? [closed]

If a commercial aircraft is successfully hijacked, by a competent pilot / pilots, and they make contact with ATC for regular requests (i.e. weather updates, flight path information or clearing air ...
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3answers
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Who has final say over an aircraft flight path? [duplicate]

This question got me thinking... if there was an emergency situation on a commercial airliner (let's say both engines have flamed out or something) and the pilot wants to do one thing (land in the sea)...
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1answer
263 views

What might the business model be for a hypersonic jet? [closed]

According to this video, NASA and Boeing are doing research into a new generation of hypersonic passenger planes that can travel at Mach 5. The designs look really cool and I would love to see them in ...
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Can passenger weight shift cause a pitch shift in a commercial airliner? [duplicate]

If all of the passengers of an airliner, such as an A320, all moved to the front of the plane, like this, would it have the potential to cause the same result, (i.e. a change in aircraft pitch, ...
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2answers
472 views

Has a scheduled passenger flight ever stalled because of shifting cargo?

Has any scheduled commercial passenger - not cargo - flight ever experienced a stall due to cargo shifting, like the National Airlines Flight 102 did, back in 2013? Please note I am specifically ...
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2answers
740 views

Do smaller wings mean faster flight? [closed]

I've known that military aircraft with small wings can fly very fast, while commercial aircraft with big wings cannot fly as fast. Why is this?
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687 views

Why didn't NWA 85 request/receive fighter jet help with their mysterious rudder failure? [closed]

I recently watched a documentary about the Northwest Airlines Flight 85. The flight experienced a grave rudder malfunction when it was over the Bering Sea and had to turn back for an emergency landing ...
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125 views

Does the responsibility for the plane shift from the PIC, if they leave the plane?

Is the PIC still responsible for everything when they leave the plane and a co-pilot is staying on board? Are there differences between operational reasons for leaving the plane (doing the walk-around)...
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1answer
288 views

How do airlines and airport exchange data?

I was just waiting for a flight, when the airline’s app sent me a push notification; my gate was changed to 12 in the same moment that the airport notified passengers about that the gate was changed ...
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2answers
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Why are emergency-instructions by cabin crew like “heads down!” not given via PA?

I just saw a YouTube video of a landing airliner with the gear not fully extended and the cabin crew gave the instructions "Stay down! Heads down!" repeatedly to passengers but without any technical ...
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1answer
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Can you escape an aircraft through the lavatory?

In his book "Catch me if you Can", Frank Abagnale claims he evaded arrest by removing a panel in the lavatory of a VC10, climbing through it and hence escaping out of the (taxiing) aircraft through a ...
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2answers
249 views

ATC application to listen in to current flight? [closed]

I was wondering if there is some sort of app or website that allows people (well, me as a passenger) to listen in to the ATC of my current flight? (Assuming the flight has passenger wifi). If this is ...
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1answer
721 views

Can a commercial aircraft theoretically reach 60,000ft? [duplicate]

As per this question: Altitudes above 60,000 feet are class E airspace. That means that, if you are lucky enough to have an aircraft that flies that high, once you get there you could theoretically ...
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Windowless VS windowed aircraft [duplicate]

While Emirates was showing off its triple seven's ability to provide crystal-clear viewing from virtual windows, it mentioned: "that could be a step to windowless aircraft", and I felt like ...
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4answers
978 views

Are there any passenger aircraft with no cabin access to/from the cockpit?

Most passenger aircraft (airliners and business aircraft) have an internal door or doorway connecting the cockpit area to the main cabin; are there passenger aircraft where there is a solid partition ...

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