Questions tagged [commercial-aviation]

Commercial aviation is the part of civil aviation, whether general aviation, non-scheduled service, or scheduled airline service, that involves operating aircraft for hire to transport passengers or cargo.

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27 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
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3answers
141 views

If the pilots used the brakes upon landing, would the force essentially slam the front wheel down?

So if the pilots braked immediately, with only the back wheels down, and nose wheel still up, would the force from braking cause the front wheel to come slamming down?
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When do commercial aircraft tail numbers change?

Each (large, commercial and most other) aircraft has a registration number, painted or stickered on its hull: the tail number. I was under the false impression that tail numbers don't change, and ...
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5answers
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How can I get a ride in the jump seat as a non-professional pilot?

A couple of years ago, I had a strong fear of flying. Now, I really enjoy it. In fact, it is a dream of mine to sit in the jumpseat of an A320 during takeoff. I've had a handful of flying lessons. ...
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How come PSA airlines got the same IATA code as Comair?

PSA Airlines has the same IATA 2-letter code, "OH", as the now-defunct carrier Comair. Yet - the two companies are not related. How is it, that IATA reassigned the same code to an unrelated carrier ...
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SOUND-OFF: Bose A20 ANR + BT vs. Faro Stealth 2 ANR + BT [closed]

Alright, Bose A20 & the Faro Stealth 2 (TWO). Both feature active noise reduction (ANR) and Bluetooth wireless for mobile / music / alerts. Bose A20 = $1000 Faro Stealth 2 ANR = $450 Who has ...
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5answers
8k views

Is it possible to stall a plane so badly that the nose refuses to go down due to lack of airspeed?

So basically, a stall from a high AoA to the point that the entire plane just falls with the rear end pointing straight down? Because if wind is no longer passing over the wings, then this includes ...
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2answers
259 views

What is the difference between iSpec2200 and S1000D specifications?

I know the iSpec2200 and S1000D are the specifications which are used in the aircraft maintenance manual, I have to know how they actually work in the aviation domain and what is the difference ...
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Is the point of “groundspeed” in aircraft just to have a second reference of speed but two totally different measurements of speed? [duplicate]

From not understanding groundspeed will always be significantly higher than airspeed, unless the plane is pitching up and down. Is the ground speed just there for pilots to look at and say “okay we ...
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Astronaut as a Commercial Pilot [migrated]

Is it possible for a commercial pilot to become an astronaut for NASA, If they had all of the required needs apart from a type rating on any type of fighter jet, would it still be allowed, with enough ...
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3answers
299 views

How do flaps help an aircraft take off at a lower speed, yet cause drag at the same time?

Wouldn’t the drag caused by the flaps just decrease the acceleration, so, although they can lift off at a lower speed, wouldn’t it be faster to just use no flaps and rotate at the higher speed that is ...
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1answer
176 views

When were commercial pilots first allowed to use glasses?

Currently, pilots with defective (but correctable) vision are allowed to pilot airliners if they have at least two pairs of their corrective lenses (typically glasses) with them on board. Was there a ...
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1answer
1k views

Are there any Airworthiness Directives for the Boeing 777 that might explain MH370's disappearance? [closed]

Are there currently any ADs for Boing 777s which would indicate the potential for catastrophic electronic system failures that might explain MH370's transponder failure and other issues? Was the ...
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10answers
16k views

Can a civilian aircraft pilot see a missile coming?

Can a civilian aircraft pilot see a missile coming? By "civilian aircraft," I mean planes that were not equipped with flares that fire when rockets approach or any similar anti-missile systems. If ...
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4answers
194 views

What makes airplanes pitch up during landing?

So what exactly pitches the plane upward with the rear end down? Do flaps help lower the nose when deployed 80%-100% down with such low speeds?
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4answers
203 views

Keeping the engine under the wings, doesn't hurt the lift as the airflow speed is higher under the wings?

To create a lift, the airflow speed on top of the wings should be higher than the airflow speed on the bottom of the wings. But when you keep the engine on the bottom of the wings, wouldn't it hurt ...
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1answer
219 views

Which engines do airliners start first?

I noticed many planes, especially Boeings (correct me if I'm wrong anywhere), start engine "2" first and shut down engine "2" last. However, I was watching an Airbus A350 cockpit video when I ...
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4k views

What is the difference between being instructed to land “as soon as possible” or “at nearest suitable airport”?

On commercial airliners, the FCOM (Flight Crew Operating Manual) sometimes gives instructions to the pilots to land sooner than planned, following various in-flight failures or emergencies. For ...
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3answers
108 views

Development Cost?

We all hear about how aircraft development costs multiple billions if not tens of billions of dollars, but what does this money go into? The material used in making a a single prototype aircraft isn'...
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1answer
175 views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
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1answer
124 views

Can a commercial pilot with MPL , obtain PPL for general aviation in the UAE?

Is it possible for an airline pilot in case he would like to fly GA aircraft like c152/172 obtain the PPL license without going through the whole process?
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5answers
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Can ATC handle a flight as emergency although the pilots have not declared an emergency?

The preliminary report for the LNI610 crash shows how much distractive conversation there was between ATC and LIN610 at a time when the pilots clearly didn't have the aircraft under control – as ...
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Can Non-citizen get a pilot job in US? [duplicate]

I finished all my training in US and got PPL, IR, CPL with multi and single both. My nationality is South Korea and wondering how can i get the jobs in US. Recently looking for the Mokulele in Hawaii ...
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114 views

Can pilots take multitools onboard unlike passengers in Canada?

Can pilots in other countries or Canada carry Swiss army knives onboard on commercial flights?
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177 views

What are the financial implications for Lufthansa (and other airlines) of keeping the back row of their A320neo free of passengers?

After the recent EASA airworthiness directive concerning the potential for weight and balance problems with the A320neo, Lufthansa announced it would no longer sell seats on the back row of those ...
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135 views
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163 views

Where can I find a list of internal airline designations for various aircraft/cabin configurations?

Is there any way to tell what the internal designations of an airline mean? Looking at Delta's seat maps for the 757, Delta has a couple of kinds, but what's the difference? Boeing 75A Boeing 75M ...
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12answers
30k views

Why don't all commercial aircraft transmit GPS data in real time?

It seems strange that trucks and taxis can be set up to transmit GPS data in real time but aircraft cannot. Wouldn't this be a useful function and feasible to implement?
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1answer
224 views

Why do they tell you to tie your lifevest on the left side during safety briefings?

This might be UK specific, given I have only been flying internally recently. During the safety briefings, when describing how to inflate the lifevest the instructions are always: "Wrap the lines ...
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1answer
259 views

Why does the B737NG need electrical power for aircraft towing?

I have read the AMM for towing and one of the mentioned steps is to supply electrical power. Is it because you need power to turn on the hydraulics in order to pressurize your brakes? For B737NG
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3answers
4k views

Why do aircraft leave the cruising altitude long before landing just to circle?

Often flights will leave the cruising altitude long before the actual landing. They will go down to a couple of thousand feet and stay at that altitude and circle for quite a while in waiting loops ...
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2answers
281 views

Could the toilet be used as an extra passenger seat?

In the US, if the toilet had a seat belt, would it be legal for an airline to board one more passenger than the number of normal passenger seats, requiring that whoever used the toilet last must ...
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10answers
33k views

Is a firm landing an indication of the pilot inexperience?

In a commercial airplane, when a landing has been a bit firm, a passenger may think it was not perfect, or maybe performed by an inexperienced pilot. (Source) A perfect landing is seen by passengers ...
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423 views

What are the criteria that govern the choice between titanium, composites, and more common materials, like aluminum?

In the newest large commercial jets, composite materials seem to be all the rage. The first thing I wanted to know is why composites were chosen instead of titanium? If I'm not mistaken, titanium has ...
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1answer
644 views

What is the exhaust port on the tail of jetliners for? [duplicate]

Jetliners usually have their engines mounted on the wings, so what is the exhaust port on the tail for?
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1answer
177 views

What is the difference between aluminum tape and speed tape?

What is the difference between aluminum tape and Speed tape? Are these same or not?
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2answers
194 views

Are there locations/altitudes with minimum speed requirements?

For example, a slower aircraft operating on the North Atlantic Track System would have an operational impact on surrounding/overtaking aircraft as well as potentially increasing ATC workload to ensure ...
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1answer
135 views

What does the “test result indicator” indicate on a cockpit voice recorder?

I am really curious as to what the “green/red” strip of led indicate and the numbers below it. Having read around the web, i speculated that it could be an audio quality rating scale. Would help alot ...
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2answers
126 views

What is the future for auto-pilots? [closed]

What is going to change with auto-pilots on commercial aircraft in the next decade or so? Will airlines allow an auto-pilot to control an aircraft when it lands and takes off? Will we start using
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114 views

From RAF fighter pilot to commercial pilot

I’d like to become an RAF fighter pilot for many reasons but to become a commercial pilot once I leave the RAF is not one of them. I am, however, curious to know, if I were to become an RAF pilot and ...
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1answer
389 views

What was the motivation for revoking the licence to the pilots of Northwest flight 188?

This video describes Northwest flight 188, where two pilots overshot their destination by 150 miles, without contacting ATC for an hour. They cited 'cockpit distractions' as the reason and ...
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2answers
240 views

Can a commercial pilot decide where to make their turn after departure?

If there aren't published vectors to tell a commercial pilot which heading to take as they climb, can they decide where to make their initial turn on their own or would an ATC always involved in where ...
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9answers
11k views

Why don't commercial passenger safety videos ever explain policy instead of merely dictating it?

British Airways announced and published their new in-flight passenger safety video: I'd like to draw your attention to two pieces of instruction given in the video, ...
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1answer
168 views

Why is the aviation industry taking so long to move away from the tube with wings model? [duplicate]

The industry is spending billions on maximising fuel efficiency and reducing other costs associated with the tube-with-wings model. When will novel designs like semi-dirigible and lifting body arrive, ...
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2answers
522 views

Are these questions really on the FAA Glider Commercial written test?

I'm currently working on my Commercial Glider rating and for the written, I am using a popular test prep package. The package allows the specific selection of Commercial Glider (vs Airplane, ...
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2answers
193 views

How to become pilot in India with lack of money

Hello I am from India currently I am in class 12 pursuing PCM and want to become a commercial pilot but belong to a middle class family how can I pursue my dream. I can't afford course of 60 - 80lacs.
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1answer
108 views

What kind of input is used by NASA's TASAR?

I've found the Aviation SE to be a really interesting read so far, I'm excited to be here! I'm fairly new, but I'm also old! What are the inputs for TASAR to crunch flight path optimization? Is it ...
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1answer
158 views

What are the commercial benefits of VTOL? [closed]

there are a lot of companies doing R&D on VTOL aircraft. I understand their necessity for the military, but for civilian aviation, there are a very few application that requires it( medevac, ...
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1answer
447 views

What is the acceptable position of the brake wear indication for A320?

What is the acceptable position of the brake wear indication (PIN) for an A320 to be safely dispatchable?
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310 views

Reclined seats for take off and landing

Normally on commercial flights, passengers are expected to bring their seats to an upright position for take off and landing. There are a few valid reasons for this. A little while ago, on a couple ...