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Questions tagged [circling-approach]

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17 votes
4 answers
2k views

Can I circle to a different runway if cleared for an instrument approach without circling minimums?

Tom is flying a C172S/G on ILS RWY 31 approach to KSNS. He just established on the localizer at 6000, from the SNS-22 DME Arc. He obtained weather from ATIS, wind 240@20G23, ceiling OVC006, visibility ...
CrepuscularV's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
5k views

Are you required to have constant view of the runway when circling?

When you're circling, it has been said that you are required to keep view of the runway at all times below the MDA. However, sometimes this can be impossible due to issues with visibility, such as ...
Qantas 94 Heavy's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
4k views

When conducting a circling approach, how close do you have to stay to the airport (especially with the new FAA requirements)?

I heard that the FAA recently changed how they calculate the protected area for circling approaches, and it looked quite complicated because it changes based on altitude and speed, etc. Can you ...
Lnafziger's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is it allowed to fly a right traffic pattern when a left traffic pattern is published (IFR)?

Allentown Queen City airport (XLL) has a VOR-B Circling approach procedure from the west. Circling south of runways 7/25 is not authorized ("NA"). If the wind is favoring runway 25 is it legal to ...
user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
860 views

Why is the VFR traffic pattern area at some airports different from its IFR circling approach area?

Take Half Moon Bay Airport (KHAF) as an example. Under VFR, the traffic pattern is right pattern for RWY 30 and left pattern for RWY 12. This implies the downwind leg is to the EAST of the RWY 12-30,...
CrepuscularV's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

What happened to Widereøe flight WF0597?

WF0597 was a scheduled flight from Bergen Airport Flesland (ENBR) to Kristiansand Kjevik (ENCN). The Embraer E190-E2 immediately started circling Flesland and continued for about 1 hour and 40 minutes,...
Jonas G. Drange's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
995 views

Is it OK to make an approach without any straight-in segment at all?

Let's say you are on a 180° heading right of the airport and want to land on runway 36. Abeam 36 you can make a descending turn left, flare and start leveling off at the same time, touch down with the ...
Andrius's user avatar
  • 3,852
8 votes
1 answer
582 views

Which US airport has the lowest circling MDH?

As I recently contemplated 14 CFR 135.223 and its implications, I began wondering about airports with exceptionally low circling minima. For a little context and background, the part of §135.223 that ...
J W's user avatar
  • 16.6k
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does the pilot have to fly the entire published missed approach procedure if the circling approach is abandoned just prior to touchdown?

Scenario: Airport is in a class E airspace surface area (control tower is not in operation); the reported weather is IMC but is at or above circling approach minimums; pilot is cleared by ATC for a ...
user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
13k views

What are the guidelines to execute a missed approach during circling?

Alice is approaching KTCY on RNAV (GPS) RWY 12 at KTCY circle NE to RWY 30. When she is turning right base to RWY 30 final, she loses visual contact with runway environment and decides to go missed. ...
CrepuscularV's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to communicate a circling approach over CTAF?

The FAA ATC job order says: Circling approach instructions may only be given for aircraft landing at airports with operational control towers. But I could not find a phraseology example that ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is a straight-in approach not allowed to RWY 07 at Cluj (LRCL)?

Here's a VOR approach for runway 07 at Cluj (LRCL). On the lower left side of the chart you will see the "Straight-in" OCA(H) as N/A and then a "Circling" OCA(H) of 2540 (for ...
Radu094's user avatar
  • 7,970
7 votes
1 answer
645 views

Do I need to descend towards the Minimum Descent Altitude if I have the airport in sight?

I have some questions about circle-to-land approaches. If we have the runway in sight above MDA, do we need to continue to descend to MDA on downwind? Can we just keep fly like a traffic pattern ...
head zhao's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
363 views

Although there are straight and circling minimums in the VOR Z chart, why separate VOR A chart created containing only the circle-to-land minimum?

Although there are straight-in-landing and circle-to-land minimums in the VOR Z chart, why was a separate VOR A chart created containing only the circle-to-land minimum? When we examine the chart ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Does a circling approach require "one continuous descent to land"?

I recently heard an instructor state that when circling, the pilot "... must execute a single, continuous maneuver once the landing approach is initiated. Don't level off." In his experience ...
nodapic's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
282 views

How is the VOR-A approach at KVCB meant to be flown?

This is the VOR-A approach into KVCB: The plate indicates that "Circling NA west of Rwy 2-20." But runway 2 is left traffic and runway 20 is right traffic. How is one meant to avoid the ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 15.9k
3 votes
1 answer
965 views

Why do VOR A, B charts only have circle-to-land minimums, while VOR X,Y,Z charts have straight approach minimums too?

Why do VOR A, and B charts only have circle-to-land minimums, while VOR X, Y, and Z charts have straight approach minimums too? Is this the only difference and is it only used to separate the two ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
3 votes
1 answer
298 views

Although this approach is suitable for straight-in landing minimums in every sense, why are circle-to-land minimums given?

Although this approach is suitable for straight-in landing in every sense, why are circle-to-land minimums given? There are no obstructions, the gradient in the descent path is not steep and the ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
2 votes
1 answer
3k views

What are the specific side step minimums for an approach?

This question piques my curiosity a bit on this subject. In regards to circling approaches the AIM 5-4-19 states that a. ATC may authorize a standard instrument approach procedure which serves ...
Romeo_4808N's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
229 views

When is a circling only approach made

I've read online that if the final approach course alignment is more than 30 degrees, or if more than a 400 feet per nautical mile descent rate is required, that a circling only approach must be made. ...
Name's user avatar
  • 916
1 vote
1 answer
840 views

What is the visual manoeuvring area (circling approach) radius for PANS-Ops (ICAO)?

I'm very confused of the actual radius of the "protected area" in a circling approach for a PAN-OPS approach plate. The ICAO doc 8168 contains information for circling approach at 1 000 ft. But what ...
Aget Aviano's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

What to do when circling restrictions conflict with VFR traffic pattern direction [duplicate]

At 4B8 (Robertson Field) there is a single published IAP: RNAV (GPS) 2. For VFR traffic, the field is left traffic on both Rwy 2 and Rwy 20. However, there are large obstacles to the east of the field,...
8one6's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
2 answers
316 views

What are "CIRCLING CATS"?

A NOTAM at Pensacola International Airport (KPNS) uses the phrase "CIRCLING CATS". What does this phrase mean?
Someone's user avatar
  • 7,097
0 votes
1 answer
330 views

Why are there no straight-in landing minimums (only circle-to-land) for this VOR approach at Adana?

When we examine the "VOR A" Jeppesen chart on LTAF airport page 23-4, we see that there are only circle-to-land minimums in the minimums section. When I researched the reasons for using ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

What is meant by the sentence, "It relates to aircraft handling speeds and circling area development."?

What exactly is meant by the sentence: It relates to aircraft handling speeds and circling area development. For which values does the phrase "aircraft handling speeds and circling area ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
0 votes
1 answer
261 views

What's the most commonly used circling approach procedure in the US National Airspace System?

As the title says: which of the many circling approaches in the US National Airspace System holds the title of "circling approach that is flown most frequently?" My guess is it's the KTEB ...
UnrecognizedFallingObject's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Wind correction on downwind during circling

A timing must be started when flying abeam the threshold on a circling approach. The FCTM of the B777/787 mentions 35 seconds and the SOPs of the Embraer 190 30 seconds. Do they need to be corrected ...
Coanda's user avatar
  • 161
-1 votes
1 answer
112 views

Can you explain what the 2nd caution on the LTAF VOR A chart means?

Can you explain what the 2nd caution on the LTAF VOR A chart means? "2. IF THE AIRCRAFT WILL MAKE A CIRCLING APPROACH VIA RIGHT TURN, ATC SHALL BE INFORMED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE." What exactly ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
-2 votes
1 answer
242 views

I live near an airport and this morning a plane was circling the town 6 times [closed]

I live near an airport and this morning a plane was circling the town 6 times but still was landing for few seconds but flying away again . And this thing happens often in our small city .Any ...
Νικα Αντρεεα's user avatar