Questions tagged [commercial-aviation]

Commercial aviation is the part of civil aviation, whether general aviation, non-scheduled service, or scheduled airline service, that involves operating aircraft for hire to transport passengers or cargo.

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3
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1answer
562 views

Cruise Mach Number less or more than Critical Mach Number

Do commercial airplanes cruise at Mach number higher than the critical Mach number? And what is the critical Mach number of airplanes like B777 or A330?
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1answer
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During which phase of the mission profile, the airplane fastest?

In a mission profile, there are various phases such as Climb, Cruise, and Descent (excluding other phases). My question is during which of these phases, the Mach number of the airplane is highest? Is ...
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2answers
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What is the Function of Pressurization Light on Exit Doors for Commercial Airliners?

I am well aware that the average human is unable to open plug doors in flight due to pressurization of the cabin. I've noticed, however, a "cabin pressure" warning light in the window of exit doors, ...
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0answers
76 views

What's the benefit of cranked wing for commercial airplanes [duplicate]

Many commercial airplanes have a kink in the wing geometry. A discontinuous change in the wing trailing edge sweep is present in the wing of the A320. What's the benefit of this? Is there any ...
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1answer
66 views

Best Practices when removing/inspecting/mounting control surfaces?

I am looking for a better way to essentially "mount" the control surfaces from a Boeing 737-747-777-787 and MD-11's. The current process is to just remove them and strap to a table. The issues with ...
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3answers
429 views

Is it possible for a plane to be over fueled (and over-weight) to take off?

I've just reached my destination after 33 hours going from one European hub to another. A journey which usually takes a max of 6 from leaving my house! On the final leg of the journey, after boarding,...
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8answers
10k views

Double deck vs wide body airliner, why would anyone build a double deck one?

I don't understand why double deck aircraft (or multiple decks in general) are a good idea. They must be, because there is a significant amount of them. But given a cross area, which should roughly ...
42
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5answers
16k views

Why did my flight climb so sharply on takeoff?

I was on a Ryanair flight this morning that seemed to perform an incredibly aggressive takeoff from London Stansted on a 737-8. Takeoff was fairly fast, but the climb was the steepest I ever ...
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1answer
433 views

Airfoil and Wing Analysis for Transonic Speed (M = 0.85 and Re = 42 million)

I am working on a project where I have to design a plane which has to cruise at 0.85 Mach at 35,000 ft. While working on the wing design, I quickly discovered that 6 series airfoils, with a good ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference Between Minimum fuel and Mayday Fuel? [closed]

what is the difference Between Minimum fuel and Mayday Fuel ?
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1answer
794 views

What Are these in the PFD? [closed]

I marked them with white circles. What are they for?
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3answers
6k views

Can a commercial airplane overtake another airplane going in the same direction?

If there are two commercial airplane flying towards the same destination, on the same flight path, and the second plane is being faster than the first plane, is the second plane allowed to overtake ...
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2answers
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What is this in the primary flight Display?

What is this in the primary flight Display ?
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3answers
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If the Concorde had an engine fail at cruise altitude, would they enter the coffin corner?

I know the coffin corner is only meant for subsonic aircraft, but if the Concorde is just cruising at Mach 1 and had an engine failure and also lost that afterburner, would it enter a coffin corner ...
7
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1answer
210 views

What kind of warranty comes with a commercial aircraft?

Just wondering what the warranty is like. Can an airline simply decide to give every single aircraft back for the money they paid? Assuming they were unhappy with the results. Will the manufacturers ...
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1answer
104 views

Why did Avianca have A318s with PW6000 engine?

I want to know about the upgraded PW6000 Avianca A318s. Why did those get upgraded? Did they not produce enough thrust already?
3
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1answer
294 views

Does the Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) see through clouds?

Or can it only detect terrain on a clear day or night? I’m mostly asking because of PIA268 I know GPWS is much more reliable in todays time, and I’m unsure if the accident flight even had a GPWS ...
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2answers
628 views

How many stripes does a student pilot have?

When a student is finishing a Bachelor in Sc. Aviation, how many stripes does a student have? Can a student have stripes during his bachelor graduation or do they have to go through other PPL courses?
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2answers
403 views

If Boeing used two sensors instead of one simultaneously, wouldn’t they be in the same position today?

this article states that the original version of MCAS was suppose to rely on two sensors, One sensor will detect a high angle of attack, therefore activating MCAS The other sensor will detect a high ...
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2answers
250 views

What 's the difference between Angle of Attack and Pitch? [duplicate]

I am interested in knowing the theoretical and practical differences between the Angle of Attack (AoA) and Pitch: Graphical definitions How are they related? In what circumstances these angles are ...
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0answers
59 views

Why do civil aviation aircraft not routinely carry missile defense systems? [duplicate]

With all the incidents with civil aircraft and missiles, why do civil aircraft not carry flares and other defensive measures by default? If official aircraft carry them it is technically possible to ...
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3answers
632 views

Did Boeing need MCAS because the 737 MAX didn’t meet FAA longitudinal stability requirements, or was it to make the MAX feel like the NG?

I’m confused on this. I’ve read in multiple different places that MCAS was required due to the easier stick forces at a high angle of attack and a high G force, and because of this, the Max didn’t ...
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1answer
99 views

Is the waves and signal dangerous for human at the airports? [closed]

Waved like VHF , UHF and other themes like radio or something ....
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6answers
3k views

Has a commercial jet airliner ever stalled on takeoff / at low-altitude?

In general aviation, a common reason for fatalities is low altitude stalls on takeoff or practising go-arounds. Has there ever been an incident where a commercial jet airliner stalled on takeoff / ...
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1answer
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How did the Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority have MCAS on paper from Jan 2018?

how could they know but nobody else did? Did they buy the extra sensor or something?
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2answers
1k views

Why does the stick force per-g test require it to be harder for pilots to pull back on the yoke instead of easier?

What happens when it’s easier to pull back banked at such steep angles, wouldn’t it be a good thing that a pilot can maintain his altitude easier than harde?
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1answer
171 views

How would a pilot stabilize the aircraft after a dual engine failure?

Since there would be no more thrust, they would have to exchange energy by losing altitude to keep forward speed. But what happens towards the end, when you have to reduce your V/S to something like -...
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0answers
57 views

Do negligible weights affect the control of a commercial aircraft? [duplicate]

I was watching a video and it said that switching seats on a commercial airplane would be fatal. "Switching of seats from the rear of the airplane to the front seats would result in probable accident"....
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1answer
228 views

Why can’t aircraft use GPS to generate the IAS, instead of using pitot tubes? [duplicate]

I’m mostly asking after reading about Aeroperu Flight 603, which was caused by a piece of tape blocking the sensor. Is there any other way to gather IAS or is this the best way to do it?
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4answers
14k views

Does the sterile cockpit rule mean flight attendants could not inform the pilots if a passenger is in the lavatory while on final?

Context: I've seen this interesting question just the other day, asking what would pilots do after receiving this information while on final: either go around or continue with the landing. However ...
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1answer
176 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
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3answers
276 views

If the pilots used the brakes upon landing, would the force essentially slam the front wheel down?

So if the pilots braked immediately, with only the back wheels down, and nose wheel still up, would the force from braking cause the front wheel to come slamming down?
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4answers
455 views

When do commercial aircraft tail numbers change?

Each (large, commercial and most other) aircraft has a registration number, painted or stickered on its hull: the tail number. I was under the false impression that tail numbers don't change, and ...
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0answers
59 views

How come PSA airlines got the same IATA code as Comair?

PSA Airlines has the same IATA 2-letter code, "OH", as the now-defunct carrier Comair. Yet - the two companies are not related. How is it, that IATA reassigned the same code to an unrelated carrier ...
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5answers
9k views

Is it possible to stall a plane so badly that the nose refuses to go down due to lack of airspeed?

So basically, a stall from a high AoA to the point that the entire plane just falls with the rear end pointing straight down? Because if wind is no longer passing over the wings, then this includes ...
12
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5answers
4k views

How can I get a ride in the jump seat as a non-professional pilot?

A couple of years ago, I had a strong fear of flying. Now, I really enjoy it. In fact, it is a dream of mine to sit in the jumpseat of an A320 during takeoff. I've had a handful of flying lessons. ...
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3answers
209 views

Is the point of “groundspeed” in aircraft just to have a second reference of speed but two totally different measurements of speed? [duplicate]

From not understanding groundspeed will always be significantly higher than airspeed, unless the plane is pitching up and down. Is the ground speed just there for pilots to look at and say “okay we ...
5
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1answer
250 views

When were commercial pilots first allowed to use glasses?

Currently, pilots with defective (but correctable) vision are allowed to pilot airliners if they have at least two pairs of their corrective lenses (typically glasses) with them on board. Was there a ...
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3answers
680 views

How do flaps help an aircraft take off at a lower speed, yet cause drag at the same time?

Wouldn’t the drag caused by the flaps just decrease the acceleration, so, although they can lift off at a lower speed, wouldn’t it be faster to just use no flaps and rotate at the higher speed that is ...
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4answers
599 views

What makes airplanes pitch up during landing?

So what exactly pitches the plane upward with the rear end down? Do flaps help lower the nose when deployed 80%-100% down with such low speeds?
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4answers
232 views

Keeping the engine under the wings, doesn't hurt the lift as the airflow speed is higher under the wings?

To create a lift, the airflow speed on top of the wings should be higher than the airflow speed on the bottom of the wings. But when you keep the engine on the bottom of the wings, wouldn't it hurt ...
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2answers
3k views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
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3answers
120 views

Development Cost?

We all hear about how aircraft development costs multiple billions if not tens of billions of dollars, but what does this money go into? The material used in making a a single prototype aircraft isn'...
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2answers
961 views

Which engines do airliners start first?

I noticed many planes, especially Boeings (correct me if I'm wrong anywhere), start engine "2" first and shut down engine "2" last. However, I was watching an Airbus A350 cockpit video when I ...
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1answer
289 views

Can a commercial pilot with MPL , obtain PPL for general aviation in the UAE?

Is it possible for an airline pilot in case he would like to fly GA aircraft like c152/172 obtain the PPL license without going through the whole process?
5
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1answer
296 views

Can pilots take multitools on board in Canada?

Can pilots in other countries or Canada carry Swiss army knives onboard on commercial flights? Passengers are not allowed to do that in Canada.
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1answer
189 views

What are the financial implications for Lufthansa (and other airlines) of keeping the back row of their A320neo free of passengers?

After the recent EASA airworthiness directive concerning the potential for weight and balance problems with the A320neo, Lufthansa announced it would no longer sell seats on the back row of those ...
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0answers
139 views

Can a commercial airline pilot, flying either A320 or B737, charge people for a flight in their own personal Cessna 172? [closed]

Or would they have to be some registered business for the industry?
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1answer
427 views

Why does the B737NG need electrical power for aircraft towing?

I have read the AMM for towing and one of the mentioned steps is to supply electrical power. Is it because you need power to turn on the hydraulics in order to pressurize your brakes? For B737NG
5
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1answer
271 views

Why do they tell you to tie your lifevest on the left side during safety briefings?

This might be UK specific, given I have only been flying internally recently. During the safety briefings, when describing how to inflate the lifevest the instructions are always: "Wrap the lines ...

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